Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Rodentia > Muroidea > Cricetidae > Lemmus > Lemmus sibiricus

Lemmus sibiricus (brown lemming; black-footed lemming)

Synonyms: Hypudaeus migratorius; Lemmus novosibiricus; Lemmus obensis; Lemmus obensis bungei; Lemmus paulus; Myodes kittlitzi; Myodes lemmus minor

Wikipedia Abstract

The Siberian brown lemming (Lemmus sibiricus) is a species of rodents in the family Cricetidae found in the Russian Federation. It does not hibernate during winter; it lives in burrows. It is prey to several animals, including the snowy owl and the Arctic fox. The lemmings are known for their high-amplitude, large-scale fluctuations of population sizes.
View Wikipedia Record: Lemmus sibiricus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 7.14
EDGE Score: 2.1


Adult Weight [1]  52.3 grams
Birth Weight [2]  3 grams
Diet [3]  Frugivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [3]  10 %
Diet - Plants [3]  90 %
Forages - Ground [3]  100 %
Litter Size [2]  4


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Alaska Peninsula montane taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Alaska-St. Elias Range tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Arctic coastal tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra    
Arctic desert Norway, Russia Palearctic Tundra    
Arctic foothills tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Baffin coastal tundra Canada Nearctic Tundra
Beringia lowland tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Beringia upland tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
British Columbia mainland coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Brooks-British Range tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Central British Columbia Mountain forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Cherskii-Kolyma mountain tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Chukchi Peninsula tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Cook Inlet taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Davis Highlands tundra Canada Nearctic Tundra
Fraser Plateau and Basin complex Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
High Arctic tundra Canada Nearctic Tundra
Interior Alaska-Yukon lowland taiga Canada, United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Interior Yukon-Alaska alpine tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Low Arctic tundra Canada Nearctic Tundra
Middle Arctic tundra Canada Nearctic Tundra
Muskwa-Slave Lake forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northeast Siberian coastal tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Northeast Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northern Canadian Shield taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northern Cordillera forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northern transitional alpine forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northwest Russian-Novaya Zemlya tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Northwest Territories taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Ogilvie-MacKenzie alpine tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Pacific Coastal Mountain icefields and tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Scandinavian and Russian taiga Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Southern Hudson Bay taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Taimyr-Central Siberian tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
West Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Wrangel Island arctic desert Russia Palearctic Tundra    
Yamal-Gydan tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Yukon Interior dry forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Aniakchak National Monument National Preserve Ib 458519 Alaska, United States
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Ib 12402936 Alaska, United States
Aulavik National Park II 3021211 Northwest Territories, Canada
Auyuittuq National Park II 4808115 Nunavut, Canada
Bonanza Creek LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research   Alaska, United States
Denali Biosphere Reserve 1932364 Alaska, United States
Ivvavik National Park II 2382752 Yukon, Canada
Kluane National Park and Reserve National Park Reserve II 5463436 Yukon, Canada
Kronotskiy Biosphere Reserve 361480 Russia  
Ostrov Vrangelya (Wrangel Island) Zapovednik Nature Monument III 180 Russia    
Queen Maud Gulf Bird Sanctuary Migratory Bird Sanctuary IV 15335601 Nunavut, Canada
Sirmilik National Park II 5475284 Canada
Taimyrsky Biosphere Reserve Ia 4403240 Taimyr, Russia
Tuktut Nogait National Park II 5761538 Northwest Territories, Canada
Ukkusiksalik National Park II   Nunavut, Canada
Vuntut National Park II 1076795 Yukon, Canada
Walker Bay Field Station   Nunavut, Canada  
Wapusk National Park II 2614324 Manitoba, Canada


Prey / Diet

Arctagrostis latifolia (wideleaf polargrass)[4]
Arctostaphylos alpinus (alpine bearberry)[4]
Betula nana (dwarf birch)[4]
Carex bonanzensis (Yukon sedge)[4]
Cladonia rangiferina (greygreen reindeer lichen)[4]
Dryas octopetala (white dryas)[4]
Empetrum nigrum (black crowberry)[4]
Eriophorum scheuchzeri (white cottongrass)[4]
Harrimanella stelleriana (Alaska bellheather)[4]
Nephroma arcticum (arctic kidney lichen)[4]
Panaeolus cinctulus (Banded Mottlegill)[4]
Salix alaxensis (feltleaf willow)[4]
Vaccinium vitis-idaea (lingonberry)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acanthis flammea (Common Redpoll)3
Alces alces (moose)5
Bison bonasus (European bison)1
Bombus polaris (Bumblebee)3
Bonasa umbellus (Ruffed Grouse)2
Branta hutchinsii (Cackling Goose)5
Branta ruficollis (Red-breasted Goose)1
Calcarius lapponicus (Lapland Longspur)4
Capra caucasica cylindricornis (East Caucasian tur)1
Castor canadensis (american beaver)1
Corvus corax (Northern Raven)3
Elasmucha ferrugata1
Erethizon dorsatus (common porcupine)1
Glaucomys sabrinus (northern flying squirrel)3
Lagopus lagopus (Willow Ptarmigan)5
Lagopus leucura (White-tailed Ptarmigan)1
Lepus americanus (Snowshoe Hare)1
Lepus othus (Alaskan Hare)2
Martes americana (American Marten)3
Martes zibellina (Sable)1
Microtus xanthognathus (taiga vole)1
Myodes rufocanus (gray red-backed vole)2
Myodes rutilus (northern red-backed vole)7
Ochotona collaris (Collared Pika)3
Ovibos moschatus (muskox)7
Ovis dalli (Dall's sheep)4
Phenacomys intermedius (western heather vole)1
Phenacomys ungava (eastern heather vole)1
Pinicola enucleator (Pine Grosbeak)2
Poecile hudsonicus (Boreal Chickadee)3
Rangifer tarandus (caribou)8
Tamiasciurus hudsonicus (red squirrel)1
Urocitellus parryii (Arctic ground squirrel)5
Ursus americanus (black bear)3
Ursus arctos (Grizzly Bear)3


Asio flammeus (Short-eared Owl)[4]
Bubo scandiacus (Snowy Owl)[5]
Buteo lagopus (Rough-legged Hawk)[4]
Stercorarius longicaudus (Long-tailed Jaeger)[5]
Stercorarius parasiticus (Parasitic Jaeger)[5]
Stercorarius pomarinus (Pomarine Skua)[5]
Vulpes lagopus (Arctic Fox)[5]
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)[4]


Parasitized by 
Alveococcus multilocularis <Unverified Name>[6]
Amalaraeus dissimilis[7]
Amalaraeus penicilliger[8]
Amphipsylla sibirica pollionis[7]
Anoplocephaloides lemmi <Unverified Name>[6]
Catallagia dacenkoi[7]
Catallagia jellisoni[7]
Corrodopsylla birulai[8]
Echinococcus multilocularis[6]
Hymenolepis beringiensis <Unverified Name>[6]
Hymenolepis horrida[6]
Megabothris abantis[7]
Megabothris asio gregsoni[7]
Megabothris calcarifer[7]
Megabothris groenlandicus[7]
Megabothris quirini[7]
Paranoplocephala fellmani <Unverified Name>[6]
Paranoplocephala lemmi <Unverified Name>[6]
Paranoplocephala omphalodes <Unverified Name>[6]
Pelodera strongyloides[6]
Peromyscopsylla ostsibirica[7]
Taenia crassiceps[6]
Taenia martis <Unverified Name>[6]
Taenia mustelae[6]
Taenia polyacantha[6]
Tetratirotaenia polyacantha <Unverified Name>[6]
Toxascaris leonina[6]

Range Map

Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China); North America;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Felisa A. Smith, S. Kathleen Lyons, S. K. Morgan Ernest, Kate E. Jones, Dawn M. Kaufman, Tamar Dayan, Pablo A. Marquet, James H. Brown, and John P. Haskell. 2003. Body mass of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84:3403
2Alaska Wildlife Notebook Series, Alaska Department of Fish and Game
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Making The Forest And Tundra Wildlife Connection
5Predator–prey relationships: arctic foxes and lemmings, Anders Angerbjorn, Magnus Tannerfeldt and Sam Erlinge, Journal of Animal Ecology, Volume 68, Issue 1, Pages 34-49
6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
7International Flea Database
8Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access