Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Cetacea > Hyperoodontidae > Hyperoodon > Hyperoodon planifrons

Hyperoodon planifrons (Southern Bottlenose Whale; southern bottle-nosed whale)

Synonyms: Hyperoodon burmeisterei
Language: Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The southern bottlenose whale (Hyperoodon planifrons) is a species of whale, in the ziphiid family, one of two members of the genus Hyperoodon. Seldom observed and rarely hunted, the southern bottlenose whale is probably the most abundant whale in Antarctic waters. The species was first described by English zoologist William Henry Flower in 1882, based on a water-worn skull from Lewis Island, in the Dampier Archipelago, Western Australia.
View Wikipedia Record: Hyperoodon planifrons

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 12.81
EDGE Score: 2.63


Adult Weight [2]  3.31 tons (3,000.00 kg)
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Piscivore
Diet - Fish [3]  20 %
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  80 %
Forages - Marine [3]  100 %
Migration [1]  Interoceanic
Water Biome [1]  Coastal

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Macquarie Island Nature Reserve Ia 233540 Tasmania, Australia  

Prey / Diet

Alluroteuthis antarctica[4]
Ancistrocheirus lesueurii (sharpear enope squid)[5]
Bathyteuthis abyssicola (Deepsea Squid)[4]
Brachioteuthis riisei (common arm squid)[4]
Chiroteuthis veranii (Long-armed Squid)[5]
Discoteuthis laciniosa[4]
Dissostichus eleginoides (Patagonsky klykach)[5]
Filippovia knipovitchi (Smooth Hooked Squid)[4]
Galiteuthis armata (armed cranch squid)[4]
Histioteuthis bonnellii (umbrella squid)[5]
Histioteuthis eltaninae[4]
Histioteuthis macrohista[5]
Histioteuthis meleagroteuthis[5]
Kondakovia longimana (Giant Warty Squid)[4]
Liocranchia reinhardti[5]
Martialia hyadesi (sevenstar flying squid)[5]
Onychoteuthis aequimanus[5]
Onykia ingens (warty squid)[4]
Onykia robsoni (Rugose Hooked Squid)[5]
Pholidoteuthis massyae[5]
Taningia danae (Dana Octopus Squid)[4]
Taonius pavo[4]
Teuthowenia megalops (Atlantic cranch squid)[5]
Todarodes sagittatus (European flying squid)[5]
Todaropsis eblanae (Lesser Flying Squid)[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alepisaurus ferox (Wolffish)1
Allothunnus fallai (Tuna)1
Aptenodytes patagonicus (King Penguin)3
Arctocephalus gazella (Antarctic Fur Seal)3
Arctocephalus tropicalis (Subantarctic Fur Seal)2
Balaenoptera acutorostrata (Minke Whale)1
Centroscymnus coelolepis (Portuguese shark)1
Diomedea exulans (Wandering Albatross)7
Dissostichus eleginoides (Patagonsky klykach)5
Fulmarus glacialoides (Southern Fulmar)2
Globicephala melas (Long-finned Pilot Whale)5
Grampus griseus (Risso's Dolphin)1
Hydrurga leptonyx (Leopard seal)2
Kogia breviceps (Pygmy Sperm Whale)1
Kogia sima (Dwarf Sperm Whale)1
Lagenodelphis hosei (Fraser's Dolphin)1
Lampris immaculatus (Moonfish)1
Leptonychotes weddellii (Weddell Seal)3
Lobodon carcinophaga (Crabeater Seal)1
Macronectes giganteus (Southern Giant Petrel)1
Macronectes halli (Northern Giant Petrel)2
Megaptera novaeangliae (Humpback Whale)1
Mesoplodon densirostris (Blainville's Beaked Whale)1
Mesoplodon layardii (Strap-toothed Whale)1
Mirounga angustirostris (Northern Elephant Seal)1
Mirounga leonina (Southern Elephant Seal)4
Ommatophoca rossii (Ross Seal)2
Phoebetria fusca (Sooty Albatross)2
Phoebetria palpebrata (Light-mantled Albatross)3
Physeter macrocephalus (Sperm Whale)4
Pygoscelis adeliae (Adelie Penguin)1
Pygoscelis papua (Gentoo Penguin)1
Stenella coeruleoalba (Striped Dolphin)1
Thalassarche chrysostoma (Grey-headed Albatross)3
Thalassarche melanophris (Black-browed Albatross)3
Thalassoica antarctica (Antarctic Petrel)1
Ziphius cavirostris (Cuvier's Beaked Whale)5


Parasitized by 
Crassicauda giliakiana <Unverified Name>[6]

Range Map

Antarctica/Southern Ocean; East Pacific; Indo-West Pacific;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2Felisa A. Smith, S. Kathleen Lyons, S. K. Morgan Ernest, Kate E. Jones, Dawn M. Kaufman, Tamar Dayan, Pablo A. Marquet, James H. Brown, and John P. Haskell. 2003. Body mass of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84:3403
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4CephBase - Cephalopod (Octopus, Squid, Cuttlefish and Nautilus) Database
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access