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Neotoma lepida (desert woodrat)

Language: Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The Desert woodrat (Neotoma lepida) is a small species of pack rat native to desert regions of western North America, ranging from southeastern Oregon and southwestern Idaho, south to California in the U.S. , and Baja California and extreme northwestern Sonora in Mexico. This pack rat is 8.5 to 15 inches long. Their coloring is a pale gray with light undersides, but the fur on the throat region is gray at its base. The tail is distinctly bicolored.
View Wikipedia Record: Neotoma lepida

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
1
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
12
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 3.69
EDGE Score: 1.55

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  236 grams
Birth Weight [1]  8 grams
Female Maturity [1]  76 days
Male Maturity [1]  76 days
Diet [2]  Herbivore
Gestation [1]  33 days
Litter Size [1]  3
Litters / Year [1]  3
Maximum Longevity [1]  11 years
Nocturnal [2]  Yes
Speed [3]  10.63 MPH (4.75 m/s)
Weaning [1]  31 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Map Climate Land
Use
Baja California desert Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
California Central Valley grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
California coastal sage and chaparral Mexico, United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
California interior chaparral and woodlands United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
California montane chaparral and woodlands United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Colorado Plateau shrublands United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Eastern Cascades forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Great Basin montane forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Great Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Gulf of California xeric scrub Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Mojave desert United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Northern Mesoamerican Pacific mangroves Mexico Neotropic Mangroves    
San Lucan xeric scrub Mexico Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sierra de la Laguna dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sierra de la Laguna pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Juarez and San Pedro Martir pine-oak forests Mexico Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Sierra Nevada forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Snake-Columbia shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sonoran desert Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Wasatch and Uinta montane forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Alto Golfo de California y Delta del Rio Colorado Biosphere Reserve VI 2320468 Sonora, Mexico  
Anza-Borrego Desert State Park, CA III 184543 California, United States
Arches National Park II 76539 Utah, United States
Beaver Creek Biosphere Reserve 275028 Arizona, United States  
Bryce Canyon National Park II 36348 Utah, United States
Cabrillo National Monument V 149 California, United States
California Coast Ranges Biosphere Reserve 153447 California, United States  
Canyonlands National Park II 335430 Utah, United States
Carrizo Plain Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 7550 California, United States  
Death Valley National Park II 762125 California, Nevada, United States
Grand Canyon National Park II 1210128 Arizona, United States
Great Basin National Park II 77367 Nevada, United States
Hamilton Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 52 California, United States  
Joshua Tree National Park II 305076 California, United States
Lake Mead National Recreation Area V 670229 Arizona, Nevada, United States
Landels-Hill Big Creek Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 45 California, United States
Mojave and Colorado Deserts Biosphere Reserve 5901 California, United States  
Paine Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve 2965 California, United States      
Philip L. Boyd Deep Canyon Desert Research Center 6101 California, United States
Pinnacles National Monument V 2869 California, United States
Pixley Vernal Pools Preserve 37 California, United States
Reserva de la Biosfera El Vizcaino Biosphere Reserve VI 6176727 Mexico  
San Dimas Biosphere Reserve 17161 California, United States  
Sand Ridge Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 285 California, United States
Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area V 38440 California, United States
Zion National Park II 135667 Utah, United States

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website Map
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No
Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands Mexico, United States No

Prey / Diet

Acacia greggii (gregg catclaw)[4]
Artemisia tridentata (sagebrush)[4]
Astragalus cibarius (Browse Milkvetch)[4]
Desmanthus fruticosus[4]
Ephedra nevadensis (Nevada jointfir)[4]
Juniperus californica (California Juniper)[4]
Juniperus osteosperma (Bigberry Juniper)[4]
Larrea tridentata (creosotebush)[4]
Olneya tesota (desert ironwood)[4]
Quercus turbinella (Sonoran scrub oak)[4]
Salvia apiana (white sage)[4]
Sphaeralcea coccinea (scarlet globemallow)[4]
Stanleya pinnata (prince’s-plume)[4]
Yucca schidigera (Mojave Yucca)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Brachylagus idahoensis (Pygmy Rabbit)1
Chaetodipus nelsoni (Nelson's pocket mouse)1
Cynomys ludovicianus (black-tailed prairie dog)1
Dipodomys ordii (Ord's kangaroo rat)1
Lemmiscus curtatus (sagebrush vole)1
Lepus californicus (Black-tailed Jackrabbit)2
Neotoma cinerea (bushy-tailed woodrat)1
Neotoma stephensi (Stephens's woodrat)2
Onychomys leucogaster (northern grasshopper mouse)1
Perognathus flavescens (plains pocket mouse)1
Peromyscus boylii (brush mouse)1
Peromyscus californicus (California mouse)1
Peromyscus eremicus (cactus mouse)1
Peromyscus leucopus (white-footed mouse)1
Peromyscus truei (pinyon mouse)1
Reithrodontomys megalotis (western harvest mouse)1
Spermophilus tereticaudus (round-tailed ground squirrel)1
Spermophilus variegatus (rock squirrel)2
Thomomys talpoides (northern pocket gopher)1

Predators

Bubo virginianus (Great Horned Owl)[4]
Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)[4]
Canis latrans (Coyote)[4]
Falco mexicanus (Prairie Falcon)[5]
Pituophis catenifer (Gopher Snake)[6]
Vulpes velox (Swift Fox)[4]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Aetheca wagneri[7]
Amaradix euphorbi[7]
Androlaelaps casalis[4]
Androlaelaps fahrenholzi[4]
Anomiopsyllus amphibolus[7]
Anomiopsyllus falsicalifornicus[4]
Anomiopsyllus novomexicanensis[7]
Anomiopsyllus nudatus[4]
Atyphloceras echis echis[7]
Atyphloceras echis longipalpus[7]
Dermacentor andersoni (Rocky Mountain wood tick)[4]
Dermacentor parumapertus (Rabbit Dermacentor)[4]
Dermanyssus gallinae (red mite)[4]
Echidnophaga gallinacea (sticktight flea)[7]
Epitedia stanfordi[7]
Eumolpianus eumolpi[4]
Malaraeus sinomus[4]
Malaraeus telchinus[4]
Megarthroglossus divisus[7]
Megarthroglossus jamesoni[7]
Megarthroglossus smiti[7]
Meringis arachis[7]
Meringis deserti[7]
Meringis dipodomys[4]
Meringis hubbardi[7]
Meringis parkeri[7]
Moniliformis clarki[4]
Neohaematopinus inornatus[4]
Neohaematopinus neotomae[4]
Opisodasys keeni[7]
Orchopeas howardi howardi[7]
Orchopeas leucopus (rodent flea)[4]
Orchopeas neotomae[7]
Orchopeas sexdentatus agilis[7]
Orchopeas sexdentatus nevadensis[7]
Orchopeas sexdentatus schisintus[7]
Orchopeas sexdentatus sexdentatus[7]
Ornithodoros hermsi[4]
Oropsylla hirsuta[7]
Peromyscopsylla hesperomys adelpha[7]
Phalacropsylla oregonensis[7]
Rhadinopsylla heiseri[4]
Rhadinopsylla sectilis sectilis[7]
Stenistomera alpina[7]
Stenistomera macrodactyla[7]
Thrassis aridis aridis[7]
Thrassis bacchi gladiolis[7]
Thrassis bacchi setosis[7]
Traubella neotomae[7]
Tunga monositus[7]

Range Map

Link to Map
North America;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Carleton M,D., 09-Jun-2004, ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 3MAXIMAL RUNNING SPEEDS OF BIPEDAL AND QUADRUPEDAL RODENTS, MINOU DJAWDAN and THEODORE GARLAND, JR., J. Mamm., 69(4):765-772, 1988 4Neotoma lepida, B. J. Verts and Leslie N. Carraway, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 699, pp. 1–12 (2002) 5Prairie falcon prey in the Mojave Desert, California, DA Boyce, Raptor Research 19 (4):128-134 (1985) 6Feeding ecology of North American gopher snakes (Pituophis catenifer, Colubridae), JAVIER A. RODRÍGUEZ-ROBLES, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2002, 77, 165–183 7International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by Patterson, B. D., G. Ceballos, W. Sechrest, M. F. Tognelli, T. Brooks, L. Luna, P. Ortega, I. Salazar, and B. E. Young. 2007. Digital Distribution Maps of the Mammals of the Western Hemisphere, version 3.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.
Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Bruce Patterson, Wes Sechrest, Marcelo Tognelli, Gerardo Ceballos, The Nature Conservancy—Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International—CABS, World Wildlife Fund—US, and Environment Canada—WILDSPACE.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access