Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Cetacea > Balaenopteridae > Balaenoptera > Balaenoptera acutorostrata
 

Balaenoptera acutorostrata (Minke Whale; Common Minke Whale; northern minke whale)

Synonyms: Balaena minima; Balaena rostrata; Balaenoptera rostrata
Language: French; Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The common minke whale or northern minke whale (Balaenoptera acutorostrata) is a species of minke whale within the suborder of baleen whales. It is the smallest member of the rorquals and the second smallest species of baleen whale. Although first ignored by whalers due to its small size and low oil yield, it began to be exploited by various countries beginning in the early 20th century. As other species declined larger numbers of common minke whales were caught, largely for their meat.
View Wikipedia Record: Balaenoptera acutorostrata

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
9
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
35
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 20
EDGE Score: 3.04

Attributes

Adult Weight [2]  8.27 tons (7,500.00 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  705.48 lbs (320.00 kg)
Female Maturity [2]  7 years 6 months
Male Maturity [2]  7 years 6 months
Diet [1]  Carnivore
Gestation [2]  10 months 12 days
Litter Size [2]  1
Litters / Year [2]  1
Maximum Longevity [2]  50 years
Migration [1]  Interoceanic
Water Biome [1]  Coastal
Weaning [2]  6 months 3 days

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Alto Golfo de California y Delta del Rio Colorado Biosphere Reserve VI 2320468 Sonora, Mexico  
Archipelago de Colon Biosphere Reserve 34336011 Galapagos Islands, Ecuador  
Ascrib, Isay and Dunvegan 6388 Scotland, United Kingdom
California Coast Ranges Biosphere Reserve 153447 California, United States  
Cape Cod National Seashore II 21724 Massachusetts, United States
Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary   California, United States
Channel Islands National Park II 139010 California, United States
Coorong National Park II 121235 South Australia, Australia
Dee Estuary/ Aber Dyfrdwy 39057 England/Wales, United Kingdom
Drigg Coast 3453 England, United Kingdom
Everglades and Dry Tortugas Biosphere Reserve   Florida, United States  
Farallon National Wildlife Refuge IV 352 California, United States
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Forillon National Park II 61010 Quebec, Canada  
Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve II 366714 British Columbia, Canada
Kinloch and Kyleakin Hills 13015 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Kronotskiy Biosphere Reserve 361480 Russia  
Luce Bay and Sands 120487 Scotland, United Kingdom
Mingan Archipelago National Park Reserve II 20461 Quebec, Canada
Moray Firth 373987 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Morecambe Bay 151985 England, United Kingdom
Mull of Galloway 337 Scotland, United Kingdom
Pacific Rim National Park Reserve II 137900 British Columbia, Canada
Palmer LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research   Antarctica    
Point Reyes National Seashore II 27068 California, United States
Prince Edward Island National Park II   Prince Edward Island, Canada  
Redwood National Park II 77867 California, United States
Reserva de la Biosfera El Vizcaino Biosphere Reserve VI 6176727 Mexico  
Reserve de la Biosphere de Charlevoix Biosphere Reserve 1383790 Canada  
Saguenay - St. Lawrence Marine Park National Marine Conservation Area II 310822 Canada
Sefton Coast 11278 England, United Kingdom
St David`s / Ty Ddewi 2312 Wales, United Kingdom  
Terra Nova National Park IV 125894 Newfoundland, Canada

Prey / Diet

Ammodytes hexapterus (Stout sand lance)[3]
Ammodytes marinus (sand eel)[4]
Anotopterus nikparini (North Pacific daggertooth)[5]
Argentina silus (Atlantic argentine)[5]
Benthosema glaciale (Large-eyed froghead)[5]
Boreogadus saida (Polar cod)[5]
Brama japonica (Bigtooth pomfret)[5]
Calanus finmarchicus[3]
Clione limacina (Naked sea butterfly)[5]
Clupea harengus (Yawling)[4]
Clupea pallasii (Pacific herring)[5]
Cololabis saira (Skipper)[5]
Electrona antarctica (Lanternfish)[5]
Electrona carlsbergi (Electron subantarctic)[6]
Engraulis japonicus (Japanese anchovy)[5]
Engraulis mordax (Californian anchoveta)[7]
Euphausia crystallorophias (ice krill)[8]
Euphausia pacifica (Pacific krill)[3]
Euphausia superba (Antarctic krill)[5]
Gadus chalcogrammus (Whiting)[3]
Gadus macrocephalus (Pacific cod)[5]
Gadus morhua (rock cod)[4]
Glyptocephalus cynoglossus (Witch flounder)[5]
Kondakovia longimana (Giant Warty Squid)[6]
Lycodes esmarkii (Esmark's eelpout)[5]
Magnisudis atlantica (Barracudina)[5]
Mallotus villosus (Capelin)[4]
Meganyctiphanes norvegica (Norwegian krill)[4]
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)[4]
Merlangius merlangus (Whiting)[4]
Micromesistius poutassou (Poutassou)[5]
Ningaui yvonnae (Southern Ningaui)[5]
Oncorhynchus gorbuscha (humpbacked salmon)[5]
Oncorhynchus keta (Calico salmon)[5]
Oncorhynchus kisutch (coho salmon or silver salmon)[5]
Pleuragramma antarctica (Antarctic silverfish)[9]
Pleurogrammus monopterygius (Atka mackerel)[5]
Pollachius virens (Sillock)[5]
Reinhardtius hippoglossoides (Turbot)[5]
Sardinops sagax (Australian pilchard)[5]
Scomber japonicus (Striped mackerel)[5]
Scomber scombrus (Split)[4]
Scomberomorus guttatus (Spotted tangingi)[5]
Sebastes mentella (Redfish)[5]
Sprattus sprattus (Whitebait)[4]
Themisto abyssorum[5]
Themisto gaudichaudii[5]
Themisto libellula[5]
Thysanoessa gregaria[5]
Thysanoessa inermis[3]
Thysanoessa longicaudata[5]
Thysanoessa longipes[3]
Thysanoessa macrura[5]
Thysanoessa raschii (Arctic krill)[3]
Todarodes pacificus (Japanese common squid)[5]
Trisopterus esmarkii (Norway pout)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alca torda (Razorbill)2
Amblyraja hyperborea (Arctic skate)2
Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)6
Aptenodytes forsteri (Emperor Penguin)3
Arctocephalus gazella (Antarctic Fur Seal)2
Atheresthes stomias (Turbot)3
Balaenoptera bonaerensis (Antarctic Minke Whale)2
Balaenoptera musculus (Blue Whale)3
Balaenoptera physalus (Fin Whale)4
Bathyraja interrupta (Sandpaper skate)2
Boreogadus saida (Polar cod)2
Brachyramphus brevirostris (Kittlitz's Murrelet)2
Brachyramphus marmoratus (Marbled Murrelet)4
Callorhinus ursinus (Northern Fur Seal)2
Cepphus columba (Pigeon Guillemot)3
Cerorhinca monocerata (Rhinoceros Auklet)2
Cystophora cristata (Hooded Seal)3
Delphinus delphis (Short-beaked Saddleback Dolphin)2
Dipturus batis (Blue skate)2
Erignathus barbatus (Bearded Seal)2
Eumetopias jubatus (Steller Sea Lion)2
Fratercula arctica (Atlantic Puffin)3
Fratercula cirrhata (Tufted Puffin)4
Fratercula corniculata (Horned Puffin)2
Fulmarus glacialis (Northern Fulmar)3
Fulmarus glacialoides (Southern Fulmar)2
Gadus chalcogrammus (Whiting)4
Gadus macrocephalus (Pacific cod)2
Globicephala melas (Long-finned Pilot Whale)3
Halichoerus grypus (Gray Seal)2
Hexagrammos stelleri (Greenling)2
Hippoglossoides platessoides (American dab)2
Hippoglossus stenolepis (Pacific halibut)3
Histriophoca fasciata (Ribbon Seal)2
Lagenorhynchus acutus (Atlantic White-sided Dolphin)2
Lagenorhynchus albirostris (White-beaked Dolphin)6
Lagenorhynchus obliquidens (Pacific White-sided Dolphin)2
Lamna nasus (Porbeagle shark)3
Larus argentatus (Herring Gull)3
Leptonychotes weddellii (Weddell Seal)2
Lophius piscatorius (Monkfish)2
Malacoraja senta (Smooth skate)2
Megaptera novaeangliae (Humpback Whale)6
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)2
Merluccius bilinearis (Whiting)2
Morus bassanus (Northern Gannet)5
Oceanodroma leucorhoa (Leach's Storm-Petrel)2
Pagodroma nivea (Snow Petrel)2
Pagophilus groenlandicus (Harp Seal)3
Phalacrocorax aristotelis (Shag)2
Phalacrocorax auritus (Double-crested Cormorant)2
Phalacrocorax carbo (Great Cormorant)2
Phoca vitulina (Harbor Seal)4
Phocoena phocoena (Harbor Porpoise)5
Physeter macrocephalus (Sperm Whale)2
Pleurogrammus monopterygius (Atka mackerel)2
Pollachius virens (Sillock)3
Prionace glauca (Tribon blou)3
Puffinus tenuirostris (Short-tailed Shearwater)3
Pygoscelis adeliae (Adelie Penguin)3
Rissa tridactyla (Black-legged Kittiwake)7
Sebastes caurinus (Copper rockfish)2
Sebastes crameri (Rockfish)2
Sebastes flavidus (Yellowtail rockfish)2
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)4
Sterna paradisaea (Arctic Tern)3
Synthliboramphus antiquus (Ancient Murrelet)3
Thunnus thynnus (horse mackerel)3
Uria aalge (Common Murre)9
Uria lomvia (Thick-billed Murre)2
Urophycis chuss (Squirrel hake)2

Predators

Orcinus orca (Killer Whale)[3]
Somniosus microcephalus (gray shark)[5]

Providers

Parasite of 
Trichinella spiralis (pork worm)[5]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Anisakis pacificus <Unverified Name>[10]
Anisakis physeteris <Unverified Name>[10]
Anisakis simplex[10]
Bolbosoma balaenae[10]
Bolbosoma brevicolle[10]
Bolbosoma nipponicum[10]
Crassicauda crassicauda <Unverified Name>[10]
Diphyllobothrium macroovatum <Unverified Name>[10]
Diplogonoporus balaenopterae[10]
Fasciola skrjabini <Unverified Name>[10]
Lecithodesmus goliath[10]
Odontobius ceti[10]
Ogmogaster antarcticus[10]
Ogmogaster plicatus[10]
Pseudoterranova decipiens[10]
Terranova decipiens[10]

Distribution

East Pacific; Eastern Atlantic Ocean; Indo-West Pacific; Western Atlantic Ocean;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 3Food Web Relationships of Northern Puget Sound and the Strait of Juan de Fuca : a Synthesis of the Available Knowledge, Charles A. Simenstad, Bruce S. Miller, Carl F. Nyblade, Kathleen Thornburgh, and Lewis J. Bledsoe, EPA-600 7-29-259 September 1979 4Diet of minke whales Balaenoptera acutorostrata in Scottish (UK) waters with notes on strandings of this species in Scotland 1992-2002, G.J. Pierce, M.B. Santos, R.J. Reid, I.A.P. Patterson and H.M. Ross, J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. (2004), 84, 1241-1244 5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 6Towards the trophic structure of the Bouvet Island marine ecosystem, U. Jacob, T. Brey, I. Fetzer, S. Kaehler, K. Mintenbeck, K. Dunton, K. Beyer, U. Struck , E.A. Pakhomov and W.E. Arntz, Polar Biology, 29 (2). pp. 106-113 (2006) 7Szoboszlai AI, Thayer JA, Wood SA, Sydeman WJ, Koehn LE (2015) Forage species in predator diets: synthesis of data from the California Current. Ecological Informatics 29(1): 45-56. Szoboszlai AI, Thayer JA, Wood SA, Sydeman WJ, Koehn LE (2015) Data from: Forage species in predator diets: synthesis of data from the California Current. Dryad Digital Repository. 8Food of emperor penguins (Aptenodytes forsteri) in the western Ross Sea, Antarctica, Y. Cherel and G. L. Kooyman, Marine Biology (1998) 130: 335-344 9The role of notothenioid fish in the food web of the Ross Sea shelf waters: a review, M. La Mesa, J. T. Eastman, M. Vacchi, Polar Biol (2004) 27: 321–338 10Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access