Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Rodentia > Muridae > Clethrionomys > Clethrionomys rutilus
 

Clethrionomys rutilus (northern red-backed vole)

Wikipedia Abstract

The northern red-backed vole, Myodes rutilus, is a small slender vole found in Alaska, northern Canada, Scandinavia and northern Russia.
View Wikipedia Record: Clethrionomys rutilus

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  27.5 grams

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Map Climate Land
Use
Alashan Plateau semi-desert China, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Alaska Peninsula montane taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Alaska-St. Elias Range tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Altai alpine meadow and tundra China, Kazakstan, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Altai montane forest and forest steppe China, Kazakstan, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Altai steppe and semi-desert Kazahkstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Amur meadow steppe China, Russia Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Arctic coastal tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra    
Arctic foothills tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Bering tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Beringia lowland tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Beringia upland tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Brooks-British Range tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Central China loess plateau mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Korean deciduous forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Changbai Mountains mixed forests China, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Cherskii-Kolyma mountain tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Chukchi Peninsula tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Cook Inlet taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Copper Plateau taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Da Hinggan-Dzhagdy Mountains conifer forests China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Daurian forest steppe China, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
East European forest steppe Bulgaria, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern Gobi desert steppe China, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Gobi Lakes Valley desert steppe Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Great Lakes Basin desert steppe Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Hokkaido deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Hokkaido montane conifer forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Honshu alpine conifer forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Interior Alaska-Yukon lowland taiga Canada, United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Interior Yukon-Alaska alpine tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Junggar Basin semi-desert China, Kazakstan, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kamchatka Mountain tundra and forest tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Kamchatka-Kurile meadows and sparse forests Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Kamchatka-Kurile taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Kazakh forest steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kazakh semi-desert Kazakhstan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kazakh steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kazakh upland Kazahkstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Khangai Mountains alpine meadow Mongolia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Khangai Mountains conifer forests Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Kola Peninsula tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Low Arctic tundra Canada Nearctic Tundra
Manchurian mixed forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea, China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Middle Arctic tundra Canada Nearctic Tundra
Mongolian-Manchurian grassland China, Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Muskwa-Slave Lake forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Nenjiang River grassland China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Nihonkai montane deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Northeast China Plain deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northeast Siberian coastal tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Northeast Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northern Canadian Shield taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northern Cordillera forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northern Pacific coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Northwest Russian-Novaya Zemlya tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Northwest Territories taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Ogilvie-MacKenzie alpine tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Okhotsk-Manchurian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Pacific Coastal Mountain icefields and tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Pontic steppe Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Sakhalin Island taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Sarmatic mixed forests Belarus, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sayan Alpine meadows and tundra Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Sayan Intermontane steppe Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Sayan montane conifer forests Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Scandinavian and Russian taiga Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Scandinavian Montane Birch forest and grasslands Norway, Sweden, Finland Palearctic Tundra
Selenge-Orkhon forest steppe Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
South Sakhalin-Kurile mixed forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
South Siberian forest steppe Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Suiphun-Khanka meadows and forest meadows China, Russia Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Taimyr-Central Siberian tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Trans-Baikal Bald Mountain tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Trans-Baikal conifer forests Russia, Mongolia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Ural montane forests and tundra Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Ussuri broadleaf and mixed forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
West Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Western Siberian hemiboreal forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Yamal-Gydan tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Yukon Interior dry forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Aniakchak National Monument National Preserve Ib 458519 Alaska, United States
Azas Zapovednik Ia 742280 Tuva, Russia
Baikalo-Lensky Zapovednik Ia 1630896 Irkutsk, Russia
Baikalskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 458883 Russia  
Barguzinskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 924970 Buryatia, Russia
Bering Land Bridge National Preserve Ib 2823882 Alaska, United States
Bonanza Creek LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research   Alaska, United States
Coram Biosphere Reserve 7460 Montana, United States
Denali Biosphere Reserve 1932364 Alaska, United States
Gates of the Arctic National Park Ib 184461 Alaska, United States
Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve Ib 591068 Alaska, United States
Ivvavik National Park II 2382752 Yukon, Canada
Katmai National Park and Preserve Ib 421782 Alaska, United States
Katunsky Biosphere Reserve 393162 Altai, Russia
Kivach Zapovednik IV 26885 Karelia, Russia
Kluane National Park and Reserve National Park Reserve II 5463436 Yukon, Canada
Kronotskiy Biosphere Reserve 361480 Russia  
Laplandskiy Biosphere Reserve 757114 Russia  
Magadansky Zapovednik 2332834 Russia  
Nahanni National Park Reserve II 1309627 Northwest Territories, Canada
Noatak Biosphere Reserve 7500143 Alaska, United States  
Pechoro-Ilychskiy Biosphere Reserve 3098091 Russia  
Prince Edward Island National Park II   Prince Edward Island, Canada  
Queen Maud Gulf Bird Sanctuary Migratory Bird Sanctuary IV 15335601 Nunavut, Canada
Sayano-Shushenskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 964620 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Sikhote-Alinskiy Biosphere Reserve 978001 Russia  
Sokhondinskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 521363 Chita, Russia
Taimyrsky Biosphere Reserve Ia 4403240 Taimyr, Russia
Tsentral'no-Lesnoy Biosphere Reserve Ia 62630 Russia  
Tsentral'no-Sibirskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 2521510 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Tuktut Nogait National Park II 5761538 Northwest Territories, Canada
Ubsunurskaya Kotlovina (Ubsunur Depression) Zapovednik Ia 798640 Tuva, Russia
Ukkusiksalik National Park II   Nunavut, Canada
Visimskiy Zapovednik Biosphere Reserve 443816 Russia  
Vuntut National Park II 1076795 Yukon, Canada
Woodland Caribou Provincial Wilderness Park Provincial Park II 1072124 Ontario, Canada
Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve Ib 2476446 Alaska, United States
Yellowstone Biosphere Reserve II 2196863 Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, United States

Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website Map
Japan Japan No

Prey / Diet

Arctagrostis latifolia (wideleaf polargrass)[2]
Arctous alpina (alpine bearberry)[2]
Carex bonanzensis (Yukon sedge)[2]
Chamerion angustifolium subsp. angustifolium (Rosebay Willowherb)[3]
Empetrum nigrum (black crowberry)[2]
Equisetum arvense (scouring rush)[3]
Eriophorum scheuchzeri (white cottongrass)[2]
Panaeolus cinctulus (Banded Mottlegill)[2]
Rubus idaeus (Raspberry)[2]
Sphagnum fuscum (sphagnum)[3]
Vaccinium uliginosum (bog blueberry)[2]
Vaccinium vitis-idaea (lingonberry)[2]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alces alces (moose)6
Apis mellifera (honey bee)1
Bombus jonellus (Heath Humble-bee)1
Bombus lucorum (White-tailed bumblebee)1
Bombus polaris (Bumblebee)4
Bonasa umbellus (Ruffed Grouse)5
Branta hutchinsii (Cackling Goose)6
Branta ruficollis (Red-breasted Goose)1
Bromius obscurus (Western Grape Rootworm)1
Calcarius lapponicus (Lapland Longspur)3
Carduelis flammea (Common Redpoll)2
Catharus ustulatus (Swainson's Thrush)2
Clethrionomys rufocanus (gray red-backed vole)3
Corvus corax (Northern Raven)4
Glaucomys sabrinus (northern flying squirrel)1
Lagopus lagopus (Willow Ptarmigan)4
Lemmus sibiricus (brown lemming)7
Lepus americanus (Snowshoe Hare)3
Lepus othus (Alaskan Hare)1
Lygocoris pabulinus (Common Green Capsid)2
Lygus rugulipennis1
Marmota caligata (hoary marmot)2
Martes americana (American Marten)5
Martes zibellina (Sable)1
Microtus townsendii (Townsend's vole)1
Microtus xanthognathus (taiga vole)1
Ochotona collaris (Collared Pika)2
Ovibos moschatus (muskox)4
Ovis dalli (Dall's sheep)5
Phenacomys intermedius (western heather vole)1
Pinicola enucleator (Pine Grosbeak)2
Poecile hudsonica (Boreal Chickadee)4
Rangifer tarandus (caribou)3
Spermophilus parryii (Arctic ground squirrel)5
Tamias minimus (least chipmunk)1
Tamias townsendii (Townsend's chipmunk)1
Tamiasciurus hudsonicus (red squirrel)1
Ursus americanus (black bear)7
Ursus arctos (Grizzly Bear)7
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)1
Zonotrichia leucophrys (White-crowned Sparrow)2

Predators

Accipiter gentilis (Northern Goshawk)[3]
Accipiter striatus (Sharp-shinned Hawk)[3]
Aegolius funereus (Boreal Owl)[3]
Buteo lagopus (Rough-legged Hawk)[2]
Canis latrans (Coyote)[3]
Canis lupus (Wolf)[2]
Circus cyaneus (Northern Harrier)[3]
Gulo gulo (Wolverine)[3]
Lanius excubitor (Northern Shrike)[2]
Martes americana (American Marten)[2]
Martes zibellina (Sable)[4]
Mustela erminea (Ermine)[2]
Mustela nivalis (Least Weasel)[3]
Strix nebulosa (Great Grey Owl)[2]
Ursus arctos (Grizzly Bear)[3]
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)[2]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Aetheca thamba <Unverified Name>[5]
Alaria alata <Unverified Name>[6]
Alveococcus multilocularis <Unverified Name>[6]
Amalaraeus andersoni ioffi[5]
Amalaraeus arvicolae[5]
Amalaraeus dissimilis dissimilis[5]
Amalaraeus penicilliger pedias[5]
Amalaraeus penicilliger penicilliger[5]
Amphalius runatus runatus[5]
Amphipsylla marikovskii ewingi[5]
Amphipsylla marikovskii marikovskii[5]
Amphipsylla petristshevae[5]
Amphipsylla prima[5]
Amphipsylla primaris mitis[5]
Amphipsylla sibirica[5]
Amphipsylla sibirica orientalis[5]
Amphipsylla sibirica sibirica[5]
Amphipsylla vinogradovi vinogradovi[5]
Andrya communis <Unverified Name>[6]
Aprostatandrya caucasica <Unverified Name>[6]
Aprostatandrya macrocephala <Unverified Name>[6]
Aprostatandrya microti <Unverified Name>[6]
Armocapillaria sadovskoi <Unverified Name>[6]
Arostrilepis horrida <Unverified Name>[6]
Aspiculuris dinniki <Unverified Name>[6]
Aspiculuris schulzi <Unverified Name>[6]
Aspiculuris tetraptera <Unverified Name>[6]
Aspiculuris tschertkovi <Unverified Name>[6]
Brachylaima aequans <Unverified Name>[6]
Brachylaima recurva <Unverified Name>[6]
Brachylecithum rodentini <Unverified Name>[6]
Calodium hepaticum <Unverified Name>[6]
Capillaria murissylvatici <Unverified Name>[6]
Catallagia charlottensis[5]
Catallagia dacenkoi[5]
Catallagia fetisovi[5]
Catallagia ioffi[5]
Catallagia jellisoni[5]
Catallagia striata[5]
Catenotaenia cricetorum <Unverified Name>[6]
Catenotaenia henttoneni <Unverified Name>[6]
Catenotaenia pusilla <Unverified Name>[6]
Ceratophyllus anisus <Unverified Name>[5]
Ceratophyllus gallinae (European chicken flea)[5]
Ceratophyllus garei[5]
Ceratophyllus indages indages <Unverified Name>[5]
Ceratophyllus lunatus tundrensis[5]
Ceratophyllus rossittensis swansoni[5]
Ceratophyllus vison[5]
Chabaudistrongylus ryjikovi <Unverified Name>[6]
Chabaudistrongylus timani <Unverified Name>[6]
Citellinema microti <Unverified Name>[6]
Citellinema orientale <Unverified Name>[6]
Corrodopsylla birulai[5]
Corrodopsylla curvata curvata[5]
Ctenophthalmus congeneroides[5]
Ctenophthalmus congeneroides truncus[5]
Ctenophthalmus pisticus[5]
Ctenophthalmus pisticus pisticus[5]
Ctenophthalmus uncinatus uncinatus[5]
Delotelis hollandi[5]
Echinococcus multilocularis[6]
Eucoleus lemmi <Unverified Name>[6]
Fascionema morosovi <Unverified Name>[6]
Frontopsylla elata botis[5]
Frontopsylla elata elata[5]
Frontopsylla elata taishiri[5]
Frontopsylla luculenta luculenta[5]
Ganguleterakis spumosa <Unverified Name>[6]
Glirovingylus rodentium <Unverified Name>[6]
Heligmosomoides glareoli <Unverified Name>[6]
Heligmosomoides hudsoni <Unverified Name>[6]
Heligmosomoides orientalis <Unverified Name>[6]
Heligmosomoides polygyrus[6]
Heligmosomum asakawai <Unverified Name>[6]
Heligmosomum borealis <Unverified Name>[6]
Heligmosomum costellatum <Unverified Name>[6]
Heligmosomum dubinini <Unverified Name>[6]
Heligmosomum mixtum <Unverified Name>[6]
Heligmosomum petrovi <Unverified Name>[6]
Heligmosomum polygyrum <Unverified Name>[6]
Hepaticola hepatica <Unverified Name>[6]
Hymenolepis diminuta <Unverified Name>[6]
Hymenolepis horrida[6]
Hystrichopsylla microti[5]
Hystrichopsylla occidentalis occidentalis[5]
Hystrichopsylla orientalis[5]
Igioffius taiganus[5]
Longistriata minuta <Unverified Name>[6]
Mammanidula hokkaidensis <Unverified Name>[6]
Mastophorus muris[6]
Megabothris abantis[5]
Megabothris advenarius[5]
Megabothris advenarius advenarius[5]
Megabothris asio gregsoni[5]
Megabothris asio megacolpus[5]
Megabothris bispinosa[5]
Megabothris calcarifer[5]
Megabothris groenlandicus[5]
Megabothris quirini[5]
Megabothris rectangulatus[5]
Mesocestoides kirbyi[6]
Mesocestoides lineatus <Unverified Name>[6]
Moniliformis clarki[6]
Neopsylla mana[5]
Neopsylla pleskei rossica[5]
Neopsylla sasai[5]
Nosopsyllus fasciatus (northern rat flea)[5]
Orchopeas caedens durus[5]
Orchopeas leucopus (rodent flea)[5]
Palaeopsylla soricis starki[5]
Paranoplocephala dentata <Unverified Name>[6]
Paranoplocephala longivaginata <Unverified Name>[6]
Paranoplocephala omphalodes <Unverified Name>[6]
Paranoplocephala transversaria <Unverified Name>[6]
Paruterina candelabraria <Unverified Name>[6]
Pectinoctenus pectiniceps pectiniceps[5]
Peromyscopsylla ostsibirica[5]
Peromyscopsylla selenis[5]
Peromyscopsylla silvatica[5]
Peromyscopsylla takahasii takahasii[5]
Plagiorchis arvicolae <Unverified Name>[6]
Plagiorchis elegans[6]
Plagiorchis vespertilionis[6]
Rhadinopsylla alphabetica[5]
Rhadinopsylla altaica[5]
Rhadinopsylla concava[5]
Rhadinopsylla integella[5]
Rhadinopsylla li transbaikalica[5]
Rhadinopsylla linta[5]
Rhadinopsylla pseudodahurica[5]
Rhadinopsylla rothschildi[5]
Rictularia baicalensis <Unverified Name>[6]
Rictularia kolimensis <Unverified Name>[6]
Rictularia sibiricensis <Unverified Name>[6]
Rodentolepis straminea[6]
Stenoponia montana[5]
Stenoponia sidimi[5]
Syngamus microtinae <Unverified Name>[6]
Syphacia montana <Unverified Name>[6]
Syphacia obvelata[6]
Syphacia petrusewiczi <Unverified Name>[6]
Syphacia stroma <Unverified Name>[6]
Taenia crassiceps[6]
Taenia martis <Unverified Name>[6]
Taenia mustelae[6]
Taenia polyacantha[6]
Taenia rileyi <Unverified Name>[6]
Taenia taeniaeformis <Unverified Name>[6]
Taenia tenuicollis <Unverified Name>[6]
Tarsopsylla octodecimdentata coloradensis[5]
Tetratirotaenia martis <Unverified Name>[6]
Tetratirotaenia polyacantha <Unverified Name>[6]
Trichocephalus muris <Unverified Name>[6]
Trichuris muris <Unverified Name>[6]

Distribution

North America;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Gardner A.L, 09-Jun-2004, ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1Felisa A. Smith, S. Kathleen Lyons, S. K. Morgan Ernest, Kate E. Jones, Dawn M. Kaufman, Tamar Dayan, Pablo A. Marquet, James H. Brown, and John P. Haskell. 2003. Body mass of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84:3403 2Making The Forest And Tundra Wildlife Connection 3Exploring the Denali Food Web, ParkWise, National Park Service 4Summer diet of the sable Martes zibellina in the Middle Yenisei taiga, Siberia, Marcin BRZEZIŃSKI, Acta Theriologica 39 (1): 103-107, 1994. 5International Flea Database 6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access