Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Rodentia > Muroidea > Muridae > Mus > Mus musculus

Mus musculus (house mouse)

Synonyms: Mus bactrianus tantillus; Mus molossinus; Mus molossinus yonakuni; Mus musculus cinereomaculatus; Mus musculus varius; Mus nordmanni
Language: French


Invasive Species

The house mouse (Mus musculus) probably has a world distribution more extensive than any mammal, apart from humans. Its geographic spread has been facilitated by its commensal relationship with humans which extends back at least 8,000 years. They cause considerable damage to human activities by destroying crops and consuming and/or contaminating food supplies intended for human consumption. They are prolific breeders, sometimes erupting and reaching plague proportions. They have also been implicated in the extinction of indigenous species in ecosystems they have invaded and colonised. An important factor in the success of M. musculus is its behavioural plasticity brought about by the decoupling of genetics and behaviour. This enables M. musculus to adapt quickly and to survive and prosper in new environments.
View ISSG Record: Mus musculus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 2.79
EDGE Score: 1.33


Adult Weight [1]  21 grams
Birth Weight [1]  1 grams
Female Maturity [1]  42 days
Male Maturity [1]  42 days
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  20 %
Diet - Plants [2]  60 %
Diet - Seeds [2]  20 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Gestation [1]  19 days
Litter Size [1]  7
Litters / Year [1]  5
Maximum Longevity [1]  4 years
Nocturnal [3]  Yes
Speed [4]  8.01 MPH (3.58 m/s)
Weaning [1]  22 days


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Al Hajar montane woodlands Oman Afrotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Arabian Peninsula coastal fog desert Oman, Yemen, Saudi Arabia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Gulf of Oman desert and semi-desert Oman, United Arab Emirates Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Mediterranean conifer and mixed forests Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Nile Delta flooded savanna Egypt Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Southwestern Arabian foothills savanna Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Oman Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Southwestern Arabian montane woodlands Yemen, Saudi Arabia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Ailaoshan Nature Reserve V 332544 Yunnan, China  
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Alto Golfo de California y Delta del Rio Colorado Biosphere Reserve VI 2320468 Sonora, Mexico  
Amudarya Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 152861 Lebap, Turkmenistan  
Archipelago de Colon Biosphere Reserve 34336011 Galapagos Islands, Ecuador  
Arthur's Pass National Park II 257008 South Island, New Zealand
Astrakhanskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 167827 Astrakhan, Russia
Badghyz Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 215164 Turkmenistan  
Badlands National Park II 178535 South Dakota, United States
Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve National Park II 218515 Belarus
Berezinskiy Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 209113 Belarus  
Big Bend Biosphere Reserve National Park II 815561 Texas, United States
Big Cypress National Preserve V 732120 Florida, United States
Big South Fork National River and Recreation Area National Recreation Area V 120283 Kentucky, Tennessee, United States
Big Thicket Biosphere Reserve National Park II 616880 Texas, United States
Buenavista Wetland Reserve 778949 Cuba    
Can Gio Mangrove Biosphere Reserve 123722 Viet Nam  
Cape Breton Highlands National Park II 234333 Nova Scotia, Canada  
Cape West Coast Biosphere Reserve 934651 Western Cape, South Africa
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Carpathian Biosphere Reserve 144772 Ukraine  
Champlain-Adirondack Biosphere Reserve 9859505 New York, Vermont, United States  
Changshanerhai Nature Reserve V 139448 Yunnan, China  
Chernye Zemli Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik IV 621951 Russia  
Coorong National Park II 121235 South Australia, Australia
Croajingolong National Park II 217067 Victoria, Australia
Darvinsky Zapovednik Ia 278421 Yaroslavl, Vologda, Russia
Daurskiy Biosphere Reserve 562659 Russia  
Daweishan Nature Reserve V 122415 Yunnan, China  
Death Valley National Park II 762125 California, Nevada, United States
Defensores del Chaco National Park II 1792493 Paraguay  
Fitzgerald River National Park II 732417 Western Australia, Australia
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Grampians National Park II 416373 Victoria, Australia
Grand Canyon National Park II 1210128 Arizona, United States
Grasslands National Park II 128635 Saskatchewan, Canada
Great Himalayan National Park II 184040 Himachal Pradesh, India
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Gros Morne National Park II 476632 Newfoundland, Canada
Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve II 366714 British Columbia, Canada
Hattah-Kulkyne NP and Murray-Kulkyne Park National Park II 122831 Victoria, Australia
Hawaii Volcanoes National Park 177278 Hawaii, United States
Hawaiian Islands Biosphere Reserve 245981 Hawaii, United States  
Hortobágy National Park II 140004 Hungary  
Joshua Tree National Park II 305076 California, United States
Kaplankyr Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 1293994 Turkmenistan  
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Khazar Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 658105 Turkmenistan  
Kogelberg Biosphere Reserve II 256073 Western Cape, South Africa  
Kopetdagh Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 125705 Turkmenistan  
Kruger National Park II 4718115 Mpumalanga, South Africa
Lake Mead National Recreation Area V 670229 Arizona, Nevada, United States
Land Between the Lakes Biosphere Reserve V 166264 Kentucky, Tennessee, United States
Lanín National Park II 536819 Neuquen, Argentina
Los Alerces National Park II 463045 Chubut, Argentina  
Luberon Regional Nature Park V 406572 France  
Macquarie Island Nature Reserve Ia 233540 Tasmania, Australia  
Manas National Park II 135025 Assam, India
Maya Multiple Use Area 1156412 Guatemala  
Morecambe Bay 151985 England, United Kingdom
Mount Arrowsmith Biosphere Reserve 293047 British Columbia, Canada  
Mount Everest (Sagarmatha) National Park II 275416 Nepal
Nahuel Huapi National Park II 759703 Argentina  
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve 1364022 India  
Okskiy Biosphere Reserve 190748 Russia  
Olympic Biosphere Reserve II 922805 Washington, United States
Pacific Rim National Park Reserve II 137900 British Columbia, Canada
Palamau Tiger Reserve National Park II 329056 Bihar, India
Pechoro-Ilychskiy Biosphere Reserve 3098091 Russia  
Prince Albert National Park II 976762 Saskatchewan, Canada
Pukaskwa National Park II 459860 Ontario, Canada
Ranthambore National Park II 137162 Rajasthan, India
Reserva de la Biosfera de Doñana Biosphere Reserve II 123801 Spain
Reserva de la Biosfera de Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve VI 1312618 Mexico  
Reserve de la Biosphere des Vosges du Nord Biosphere Reserve 301469 France  
Riding Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 762028 Manitoba, Canada
Royal Chitwan National Park II 292637 Nepal  
Sanjay Gandhi National Park II 439343 Maharashtra, India
Schorfheide-Chorin Biosphere Reserve 319164 Germany
Seaflower Marine Protected Area 15125514 Colombia      
Severn Estuary/ Môr Hafren 182155 England/Wales, United Kingdom
Sevilleta LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research IV 228335 New Mexico, United States
Sokhondinskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 521363 Chita, Russia
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Southwest Nova Biosphere Reserve 3821173 Canada  
Stirling Range National Park II 281371 Western Australia, Australia
Sunderban National Park 261613 India  
Teberdinskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 210198 Karachay-Cherkessia, Russia
Terra Nova National Park IV 125894 Newfoundland, Canada
Trebon Basin Protected Landscape Area V 173393 Czech Republic  
Ubsunurskaya Kotlovina (Ubsunur Depression) Zapovednik Ia 798640 Tuva, Russia
Uluru - Kata Tjuta National Park II 332429 Northern Territory, Australia
Waddensea of Lower Saxony Biosphere Reserve 539522 Germany  
Wasur-Rawa Biru National Park 605464 Papua, Indonesia  
Whiskey-Shasta-Trinity National Recreation Area V 197791 California, United States
Wolong Nature Reserve V 826140 Sichuan, China  
Yathong Nature Reserve Ia 270264 New South Wales, Australia
Yoho National Park II 317576 British Columbia, Canada
Zion National Park II 135667 Utah, United States



Aegolius funereus (Boreal Owl)[5]
Anguilla dieffenbachii (Longfinned eel)[5]
Ardea cinerea (Grey Heron)[6]
Asio otus (Long-eared Owl)[5]
Athene brama (Spotted Owlet)[7]
Athene cunicularia (Burrowing Owl)[5]
Austrelaps labialis (Pygmy Copperhead)[8]
Austrelaps superbus (Lowlands Copperhead, Copperhead Snake)[8]
Boiga irregularis (Brown catsnake, Brown Tree Snake)[9]
Bubo ascalaphus (Pharaoh Eagle-Owl)[10]
Bubo virginianus (Great Horned Owl)[5]
Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)[5]
Buteo lagopus (Rough-legged Hawk)[5]
Buteo lineatus (Red-shouldered Hawk)[5]
Buteo polyosoma (Variable Hawk)[11]
Buteo regalis (Ferruginous Hawk)[5]
Canis lupus dingo (domestic dog)[12]
Circus approximans (Swamp Harrier)[13]
Crotalus horridus (Timber rattlesnake (atricaudatus))[14]
Crotalus tzabcan (Yucatan Neotropical Rattlesnake)[15]
Echidnophaga myrmecobii (Red flea)[16]
Elanus leucurus (White-tailed Kite)[5]
Falco newtoni (Malagasy Kestrel)[17]
Falco sparverius (American Kestrel)[5]
Felis chaus furax (Jungle cat)[18]
Felis silvestris (Wildcat)[5]
Gallotia galloti (Gallot's Lizard)[19]
Gelochelidon nilotica macrotarsa (Australian Gull-billed Tern)[17]
Glaucidium brasilianum (Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl)[5]
Glaucidium brasilianum cactorum (cactus ferruginous pygmy-owl)[20]
Hoplocephalus bungaroides (Broad-headed Snake)[21]
Lanius excubitor (Northern Shrike)[5]
Lycalopex gymnocercus (Pampas Fox)[22]
Maccullochella ikei (Clarence river cod)[23]
Macroderma gigas (Australian false vampire bat)[24]
Megascops asio (Eastern Screech-Owl)[5]
Morelia spilota spilota (Diamond python)[25]
Ninox boobook (Southern Boobook)[17]
Ninox novaeseelandiae (Morepork)[26]
Nosopsyllus londiniensis[5]
Nyctereutes procyonoides (Raccoon dog)[27]
Oxyuranus microlepidotus (Fierce Snake, Inland Taipan)[28]
Oxyuranus scutellatus (scutellatus)[28]
Pituophis catenifer (Gopher Snake)[29]
Pituophis melanoleucus (Eastern Pine Snake)[30]
Pseudoscops grammicus (Jamaican Owl)[31]
Stercorarius antarcticus (Subantarctic Skua)[5]
Strix varia (Barred Owl)[5]
Suta suta (Curl Snake, Myal Snake)[32]
Tyto alba (Barn Owl)[33]
Vormela peregusna (Marbled Polecat)[34]
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)[5]


Parasitized by 
Acropsylla episema girshami <Unverified Name>[35]
Acropsylla traubi[35]
Aetheca thamba <Unverified Name>[35]
Aetheca wagneri[35]
Alaria americana <Unverified Name>[36]
Alveococcus multilocularis <Unverified Name>[36]
Amphipsylla anceps[35]
Amphipsylla apiciflata[35]
Amphipsylla qinghaiensis[35]
Amphipsylla tenuihama[35]
Amphipsylla vinogradovi gansuensis[35]
Amphipsylla vinogradovi vinogradovi[35]
Angiostrongylus cantonensis (rat lungworm)[36]
Angiostrongylus costaricensis[36]
Aonchotheca annulosa <Unverified Name>[36]
Ascaris lumbricoides <Unverified Name>[36]
Aspiculuris lahorica <Unverified Name>[36]
Aspiculuris tetraptera <Unverified Name>[36]
Babesia rodhaini <Unverified Name>[16]
Besnoitia wallacei <Unverified Name>[16]
Brachylaima cribbi <Unverified Name>[36]
Brachylaima mascomai <Unverified Name>[36]
Brachylaima musculi <Unverified Name>[36]
Brachylaima peromysci <Unverified Name>[36]
Brachylaima ruminae <Unverified Name>[36]
Calodium hepaticum <Unverified Name>[36]
Capillaria hepatica[36]
Capillaria medjerdae <Unverified Name>[36]
Capillaria murissylvatici <Unverified Name>[36]
Catenotaenia pusilla <Unverified Name>[36]
Ceratophyllus anisus <Unverified Name>[35]
Choanotaenia nebraskensis <Unverified Name>[36]
Cladotaenia circi <Unverified Name>[36]
Cladotaenia globifera[36]
Coptopsylla arax[35]
Corrigia vitta <Unverified Name>[36]
Cryptosporidium andersoni[16]
Cryptosporidium muris[16]
Cryptosporidium parvum[16]
Ctenocephalides canis (Dog flea)[35]
Ctenocephalides felis felis[35]
Ctenophthalmus acuminatus[35]
Ctenophthalmus agyrtes bosnicus[35]
Ctenophthalmus agyrtes fennicus[35]
Ctenophthalmus agyrtes graecus[35]
Ctenophthalmus agyrtes impavidus[35]
Ctenophthalmus agyrtes pelikani[35]
Ctenophthalmus agyrtes provincialis[35]
Ctenophthalmus agyrtes romanicus[35]
Ctenophthalmus agyrtes sardiniensis[35]
Ctenophthalmus agyrtes serbicus[35]
Ctenophthalmus agyrtes smitianus[35]
Ctenophthalmus agyrtes verbanus[35]
Ctenophthalmus apertus queirozi[35]
Ctenophthalmus arvalis[35]
Ctenophthalmus baeticus arvernus[35]
Ctenophthalmus baeticus boisseauorum[35]
Ctenophthalmus bogatschevi bogatschevi[35]
Ctenophthalmus breviatus[35]
Ctenophthalmus congener vicarius[35]
Ctenophthalmus congeneroides congeneroides[35]
Ctenophthalmus fransmiti[35]
Ctenophthalmus iranus iranus[35]
Ctenophthalmus nobilis nobilis[35]
Ctenophthalmus nobilis vulgaris[35]
Ctenophthalmus orientalis[35]
Ctenophthalmus pollex[35]
Ctenophthalmus proximus[35]
Ctenophthalmus pseudagyrtes pseudagyrtes[35]
Ctenophthalmus quadratus[35]
Ctenophthalmus russulae galloibericus[35]
Ctenophthalmus secundus asiaticus[35]
Ctenophthalmus solutus solutus[35]
Ctenophthalmus spalacis[35]
Ctenophthalmus teres[35]
Ctenophthalmus wladimiri[35]
Cysticercus fasciolaris <Unverified Name>[36]
Cysticercus pisiformis <Unverified Name>[36]
Cysticercus talpae <Unverified Name>[36]
Dinopsyllus ellobius[35]
Doratopsylla dasycnema dasycnema[35]
Echidnophaga murina[35]
Echidnophaga myrmecobii[35]
Echinococcus granulosus[36]
Echinococcus multilocularis[36]
Echinostoma echinatum <Unverified Name>[36]
Echinostoma lindoense <Unverified Name>[36]
Echinostoma togoensis <Unverified Name>[36]
Eimeria falciformis <Unverified Name>[16]
Entamoeba muris <Unverified Name>[16]
Epitedia wenmanni wenmanni[35]
Eucoleus bacillatus <Unverified Name>[36]
Eucoleus gastricus <Unverified Name>[36]
Fasciola hepatica (common liver fluke)[36]
Frontopsylla aspiniformis[35]
Frontopsylla elata botis[35]
Frontopsylla elata koksu[35]
Frontopsylla gurkha <Unverified Name>[35]
Frontopsylla semura[35]
Gallegostrongylus australis <Unverified Name>[36]
Gallegostrongylus ibicensis <Unverified Name>[36]
Ganguleterakis spumosa <Unverified Name>[36]
Giardia duodenalis <Unverified Name>[16]
Giardia muris <Unverified Name>[16]
Gongylonema aegypti <Unverified Name>[36]
Gongylonema musculi <Unverified Name>[36]
Gongylonema neoplasticum <Unverified Name>[36]
Gongylonema problematicum <Unverified Name>[36]
Hammondia hammondi <Unverified Name>[16]
Haplorchis taichui[36]
Heligmosomoides corsicus <Unverified Name>[36]
Heligmosomoides polygyrus[36]
Heligmosomoides skrjabini <Unverified Name>[36]
Hepatozoon muris <Unverified Name>[16]
Heterakis spumosa[36]
Hymenolepis contracta <Unverified Name>[36]
Hymenolepis crassa <Unverified Name>[36]
Hymenolepis diminuta <Unverified Name>[36]
Hymenolepis fraterna <Unverified Name>[36]
Hymenolepis microstoma <Unverified Name>[36]
Hymenolepis nana <Unverified Name>[36]
Hymenolepis relicta <Unverified Name>[36]
Hymenolepis skrjabiniana <Unverified Name>[36]
Hymenolepis straminea <Unverified Name>[36]
Hystrichopsylla occidentalis occidentalis[35]
Hystrichopsylla talpae talpae[35]
Ischnopsyllus octactenus[35]
Isthmiophora hortensis <Unverified Name>[36]
Joyeuxiella rossicum <Unverified Name>[36]
Klossiella muris <Unverified Name>[16]
Leishmania major <Unverified Name>[16]
Lemurpediculus verruculosus[5]
Leptopsylla algira costai[35]
Leptopsylla algira popovi[35]
Leptopsylla algira tuggurtensis[35]
Leptopsylla segnis (European mouse flea)[35]
Leptopsylla sexdentata[35]
Leptopsylla taschenbergi amitina[35]
Leptopsylla taschenbergi taschenbergi[35]
Malaraeus telchinus[35]
Mastophorus muris[36]
Mathevotaenia rodentium <Unverified Name>[36]
Mathevotaenia symmetrica <Unverified Name>[36]
Megabothris advenarius[35]
Megabothris advenarius advenarius[35]
Megabothris advenarius mantchuricus[35]
Megabothris asio asio[35]
Megabothris calcarifer[35]
Megabothris walkeri[35]
Mesocestoides corti[36]
Mesocestoides lineatus <Unverified Name>[36]
Mesopsylla apscheronica[35]
Moniliformis moniliformis[36]
Muspicea borrelli <Unverified Name>[36]
Myodopsylla palposa[35]
Naegleria australiensis[16]
Naegleria fowleri (brain-eating amoeba)[16]
Neopsylla acanthina[35]
Neopsylla bidentatiformis[35]
Neopsylla hissarica[35]
Neopsylla pleskei armeniaca[35]
Neopsylla pleskei orientalis[35]
Neopsylla pleskei rossica[35]
Neopsylla sasai[35]
Neopsylla secura separata[35]
Neospora caninum <Unverified Name>[16]
Nippostrongylus brasiliensis[36]
Nippostrongylus muris <Unverified Name>[36]
Nosopsyllus arcotus[35]
Nosopsyllus argutus[35]
Nosopsyllus barbarus[35]
Nosopsyllus consimilis[35]
Nosopsyllus durii[35]
Nosopsyllus fasciatus (northern rat flea)[35]
Nosopsyllus fidus[35]
Nosopsyllus laeviceps ellobii[35]
Nosopsyllus laeviceps laeviceps[35]
Nosopsyllus londiniensis londiniensis[35]
Nosopsyllus medus[35]
Nosopsyllus mikulini[35]
Nosopsyllus mokrzeckyi[35]
Nosopsyllus nicanus[35]
Nosopsyllus punjabensis[35]
Nosopsyllus sarinus aryanus[35]
Nosopsyllus sarinus parthius[35]
Nosopsyllus sarinus sarinus[35]
Nosopsyllus simla[35]
Nosopsyllus sincerus[35]
Nosopsyllus turkmenicus altisetus[35]
Ophthalmopsylla kasakiensis[35]
Ophthalmopsylla kukuschkini[35]
Opisodasys nesiotus[35]
Orchopeas leucopus (rodent flea)[35]
Oxyuris semilanceolata <Unverified Name>[36]
Palaeopsylla gromovi[35]
Palaeopsylla soricis rosickyi[35]
Paradoxopsyllus acanthus[35]
Paradoxopsyllus hollandi[35]
Paradoxopsyllus mustangensis[35]
Paradoxopsyllus repandus[35]
Pectinoctenus lauta[35]
Peromyscopsylla hesperomys hesperomys[35]
Peromyscopsylla takahasii takahasii[35]
Phagicola angrense <Unverified Name>[36]
Physaloptera getula[36]
Physaloptera massino <Unverified Name>[36]
Plagiorchis elegans[36]
Plagiorchis maculosus <Unverified Name>[36]
Plagiorchis phokaevi <Unverified Name>[36]
Plagiorchis vespertilionis[36]
Plasmodium berghei <Unverified Name>[16]
Plasmodium yoelii <Unverified Name>[16]
Plusaetis aztecus[35]
Plusaetis dolens dolens[35]
Polygenis bohlsi bohlsi[35]
Polygenis roberti beebei[35]
Polyplax serrata[16]
Postorchigenes gymnesicus <Unverified Name>[36]
Protospirura armeniana <Unverified Name>[36]
Protospirura muris <Unverified Name>[36]
Pseudocatenotaenia matovi <Unverified Name>[36]
Pulex irritans (human flea)[35]
Rhadinopsylla aspalacis[35]
Rhadinopsylla bivirgis[35]
Rhadinopsylla insolita[35]
Rhadinopsylla integella[35]
Rhadinopsylla sectilis sectilis[35]
Rhadinopsylla semenovi[35]
Rhadinopsylla tenella[35]
Rhadinopsylla ucrainica[35]
Rictularia baicalensis <Unverified Name>[36]
Rictularia caucasica <Unverified Name>[36]
Rictularia cristata <Unverified Name>[36]
Rodentolepis fraterna <Unverified Name>[36]
Rodentolepis microstoma <Unverified Name>[36]
Sarcocystis muris <Unverified Name>[16]
Schistosoma japonicum <Unverified Name>[36]
Skrjabinoplagiorchis polonicus <Unverified Name>[36]
Skrjabinoplagiorchis vigisi <Unverified Name>[36]
Skrjabinotaenia lobata <Unverified Name>[36]
Spirometra erinaceieuropaei[16]
Spironucleus muris <Unverified Name>[16]
Stenoponia conspecta[35]
Stenoponia formozovi[35]
Stenoponia ivanovi[35]
Stenoponia sidimi[35]
Stenoponia tripectinata insperata[35]
Stenoponia tripectinata irakana[35]
Stenoponia tripectinata tripectinata[35]
Stivalius phoberus[35]
Strobilocercus fasciolaris <Unverified Name>[36]
Strongyloides ratti <Unverified Name>[36]
Strongyloides westeri[36]
Sudarikovina multitesticulata <Unverified Name>[36]
Syphacia muris[36]
Syphacia obvelata[36]
Syphacia stroma <Unverified Name>[36]
Taenia crassiceps[36]
Taenia hydatigena <Unverified Name>[36]
Taenia leptocephala <Unverified Name>[36]
Taenia martis <Unverified Name>[36]
Taenia mustelae[36]
Taenia parva[36]
Taenia pisiformis[36]
Taenia polyacantha[36]
Taenia serialis <Unverified Name>[36]
Taenia taeniaeformis <Unverified Name>[36]
Taenia umbonata <Unverified Name>[36]
Tetratirotaenia polyacantha <Unverified Name>[36]
Tiamastus cavicola[35]
Toxocara canis[36]
Toxoplasma gondii <Unverified Name>[16]
Trichinella britovi <Unverified Name>[36]
Trichinella pseudospiralis[36]
Trichinella spiralis (pork worm)[36]
Trichocephalus muris <Unverified Name>[36]
Trichomonas muris <Unverified Name>[16]
Trichosomoides crassicauda[36]
Trichuris muris <Unverified Name>[36]
Trypanosoma lewisi <Unverified Name>[16]
Tunga caecata[35]
Tunga caecigena[35]
Typhloceras favosum claramuntae[35]
Typhloceras poppei poppei[35]
Uncinaria stenocephala (Northern hookworm)[36]
Vampirolepis asymmetrica <Unverified Name>[36]
Vampirolepis crassa <Unverified Name>[36]
Vampirolepis nana <Unverified Name>[36]
Vampirolepis straminea <Unverified Name>[36]
Wagnerina schelkovnikovi[35]
Xenopsylla astia[35]
Xenopsylla australiaca[35]
Xenopsylla brasiliensis[35]
Xenopsylla cheopis (oriental rat flea)[35]
Xenopsylla conformis conformis[35]
Xenopsylla conformis mycerini[35]
Xenopsylla gerbilli minax[35]
Xenopsylla guancha[35]
Xenopsylla ramesis[35]
Xenopsylla skrjabini[35]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Aalborg Zoo
Artis Zoo
Binder Park Zoo
Birmingham Nature Centre
Bristol Zoo Gardens
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Society
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
Chessington World of Adventures, Ltd.
Cheyenne Mtn Zoological Park
Children's Zoo at Celebration Square
Copenhagen Zoo
Dierenpark Emmen
Drayton Manor Park Zoo
Drusillas Zoo Park
Erie Zoological Gardens
Happy Hollow Zoo
Henson Robinson Zoo
Hope Zoo (Nature Preservation Found.)
Jesperhus Blomsterpark
Knoxville Zoological Gardensdomesticus
Lincoln Childrens Zoo (former Folsom)domesticus
Los Angeles Zoo & Botanical Gardens
Miami Metrozoo
Miller Park Zoodomesticus
Moulton Collegedomesticus
Munkholm Zoo (former Dyrenes Gard)
Museum de Besancon
Museum of Science - Live Animal Centerdomesticus
Pine Grove Zoo
Randers Regnskovdomesticus
Reaseheath College Animal Centre
Riverbanks Zoo and Garden
Sequoia Park Zoo
Tama Zoological Park
Territory Wildlife Park (Berry Springs
The Tisch Family Zoological Gardens
Tiergarten Bernburgdomesticus
Ueno Zoological Gardens
Walford & North Shropshire Collegemusculus
Welsh Mountain Zoo
Wingham Wildlife Park
Xantus János Állatkert Kht.
Zivalski vrt Ljubljanadomesticus
Zoo Dresden GmbH
Zoological Society of Trinidad &Tobago
Zoologischer Garten Halle GmbH

Range Map

Croajingolong; North America;



Attributes / relations provided by
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4Wikipedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
6Seasonal diet of the Grey Heron Ardea cinerea on an oceanic island (Tenerife, Canary Islands): indirect interaction with wild seed plants, Airam RODRÍGUEZ, Beneharo RODRÍGUEZ, Beatriz RUMEU & Manuel NOGALES, ACTA ORNITHOLOGICA Vol. 42 (2007) No. 1
7MA, Maqbool, M. & Mushtaq-ul-Hassan, M. (1990) Food habits of spotted owlet Athene brama Pak. J. Agri. Sci., 27, 127-131
8Ecological Ramifications of Prey Size: Food Habits and Reproductive Biology of Australian Copperhead Snakes (Austrelaps, Elaidae), Richard Shine, Journal of Herpetology, Vol. 21, No. 1, pp. 21-28, 1987
9Body sizes, activity times, food habits and reproduction of brown tree snakes (Boiga irregularis) (Serpentes : Colubridae) from tropical north Queensland, Australia, D. F. Trembath and S. Fearn, Australian Journal of Zoology, 2008, 56, 173–178
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11Population growth and density, diet and breeding success of striated caracaras Phalcoboenus australis on New Island, Falkland Islands, Paulo Catry, Miguel Lecoq, Ian J. Strange, Polar Biology Volume 31, Number 10, 1167-1174
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14Diet of the Timber Rattlesnake, Crotalus horridus, Rulon W. Clark, Journal of Herpetology, Vol. 36, No. 3, pp. 494-499, 2002
15Porocephalus crotali (Pentastomida) Parasitizing the Yucatan Neotropical Rattlesnake (Crotalus tzabcan) in the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico, David González-Solís and Sergio A. Terán-Juárez, The Southwestern Naturalist 58(2):251-253. 2013
16Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
17del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
18THE PARASITIC FAUNA AND THE FOOD HABITS OF THE WILD JUNGLE CAT FELIS CHAUS FURAX DE WINTON, 1898 IN IRAQ, Mohammad K. Mohammad, Bull. Iraq nat. Hist. Mus. (2008) 10(2): 65-78
19Temporal and Spatial Variation in the Diet of the Endemic Lizard Gallotia galloti in an Insular Mediterranean Scrubland, Airam Rodríguez, Manuel Nogales, Beatriz Rumeu, and Beneharo Rodríguez, Journal of Herpetology, Vol. 42, No. 2, pp. 213–222, 2008
20The Cactus Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl: Taxonomy, Distribution, and Natural History, Jean-Luc E. Cartron, W. Scott Richardson, Glenn A. Proudfoot, USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-43. 2000
21Ecological characteristics of a threatened snake species, Hoplocephalus bungaroides (Serpentes, Elapidae), Jonathan K. Webb and Richard Shine, Animal Conservation (1998) 1, 185–193
22Small-scale spatial variability in the diet of pampas foxes (Pseudalopex gymnocercus) and human-induced changes in prey base, Ariel A. Farias, Marcelo J. Kittlein, Ecol Res (2008) 23: 543–550
23Dietary habits of a large, long-lived endangered Australian percichthyid, the eastern freshwater cod Maccullochella ikei, Gavin L. Butler, Ian J. Wooden, Endang Species Res 16: 199–209, 2012
24Macroderma gigas, Wendy Starr Hudson and Don E. Wilson, Mammalian Species No. 260, pp. 1-4 (1986)
25Feeding Habits of the Diamond Python, Morelia s. spilota: Ambush Predation by a Boid Snake, David J. Slip and Richard Shine, Journal of Herpetology, Vol. 22, No. 3, pp. 323-330, 1988
26The diet of moreporks (Ninox novaeseelandiae) in relation to prey availability, and their roost site characteristics and breeding success on Ponui Island, Hauraki Gulf, New Zealand., Kirsty Marie Denny, A thesis presented in fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science in Ecology at Massey University, Albany New Zealand. (2009)
27Nyctereutes procyonoides, Oscar G. Ward and Doris H. Wurster-Hill, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 358, pp. 1-5 (1990)
28Ecology of Highly Venomous Snakes: the Australian Genus Oxyuranus (Elapidae), RICHARD SHINE AND JEANETTE COVACEVICH, Journal of Herpetology, Vol. 17, No. 1, pp. 60-69, 1983
29Feeding ecology of North American gopher snakes (Pituophis catenifer, Colubridae), JAVIER A. RODRÍGUEZ-ROBLES, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2002, 77, 165–183
30Resources of a Snake Community in Prairie-Woodland Habitat of Northeastern Kansas, Henry S. Fitch, U.S Fish and Wildlife Service, Wildlife Research Report 13: 83-98 (1982)
32Food Habits and Reproductive Biology of Small Australian Snakes of the Genera Unechis and Suta (Elapidae), RICHARD SHINE, Journal of Herpetology, Vol. 22, No. 3, pp. 307-315, 1988
33Thomomys townsendii, B. J. Verts and Leslie N. Carraway, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 719, pp. 1–6 (2003)
34Vormela peregusna, Wanda A. Gorsuch and Serge Larivière, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 779, pp. 1-5 (2005)
35International Flea Database
36Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
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