Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Rodentia > Muroidea > Muridae > Rattus > Rattus rattus

Rattus rattus (black rat)

Synonyms: Epimys chionogaster; Epimys kelaarti; Hapalotis arboricola; Mus alexandrinorattus; Mus alexandrinus; Mus arboreus; Mus asiaticus; Mus atratus; Mus atridorsum; Mus ceylonus; Mus crassipes; Mus erythronotus; Mus flavescens; Mus flaviventris; Mus galapagoensis; Mus griseocaeruleus; Mus infralineatus; Mus insularis; Mus jujensis; Mus kandianus; Mus kandiyanus; Mus kijabius; Mus latipes; Mus leucogaster; Mus muansae; Mus nemoralis; Mus novaezelandiae; Mus picteti; Mus rattus ater; Mus rattus brookei; Mus rattus intermedius; Mus rattus jurassicus; Mus rufescens; Mus samharensis; Mus subcaeruleus; Mus sylvestris; Mus tectorum; Mus tectorum fuliginosus; Mus tetragonurus; Mus tompsoni; Mus variabilis; Musculus frugivorus; Myoxus siculae; Rattus domesticus; Rattus domesticus albus; Rattus domesticus ater; Rattus domesticus fulvaster; Rattus domesticus fuscus; Rattus domesticus varius; Rattus norvegicus longicaudus; Rattus rattus chionogaster; Rattus rattus girensis; Rattus rattus narbadae; Rattus rattus nericola; Rattus rattus ruthenus; Rattus rattus sueirensis; Rattus rattus wroughtoni
Language: French

Wikipedia Abstract

The black rat (Rattus rattus, also known as the ship rat, roof rat, house rat, Alexandrine rat, old English rat, and other names) is a common long-tailed rodent of the genus Rattus (rats) in the subfamily Murinae (murine rodents). The species originated in tropical Asia and spread through the Near East in Roman times before reaching Europe by the 1st century and spreading with Europeans across the world. Black rats are generalist omnivores. They are serious pests to farmers as they eat a wide range of agricultural crops.
View Wikipedia Record: Rattus rattus

Invasive Species

A native of the Indian sub-continent, the ship rat (Rattus rattus) has now spread throughout the world. It is widespread in forest and woodlands as well as being able to live in and around buildings. It will feed on and damage almost any edible thing. The ship rat is most frequently identified with catastrophic declines of birds on islands. It is very agile and often frequents tree tops searching for food and nesting there in bunches of leaves and twigs.
View ISSG Record: Rattus rattus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 3.34
EDGE Score: 1.47


Adult Weight [2]  200 grams
Birth Weight [2]  5 grams
Female Maturity [2]  90 days
Male Maturity [2]  3 months 22 days
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore, Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [3]  20 %
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  30 %
Diet - Plants [3]  10 %
Diet - Seeds [3]  40 %
Forages - Ground [3]  100 %
Arboreal [1]  Yes
Gestation [2]  22 days
Litter Size [2]  7
Litters / Year [2]  4
Maximum Longevity [2]  4 years
Nocturnal [1]  Yes
Weaning [2]  26 days


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Al Hajar montane woodlands Oman Afrotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Arabian Peninsula coastal fog desert Oman, Yemen, Saudi Arabia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Gulf of Oman desert and semi-desert Oman, United Arab Emirates Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Southwestern Arabian foothills savanna Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Oman Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Southwestern Arabian montane woodlands Yemen, Saudi Arabia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Ao Phang Nga National Park Marine National Park II 103730 Thailand
Archipelago de Colon Biosphere Reserve 34336011 Galapagos Islands, Ecuador  
Badghyz Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 215164 Turkmenistan  
Baikalskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 458883 Russia  
Berezinskiy Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 209113 Belarus  
Big Cypress National Preserve V 732120 Florida, United States
Big Thicket Biosphere Reserve National Park II 616880 Texas, United States
Bosque Mbaracayú Biosphere Reserve V 691895 Paraguay  
Buenavista Wetland Reserve 778949 Cuba    
Cape West Coast Biosphere Reserve 934651 Western Cape, South Africa
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Channel Islands National Park II 139010 California, United States
Coorong National Park II 121235 South Australia, Australia
Croajingolong National Park II 217067 Victoria, Australia
Danau Sentarum National Park 347674 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Doi Inthanon National Park II 115326 Thailand  
Doi Suthep-pui National Park II 70007 Thailand  
East Usambara Biosphere Reserve 222395 Tanzania  
Erawan National Park II 131204 Thailand
Fanjingshan Nature Reserve V 86145 Guizhou, China  
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Grampians National Park II 416373 Victoria, Australia
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Gunung Leuser National Park II 2203368 Sumatra, Indonesia
Hawaii Volcanoes National Park 177278 Hawaii, United States
Hawaiian Islands Biosphere Reserve 245981 Hawaii, United States  
Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary IV 699629 Thailand  
Humber Estuary 90582 England, United Kingdom
Kaeng Krachan National Park II 753452 Thailand
Kahuzi-Biéga National Park II 1647768 Democratic Republic of the Congo  
Kanha Tiger Reserve National Park II 223971 Madhya Pradesh, India
Kaplankyr Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 1293994 Turkmenistan  
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Khao Luang National Park II 143331 Thailand
Khao Pu - Khao Ya National Park II 176398 Thailand
Khao Soi Dao Wildlife Sanctuary IV 182353 Thailand  
Khao Sok National Park II 159284 Thailand
Khao Yai National Park II 542694 Thailand
Khaoen Si Nakarin National Park II 459154 Thailand
Khlong Lan National Park II 104466 Thailand
Khlong Saeng Wildlife Sanctuary IV 243425 Thailand  
Kibale National Park II 196202 Uganda
Kogelberg Biosphere Reserve II 256073 Western Cape, South Africa  
Krau Wildlife Reserve IV 149823 Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Kruger National Park II 4718115 Mpumalanga, South Africa
Kutai National Park II 560076 East Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Lake Roosevelt National Recreation Area V 103172 Washington, United States
Los Alerces National Park II 463045 Chubut, Argentina  
Luberon Regional Nature Park V 406572 France  
Macquarie Island Nature Reserve Ia 233540 Tasmania, Australia  
Madidi National Park II 3194501 Bolivia  
Manas National Park II 135025 Assam, India
Maya Multiple Use Area 1156412 Guatemala  
Morecambe Bay 151985 England, United Kingdom
Mount Arrowsmith Biosphere Reserve 293047 British Columbia, Canada  
Mount Everest (Sagarmatha) National Park II 275416 Nepal
Olympic Biosphere Reserve II 922805 Washington, United States
Palamau Tiger Reserve National Park II 329056 Bihar, India
Pang Sida National Park II 211956 Thailand
Parc National de Marojejy National Park II 148550 Madagascar
Parco Del Cilento e Vallo de Diano National Park 551095 Italy
Parque Atlantico Mar Chiquita Nature Reserve VI 706059 Cordoba, Argentina  
Phu Khieo Wildlife Sanctuary IV 391278 Thailand  
Phu Luang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 227671 Thailand  
Phu Phan National Park II 176082 Thailand
Ranomafana National Park II 100646 Madagascar  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Doñana Biosphere Reserve II 123801 Spain
Reserva de la Biosfera de Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve VI 1312618 Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Yasuni Biosphere Reserve 4156313 Ecuador  
Reserva del Noroeste Biosphere Reserve 571807 Peru  
Riverland Biosphere Reserve Ia 1490891 South Australia, Australia
Royal Chitwan National Park II 292637 Nepal  
Réserve Naturelle Intégrale d'Andohahela National Park II 180522 Madagascar
Réserve Naturelle Intégrale d'Andringitra National Park II 76961 Madagascar
Réserve Naturelle Intégrale de Tsaratanana Strict Nature Reserve Ia 122363 Madagascar  
Réserve Naturelle Intégrale de Zahamena National Park II 102875 Madagascar
Réserve Spéciale Ankarana Special Reserve II 62972 Madagascar  
Río Negro National Park II 73775 Paraguay  
San Rafael, Reserva de Recursos Manejados Managed Resource Reserve VI 165840 Paraguay  
Schorfheide-Chorin Biosphere Reserve 319164 Germany
Seaflower Marine Protected Area 15125514 Colombia      
Severn Estuary/ Môr Hafren 182155 England/Wales, United Kingdom
Shenandoah National Park II 108221 Virginia, United States
Simlipal Tiger Reserve National Park II 103465 Orissa, India  
Socotra Archipelago Biosphere Reserve 6626477 Yemen  
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Spreewald Biosphere Reserve 117355 Germany  
Sunderban National Park 261613 India  
Taman Negara National Park II 1122273 Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Thap Lan National Park II 550979 Thailand
Tsentral'no-Lesnoy Biosphere Reserve Ia 62630 Russia  
Ujung Kulon National Park II 313466 Java, Indonesia    
Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 619152 Thailand  
Voronezhskiy Biosphere Reserve 95835 Russia  
Waddensea of Lower Saxony Biosphere Reserve 539522 Germany  
Wasur-Rawa Biru National Park 605464 Papua, Indonesia  
Whiskey-Shasta-Trinity National Recreation Area V 197791 California, United States
Wilpattu National Park II 320298 Sri Lanka  
Xishuangbanna Nature Reserve V 567531 Yunnan, China  
Yosemite National Park II 95209 California, United States

Prey / Diet

Eleutherodactylus coqui (Coquí)[4]
Eleutherodactylus eneidae (Mottled Coqui)[4]
Eleutherodactylus hedricki (Tree-hole Coqui)[4]
Eleutherodactylus portoricensis (Puerto Rican Coqui)[4]
Eleutherodactylus richmondi (Ground Coqui)[4]
Eleutherodactylus wightmanae (Wrinkled Coqui)[4]
Ficus hispida[5]
Ficus septica[5]
Glis glis (fat dormouse)[6]
Leiopelma archeyi (Archey's Frog)[7]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aquila chrysaetos (Golden Eagle)1
Asio otus (Long-eared Owl)1
Athene noctua (Little Owl)1
Canis lupus (Wolf)1
Cynopterus brachyotis (lesser short-nosed fruit bat)1
Cynopterus horsfieldii (Horsfield's fruit bat)2
Cynopterus sphinx (greater short-nosed fruit bat)2
Cynopterus titthaecheilus (Indonesian short-nosed fruit bat)2
Felis silvestris (Wildcat)1
Hoolock hoolock hoolock (hoolock gibbon)1
Hylobates moloch (silvery gibbon)1
Macaca cyclopis (Taiwan macaque)1
Macaca silenus (liontail macaque)1
Macroglossus minimus (lesser long-tongued fruit bat)1
Macroglossus sobrinus (greater long-tongued fruit bat)2
Martes foina (Beech Marten)1
Martes martes (European Pine Marten)1
Nyctimene albiventer (common tube-nosed fruit bat)1
Oriolus chinensis (Black-naped Oriole)1
Phalanger orientalis (Northern Common Cuscus)1
Presbytis comata (grizzled leaf monkey)1
Ptenochirus jagori (greater musky fruit bat)1
Pygathrix nemaeus (Douc langur)1
Rousettus amplexicaudatus (Geoffroy's rousette)2
Rusa unicolor (sambar)1
Spilocuscus maculatus (Common Spotted Cuscus)1
Strix aluco (Tawny Owl)1
Sus scrofa (wild boar)1
Syconycteris australis (southern blossom bat)1
Trachypithecus auratus (Javan langur)1
Tyto alba (Barn Owl)1
Ursus arctos (Grizzly Bear)1
Vipera berus (Adder, Northern Viper)1
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)1
Zamenis longissimus (Aesculapean Snake)1


Accipiter cooperii (Cooper's Hawk)[4]
Asio madagascariensis (Madagascar Owl)[8]
Asio otus (Long-eared Owl)[4]
Athene cunicularia (Burrowing Owl)[4]
Bubo virginianus (Great Horned Owl)[9]
Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)[4]
Buteo platypterus (Broad-winged Hawk)[4]
Buteo polyosoma (Variable Hawk)[10]
Chilabothrus inornatus (Puerto Rican Boa)[4]
Circus macrosceles (Madagascar Harrier)[11]
Ctenocephalides canis (Dog flea)[12]
Echidnophaga myrmecobii (Red flea)[12]
Eira barbara (Tayra)[13]
Epicrates cenchria (Rainbow Boa)[14]
Felis catus (Domestic Cat)[4]
Felis chaus furax (Jungle cat)[15]
Galictis cuja (Lesser Grison)[16]
Hemorrhois hippocrepis (Horseshoe Snake)[17]
Larus michahellis (Yellow-legged Gull)[18]
Leopardus guigna (Kodkod)[19]
Megascops nudipes (Puerto Rican Screech-Owl)[4]
Morelia spilota spilota (Diamond python)[20]
Ninox novaeseelandiae (Morepork)[21]
Nosopsyllus londiniensis[4]
Psammophis phillipsii (Olive Grass Racer, Phillips’ Sand Snake)[22]
Pseudoscops grammicus (Jamaican Owl)[23]
Stercorarius antarcticus (Subantarctic Skua)[4]
Tyto alba (Barn Owl)[24]
Tyto soumagnei (Red Owl)[25]
Zamenis scalaris (Ladder Snakes)[26]


Parasitized by 
Acanthopsylla rothschildi rothschildi[27]
Acropsylla episema episema[27]
Amoebotaenia sphenoides <Unverified Name>[28]
Anchitrema sanguineum <Unverified Name>[28]
Angiostrongylus cantonensis (rat lungworm)[28]
Angiostrongylus costaricensis[28]
Aonchotheca annulosa <Unverified Name>[28]
Aonchotheca murissylvatici <Unverified Name>[28]
Apophallus donicus[28]
Ascarops strongylina <Unverified Name>[28]
Aspiculuris indicus <Unverified Name>[28]
Aspiculuris tetraptera <Unverified Name>[28]
Aviostivalius klossi bispiniformis[27]
Aviostivalius klossi klossi[27]
Bertiella anapolitica <Unverified Name>[28]
Besnoitia wallacei <Unverified Name>[12]
Bibikovana iridis[27]
Bibikovana rainbowi[4]
Bibikovana rainbowi rainbowi[27]
Bibikovana tiptoni[27]
Bothriocephalus ratticola <Unverified Name>[28]
Brachylaima mascomai <Unverified Name>[28]
Brachylaima recurva <Unverified Name>[28]
Brachylaima ruminae <Unverified Name>[28]
Breinlia booliati <Unverified Name>[28]
Calodium hepaticum <Unverified Name>[28]
Capillaria annulosa <Unverified Name>[28]
Capillaria bacillata <Unverified Name>[28]
Capillaria gastrica <Unverified Name>[28]
Capillaria hepatica[28]
Capillaria muris <Unverified Name>[28]
Capillaria traverae <Unverified Name>[28]
Catenotaenia pusilla <Unverified Name>[28]
Ceratophyllus anisus <Unverified Name>[27]
Chiastopsylla rossi[27]
Choristopsylla ochi[27]
Corrigia muris <Unverified Name>[28]
Craneopsylla minerva wolffhuegeli[27]
Ctenocephalides crataepus[27]
Ctenocephalides felis (Cat flea)[4]
Ctenocephalides felis felis[27]
Ctenophthalmus agyrtes serbicus[27]
Ctenophthalmus calceatus cabirus[27]
Ctenophthalmus calceatus calceatus[27]
Ctenophthalmus congeneroides congeneroides[27]
Ctenophthalmus eumeces[27]
Ctenophthalmus evidens modicus[27]
Ctenophthalmus proximus[27]
Ctenophthalmus quadratus[27]
Cyathospirura seurati[28]
Cysticercus fasciolaris <Unverified Name>[28]
Cysticercus pisiformis <Unverified Name>[28]
Davainea blanchardi <Unverified Name>[28]
Davainea celebensis <Unverified Name>[28]
Davainea gracilis <Unverified Name>[28]
Davainea polycalceola <Unverified Name>[28]
Davainea trapezoides <Unverified Name>[28]
Delostichus coxalis[27]
Delostichus talis[27]
Dinopsyllus brachypecten[27]
Dinopsyllus ellobius[27]
Dinopsyllus longifrons[27]
Dinopsyllus lypusus[27]
Dinopsyllus tsaratananae[27]
Dollfusinus frontalis <Unverified Name>[28]
Echidnophaga eyrei[27]
Echidnophaga gallinacea (sticktight flea)[27]
Echidnophaga murina[27]
Echidnophaga myrmecobii[27]
Echidnophaga perilis (Rabbit stickfast flea)[27]
Echinococcus multilocularis[28]
Echinoparyphium recurvatum[28]
Echinostoma caproni <Unverified Name>[28]
Echinostoma macrorchis <Unverified Name>[28]
Eucoleus bacillatus <Unverified Name>[28]
Eucoleus gastricus <Unverified Name>[28]
Euparyphium albuferensis <Unverified Name>[28]
Euparyphium lobata <Unverified Name>[28]
Fasciola hepatica (common liver fluke)[28]
Filaria obtusa <Unverified Name>[28]
Frontopsylla diqiengensis[27]
Ganguleterakis spumosa <Unverified Name>[28]
Gastrodiscoides hominis <Unverified Name>[28]
Genoneopsylla longisetosa[27]
Genoneopsylla thysanota[27]
Globocephalus connorfilii <Unverified Name>[28]
Gongylonema neoplasticum <Unverified Name>[28]
Gryphopsylla jacobsoni[27]
Hammondia hammondi <Unverified Name>[12]
Haplorchis yokogawai[28]
Hectopsylla suarezi[27]
Heligmosomoides polygyrus[28]
Hepatozoon muris <Unverified Name>[12]
Heterakis spumosa[28]
Heterophyes heterophyes[28]
Heteroxynema muris <Unverified Name>[28]
Hoplopleura pacifica[12]
Hymenolepis contracta <Unverified Name>[28]
Hymenolepis diminuta <Unverified Name>[28]
Hymenolepis fraterna <Unverified Name>[28]
Hymenolepis himalayii <Unverified Name>[28]
Hymenolepis longior <Unverified Name>[28]
Hymenolepis microstoma <Unverified Name>[28]
Hymenolepis murina <Unverified Name>[28]
Hymenolepis murisvariegati <Unverified Name>[28]
Hymenolepis myoxi <Unverified Name>[28]
Hymenolepis nana <Unverified Name>[28]
Hymenolepis palmarum <Unverified Name>[28]
Hymenolepis straminea <Unverified Name>[28]
Hystrichopsylla occidentalis occidentalis[27]
Lentistivalius ferinus[27]
Leptopsylla aethiopica aethiopica[27]
Leptopsylla aethiopica nakuruensis[27]
Leptopsylla algira costai[27]
Leptopsylla algira moroccana[27]
Leptopsylla segnis (European mouse flea)[27]
Listropsylla dolosa[27]
Litomosoides carinii[28]
Macropsylla hercules[27]
Mastophorus muris[28]
Mathevotaenia allahabadensis <Unverified Name>[28]
Mathevotaenia symmetrica <Unverified Name>[28]
Maxomystrongylus yasumai <Unverified Name>[28]
Medwayella thurmani[27]
Megabothris calcarifer[27]
Mesocestoides lineatus <Unverified Name>[28]
Metastivalius rectus[27]
Moniliformis moniliformis[28]
Neopsylla marleaneae[27]
Neopsylla sasai[27]
Neopsylla sondaica[27]
Neopsylla stevensi sichuanyunnana[27]
Neotyphloceras crassispina chilensis[27]
Neotyphloceras crassispina crassispina[27]
Neotyphloceras crassispina hemisus[27]
Nippostrongylus brasiliensis[28]
Nippostrongylus braziliensis <Unverified Name>[12]
Nippostrongylus magnus <Unverified Name>[12]
Nippostrongylus muris <Unverified Name>[28]
Nosopsyllus aegaeus[27]
Nosopsyllus barbarus[27]
Nosopsyllus elongatus elongatus[27]
Nosopsyllus elongatus longchuanensis[27]
Nosopsyllus elongatus puerensis[27]
Nosopsyllus elongatus yanshanensis[27]
Nosopsyllus fasciatus (northern rat flea)[27]
Nosopsyllus londiniensis declivus[27]
Nosopsyllus londiniensis londiniensis[27]
Nosopsyllus nicanus[27]
Nosopsyllus nilgiriensis[27]
Nosopsyllus punjabensis[27]
Nosopsyllus sincerus[27]
Nosopsyllus tamilanus[27]
Nosopsyllus vauceli[27]
Nosopsyllus wualis leizhouensis[27]
Nosopsyllus wualis rongjiangensis[27]
Oochoristica symmetrica <Unverified Name>[28]
Orientostrongylus tenorai <Unverified Name>[28]
Oxyuris obvelata <Unverified Name>[28]
Paractenopsyllus grandidieri[27]
Paractenopsyllus randrianasoloi[27]
Paractenopsyllus viettei[27]
Paradoxopsyllus curvispinus[27]
Paragonimus ohirai <Unverified Name>[28]
Parapsyllus australiacus[27]
Parapulex chephrenis[27]
Parastrongylus cantonensis <Unverified Name>[28]
Peromyscopsylla segregata[27]
Philophthalmus lucipetus[28]
Physaloptera circularis <Unverified Name>[28]
Physaloptera getula[28]
Platynosomoides muris <Unverified Name>[28]
Plocopsylla hector[27]
Polygenis bohlsi bohlsi[27]
Polygenis bohlsi jordani[27]
Polygenis brachinus[27]
Polygenis byturus[27]
Polygenis dunni[27]
Polygenis klagesi samuelis[27]
Polygenis litargus[27]
Polygenis occidentalis steganus[27]
Polygenis rimatus[27]
Polygenis roberti beebei[27]
Polygenis tripus[27]
Polyplax spinulosa[12]
Protospirura chabaudi <Unverified Name>[28]
Protospirura marsupialis <Unverified Name>[28]
Protospirura muricola <Unverified Name>[28]
Protospirura muris <Unverified Name>[28]
Pterygodermatites tani <Unverified Name>[28]
Pterygodermatites whartoni <Unverified Name>[28]
Pulex irritans (human flea)[27]
Pygiopsylla hoplia[27]
Raillietina celebensis <Unverified Name>[28]
Rictularia jodhpurensis <Unverified Name>[28]
Rictularia proni[28]
Rictularia ratti <Unverified Name>[28]
Rictularia tani <Unverified Name>[28]
Rodentolepis fraterna <Unverified Name>[12]
Sarcocystis murinotechis <Unverified Name>[12]
Sarcocystis muris <Unverified Name>[12]
Schistosoma japonicum <Unverified Name>[28]
Schistosoma ovuncatum <Unverified Name>[28]
Schistosoma sinensium <Unverified Name>[28]
Schistosoma spindale <Unverified Name>[28]
Seuratum cadarachense <Unverified Name>[28]
Shindeobothrium rehanae <Unverified Name>[28]
Sigmactenus alticola[27]
Soricinia syncapsulata <Unverified Name>[28]
Spilopsyllus cuniculi (European rabbit flea)[27]
Spiroptera brauni <Unverified Name>[28]
Spiroptera ratti <Unverified Name>[28]
Stenoponia tokudai[27]
Stephanocircus dasyuri[27]
Stephanocircus pectinipes[12]
Stivalius ahalae[27]
Stivalius aporus aporus[27]
Stivalius cognatus bamus[27]
Stivalius cognatus cognatus[27]
Stivalius cognatus spiramus[27]
Stivalius phoberus[27]
Streptopharagus indicus <Unverified Name>[28]
Streptopharagus kuntzi <Unverified Name>[28]
Streptopharagus kutassi <Unverified Name>[28]
Strongyloides ratti <Unverified Name>[28]
Strongyloides venezuelensis <Unverified Name>[28]
Synopsyllus fonquernii[27]
Synosternus pallidus[27]
Syphacia baylisi <Unverified Name>[28]
Syphacia muris[28]
Syphacia obvelata[28]
Taenia blaniceps <Unverified Name>[28]
Taenia crassiceps[28]
Taenia crassicollis <Unverified Name>[28]
Taenia hydatigena <Unverified Name>[28]
Taenia laticollis <Unverified Name>[28]
Taenia muris <Unverified Name>[28]
Taenia parva[28]
Taenia pisiformis[28]
Taenia ratti <Unverified Name>[28]
Taenia serialis <Unverified Name>[28]
Taenia solium <Unverified Name>[28]
Taenia taeniaeformis <Unverified Name>[28]
Taenia umbonata <Unverified Name>[28]
Tetrapsyllus amplus[27]
Thysanotaenia alii <Unverified Name>[28]
Trichina circumflexa <Unverified Name>[28]
Trichinella britovi <Unverified Name>[28]
Trichinella nelsoni <Unverified Name>[28]
Trichinella spiralis (pork worm)[28]
Trichocephalus muris <Unverified Name>[28]
Trichocephalus nodosus <Unverified Name>[28]
Trichosoma annulosum <Unverified Name>[28]
Trichosomoides crassicauda[28]
Trichuris barusi <Unverified Name>[28]
Trichuris muris <Unverified Name>[28]
Trypanosoma evansi <Unverified Name>[12]
Trypanosoma lewisi <Unverified Name>[12]
Tsaractenus grenierri[27]
Tunga caecata[27]
Tunga caecigena[27]
Tunga callida[27]
Vampirolepis masaldani <Unverified Name>[28]
Vampirolepis nana <Unverified Name>[28]
Xenopsylla astia[27]
Xenopsylla australiaca[27]
Xenopsylla bantorum[27]
Xenopsylla brasiliensis[27]
Xenopsylla cheopis (oriental rat flea)[27]
Xenopsylla crinita[27]
Xenopsylla georychi[27]
Xenopsylla guancha[27]
Xenopsylla robertsi[27]
Xiphiopsylla hyparetes[27]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Brent Lodge Park Animal Centre
Bristol Zoo Gardens
Chessington World of Adventures, Ltd.
Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden
Cleveland Metroparks Zoo
Coyote Point Museum
Dierenpark Emmen
Drusillas Zoo Park
Guldborgsund Zoo & Botanical Garden
Marwell Wildlife
Memphis Zoological Garden & Aquarium
Museum de Besancon
Natural Encounters, Inc.
Parc Animalier de Sainte Croix
Rostock Zoologischer Garten
Saint Louis Zoological Park
Salzburg Zoo Hellbrunn
Sharjah Breeding Centre For Endangered
Singapore Zoological Gardensbeccarii
Sunset Zoo
Taronga Zoo
Territory Wildlife Park (Berry Springs
Tierpark Hagenbeck GmbH
Wild Animal Park Mechelen Planckendael
Wildwood Trust
Xantus János Állatkert Kht.
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzen
Zoologischer Garten Halle GmbH

Range Map

Croajingolong; North America; Southern Asia;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
6Glis glis (Rodentia: Gliridae), BORIS KRYSTUFEK, MAMMALIAN SPECIES 42(865):195–206 (2010)
7Anurans as prey: an exploratory analysis and size relationships between predators and their prey, L. F. Toledo, R. S. Ribeiro & C. F. B. Haddad, Journal of Zoology 271 (2007) 170–177
8Goodman, S. M., Creighton, G. K. & Raxworthy, C. (1991). The food habits of the Madagascar long-eared owl Asio madagascariensis in southeastern Madagascar Bonn. Zool. Beitr. 42: 21-26.
9Predation upon small mammals in shrublands and grasslands of southern South America: ecological correlates and presumable consequences, Fabian M. Jaksic, Revista Chilena de Historia Natural 59: 209-221 (1986)
10Population growth and density, diet and breeding success of striated caracaras Phalcoboenus australis on New Island, Falkland Islands, Paulo Catry, Miguel Lecoq, Ian J. Strange, Polar Biology Volume 31, Number 10, 1167-1174
11NESTING BIOLOGY AND DIET OF THE MADAGASCAR HARRIER (CIRCUS MACROSCELES) IN AMBOHITANTELY SPECIAL RESERVE, MADAGASCAR, Lily-Arison Rene de Roland, Jeanneney Rabearivony, and Ignace Randriamanga, J. Raptor Res. 38(3):256-262
12Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
13Eira barbara, Steven J. Presley, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 636, pp. 1–6 (2000)
14Food habits of Brazilian boid snakes: overview and new data, with special reference to Corallus hortulanus, Lígia Pizzatto, Otavio A.V. Marques, Kátia Facure, Amphibia-Reptilia 30 (2009): 533-544
15THE PARASITIC FAUNA AND THE FOOD HABITS OF THE WILD JUNGLE CAT FELIS CHAUS FURAX DE WINTON, 1898 IN IRAQ, Mohammad K. Mohammad, Bull. Iraq nat. Hist. Mus. (2008) 10(2): 65-78
16Galictis cuja, Eric Yensen and Teresa Tarifa, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 728, pp. 1–8 (2003)
17Body size, diet and reproductive ecology of Coluber hippocrepis in the Rif (Northern Morocco), Juan M. Pleguezuelos, Soumia Fahd, Amphibia-Reptilia 25: 287-302 (2004)
20Feeding Habits of the Diamond Python, Morelia s. spilota: Ambush Predation by a Boid Snake, David J. Slip and Richard Shine, Journal of Herpetology, Vol. 22, No. 3, pp. 323-330, 1988
21The diet of moreporks (Ninox novaeseelandiae) in relation to prey availability, and their roost site characteristics and breeding success on Ponui Island, Hauraki Gulf, New Zealand., Kirsty Marie Denny, A thesis presented in fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science in Ecology at Massey University, Albany New Zealand. (2009)
22Food Habits of the Snake Psammophis phillipsi from the Continuous Rain-Forest Region of Southern Nigeria (West Africa), GODFREY C. AKANI, EDEM A. ENIANG, ITOHOWO J. EKPO, FRANCESCO M. ANGELICI, AND LUCA LUISELLI, Journal of Herpetology, Vol. 37, No. 1, pp. 208–211, 2003
24Contribution to the study of the diet of four owl species (Aves, Strigiformes) from mainland and island areas of Greece, Haralambos Alivizatos, Vassilis Goutner and Stamatis Zogaris, Belg. J. Zool., 135 (2) : 109-118
25The Diet of the Madagascar Red Owl (Tyto soumagnei) on the Masoala Peninsula, Madagascar, Steven M. Goodman and Russell Thorstrom, Wilson Bull., 110(3), 1998, pp. 417-421
26Correlates between morphology, diet and foraging mode in the Ladder Snake Rhinechis scalaris (Schinz, 1822), Juan M. Pleguezuelos , Juan R. Fernández-Cardenete , Santiago Honrubia , Mónica Feriche , Carmen Villafranca, Contributions to Zoology, 76 (3) – 2007
27International Flea Database
28Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
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