Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Carnivora > Ursidae > Ursus > Ursus arctos
 

Ursus arctos (Grizzly Bear; Brown Bear)

Language: Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The brown bear (Ursus arctos) is a large bear distributed across much of northern Eurasia and North America. Adult bears generally weigh between 300 and 680 kilograms (660 and 1,500 lb) and its largest subspecies, the Kodiak bear, rivals the polar bear as the largest member of the bear family and as the largest land-based predator. There are several recognized subspecies within the brown bear species.
View Wikipedia Record: Ursus arctos

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
5
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
28
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 12.22
EDGE Score: 2.58

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  611.79 lbs (277.50 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  1.12 lbs (510 g)
Female Maturity [1]  3 years 7 months
Male Maturity [1]  3 years 7 months
Diet [2]  Omnivore
Gestation [1]  3 months 13 days
Hibernates [2]  Yes
Litter Size [1]  2
Litters / Year [1]  0
Maximum Longevity [1]  40 years
Speed [3]  30.00 MPH (13.41 m/s)
Weaning [1]  7 months 3 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Map Climate Land
Use
Alashan Plateau semi-desert China, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Alaska Peninsula montane taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Alaska-St. Elias Range tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Alberta Mountain forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Alberta-British Columbia foothills forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Alps conifer and mixed forests Italy, France, Switzerland, Slovenia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Altai alpine meadow and tundra China, Kazakstan, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Altai montane forest and forest steppe China, Kazakstan, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Altai steppe and semi-desert Kazahkstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Amur meadow steppe China, Russia Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Anatolian conifer and deciduous mixed forests Turkey Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Arctic coastal tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra    
Arctic foothills tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Azerbaijan shrub desert and steppe Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Balkan mixed forests Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Bering tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Beringia lowland tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Beringia upland tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
British Columbia mainland coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Brooks-British Range tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Canadian Aspen forests and parklands Canada Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Cantabrian mixed forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Carpathian montane forests Czech Republic, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Cascade Mountains leeward forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests Iran, Azerbaijan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Caspian lowland desert Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Caucasus mixed forests Georgia, Russia, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Anatolian steppe Turkey Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central British Columbia Mountain forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central European mixed forests Austria, Belarus, Czech Republic, Germany, Lithuania, Moldovia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Korean deciduous forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Persian desert basins Iran, Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Tibetan Plateau alpine steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Changbai Mountains mixed forests China, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Cherskii-Kolyma mountain tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Chukchi Peninsula tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Cook Inlet taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Copper Plateau taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Crimean Submediterranean forest complex Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Da Hinggan-Dzhagdy Mountains conifer forests China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Daurian forest steppe China, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Dinaric Mountains mixed forests Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy, Slovenia, Yugoslavia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East European forest steppe Bulgaria, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Anatolian montane steppe Iran, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests Turkey, Jordan, Israel, Syria Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Elburz Range forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests    
Emin Valley steppe China, Kazakstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Euxine-Colchic broadleaf forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Fraser Plateau and Basin complex Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Gobi Lakes Valley desert steppe Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Great Lakes Basin desert steppe Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Himalayan subtropical pine forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Hokkaido deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Hokkaido montane conifer forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Honshu alpine conifer forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Illyrian deciduous forests Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Interior Alaska-Yukon lowland taiga Canada, United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Interior Yukon-Alaska alpine tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Junggar Basin semi-desert China, Kazakstan, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kamchatka Mountain tundra and forest tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Kamchatka-Kurile meadows and sparse forests Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Kamchatka-Kurile taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Karakoram-West Tibetan Plateau alpine steppe Pakistan, China, Afghanistan, India Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Kazakh forest steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kola Peninsula tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Kopet Dag semi-desert Iran, Turkmenistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Low Arctic tundra Canada Nearctic Tundra
Manchurian mixed forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea, China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Mesopotamian shrub desert Iraq, Syria, Jordan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Mid-Continental Canadian forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Middle East steppe Syria, Iraq Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Mongolian-Manchurian grassland China, Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Montana Valley and Foothill grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Muskwa-Slave Lake forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Nenjiang River grassland China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Nihonkai montane deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
North Central Rockies forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
North Tibetan Plateau-Kunlun Mountains alpine desert China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Northeast China Plain deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northeast Siberian coastal tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Northeast Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northern Anatolian conifer and deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern Canadian Shield taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northern Cordillera forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northern mixed grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Pacific coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Northern transitional alpine forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northwest Russian-Novaya Zemlya tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Northwest Territories taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northwestern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows China, Pakistan, India Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Northwestern thorn scrub forests India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Nujiang Langcang Gorge alpine conifer and mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Ogilvie-MacKenzie alpine tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Okanagan dry forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Okhotsk-Manchurian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Pacific Coastal Mountain icefields and tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Pamir alpine desert and tundra China, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Pannonian mixed forests Austria, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pindus Mountains mixed forests Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Pontic steppe Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Puget lowland forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Qaidam Basin semi-desert China Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Qilian Mountains conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Qilian Mountains subalpine meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Rodope montane mixed forests Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sarmatic mixed forests Belarus, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sayan Alpine meadows and tundra Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Sayan Intermontane steppe Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Sayan montane conifer forests Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Scandinavian and Russian taiga Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Scandinavian Montane Birch forest and grasslands Norway, Sweden, Finland Palearctic Tundra
Selenge-Orkhon forest steppe Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
South Central Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
South Siberian forest steppe Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southeast Tibet shrub and meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southern Anatolian montane conifer and deciduous forests Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Suiphun-Khanka meadows and forest meadows China, Russia Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Taimyr-Central Siberian tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Taklimakan desert China Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tarim Basin deciduous forests and steppe China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Tian Shan foothill arid steppe China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tian Shan montane steppe and meadows China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Tibetan Plateau alpine shrub and meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Trans-Baikal Bald Mountain tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Trans-Baikal conifer forests Russia, Mongolia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ural montane forests and tundra Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Ussuri broadleaf and mixed forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
West Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Western Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows India, Nepal Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Western Himalayan broadleaf forests India, Pakistan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Himalayan subalpine conifer forests India, Pakistan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Coniferous Forests
Western Siberian hemiboreal forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Yamal-Gydan tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Yukon Interior dry forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Zagros Mountains forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Aigüestortes 138461 Spain  
Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve 2720489 Alaska, United States    
Alt Pallars 190550 Spain  
Anza-Borrego Desert State Park, CA III 184543 California, United States
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Ib 12402936 Alaska, United States
Baikalo-Lensky Zapovednik Ia 1630896 Irkutsk, Russia
Baikalskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 458883 Russia  
Banff National Park II 1690912 Alberta, Canada
Barguzinskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 924970 Buryatia, Russia
Berezinskiy Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 209113 Belarus  
Beskid Niski 375518 Poland  
Bieszczady 275571 Poland  
Bogdhad Mountain Biosphere Reserve 318000 China  
Carpathian Biosphere Reserve 144772 Ukraine  
Changbai Mountain Nature Reserve V 619089 Jilin, China  
Chatkal Mountains Biosphere Reserve 141740 Uzbekistan  
Darvinsky Zapovednik Ia 278421 Yaroslavl, Vologda, Russia
Denali Biosphere Reserve 1932364 Alaska, United States
Dolomiti del Cadore e del Comelico 173952 Italy  
FUENTES CARRIONAS Y FUENTE COBRE-MONTAÑA PALENTINA 193184 Spain  
Frostvikenfjällen 231768 Sweden  
Fuentes del Narcea y del Ibias 126128 Spain  
Gates of the Arctic National Park Ib 184461 Alaska, United States
Gaujas nacionalais parks 227982 Latvia  
Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve Ib 591068 Alaska, United States
Glacier National Park II 953799 Montana, United States
Golestan National Park II 216487 Iran  
Grand Teton National Park II 231724 Wyoming, United States
Great Himalayan National Park II 184040 Himachal Pradesh, India
Gråberget-Hotagsfjällen 291684 Sweden  
Góry Slonne 135999 Poland  
Horná Orava 145144 Slovakia  
Ivvavik National Park II 2382752 Yukon, Canada
Jasper National Park II 2776809 Alberta, Canada
KALDOAIVIN ERÄMAA 868904 Finland  
KENTRIKI RODOPI KAI KOILADA NESTOU 261804 Greece  
KENTRIKO ZAGORI KAI ANATOLIKO TMIMA OROUS MITSIKELI 131974 Greece  
KERKETIO OROS (KOZIAKAS) 124618 Greece  
Katmai National Park and Preserve Ib 421782 Alaska, United States
Katunsky Biosphere Reserve 393162 Altai, Russia
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Kevo 176448 Finland  
Kluane National Park and Reserve National Park Reserve II 5463436 Yukon, Canada
Komsomolsky Zapovednik Ia 159168 Khabarovsk, Russia
Kootenay National Park II 341762 British Columbia, Canada
Kronotskiy Biosphere Reserve 361480 Russia  
Kugti Sanctuary IV 126362 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Kurgal'dzhinskiy Nature Reserve State Nature Reserve Ia 618861 Kazakhstan  
KÄSIVARREN ERÄMAA 654562 Finland  
LEMMENJOEN KANSALLISPUISTO 706697 Finland  
Laborecká vrchovina 266172 Slovakia  
Lahemaa 183898 Estonia  
Lake Torne Area Biosphere Reserve 238457 Sweden  
Laplandskiy Biosphere Reserve 757114 Russia  
Malá Fatra 176505 Slovakia  
Marsfjället 212792 Sweden  
Monti Simbruini ed Ernici 128739 Italy  
Nahanni National Park Reserve II 1309627 Northwest Territories, Canada
Noatak Biosphere Reserve 7500143 Alaska, United States  
Nuristan Reserve National Park 1419914 Afghanistan  
Nízke Tatry 239467 Slovakia  
OROS VORAS 196334 Greece  
Okskiy Biosphere Reserve 190748 Russia  
Ostoja Popradzka 143151 Poland  
PICOS DE EUROPA EN CASTILLA Y LEÓN 250408 Spain  
POMOKAIRA 228222 Finland  
PULJUN ERÄMAA 139246 Finland  
Pallas-Ounastunturi 146845 Finland  
Pamir-i-Buzurg Wildlife Sanctuary Wildlife Reserve IV 199583 Afghanistan  
Parco Nazionale Gran Sasso - Monti della Laga 354129 Italy  
Parco Nazionale d'Abruzzo, Lazio e Molise ed aree limitrofe 126392 Italy  
Parco Nazionale della Maiella 183061 Italy  
Pechoro-Ilychskiy Biosphere Reserve 3098091 Russia  
PÖYRISJÄRVEN ERÄMAA 362835 Finland  
Queen Maud Gulf Bird Sanctuary Migratory Bird Sanctuary IV 15335601 Nunavut, Canada
Rila 200269 Bulgaria  
SIERRA DE LOS ANCARES 137346 Spain  
Sayano-Shushenskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 964620 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Sikhote-Alinskiy Biosphere Reserve 978001 Russia  
Sirente Velino 146123 Italy  
Sokhondinskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 521363 Chita, Russia
Strážovské vrchy 147080 Slovakia  
Tatry 135018 Slovakia  
Teberdinskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 210198 Karachay-Cherkessia, Russia
Tsentral'no-Sibirskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 2521510 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Tuktut Nogait National Park II 5761538 Northwest Territories, Canada
Tzentralen Balkan 177099 Bulgaria  
UK-PUISTO-SOMPIO-KEMIHAARA 765461 Finland  
Ubsunurskaya Kotlovina (Ubsunur Depression) Zapovednik Ia 798640 Tuva, Russia
VALLE DE SAN EMILIANO 137756 Spain  
Ve¾ká Fatra 149348 Slovakia  
Vindelfjällen 1370631 Sweden  
Visimskiy Zapovednik Biosphere Reserve 443816 Russia  
Volovské vrchy 316267 Slovakia  
Vuntut National Park II 1076795 Yukon, Canada
Vålådalen 299933 Sweden  
Wapusk National Park II 2614324 Manitoba, Canada
Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve Ib 2476446 Alaska, United States
Yellowstone Biosphere Reserve II 2196863 Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, United States
Yoho National Park II 317576 British Columbia, Canada

Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website Map
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Irano-Anatolian Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Turkmenistan No
Japan Japan No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No
Mountains of Central Asia Afghanistan, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan No
Mountains of Southwest China China, Myanmar No

Emblem of

Finland
Russian Federation

Prey / Diet

Alces alces (moose)[4]
Arctous alpina (alpine bearberry)[4]
Branta hutchinsii (Cackling Goose)[4]
Castor canadensis (american beaver)[4]
Chamerion angustifolium subsp. angustifolium (Rosebay Willowherb)[4]
Clethrionomys rutilus (northern red-backed vole)[5]
Empetrum nigrum (black crowberry)[4]
Equisetum arvense (scouring rush)[4]
Gavia pacifica (Pacific Loon)[4]
Lepus americanus (Snowshoe Hare)[5]
Marmota caligata (hoary marmot)[5]
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha (chinook salmon or king salmon)[5]
Ovibos moschatus (muskox)[6]
Ovis dalli (Dall's sheep)[4]
Rangifer tarandus (caribou)[4]
Rubus idaeus (Raspberry)[4]
Shepherdia canadensis (russet buffalo-berry)[4]
Spermophilus columbianus (Columbian ground squirrel)[7]
Spermophilus parryii (Arctic ground squirrel)[4]
Vaccinium uliginosum (bog blueberry)[4]
Vaccinium vitis-idaea (lingonberry)[4]
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Accipiter gentilis (Northern Goshawk)3
Accipiter striatus (Sharp-shinned Hawk)1
Aegolius funereus (Boreal Owl)1
Alces alces (moose)4
Apis mellifera (honey bee)1
Aporia crataegi (Black-veined White Butterfly)1
Aquila chrysaetos (Golden Eagle)5
Bison bonasus (European bison)2
Bombus hortorum (Small Garden Humble-bee)1
Bombus jonellus (Heath Humble-bee)1
Bombus lapidarius (Stone Humble-bee)1
Bombus lucorum (White-tailed bumblebee)1
Bombus pascuorum (Common Carder-bee)1
Bombus polaris (Bumblebee)4
Bombus pratorum (Early-nesting Humble-bee)1
Bombus rupestris (Hill Cuckoo-bee)1
Bonasa umbellus (Ruffed Grouse)6
Branta hutchinsii (Cackling Goose)2
Brenthis ino (Lesser Marbled Fritillary)1
Bromius obscurus (Western Grape Rootworm)1
Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)1
Buteo lagopus (Rough-legged Hawk)2
Calcarius lapponicus (Lapland Longspur)1
Callorhinus ursinus (Northern Fur Seal)1
Canis latrans (Coyote)4
Canis lupus (Wolf)8
Carduelis flammea (Common Redpoll)1
Carterocephalus palaemon (Arctic skipper)1
Catharus ustulatus (Swainson's Thrush)2
Cerorhinca monocerata (Rhinoceros Auklet)1
Circus cyaneus (Northern Harrier)1
Clethrionomys rufocanus (gray red-backed vole)3
Clethrionomys rutilus (northern red-backed vole)7
Clossiana freija (Freija Fritillary)1
Corvus corax (Northern Raven)4
Cuon alpinus (Dhole)1
Falco rusticolus (Gyrfalcon)2
Gulo gulo (Wolverine)3
Gypaetus barbatus (Bearded Vulture)1
Lagopus lagopus (Willow Ptarmigan)4
Lamna ditropis (Salmon shark)1
Lanius excubitor (Northern Shrike)1
Lemmus sibiricus (brown lemming)3
Lepus americanus (Snowshoe Hare)2
Lepus othus (Alaskan Hare)1
Lygocoris pabulinus (Common Green Capsid)2
Lygus rugulipennis1
Lynx canadensis (lynx)3
Lynx lynx (Eurasian Lynx)1
Marmota caligata (hoary marmot)2
Martes americana (American Marten)9
Martes zibellina (Sable)2
Microtus townsendii (Townsend's vole)1
Microtus xanthognathus (taiga vole)1
Mustela erminea (Ermine)1
Mustela frenata (Long-tailed Weasel)1
Mustela nivalis (Least Weasel)2
Naemorhedus goral (goral)1
Ochotona collaris (Collared Pika)2
Orcinus orca (Killer Whale)1
Ovibos moschatus (muskox)1
Ovis dalli (Dall's sheep)2
Phenacomys intermedius (western heather vole)2
Pieris napi (Green-veined White Butterfly)1
Pinicola enucleator (Pine Grosbeak)2
Poecile hudsonica (Boreal Chickadee)4
Polygonia c-album (Comma Butterfly)1
Puma concolor (Cougar)1
Spermophilus parryii (Arctic ground squirrel)2
Strix nebulosa (Great Grey Owl)2
Tamias minimus (least chipmunk)1
Tamias townsendii (Townsend's chipmunk)1
Taxidea taxus (American Badger)1
Ursus americanus (black bear)9
Vulpes lagopus (Arctic Fox)1
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)6
Zonotrichia leucophrys (White-crowned Sparrow)2

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Ascaris lumbricoides <Unverified Name>[8]
Baylisascaris transfuga <Unverified Name>[8]
Baylisiella tecta[8]
Chaetopsylla tuberculaticeps[9]
Chlamydophila psittaci (Psittacosis bacteria / Chlamydiosis bacteria)[10]
Coxiella burnetii[10]
Ctenocephalides canis (Dog flea)[9]
Dirofilaria immitis (Heartworm)[8]
Dirofilaria ursi <Unverified Name>[8]
Echinococcus granulosus[8]
Echinostoma revolutum[8]
Francisella tularensis (Tularemia)[10]
Leptospira interrogans[10]
Nanophyetus salmincola <Unverified Name>[8]
Opisthorchis felineus <Unverified Name>[8]
Oropsylla silantiewi[9]
Pulex irritans (human flea)[9]
Taenia hydatigena <Unverified Name>[8]
Taenia krabbei <Unverified Name>[8]
Taenia ovis <Unverified Name>[8]
Taenia solium <Unverified Name>[8]
Toxascaris transfuga <Unverified Name>[8]
Trichinella britovi <Unverified Name>[8]
Trichinella leiocephalorum <Unverified Name>[8]
Trichinella nativa <Unverified Name>[8]
Trichinella nelsoni <Unverified Name>[8]
Trichinella spiralis (pork worm)[8]
Uncinaria yukonensis <Unverified Name>[8]
Vermipsylla asymmetrica lunata[9]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Aalborg Zooarctos
Al Ain Zoo
Alpenzoo Innsbruck - Tirol
Attica Zoological Park S.A.
 arctos
Blair Drummond Safari Park
 arctos
Boras Djurpark Zooarctos
Bosphorus Zoo (Bogaziçi Hayvanat
 arctos
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Society
 horribilis
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
 syriacus
Buffalo Zoological Gardensmiddendorffi
Bursa Zoo (Bursa Hayvanat Bahcesi)
 syriacus
Calgary Zoo, Garden & Prehistoric Parkhorribilis
 richardsoni
Camperdown Wildlife Centre
CERZA Centre d'Etude Rech Zool Augeron
 arctos
Chahinkapa Zoohorribilis
Cheyenne Mtn Zoological Parkhorribilis
Chicago Zoological Parksitkensis
Cologne Zoohorribilis
Columbus Zoo and Aquarium
 horribilis
Copenhagen Zoo
 arctos
Dakota Zoohorribilis
Dartmoor Zoological Park
Denver Zoological Gardenshorribilis
Dept. of National Zoological Gardensarctos
Detroit Zoological Societyhorribilis
 syriacus
Dierenpark Amersfoort
Dierenpark Emmenmiddendorffi
Dierenrijk Europaarctos
Domaine Zoologique de Pescheray
Espace Zoologique la Boissiere du Dore
Fresno Chaffee Zoohorribilis
Fundacion Zoologica de Cali
Fundacion Zoologico Santacruz
Great Bend Zoo and Raptor Centerhorribilis
Great Plains Zoohorribilis
Greater Vancouver Zoohorribilis
Haifa Zoo & Biological Institute
Helsinki Zooarctos
Henry Vilas Zoohorribilis
Himalayan Nature Park
Houston Zoo, Inc.horribilis
Indianapolis Zoo
International Exotic Animal Sanctuaryhorribilis
Jardim Zoologico / Lisbon Zoo
Jardin Zoologico de Cdad.Buenos Aires
Johannesburg Zoological Gardens
John Ball Zoological Gardengyas
 horribilis
Kaliningrad Zoo
Kazan Zoological & Botanical Garden
Kharkiv Zoo
Kishinev Zoopark
Kittenberger Zoo
 beringianus
Kolmardens Djurpark ABarctos
Lake Superior Zoological Gardenshorribilis
 middendorffi
Le Pal, Parc Animalier
Leningrad Zoo - St. Petersburgberingianus
 isabellinus
Little Rock Zoological Gardenshorribilis
Louisville Zoological Gardenhorribilis
Münchener Tierpark Hellabrunn
Melbourne Zoosyriacus
Memphis Zoological Garden & Aquarium
 horribilis
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsaw
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Wybrzeza
Milwaukee County Zoological Gardens
 horribilis
 middendorffi
Minnesota Zoological Garden
Miskolc Zoo/Állatkert és Kultúrpark
Monde Sauvage Safari SPRL
Moonridge Animal Parkhorribilis
Moscow Zoological Park
 beringianus
Mulhouse Zoo
Nagoya Higashiyama Zooyesoensis
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africamiddendorffi
National Zoo & Aquariumarctos
Neunkircher Zoologischer Garten GmbH
Niedersächsische Landesforsten
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Councilberingianus
 isabellinus
North Carolina Zoological Parkhorribilis
Northwest Trek Wildlife Parkhorribilis
Novosibirsk Zoological Park
Nyíregyházi Állatpark Nonprofit KFT
Oasys Parque del Desierto de Tabernas
Oklahoma City Zoological Parkhorribilis
Olmense Zooarctos
Orsa Grönklitt Bjornpark(Orsa Bear Pk)arctos
Ouwehand Zoo
 arctos
Parc Animalier de Sainte Croix
Parc de Lunaretsyriacus
Parc Zoologic de Barcelona
 arctos
Parc Zoologique d'Amneville
Parc Zoologique de la Barben
Parc Zoologique Fort Mardyck
Parco Zoo di Falconara
Parco Zoo Punta Verde
Parque de la Naturaleza de Cabarceno
Permskii Zoologicheskii Sad
 arctos
 isabellinus
Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquariummiddendorffi
Pocatello Zoohorribilis
Podkrusnohorsky Zoopark Chomutov
Polar Zoo A/Sarctos
Ranua Wildlife Parkarctos
Riga Zooarctos
 middendorffi
Riverbanks Zoo and Gardenhorribilis
Rome Zoo-Fondazione Bioparco di Roma
Roosevelt Park Zoo
 horribilis
Rostock Zoologischer Gartenmiddendorffi
Safari de Peaugres
Saint Louis Zoological Parkhorribilis
Salzburg Zoo Hellbrunnarctos
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquarhorribilis
San Diego Zoohorribilis
 lasiotus
San Francisco Zoological Gardenshorribilis
Scandinavian Wildlife Parkarctos
Sedgwick County Zoohorribilis
Silesian Zoological Garden
Silver Springs Parkmiddendorffi
Skansen Foundation, Zool. Dept.arctos
Sofia Zoological Gardens
 horribilis
Taipei Zoomiddendorffi
Tama Zoological Parkyesoensis
Taronga Zoomiddendorffi
Tbilisi Zoo
The Tisch Family Zoological Gardens
Thoiry Zoological Parksyriacus
Tiergarten Bernburg
Tiergarten der Stadt Nürnbergsyriacus
Tiergarten Heidelbergsyriacus
Tierpark Dählhölzliarctos
 lasiotus
Tierpark Hagenbeck GmbHberingianus
 middendorffi
Toronto Zoohorribilis
Tulsa Zoo & Living Museumhorribilis
Tygerberg Zooparkarctos
Ueno Zoological Gardensyesoensis
Washington Park Zoological Gardensmiddendorffi
Welsh Mountain Zoo
 arctos
Westfalischer Zoologischer Gtn Munstersyriacus
Whipsnade Wild Animal Park
Wildlife Safari Inc
Wilhelma Zoosyriacus
Woodland Park Zoological Gardenshorribilis
Wroclaw Zoo, LLC
 arctos
Zagreb Zoo / Zooloski vrt Zagreb
 arctos
Zivalski vrt Ljubljanaarctos
Zoo Ahtari (Ähtärin Eläinpuisto Oy)arctos
Zoo Aquarium de Madrid (GRPR)
Zoo de La Fleche
 beringianus
Zoo de Santillana y Parque Cuaternario
Zoo De Servionsyriacus
Zoo Decin - Pastyrska Stena
 horribilis
Zoo Duisburg AGmiddendorffi
Zoo Osnabrück
Zoo Parc de Beauval
Zoo Sauvage de St-Félicienhorribilis
Zool.Nacional Parque Metro De Santiago
Zoological Center Tel Aviv - Ramat Gansyriacus
Zoological Garden of Polish Fauna
Zoologicka zahrada Ostravasyriacus
Zoologicka zahrada Bojnicearctos
Zoologicka Zahrada Bratislava
 arctos
Zoologicka Zahrada Kosice
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzenarctos
Zoologico Nacional La Aurora
 middendorffi
Zoologischer Garten Augsburg GmbH
Zoologischer Garten Halle GmbH
Zoologischer Garten Wuppertalmiddendorffi
ZooMontana
 horribilis

Range Map

Link to Map
North America; Southern Asia;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Gardner A.L, 20-Aug-2007, ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 3Wikipedia licensed under a Creative Commons License 4Making The Forest And Tundra Wildlife Connection 5Exploring the Denali Food Web, ParkWise, National Park Service 6Alaska Wildlife Notebook Series, Alaska Department of Fish and Game 7Spermophilus columbianus, Charles L. Elliott and Jerran T. Flinders, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 372, pp. 1-9 (1991) 8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 9International Flea Database 10Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955 Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by Patterson, B. D., G. Ceballos, W. Sechrest, M. F. Tognelli, T. Brooks, L. Luna, P. Ortega, I. Salazar, and B. E. Young. 2007. Digital Distribution Maps of the Mammals of the Western Hemisphere, version 3.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.
Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Bruce Patterson, Wes Sechrest, Marcelo Tognelli, Gerardo Ceballos, The Nature Conservancy—Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International—CABS, World Wildlife Fund—US, and Environment Canada—WILDSPACE.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011