Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Cetacea > Delphinidae > Delphinus > Delphinus delphis
 

Delphinus delphis (Short-beaked Saddleback Dolphin; Short-beaked Common Dolphin; Common dolphin; saddle-backed dolphin; short-beaked saddle-backed dolphin)

Language: Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The short-beaked common dolphin (Delphinus delphis) is a species of common dolphin. It has a larger range than the long-beaked common dolphin (D. capensis), occurring throughout warm-temperate and tropical oceans, including the Indian Ocean although in smaller quantities than other places they are found. There are more short-beaked common dolphins than any other dolphin species in the warm-temperate portions of the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.
View Wikipedia Record: Delphinus delphis

Infraspecies

Delphinus delphis delphis (Common dolphin)
Delphinus delphis ponticus (Black Sea Common Dolphin)

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
3
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
21
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 7.48
EDGE Score: 2.14

Attributes

Adult Weight [2]  176.37 lbs (80.00 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  15.43 lbs (7.00 kg)
Female Maturity [2]  4 years 9 months
Male Maturity [2]  4 years 4 months
Diet [1]  Carnivore
Gestation [2]  10 months 1 day
Litter Size [2]  1
Litters / Year [2]  0
Migration [1]  Intraoceanic
Water Biome [1]  Benthic, Reef, Coastal
Weaning [2]  11 months 15 days

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Alto Golfo de California y Delta del Rio Colorado Biosphere Reserve VI 2320468 Sonora, Mexico  
AMVRAKIKOS KOLPOS, DELTA LOUROU KAI ARACHTHOU (PETRA, MYTIKAS, EVRYTERI PERIOCHI) 71136 Greece  
Archipelago de Colon Biosphere Reserve 34336011 Galapagos Islands, Ecuador  
Arcipelago delle Eolie - area marina e terrestre 98800 Italy    
Arcipelago delle Pelagie - area marina e terrestre 31419 Italy    
Assateague Island National Seashore II 8621 Maryland, United States
Banc d'Arguin National Park II 2949017 Mauritania
Braunton Burrows 3328 England, United Kingdom
California Coast Ranges Biosphere Reserve 153447 California, United States  
Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary   California, United States
Channel Islands National Park II 139010 California, United States
Coorong National Park II 121235 South Australia, Australia
Croajingolong National Park II 217067 Victoria, Australia
Dee Estuary/ Aber Dyfrdwy 39057 England/Wales, United Kingdom
DELTA ACHELOOU, LIMNOTHALASSA MESOLONGIOU - AITOLIKOU, EKVOLES EVINOU, NISOI ECHINADES, NISOS PETALA 87747 Greece  
DYTIKES AKTES KEFALONIAS - STENO KEFALONIAS ITHAKIS - VOREIA ITHAKI (AKROTIRIA GERO GKOMPOS - DRAKOU 46314 Greece    
DYTIKES KAI VOREIOANATOLIKES AKTES ZAKYNTHOU 52928 Greece  
ESOTERIKO ARCHIPELAGOS IONIOU (MEGANISI, ARKOUDI, ATOKOS, VROMONAS) 218276 Greece  
ETHNIKO THALASSIO PARKO ALONNISOU - VOREION SPORADON, ANATOLIKI SKOPELOS 615652 Greece      
Everglades and Dry Tortugas Biosphere Reserve   Florida, United States  
Fal and Helford 15785 England, United Kingdom    
Farallon National Wildlife Refuge IV 352 California, United States
FENGARI SAMOTHRAKIS, ANATOLIKES AKTES, VRACHONISSIDA ZOURAFA KAI THALASSIA ZONI 40619 Greece  
Isles of Scilly Complex 66350 England, United Kingdom    
Isole di Ponza, Palmarola, Zannone, Ventotene e S. Stefano 42423 Italy  
KOLPOS LAGANA ZAKYNTHOU (AKR. GERAKI - KERI) KAI NISIDES MARATHONISI KAI PELOUZO 17193 Greece  
Kronotskiy Biosphere Reserve 361480 Russia  
Lands End and Cape Bank 74557 England, United Kingdom  
Lizard Point 34565 England, United Kingdom    
Luce Bay and Sands 120487 Scotland, United Kingdom
MIKRES KYKLADES: IRAKLEIA, SCHOINOUSSA, KOUFONISIA, KEROS, ANTIKERIA KAI THALASSIA ZONI 31088 Greece  
Mochima National Park 206087 Venezuela  
Morecambe Bay 151985 England, United Kingdom
NOTIA SERIFOS 11196 Greece  
Parc National des Iles Zembra et Zembretta National Park II 880 Tunisia    
Pembrokeshire Marine/ Sir Benfro Forol 341177 Wales, United Kingdom  
Point Reyes National Seashore II 27068 California, United States
Pulu Keeling National Park II 6469 Cocos (Keeling) Islands    
Redwood National Park II 77867 California, United States
Reserva de la Biosfera El Vizcaino Biosphere Reserve VI 6176727 Mexico  
Reserve de la Biosphere d'Iroise Biosphere Reserve IV 118 France  
Reserve Nationale de Camargue Biosphere Reserve 32232 France  
SAMOTHRAKI: OROS FENGARI KAI PARAKTIA ZONI 51946 Greece  
Sefton Coast 11278 England, United Kingdom
SERIFOS: PARAKTIA ZONI KAI NISIDES SERIFOPOULA, PIPERI KAI VOUS 13173 Greece  
Solway Firth 107829 England/Scotland, United Kingdom
South Wight Maritime 49082 England, United Kingdom
Tsitsikamma National Park II 34343 Southern Cape, South Africa  
VOREIODYTIKI KYTHNOS: OROS ATHERAS - AKROTIRIO KEFALOS KAI PARAKTIA ZONI 7055 Greece  

Emblem of

Greece

Prey / Diet

Alburnus alburnus (Bleak)[3]
Arnoglossus imperialis (Scaldfish)[3]
Arnoglossus laterna (Scald-fish)[3]
Atherina presbyter (common sand smelt)[4]
Belone belone (Garfish)[4]
Boops boops (Bream)[3]
Callionymus lyra (european dragonet)[3]
Capros aper (cuckoofish)[3]
Cepola macrophthalma (Red bandfish)[3]
Clupea harengus (Yawling)[3]
Cololabis saira (Skipper)[5]
Crangon crangon (common shrimp)[4]
Deltentosteus collonianus (Toothed goby)[3]
Deltentosteus quadrimaculatus (fourspotted goby)[3]
Dicentrarchus labrax (White salmon)[3]
Dicologlossa cuneata (foureyed sole)[4]
Diplodus vulgaris (Twoband bream)[3]
Doryteuthis opalescens (california market squid)[6]
Doryteuthis pleii (arrow squid)[3]
Eledone cirrhosa (Curled octopus)[3]
Engraulis encrasicolus (Southern African anchovy)[4]
Engraulis mordax (Californian anchoveta)[6]
Gadiculus argenteus (Silvery pout)[3]
Gobius niger (Black goby)[3]
Hyperoplus lanceolatus (greater sand eel)[3]
Icichthys lockingtoni (Brown rudderfish)[7]
Illex coindetii (southern shortfin squid)[8]
Liza ramada (Thin-lipped grey mullet)[3]
Loligo vulgaris (European Squid)[3]
Macroramphosus gracilis (Trumpet fish)[3]
Merlangius merlangus (Whiting)[3]
Merluccius merluccius (Herring hake)[9]
Merluccius productus (Whiting)[6]
Microchirus variegatus (Variegated sole)[3]
Micromesistius poutassou (Poutassou)[9]
Mytilus edulis (Blue mussel)[3]
Octopoteuthis sicula (Ruppell's octopus squid)[3]
Pagrus pagrus (Red porgy)[3]
Raneya brasiliensis[3]
Sardina pilchardus (European pilchard)[9]
Scomber japonicus (Striped mackerel)[3]
Scomber scombrus (Split)[4]
Semirossia tenera (lesser shining bobtail)[3]
Sepiola atlantica (Atlantic Bobtail)[3]
Sprattus sprattus (Whitebait)[4]
Thysanoteuthis rhombus (diamond squid)[3]
Trachurus lathami (Rough scad)[3]
Trachurus trachurus (Scad)[3]
Trisopterus luscus (Whiting-pout)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alopias vulpinus (Zorro thresher shark)3
Anoplopoma fimbria (Skil)2
Balaenoptera acutorostrata (Minke Whale)2
Callorhinus ursinus (Northern Fur Seal)3
Cerorhinca monocerata (Rhinoceros Auklet)3
Coryphaena hippurus (Mahi-mahi)6
Gadus morhua (rock cod)2
Hexanchus griseus (Bluntnose six-gill shark)3
Ichthyaetus audouinii (Audouin's Gull)2
Lagenorhynchus obliquidens (Pacific White-sided Dolphin)3
Larus occidentalis (Western Gull)3
Leucoraja naevus (Cuckoo ray)2
Lissodelphis borealis (Northern Right Whale Dolphin)3
Merluccius merluccius (Herring hake)3
Mirounga angustirostris (Northern Elephant Seal)3
Morus bassanus (Northern Gannet)2
Ophiodon elongatus (Lingcod)2
Phoca vitulina (Harbor Seal)2
Phocoena phocoena (Harbor Porpoise)3
Phocoenoides dalli (Dall's Porpoise)3
Prionace glauca (Tribon blou)2
Puffinus griseus (Sooty Shearwater)3
Raja clavata (Roker)5
Raja montagui (Homelyn ray)3
Raja rhina (Longnose skate)2
Seriola dumerili (Yellow tail)3
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)2
Thunnus alalunga (longfinned albacore)3
Thunnus thynnus (horse mackerel)6
Tursiops truncatus (Bottlenosed Dolphin)2
Uria aalge (Common Murre)4
Xiphias gladius (Swordfish)2
Zalophus californianus (California Sealion)3

Predators

Carcharodon carcharias (Maneater shark)[3]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Anisakis simplex[10]
Anisakis typica[10]
Bolbosoma scomberomori[10]
Bolbosoma vasculosum[10]
Brachycladium palliatum[10]
Braunina cordiformis[10]
Campula delphini <Unverified Name>[10]
Campula oblonga[10]
Campula palliata[10]
Corynosoma bullosum[3]
Corynosoma cetaceum[10]
Corynosoma strumosum[10]
Crassicauda crassicauda <Unverified Name>[10]
Diphyllobothrium lanceolatum[10]
Diphyllobothrium stemmacephalum[10]
Galactosomum erinaceum[10]
Hadwenius tursionis[10]
Halocercus delphini[10]
Halocercus invaginatus[10]
Halocercus kleinenbergi <Unverified Name>[10]
Halocercus lagenorhynchi <Unverified Name>[11]
Lecithodesmus delphini[10]
Monorygma delphini[10]
Monorygma grimaldii[10]
Nasitrema delphini <Unverified Name>[10]
Nasitrema globicephalae[10]
Nasitrema lanceolata <Unverified Name>[10]
Nasitrema stenosoma[10]
Oschmarinella rochebruni[10]
Pharurus alatus <Unverified Name>[11]
Pholeter gastrophilus[10]
Phyllobothrium delphini[10]
Phyllobothrium grimaldii <Unverified Name>[10]
Polymorphus cetaceus <Unverified Name>[10]
Pseudoterranova decipiens[10]
Scolex pleuronectis <Unverified Name>[10]
Skrjabinalius cryptocephalus[10]
Skrjabinalius guevarai <Unverified Name>[10]
Stenurus minor[10]
Stenurus ovatus <Unverified Name>[11]
Strobilocephalus triangularis[10]
Synthesium tursionis[10]
Tetrabothrius diplosoma[10]
Tetrabothrius forsteri[10]

Range Map

Croajingolong; East Pacific; Eastern Atlantic Ocean; Indo-West Pacific; Western Atlantic Ocean;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 4Intraspecific dietary variation in the short-beaked common dolphin Delphinus delphis in the Bay of Biscay: importance of fat fish, Laureline Meynier, Claire Pusineri, Jérôme Spitz, M. Begoña Santos, Graham J. Pierce, Vincent Ridoux, MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES Vol. 354: 277–287, 2008 5Food Web Relationships of Northern Puget Sound and the Strait of Juan de Fuca : a Synthesis of the Available Knowledge, Charles A. Simenstad, Bruce S. Miller, Carl F. Nyblade, Kathleen Thornburgh, and Lewis J. Bledsoe, EPA-600 7-29-259 September 1979 6Habitat Partitioning by Three Species of Dolphins in Santa Monica Bay, California, Maddalena Bearzi, Coastal Environmental Quality Initiative, 07-08-2003 7Szoboszlai AI, Thayer JA, Wood SA, Sydeman WJ, Koehn LE (2015) Forage species in predator diets: synthesis of data from the California Current. Ecological Informatics 29(1): 45-56. Szoboszlai AI, Thayer JA, Wood SA, Sydeman WJ, Koehn LE (2015) Data from: Forage species in predator diets: synthesis of data from the California Current. Dryad Digital Repository. 8CephBase - Cephalopod (Octopus, Squid, Cuttlefish and Nautilus) Database 9Diet of common dolphins, Delphinus delphis, off the Portuguese continental coast, M.A. Silva, J. Mar. Biol. Ast. U.K. (1999), 79, 531-540 10Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 11Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955 GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
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