Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Cetacea > Balaenidae > Balaena > Balaena mysticetus
 

Balaena mysticetus (bowhead whale; Bowhead; black right whale)

Language: French

Wikipedia Abstract

The bowhead whale (Balaena mysticetus) is a species of the right whale family Balaenidae, in suborder Mysticeti and genus Balaena. A stocky dark-colored whale without a dorsal fin, it can grow to 20 m (66 ft) in length. This thick-bodied species can weigh 75 tonnes (74 long tons; 83 short tons) to 100 tonnes (98 long tons; 110 short tons). It lives entirely in fertile Arctic and sub-Arctic waters, unlike other whales that migrate to low latitude waters to feed or reproduce.
View Wikipedia Record: Balaena mysticetus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
8
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
34
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 18.13
EDGE Score: 2.95

Attributes

Adult Weight [2]  110.23 tons (100,000.00 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  1,984.17 lbs (900.00 kg)
Female Maturity [2]  22 years 6 months
Male Maturity [2]  22 years 6 months
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates)
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  100 %
Forages - Marine [3]  100 %
Gestation [2]  1 year 1 month
Litter Size [2]  1
Litters / Year [2]  0
Maximum Longevity [2]  211 years
Migration [1]  Interoceanic
Water Biome [1]  Coastal
Weaning [2]  1 year

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Ib 12402936 Alaska, United States
Ivvavik National Park II 2382752 Yukon, Canada
Kandalaksha State Nature Reserve 174283 Murmansk, Karelia, Russia
Komandorsk Biosphere Reserve 9016082 Kamchatka Krai , Russia    
Kronotskiy Biosphere Reserve 361480 Russia  
Sirmilik National Park II 5475284 Canada
Ukkusiksalik National Park II   Nunavut, Canada
Wapusk National Park II 2614324 Manitoba, Canada
Wrangel Island State Nature Reserve 5499701 Chukotka, Russia    

Prey / Diet

Anonyx compactus[4]
Atylus atlassovi[4]
Boreogadus saida (Polar cod)[4]
Chionoecetes opilio (snow crab)[4]
Diastylis bidentata[4]
Eualus fabricii (Arctic eualid)[4]
Hippomedon denticulatus[4]
Pontoporeia femorata[4]
Thysanoessa inermis[4]
Thysanoessa raschii (Arctic krill)[4]

Predators

Homo sapiens (man)[4]
Orcinus orca (Killer Whale)[4]

Providers

Parasite of 
Trichinella spiralis (pork worm)[4]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Anisakis simplex[5]
Bolbosoma balaenae[5]
Crassicauda crassicauda <Unverified Name>[5]
Lecithodesmus goliath[5]
Odontobius ceti[5]
Ogmogaster antarcticus[5]
Ogmogaster plicatus[5]
Phyllobothrium delphini[5]
Priapocephalus grandis[5]
Tetrabothrius affinis[5]

Range Map

East Pacific; Eastern Atlantic Ocean; Indo-West Pacific; Western Atlantic Ocean;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Specially protected natural territories of the Russian Federation, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access