Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Rodentia > Muroidea > Muridae > Rattus > Rattus norvegicus

Rattus norvegicus (Norway rat)

Synonyms: Epimys norvegicus socer; Mus caraco; Mus caspius; Mus decumanoides; Mus decumanus; Mus decumanus hybridus; Mus decumanus major; Mus griseipectus; Mus hibernicus; Mus humiliatus; Mus javanus; Mus magnirostris; Mus maniculatus; Mus maurus; Mus norvegicus praestans; Mus ouangthomae; Mus plumbeus; Mus surmolottus; Mus sylvaticus discolor; Rattus humiliatus insolatus; Rattus humiliatus sowerbyi; Rattus norvegicus albus; Rattus norvegicus otomoi; Rattus norvegicus primarius
Language: French

Wikipedia Abstract

The brown rat, also referred to as common rat, street rat, sewer rat, Hanover rat, Norway rat, brown Norway rat, Norwegian rat, or wharf rat (Rattus norvegicus) is one of the best known and most common rats. Selective breeding of Rattus norvegicus has produced the laboratory rat, a model organism in biological research, as well as pet rats.
View Wikipedia Record: Rattus norvegicus

Invasive Species

The Norway rat (Rattus norvegicus) is globally widespread and costs primary industry hundreds of millions of dollars per year. It has caused or contributed to the extinction or range reduction of native mammals, birds, reptiles and invertebrates through predation and competition. It restricts the regeneration of many plant species by eating seeds and seedlings, eats food crops and spoils human food stores by urinating and defecating in them. Additional economic damage is caused by chewing through power cables and spreading diseases.
View ISSG Record: Rattus norvegicus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 4.23
EDGE Score: 1.66


Adult Weight [1]  300 grams
Birth Weight [1]  6 grams
Female Maturity [1]  90 days
Male Maturity [1]  70 days
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore, Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  20 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  30 %
Diet - Plants [2]  10 %
Diet - Seeds [2]  40 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Gestation [1]  21 days
Litter Size [1]  10
Litters / Year [1]  4
Maximum Longevity [1]  5 years
Nocturnal [3]  Yes
Speed [4]  2.46 MPH (1.1 m/s)
Weaning [1]  25 days


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Arabian Peninsula coastal fog desert Oman, Yemen, Saudi Arabia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Aggtelek Biosphere Reserve National Park II 59233 Hungary
Archipelago de Colon Biosphere Reserve 34336011 Galapagos Islands, Ecuador  
Arthur's Pass National Park II 257008 South Island, New Zealand
Astrakhanskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 167827 Astrakhan, Russia
Badghyz Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 215164 Turkmenistan  
Badlands National Park II 178535 South Dakota, United States
Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve National Park II 218515 Belarus
Berezinskiy Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 209113 Belarus  
Big Cypress National Preserve V 732120 Florida, United States
Big Thicket Biosphere Reserve National Park II 616880 Texas, United States
Buffalo National River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 59947 Arkansas, United States
Can Gio Mangrove Biosphere Reserve 123722 Viet Nam  
Cape Breton Highlands National Park II 234333 Nova Scotia, Canada  
Carmarthen Bay and Estuaries/ Bae Caerfyrddin ac Aberoedd 163340 Wales, United Kingdom
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Carpathian Biosphere Reserve 144772 Ukraine  
Central Gulf Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 40530 United States  
Champlain-Adirondack Biosphere Reserve 9859505 New York, Vermont, United States  
Changshanerhai Nature Reserve V 139448 Yunnan, China  
Darvinsky Zapovednik Ia 278421 Yaroslavl, Vologda, Russia
Daurskiy Biosphere Reserve 562659 Russia  
Eastern Beskid National Park II 68484 Poland  
Fanjingshan Nature Reserve V 86145 Guizhou, China  
Forillon National Park II 61010 Quebec, Canada  
Fujian Wuyishan Nature Reserve V 206754 Fujian, China  
Fundy National Park II 52716 New Brunswick, Canada
Grasslands National Park II 128635 Saskatchewan, Canada
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Gros Morne National Park II 476632 Newfoundland, Canada
Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve II 366714 British Columbia, Canada
Hawaii Volcanoes National Park 177278 Hawaii, United States
Hawaiian Islands Biosphere Reserve 245981 Hawaii, United States  
Hortobágy National Park II 140004 Hungary  
Humber Estuary 90582 England, United Kingdom
Kaplankyr Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 1293994 Turkmenistan  
Karkonosze National Park II 45907 Poland
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Kejimkujik National Park II 94203 Nova Scotia, Canada
Kiskunsag Biosphere Reserve II 54598 Hungary  
Kogelberg Biosphere Reserve II 256073 Western Cape, South Africa  
Kouchibouguac National Park II 59161 New Brunswick, Canada
Krkonose National Park V 95995 Czech Republic  
Kronotskiy Biosphere Reserve 361480 Russia  
Lake Roosevelt National Recreation Area V 103172 Washington, United States
Land Between the Lakes Biosphere Reserve V 166264 Kentucky, Tennessee, United States
Lanín National Park II 536819 Neuquen, Argentina
Long Point Biosphere Reserve 100325 Ontario, Canada  
Los Alerces National Park II 463045 Chubut, Argentina  
Luberon Regional Nature Park V 406572 France  
Mammoth Cave Area Biosphere Reserve (Natn'l Park) National Park II 51235 Kentucky, United States
Maya Multiple Use Area 1156412 Guatemala  
Morecambe Bay 151985 England, United Kingdom
Mount Arrowsmith Biosphere Reserve 293047 British Columbia, Canada  
Mount Rainier National Park II 235186 Washington, United States
Nahuel Huapi National Park II 759703 Argentina  
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
North Pennine Moors 254789 England, United Kingdom
North York Moors 108930 England, United Kingdom
Okskiy Biosphere Reserve 190748 Russia  
Ozark National Scenic Riverways National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 54621 Missouri, United States
Pacific Rim National Park Reserve II 137900 British Columbia, Canada
Parco Del Cilento e Vallo de Diano National Park 551095 Italy
Parque Atlantico Mar Chiquita Nature Reserve VI 706059 Cordoba, Argentina  
Pechoro-Ilychskiy Biosphere Reserve 3098091 Russia  
Pembrokeshire Marine/ Sir Benfro Forol 341177 Wales, United Kingdom  
Pen Llyn a`r Sarnau/ Lleyn Peninsula and the Sarnau 360832 Wales, United Kingdom
Polana Biosphere Reserve 50311 Slovakia  
Prince Albert National Park II 976762 Saskatchewan, Canada
Pukaskwa National Park II 459860 Ontario, Canada
Reserve de la Biosphere des Vosges du Nord Biosphere Reserve 301469 France  
Riding Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 762028 Manitoba, Canada
Réserve Naturelle Intégrale d'Andohahela National Park II 180522 Madagascar
Salisbury Plain 52975 England, United Kingdom
Sanjay Gandhi National Park II 439343 Maharashtra, India
Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area V 38440 California, United States
Schorfheide-Chorin Biosphere Reserve 319164 Germany
Severn Estuary/ Môr Hafren 182155 England/Wales, United Kingdom
Shenandoah National Park II 108221 Virginia, United States
Sikhote-Alinskiy Biosphere Reserve 978001 Russia  
Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore II 62563 Michigan, United States
Sokhondinskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 521363 Chita, Russia
Solway Firth 107829 England/Scotland, United Kingdom
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Southwest Nova Biosphere Reserve 3821173 Canada  
Spreewald Biosphere Reserve 117355 Germany  
Teberdinskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 210198 Karachay-Cherkessia, Russia
Terra Nova National Park IV 125894 Newfoundland, Canada
The New Forest 72309 England, United Kingdom
The Wash and North Norfolk Coast 266284 England, United Kingdom
Tianmushan Biosphere Reserve 47993 China  
Tierra Del Fuego National Park II 172861 Argentina
Trebon Basin Protected Landscape Area V 173393 Czech Republic  
Tsentral'no-Sibirskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 2521510 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Voronezhskiy Biosphere Reserve 95835 Russia  
Waddensea of Lower Saxony Biosphere Reserve 539522 Germany  
Wasur-Rawa Biru National Park 605464 Papua, Indonesia  
Wolong Nature Reserve V 826140 Sichuan, China  
Y Fenai a Bae Conwy/ Menai Strait and Conwy Bay 65440 Wales, United Kingdom  
Yoho National Park II 317576 British Columbia, Canada
Zion National Park II 135667 Utah, United States


Prey / Diet

Acer rubrum (red maple)[5]
Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard)[5]
Carya alba (mockernut hickory)[5]
Gryllus pennsylvanicus (fall field cricket)[5]
Melanoplus differentialis (Differential Grasshopper)[5]
Phoebastria nigripes (Black-footed Albatross)[6]
Podilymbus podiceps (Pied-billed Grebe)[6]
Progne dominicensis (Caribbean Martin)[6]
Pterostichus melanarius (Common black ground beetle)[5]
Quercus velutina (Black Oak)[5]
Tenodera aridifolia (Chinese mantid)[5]
Zenaida asiatica (White-winged Dove)[6]
Poa pratensis (Kentucky bluegrass)[5]
Taraxacum campylodes (Dandelion)[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acanthis flammea (Common Redpoll)2
Agelaius phoeniceus (Red-winged Blackbird)3
Aix sponsa (Wood Duck)3
Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard)2
Anaxyrus americanus americanus (Eastern American Toad)4
Aphantopus hyperantus (Ringlet Butterfly)2
Apis mellifera (honey bee)2
Bombus fervidus (Golden northern bumble bee)2
Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)3
Cardinalis cardinalis (Northern Cardinal)3
Carduelis carduelis (European Goldfinch)2
Castor canadensis (american beaver)2
Charadrius vociferus (Killdeer)2
Colinus virginianus (Northern Bobwhite)5
Columba oenas (Stock Dove)2
Columba palumbus (Common Wood Pigeon)2
Corvus brachyrhynchos (American Crow)4
Cryptotis parva (North American Least Shrew)4
Cyanocitta cristata (Blue Jay)6
Didelphis virginiana (Virginia Opossum)3
Eptesicus fuscus (big brown bat)2
Fringilla coelebs (Common Chaffinch)2
Geothlypis trichas (Common Yellowthroat)4
Larus delawarensis (Ring-billed Gull)2
Lithobates catesbeianus (American Bullfrog)2
Lithobates sphenocephalus sphenocephalus (Florida Leopard Frog)3
Lithobates sylvaticus (Wood Frog)3
Lymantria dispar (gypsy moth)4
Maniola jurtina (Meadow Brown Butterfly)2
Marmota flaviventris (yellow-bellied marmot)2
Meleagris gallopavo (Wild Turkey)8
Microtus pennsylvanicus (meadow vole)3
Mimus polyglottos (Northern Mockingbird)3
Molothrus ater (Brown-headed Cowbird)3
Myiarchus crinitus (Great Crested Flycatcher)2
Odocoileus virginianus (white-tailed deer)4
Passer domesticus (House Sparrow)2
Peromyscus leucopus (white-footed mouse)5
Picoides pubescens (Downy Woodpecker)2
Plestiodon fasciatus (Five-lined Skink)3
Procyon lotor (Raccoon)4
Pseudacris crucifer (Spring Peeper)3
Quiscalus quiscula (Common Grackle)2
Sciurus carolinensis (eastern gray squirrel)3
Sialia sialis (Eastern Bluebird)2
Sitta carolinensis (White-breasted Nuthatch)3
Streptopelia turtur (European Turtle-Dove)2
Sturnus vulgaris (European Starling)4
Sylvilagus floridanus (Eastern Cottontail)3
Tamias striatus (eastern chipmunk)3
Terrapene carolina (Florida Box Turtle)3
Thamnophis sirtalis (Common Garter Snake)4
Thryothorus ludovicianus (Carolina Wren)3
Turdus migratorius (American Robin)4
Urocitellus columbianus (Columbian ground squirrel)2
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)3
Zenaida macroura (Mourning Dove)4
Zonotrichia albicollis (White-throated Sparrow)4


Accipiter cooperii (Cooper's Hawk)[6]
Agkistrodon contortrix (Southern Copperhead)[5]
Asio flammeus (Short-eared Owl)[6]
Asio otus (Long-eared Owl)[6]
Bubo bubo (Eurasian Eagle-Owl)[7]
Bubo virginianus (Great Horned Owl)[6]
Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)[5]
Buteo lineatus (Red-shouldered Hawk)[6]
Buteo platypterus (Broad-winged Hawk)[6]
Echidnophaga myrmecobii (Red flea)[8]
Falco sparverius (American Kestrel)[6]
Felis chaus furax (Jungle cat)[9]
Felis silvestris (Wildcat)[6]
Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)[6]
Hemorrhois hippocrepis (Horseshoe Snake)[10]
Heterodon platirhinos (Eastern Hognose Snake)[5]
Larus michahellis (Yellow-legged Gull)[11]
Megascops asio (Eastern Screech-Owl)[6]
Otus bakkamoena semitorques (Japanese Scops-owl)[12]
Strix uralensis (Ural Owl)[12]
Strix varia (Barred Owl)[5]
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)[5]


Ampelocissus latifolia (American ivy)[5]
Cephalanthus tetrandra (Buttonbush)[5]
Chenopodium album (lambsquarters goosefoot)[5]
Lonicera japonica (Chinese honeysuckle)[5]
Panicum virgatum (old switch panic grass)[5]
Pontederia cordata (Pickerel Weed)[5]
Pteridium aquilinum (northern bracken fern)[5]
Rubus laciniatus (Cutleaf Evergreen Blackberry)[5]
Salix nigra (black willow)[5]
Sambucus nigra (European black elderberry)[5]
Scirpus cyperinus (Woolly Grass Bulrush)[5]
Smilax rotundifolia (Horse Brier)[5]
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)[5]
Typha latifolia (Reedmace)[5]
Poa pratensis (Kentucky bluegrass)[5]
Taraxacum campylodes (Dandelion)[5]


Parasitized by 
Adoratopsylla antiquorum antiquorum[13]
Aenigmopsylla grodekovi[13]
Alaria alata <Unverified Name>[14]
Alveococcus macrocephala <Unverified Name>[14]
Alveococcus multilocularis <Unverified Name>[14]
Amalaraeus dissimilis[13]
Amalaraeus dissimilis angulatus[13]
Amalaraeus dissimilis dissimilis[13]
Amalaraeus penicilliger mustelae[13]
Amalaraeus penicilliger pedias[13]
Amoebotaenia sphenoides <Unverified Name>[14]
Amphipsylla daea[13]
Amphipsylla marikovskii marikovskii[13]
Amphipsylla qinghaiensis[13]
Amphipsylla rossica[13]
Amphipsylla schelkovnikovi[13]
Amphipsylla vinogradovi vinogradovi[13]
Angiostrongylus cantonensis (rat lungworm)[14]
Angiostrongylus mackerrasae <Unverified Name>[14]
Aonchotheca annulosa <Unverified Name>[14]
Aonchotheca murissylvatici <Unverified Name>[14]
Apophallus donicus[14]
Aprostatandrya macrocephala <Unverified Name>[14]
Armocapillaria sadovskoi <Unverified Name>[14]
Artyfechinostomum sufrartyfex[14]
Aspiculuris tetraptera <Unverified Name>[14]
Athesmioides aiolos <Unverified Name>[14]
Atyphloceras multidentatus multidentatus[13]
Austrostrongylus victoriensis <Unverified Name>[8]
Babesia rodhaini <Unverified Name>[8]
Besnoitia wallacei <Unverified Name>[8]
Brachylaima aequans <Unverified Name>[14]
Brachylaima mascomai <Unverified Name>[14]
Brachylaima recurva <Unverified Name>[14]
Calodium hepaticum <Unverified Name>[14]
Capillaria annulosa <Unverified Name>[14]
Capillaria gastrica <Unverified Name>[14]
Capillaria hepatica[14]
Capillaria murismusculi <Unverified Name>[14]
Capillaria papillosa <Unverified Name>[14]
Catallagia charlottensis[13]
Catallagia striata[13]
Catenotaenia pusilla <Unverified Name>[14]
Centrocestus formosanus <Unverified Name>[14]
Ceratophyllus anisus <Unverified Name>[13]
Ceratophyllus columbae[13]
Ceratophyllus gallinae (European chicken flea)[13]
Ceratophyllus garei[13]
Ceratophyllus indages indages <Unverified Name>[13]
Ceratophyllus niger (Western chicken flea)[13]
Ceratophyllus tribulis[13]
Chaetopsylla wenxianensis[13]
Citellophilus sungaris[13]
Coptopsylla lamellifer dubinini[13]
Corrodopsylla birulai[13]
Craneopsylla minerva wolffhuegeli[13]
Cryptocotyle concava[14]
Cryptocotyle lingua[14]
Ctenocephalides canis (Dog flea)[13]
Ctenocephalides felis (Cat flea)[6]
Ctenocephalides felis felis[13]
Ctenocephalides felis strongylus[13]
Ctenophthalmus agyrtes bosnicus[13]
Ctenophthalmus agyrtes fennicus[13]
Ctenophthalmus agyrtes impavidus[13]
Ctenophthalmus assimilis assimilis[13]
Ctenophthalmus bisoctodentatus bisoctodentatus[13]
Ctenophthalmus breviatus[13]
Ctenophthalmus congeneroides congeneroides[13]
Ctenophthalmus congeneroides truncus[13]
Ctenophthalmus inornatus[13]
Ctenophthalmus nobilis nobilis[13]
Ctenophthalmus nobilis vulgaris[13]
Ctenophthalmus orientalis[13]
Ctenophthalmus pisticus pacificus[13]
Ctenophthalmus pisticus pisticus[13]
Ctenophthalmus proximus[13]
Ctenophthalmus pseudagyrtes micropus[13]
Ctenophthalmus pseudagyrtes pseudagyrtes[13]
Ctenophthalmus rettigi rettigi[13]
Ctenophthalmus savii savii[13]
Ctenophthalmus secundus asiaticus[13]
Ctenophthalmus secundus secundus[13]
Ctenophthalmus shovi[13]
Ctenophthalmus teres[13]
Ctenophthalmus uncinatus uncinatus[13]
Ctenophthalmus wagneri wagneri[13]
Ctenophthalmus yunnanus[13]
Ctenophthalmus zhejiangensis[13]
Cysticercus fasciolaris <Unverified Name>[14]
Davainea blanchardi <Unverified Name>[14]
Dioctophyme renale[14]
Distomum spiculator <Unverified Name>[14]
Echidnophaga gallinacea (sticktight flea)[13]
Echidnophaga murina[13]
Echidnophaga myrmecobii[13]
Echinococcus granulosus[14]
Echinococcus multilocularis[14]
Echinoparyphium recurvatum[14]
Echinoparyphium scapteromae <Unverified Name>[14]
Echinostoma cinetorchis <Unverified Name>[14]
Echinostoma echinatum <Unverified Name>[14]
Echinostoma friedi <Unverified Name>[14]
Echinostoma hortense <Unverified Name>[14]
Echinostoma lindoense <Unverified Name>[14]
Echinostoma macrorchis <Unverified Name>[14]
Echinostoma malayanum <Unverified Name>[14]
Echinostoma ochoterenai <Unverified Name>[14]
Echinostoma revolutum[14]
Echinostoma rodriguesi <Unverified Name>[14]
Ectinorus onychius onychius[13]
Eimeria nieschulzi <Unverified Name>[8]
Entamoeba muris <Unverified Name>[8]
Epitedia scapani[13]
Eucoleus bacillatus <Unverified Name>[14]
Eucoleus gastricus <Unverified Name>[14]
Euparagonimus cenocopiosis <Unverified Name>[14]
Euparyphium albuferensis <Unverified Name>[14]
Euparyphium melis <Unverified Name>[14]
Euparyphium ochoterenai <Unverified Name>[14]
Euparyphium spiculator <Unverified Name>[14]
Fasciola hepatica (common liver fluke)[14]
Fibricola caballeroi <Unverified Name>[14]
Fibricola seoulensis <Unverified Name>[14]
Fibricola sudarikovi <Unverified Name>[14]
Filaria obtusa <Unverified Name>[14]
Filaria rhytipleuritis <Unverified Name>[14]
Foxella ignota clantoni[13]
Foxella ignota franciscana[13]
Frontopsylla elata botis[13]
Frontopsylla elata popovi[13]
Frontopsylla megasinus[13]
Frontopsylla semura[13]
Ganguleterakis spumosa <Unverified Name>[14]
Gastrodiscoides hominis <Unverified Name>[14]
Giardia duodenalis <Unverified Name>[8]
Gnathostoma hispidum <Unverified Name>[14]
Gongylonema neoplasticum <Unverified Name>[14]
Haplorchis yokogawai[14]
Hectopsylla suarezi[13]
Heligmosomoides polygyrus[14]
Heligmosomum muris <Unverified Name>[14]
Hepaticola hepatica <Unverified Name>[14]
Hepatozoon muris <Unverified Name>[8]
Heterakis spumosa[14]
Heterechinostomum magnovatum <Unverified Name>[14]
Heterophyes heterophyes[14]
Heterophyes nocens[14]
Hymenolepis contracta <Unverified Name>[14]
Hymenolepis crassa <Unverified Name>[14]
Hymenolepis diminuta <Unverified Name>[14]
Hymenolepis diminutoides <Unverified Name>[14]
Hymenolepis fraterna <Unverified Name>[14]
Hymenolepis horrida[14]
Hymenolepis inexpectata <Unverified Name>[14]
Hymenolepis longior <Unverified Name>[14]
Hymenolepis megaloon <Unverified Name>[14]
Hymenolepis microstoma <Unverified Name>[14]
Hymenolepis murina <Unverified Name>[14]
Hymenolepis murinae <Unverified Name>[14]
Hymenolepis murisvariegati <Unverified Name>[14]
Hymenolepis nana <Unverified Name>[14]
Hymenolepis relicta <Unverified Name>[14]
Hymenolepis straminea <Unverified Name>[14]
Hypoderaeum conoideum[14]
Hystrichopsylla microti[13]
Hystrichopsylla occidentalis occidentalis[13]
Hystrichopsylla orientalis[13]
Hystrichopsylla satunini[13]
Hystrichopsylla talpae talpae[13]
Igioffius taiganus[13]
Ischnopsyllus elongatus[13]
Ischnopsyllus needhami[13]
Isthmiophora hortensis <Unverified Name>[14]
Joyeuxiella rossicum <Unverified Name>[14]
Lentistivalius ferinus[13]
Leptopsylla segnis (European mouse flea)[13]
Lineolepis fraterna <Unverified Name>[14]
Liniscus papillosus <Unverified Name>[14]
Litomosoides carinii[14]
Maritrema feliui <Unverified Name>[14]
Mastophorus muris[14]
Mathevotaenia symmetrica <Unverified Name>[14]
Megabothris abantis[13]
Megabothris advenarius[13]
Megabothris advenarius advenarius[13]
Megabothris calcarifer[13]
Megabothris quirini[13]
Megabothris sokolovi[13]
Megabothris walkeri[13]
Megarthroglossus procus[13]
Mesocestoides lineatus <Unverified Name>[14]
Mesocestoides vogae <Unverified Name>[14]
Metagonimus takahashii[14]
Metagonimus yokogawai[14]
Microphallus minus[14]
Moniliformis clarki[14]
Moniliformis moniliformis[14]
Nanophyetus salmincola <Unverified Name>[14]
Nearctopsylla ioffi[13]
Neodiplostomum seoulensis <Unverified Name>[14]
Neopsylla acanthina[13]
Neopsylla bidentatiformis[13]
Neopsylla compar[13]
Neopsylla inopina[13]
Neopsylla kweichowensis[13]
Neopsylla pleskei ariana[13]
Neopsylla pleskei orientalis[13]
Neopsylla pleskei rossica[13]
Neopsylla secura secura[13]
Neopsylla setosa setosa[13]
Neopsylla setosa spinea[13]
Neopsylla specialis dechingensis[13]
Neopsylla specialis specialis[13]
Neopsylla stevensi[13]
Neotyphloceras crassispina chilensis[13]
Neotyphloceras crassispina hemisus[13]
Nippostrongylus brasiliensis[14]
Nippostrongylus braziliensis <Unverified Name>[8]
Nippostrongylus magnus <Unverified Name>[8]
Nosopsyllus fasciatus (northern rat flea)[13]
Nosopsyllus laeviceps kuzenkovi[13]
Nosopsyllus londiniensis londiniensis[13]
Nosopsyllus medus[13]
Nosopsyllus nicanus[13]
Nosopsyllus sarinus aryanus[13]
Nosopsyllus simla[13]
Nosopsyllus wualis[13]
Nosopsyllus wualis diandongensis[13]
Nosopsyllus wualis rongjiangensis[13]
Nosopsyllus wualis wualis[13]
Notocotylus attenuatus[14]
Ophthalmopsylla kukuschkini[13]
Opisthorchis felineus[14]
Orchopeas caedens durus[13]
Orchopeas nepos[13]
Orientostrongylus ezoensis <Unverified Name>[14]
Oropsylla rupestris[13]
Oropsylla silantiewi[13]
Palaeopsylla miyama[13]
Palaeopsylla sinica[13]
Paraceras melis flabellum[13]
Paradoxopsyllus curvispinus[13]
Paradoxopsyllus custodis[13]
Paradoxopsyllus integer[13]
Paradoxopsyllus jinshajiangensis concavus[13]
Paradoxopsyllus scorodumovi[13]
Paradoxopsyllus teretifrons[13]
Paragonimus fukienensis <Unverified Name>[14]
Paragonimus heterotremus <Unverified Name>[14]
Paragonimus ohirai <Unverified Name>[14]
Paragonimus skrjabini <Unverified Name>[14]
Paragonimus westermani <Unverified Name>[14]
Paranoplocephala omphalodes <Unverified Name>[14]
Passerilepis passeris <Unverified Name>[14]
Peromyscopsylla himalaica himalaica[13]
Peromyscopsylla ostsibirica[13]
Peromyscopsylla segregata[13]
Peromyscopsylla selenis[13]
Phagicola arnoldoi <Unverified Name>[14]
Plagiorchis elegans[14]
Plagiorchis vespertilionis[14]
Plusaetis aztecus[13]
Plusaetis dolens dolens[13]
Plusaetis mathesoni[13]
Pneumospirura ratti <Unverified Name>[14]
Polygenis axius axius[13]
Polygenis gwyni[13]
Polygenis litargus[13]
Polygenis rimatus[13]
Polygenis tripus[13]
Polyplax spinulosa[8]
Postorchigenes gymnesicus <Unverified Name>[14]
Protospirura columbiana <Unverified Name>[14]
Protospirura marsupialis <Unverified Name>[14]
Protospirura muris <Unverified Name>[14]
Pseudanoplocephala crawfordi <Unverified Name>[14]
Pulex irritans (human flea)[13]
Pulex simulans[13]
Pygiopsylla hoplia[13]
Pygiopsylla phiola[13]
Rhadinopsylla caucasica[13]
Rhadinopsylla insolita[13]
Rhadinopsylla integella[13]
Rhadinopsylla pentacantha[13]
Rhadinopsylla pseudodahurica[13]
Rhadinopsylla rothschildi[13]
Rhadinopsylla sectilis goodi[13]
Rhadinopsylla tenella[13]
Rhadinopsylla ucrainica[13]
Rhadinopsylla valenti[13]
Rodentolepis fraterna <Unverified Name>[8]
Rodentolepis microstoma <Unverified Name>[14]
Rodentolepis nana <Unverified Name>[14]
Sarcocystis murinotechis <Unverified Name>[8]
Sarcocystis muris <Unverified Name>[8]
Schistosoma japonicum <Unverified Name>[14]
Shindeocephalus maharashtrai <Unverified Name>[14]
Skrjabinoplagiorchis polonicus <Unverified Name>[14]
Skrjabinoplagiorchis vigisi <Unverified Name>[14]
Sphinctopsylla ares[13]
Spirometra erinacei-europaei <Unverified Name>[14]
Spirometra erinaceieuropaei[8]
Spironucleus muris <Unverified Name>[8]
Stellantchasmus falcatus[14]
Stenischia humilis[13]
Stenoponia sidimi[13]
Stenoponia tripectinata insperata[13]
Stephanocircus dasyuri[13]
Streptopharagus kuntzi <Unverified Name>[14]
Strobilocercus fasciolaris <Unverified Name>[14]
Strongyloides longus <Unverified Name>[14]
Strongyloides ratti <Unverified Name>[14]
Strongyloides venezuelensis <Unverified Name>[14]
Syphacia muris[14]
Syphacia obvelata[14]
Taenia brachydera <Unverified Name>[14]
Taenia crassicollis <Unverified Name>[14]
Taenia hydatigena <Unverified Name>[14]
Taenia martis <Unverified Name>[14]
Taenia mustelae[14]
Taenia pisiformis[14]
Taenia polyacantha[14]
Taenia relicta <Unverified Name>[14]
Taenia taeniaeformis <Unverified Name>[14]
Taenia umbonata <Unverified Name>[14]
Tetrapsyllus rhombus[13]
Tetrapsyllus tantillus[13]
Thominx gastrica <Unverified Name>[14]
Toxocara cati (feline roundworm)[14]
Toxoplasma gondii <Unverified Name>[8]
Trichinella britovi <Unverified Name>[14]
Trichinella nativa <Unverified Name>[14]
Trichinella nelsoni <Unverified Name>[14]
Trichinella pseudospiralis[14]
Trichinella spiralis (pork worm)[14]
Trichocephalus hepaticus <Unverified Name>[14]
Trichocephalus muris <Unverified Name>[14]
Trichocephalus nodosus <Unverified Name>[14]
Trichodes crassicauda <Unverified Name>[14]
Trichomonas muris <Unverified Name>[8]
Trichosoma annulosum <Unverified Name>[14]
Trichosoma papillosum <Unverified Name>[14]
Trichosoma schmidtii <Unverified Name>[14]
Trichosoma tenuissimum <Unverified Name>[14]
Trichosomoides crassicauda[14]
Trichosomoides nasalis <Unverified Name>[14]
Trichuris muris <Unverified Name>[14]
Trypanosoma lewisi <Unverified Name>[8]
Tunga caecata[13]
Tunga caecigena[13]
Tunga callida[13]
Vampirolepis asymmetrica <Unverified Name>[14]
Vampirolepis nana <Unverified Name>[14]
Vampirolepis straminea <Unverified Name>[14]
Wagnerina schelkovnikovi[13]
Xenopsylla astia[13]
Xenopsylla australiaca[8]
Xenopsylla cheopis (oriental rat flea)[13]
Xenopsylla conformis mycerini[13]
Xenopsylla nubica[13]
Xenopsylla vexabilis (Rat flea)[13]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Aalborg Zoo
Abilene Zoological Gardens
Adelaide Zoo
Africa Alive!domestic
Albuquerque Biological Parkdomestic
Auckland Zoological Parkdomestic
Audubon Zoodomestic
Banham Zoo Ltd.domestic
Binder Park Zoo
Binghamton Zoo at Ross Parkdomestic
Birmingham Nature Centre
Birmingham Zoo
Blaavand Zoo
Bristol Zoo Gardens
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Society
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
Cameron Park Zoo
Chehaw Wild Animal Parkdomestic dumbo
Cheyenne Mtn Zoological Parkdomestic hooded
 domestic siamese
Chicago Zoological Parkdomestic
Children's Zoo at Celebration Square
Columbian Park Zoodomestic
Columbus Zoo and Aquariumdomestic
Copenhagen Zoo
Dallas Zoo
Dartmoor Zoological Parkdomestic
Dickerson Park Zoo
Dierenpark Emmen
Dierenrijk Europadomestic
Disney's Animal Kingdomdomestic hooded
Dreamworld Pty Ltddomestic black
Drusillas Zoo Park
Dudley Zoological Gardens
Edinburgh Zoo-Scottish National Zoo
Erie Zoological Gardensdomestic
Fort Wayne Children's Zoodomestic dumbo
Fort Worth Zoological Park
Granby Zoo / Zoo de Granby
Jesperhus Blomsterpark
Knoxville Zoological Gardensdomestic
Lakeland Wildlife Oasis
Lincoln Childrens Zoo (former Folsom)
Little Rock Zoological Gardens
Longleat Safari Park
Lotherton Bird Garden
Louisville Zoological Garden
Marwell Wildlife
Mesker Park Zoodomestic
Miami Metrozoodomestic
Miller Park Zoodomestic
Milwaukee County Zoological Gardensdomestic
 domestic dumbo
Minnesota Zoological Garden
Moulton Collegedomestic
 domestic blue
Munkholm Zoo (former Dyrenes Gard)
Museum de Besancon
Museum of Science - Live Animal Centerdomestic
 domestic rex
National Aquarium in Baltimore Inc
Natural Science Center of Greensboro
NEW Zoodomestic
Newquay Zoo (Cornwall Animal World)domestic berkshire
 domestic siamese
North Carolina Zoological Parkdomestic hooded
NY State Zoo at Thompson Parkdomestic
Oklahoma City Zoological Park
Oregon Zoo
 domestic dumbo
Ouwehand Zoodomestic
Paradise Wildlife Park
Parc Animalier de Sainte Croix
Peoria Zoo in Glen Oak Park
Phoenix Zoo
Point Defiance Zoo & Aquarium
Prospect Park Zoodomestic
Pueblo Zoo
Randers Regnskov
Riverbanks Zoo and Garden
Rodbaston Collegedomestic
Roger Williams Park Zoo
Rolling Hills Wildlife Adventure
Sedgwick County Zoodomestic
 domestic dumbo
Seneca Park Zoo
Shepreth Wildlife Parkdomestic
Singapore Zoological Gardensdomestic hooded
Six Flags Discovery Kingdomdomestic
Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo
The Living Desert Zoo and Gardens
Toledo Zoological Gardens
Twycross Zoodomestic
Utah's Hogle Zoodomestic
Valley Zoo & John Janzen Nature Centerdomestic
Virginia Aquarium&Marine Science Ctr
Virginia Living Museum
Virginia Zoological Park
Walford & North Shropshire College
Wellington Zoo Trust
Welsh Mountain Zoo
West Midland Safari & Leisure Park Ltddomestic
Wildlife Safari Inc
Wildwood Trust
Wingham Wildlife Park
Woodland Park Zoological Gardens
Zivalski vrt Ljubljanadomestic
Zoo Atlanta
Zoo Dresden GmbH
Zoo Hannover GmbH
Zoo Osnabrückdomestic
ZooAmerica (No. American Wildlife Pk.)
Zoological Society of London
 domestic agouti
Zoological Society of Trinidad &Tobago
Zoologischer Garten Magdeburgdomestic

Range Map

Australia; North America; Southern Asia;



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
5Study of Northern Virginia Ecology
6Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
7Contribution to the study of the diet of four owl species (Aves, Strigiformes) from mainland and island areas of Greece, Haralambos Alivizatos, Vassilis Goutner and Stamatis Zogaris, Belg. J. Zool., 135 (2) : 109-118
8Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
9THE PARASITIC FAUNA AND THE FOOD HABITS OF THE WILD JUNGLE CAT FELIS CHAUS FURAX DE WINTON, 1898 IN IRAQ, Mohammad K. Mohammad, Bull. Iraq nat. Hist. Mus. (2008) 10(2): 65-78
10Body size, diet and reproductive ecology of Coluber hippocrepis in the Rif (Northern Morocco), Juan M. Pleguezuelos, Soumia Fahd, Amphibia-Reptilia 25: 287-302 (2004)
12Liang, H., Li, N., & Chen, Z. (2016). The prey tactics by two owl species in the forest of northeastern China. Folia Zoologica, 65(3), 208-213.
13International Flea Database
14Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access