Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Carnivora > Ursidae > Ursus > Ursus americanus
 

Ursus americanus (black bear; American Black Bear)

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Wikipedia Abstract

The American black bear (Ursus americanus) is a medium-sized bear native to North America. It is the continent's smallest and most widely distributed bear species. Black bears are omnivores with their diets varying greatly depending on season and location. They typically live in largely forested areas, but do leave forests in search of food. Sometimes they become attracted to human communities because of the immediate availability of food.
View Wikipedia Record: Ursus americanus

Infraspecies

Ursus americanus altifrontalis (North American black bear)
Ursus americanus amblyceps (Southern Rockies black bear)
Ursus americanus americanus (American black bear)
Ursus americanus californiensis (Sierra Nevada black bear)
Ursus americanus carlottae (Queen Charlotte black bear)
Ursus americanus cinnamomum (Northern Rockies black bear)
Ursus americanus emmonsii (North American black bear)
Ursus americanus eremicus (North American black bear)
Ursus americanus floridanus (Florida black bear)
Ursus americanus hamiltoni (Newfoundland black bear)
Ursus americanus kermodei (North American black bear)
Ursus americanus luteolus (Louisiana black bear)
Ursus americanus machetes (North American black bear)
Ursus americanus perniger (Kenai black bear)
Ursus americanus pugnax (Prince of Wales black bear)
Ursus americanus vancouveri (Vancouver black bear)

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
7
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
31
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 15.01
EDGE Score: 2.77

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  340.06 lbs (154.25 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  278 grams
Female Maturity [1]  3 years 6 months
Male Maturity [1]  3 years 6 months
Diet [2]  Omnivore
Gestation [1]  70 days
Hibernates [2]  Yes
Litter Size [1]  2
Litters / Year [1]  0
Maximum Longevity [1]  34 years
Weaning [1]  6 months 18 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Alaska-St. Elias Range tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Alberta Mountain forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Alberta-British Columbia foothills forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Allegheny Highlands forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Appalachian mixed mesophytic forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Appalachian-Blue Ridge forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Arizona Mountains forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Beringia lowland tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Beringia upland tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Blue Mountains forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
British Columbia mainland coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Brooks-British Range tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
California coastal sage and chaparral Mexico, United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
California interior chaparral and woodlands United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
California montane chaparral and woodlands United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Canadian Aspen forests and parklands Canada Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Cascade Mountains leeward forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central and Southern Cascades forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central British Columbia Mountain forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central Canadian Shield forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Central Pacific coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Central U.S. hardwood forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Chihuahuan desert Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Colorado Plateau shrublands United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Colorado Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Cook Inlet taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Copper Plateau taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern Canadian forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern Canadian Shield taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern Cascades forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Eastern forest-boreal transition Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Great Lakes lowland forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Everglades United States Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Florida sand pine scrub United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Fraser Plateau and Basin complex Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Great Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Gulf of St. Lawrence lowland forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Interior Alaska-Yukon lowland taiga Canada, United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Interior Yukon-Alaska alpine tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Klamath-Siskiyou forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Mid-Continental Canadian forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Middle Atlantic coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Midwestern Canadian Shield forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Mississippi lowland forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Montana Valley and Foothill grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Muskwa-Slave Lake forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
New England-Acadian forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Newfoundland Highland forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
North Central Rockies forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northeastern coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northern California coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern Canadian Shield taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northern Cordillera forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northern Pacific coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Northern short grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern tall grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern transitional alpine forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northwest Territories taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Ogilvie-MacKenzie alpine tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Okanagan dry forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Ozark Mountain forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pacific Coastal Mountain icefields and tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Palouse grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Puget lowland forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre Oriental pine-oak forests Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Nevada forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Snake-Columbia shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Avalon-Burin oceanic barrens Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
South Central Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
South Florida rocklands United States Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southeastern conifer forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Southern Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southern Hudson Bay taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Tamaulipan matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Torngat Mountain tundra Canada Nearctic Tundra
Upper Midwest forest-savanna transition United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Wasatch and Uinta montane forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Western Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Willamette Valley forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Wrangel Island arctic desert Russia Palearctic Tundra    
Wyoming Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Yukon Interior dry forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Acadia National Park II 35996 Maine, United States
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Apostle Islands National Lakeshore II 36006 Wisconsin, United States
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Ib 12402936 Alaska, United States
Bandelier National Monument V 8107 New Mexico, United States
Banff National Park II 1690912 Alberta, Canada
Beaver Creek Biosphere Reserve 275028 Arizona, United States  
Big Bend Biosphere Reserve National Park II 815561 Texas, United States
Big Thicket Biosphere Reserve National Park II 616880 Texas, United States
Bighorn Canyon National Recreation Area V 36286 Montana, Wyoming, United States
Bryce Canyon National Park II 36348 Utah, United States
Buffalo National River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 59947 Arkansas, United States
California Coast Ranges Biosphere Reserve 153447 California, United States  
Canyonlands National Park II 335430 Utah, United States
Cape Breton Highlands National Park II 234333 Nova Scotia, Canada  
Capital Reef National Park II 243722 Utah, United States
Carlsbad Caverns National Park II 15448 New Mexico, United States
Carrizo Plain Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 7550 California, United States  
Central Gulf Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 40530 United States  
Champlain-Adirondack Biosphere Reserve 9859505 New York, Vermont, United States  
Craters of the Moon National Monument V 690996 Idaho, United States
Denali Biosphere Reserve 1932364 Alaska, United States
Dinosaur National Monument III 203307 Colorado, Utah, United States
Dye Creek Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 38152 California, United States  
El Malpais National Monument III 109980 New Mexico, United States
Felsenthal National Wildlife Refuge VI 66133 Arkansas, United States
Forillon National Park II 61010 Quebec, Canada  
Fraser Biosphere Reserve 23050 Colorado, United States  
Fundy National Park II 52716 New Brunswick, Canada
Gates of the Arctic National Park Ib 184461 Alaska, United States
Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve Ib 591068 Alaska, United States
Glacier National Park II 953799 Montana, United States
Grand Canyon National Park II 1210128 Arizona, United States
Grand Teton National Park II 231724 Wyoming, United States
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Greenwater Provincial Park II 11019 Ontario, Canada
Gros Morne National Park II 476632 Newfoundland, Canada
Guadalupe Mountains National Park II 46114 Texas, United States
Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve II 366714 British Columbia, Canada
H.J. Andrews Biosphere Reserve 15815 Oregon, United States
Hubbard Brook Biosphere Reserve 7809 New Hampshire, United States
Jasper National Park II 2776809 Alberta, Canada
Kejimkujik National Park II 94203 Nova Scotia, Canada
Kenai Fjords National Park Ib 574822 Alaska, United States
Kluane National Park and Reserve National Park Reserve II 5463436 Yukon, Canada
Kootenay National Park II 341762 British Columbia, Canada
Kouchibouguac National Park II 59161 New Brunswick, Canada
La Mauricie National Park II 131706 Quebec, Canada
Lake Chelan National Recreation Area II 606367 Washington, United States
Lake Roosevelt National Recreation Area V 103172 Washington, United States
Lake Superior Provincial Park IV 351011 Ontario, Canada
Lassen Volcanic National Park II 29388 California, United States
Lava Beds National Monument III 20002 California, United States
Mingan Archipelago National Park Reserve II 20461 Quebec, Canada
Mount Arrowsmith Biosphere Reserve 293047 British Columbia, Canada  
Mount Rainier National Park II 235186 Washington, United States
Nahanni National Park Reserve II 1309627 Northwest Territories, Canada
New River Gorge National River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 55591 West Virginia, United States
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Noatak Biosphere Reserve 7500143 Alaska, United States  
Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge IV 38256 Florida, United States
Olympic Biosphere Reserve II 922805 Washington, United States
Pacific Rim National Park Reserve II 137900 British Columbia, Canada
Petrified Forest National Park II 44522 Arizona, United States
Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore II 67888 Michigan, United States
Polar Bear Provincial Park 5502026 Ontario, Canada
Prince Albert National Park II 976762 Saskatchewan, Canada
Pukaskwa National Park II 459860 Ontario, Canada
Redwood National Park II 77867 California, United States
Reserva de la Biosfera El Cielo Biosphere Reserve 353161 Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera Sierra Gorda Biosphere Reserve VI 955579 Queretaro, Mexico  
Reserva de la Michilia Biosphere Reserve VI 23405 Durango, Mexico  
Reserve de la Biosphere de Charlevoix Biosphere Reserve 1383790 Canada  
Riding Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 762028 Manitoba, Canada
Rocky Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 239938 Colorado, United States
Saguaro National Park II 11686 Arizona, United States
San Dimas Biosphere Reserve 17161 California, United States  
Sequoia and Kings Canyon Biosphere Reserve II 172261 California, United States
Sevilleta LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research IV 228335 New Mexico, United States
Shenandoah National Park II 108221 Virginia, United States
Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore II 62563 Michigan, United States
South Atlantic Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 20317 South Carolina, United States  
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Southwest Nova Biosphere Reserve 3821173 Canada  
Terra Nova National Park IV 125894 Newfoundland, Canada
University of MI Biosphere Reserve 10003 Michigan, United States  
Voyageurs National Park II 177960 Minnesota, United States
Vuntut National Park II 1076795 Yukon, Canada
Wapusk National Park II 2614324 Manitoba, Canada
Waterton Biosphere Reserve II 121459 Alberta, Canada
Whiskey-Shasta-Trinity National Recreation Area V 197791 California, United States
Winisk River Provincial Park II 434735 Ontario, Canada
Wood Buffalo National Park II 11038545 Alberta, Canada
Woodland Caribou Provincial Wilderness Park Provincial Park II 1072124 Ontario, Canada
Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve Ib 2476446 Alaska, United States
Wupatki National Monument III 36098 Arizona, United States
Yellowstone Biosphere Reserve II 2196863 Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, United States
Yoho National Park II 317576 British Columbia, Canada
Yosemite National Park II 95209 California, United States
Zion National Park II 135667 Utah, United States

Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No
Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands Mexico, United States No

Emblem of

Alabama
Louisiana
New Mexico
West Virginia

Prey / Diet

Alces alces (moose)[3]
Arctostaphylos alpinus (alpine bearberry)[4]
Cervus elaphus (wapiti or elk)[5]
Empetrum nigrum (black crowberry)[4]
Epilobium angustifolium subsp. angustifolium (Rosebay Willowherb)[4]
Equisetum arvense (scouring rush)[4]
Fagus grandifolia (American beech)[3]
Marmota caligata (hoary marmot)[6]
Microtus xanthognathus (taiga vole)[3]
Odocoileus hemionus (mule deer)[7]
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha (chinook salmon or king salmon)[4]
Rangifer tarandus (caribou)[3]
Rubus idaeus (Raspberry)[4]
Sambucus racemosa (red elderberry)[5]
Shepherdia canadensis (russet buffalo-berry)[4]
Vaccinium cespitosum (dwarf blueberry)[5]
Vaccinium membranaceum (thinleaf huckleberry)[5]
Vaccinium scoparium (grouse whortleberry)[5]
Vaccinium uliginosum (bog blueberry)[4]
Vaccinium vitis-idaea (lingonberry)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acanthis flammea (Common Redpoll)1
Alces alces (moose)5
Anthophora abrupta (miner bee)1
Apis mellifera (honey bee)1
Aquila chrysaetos (Golden Eagle)2
Bombus jonellus (Heath Humble-bee)1
Bombus lucorum (White-tailed bumblebee)1
Bombus polaris (Bumblebee)4
Bonasa umbellus (Ruffed Grouse)6
Branta hutchinsii (Cackling Goose)2
Bromius obscurus (Western Grape Rootworm)1
Calcarius lapponicus (Lapland Longspur)1
Calliphora vicina (Blue bottlefly)1
Callorhinus ursinus (Northern Fur Seal)1
Canis latrans (Coyote)2
Canis lupus (Wolf)2
Catharus ustulatus (Swainson's Thrush)2
Cerorhinca monocerata (Rhinoceros Auklet)1
Cervus elaphus (wapiti or elk)1
Corvus corax (Northern Raven)4
Falco sparverius (American Kestrel)1
Gulo gulo (Wolverine)1
Lagopus lagopus (Willow Ptarmigan)4
Lamna ditropis (Salmon shark)1
Lemmus sibiricus (brown lemming)3
Lepus americanus (Snowshoe Hare)2
Lepus othus (Alaskan Hare)1
Lygocoris pabulinus (Common Green Capsid)2
Lygus rugulipennis1
Lynx canadensis (lynx)1
Lynx lynx (Eurasian Lynx)1
Lynx rufus (Bobcat)1
Marmota caligata (hoary marmot)3
Martes americana (American Marten)6
Microtus townsendii (Townsend's vole)1
Microtus xanthognathus (taiga vole)1
Myodes rutilus (northern red-backed vole)7
Neotoma cinerea (bushy-tailed woodrat)1
Ochotona collaris (Collared Pika)2
Odocoileus hemionus (mule deer)1
Orcinus orca (Killer Whale)1
Oreamnos americanus (mountain goat)1
Ovibos moschatus (muskox)1
Ovis dalli (Dall's sheep)2
Phenacomys intermedius (western heather vole)2
Phenacomys ungava (eastern heather vole)3
Pieris rapae (imported cabbageworm)1
Pinicola enucleator (Pine Grosbeak)2
Poecile hudsonicus (Boreal Chickadee)4
Poliocitellus franklinii (Franklin's ground squirrel)1
Puma concolor (Cougar)2
Tamias minimus (least chipmunk)1
Tamias ruficaudus (red-tailed chipmunk)1
Tamias townsendii (Townsend's chipmunk)1
Urocitellus parryii (Arctic ground squirrel)2
Ursus arctos (Grizzly Bear)14
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)2
Zonotrichia leucophrys (White-crowned Sparrow)2

Predators

Canis lupus (Wolf)[3]
Homo sapiens (man)[3]
Puma concolor (Cougar)[3]
Ursus arctos (Grizzly Bear)[3]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Alaria americana <Unverified Name>[8]
Ancylostoma caninum[8]
Baylisascaris transfuga <Unverified Name>[8]
Baylisiella tecta[8]
Borrelia burgdorferi (Lyme disease)[9]
Capillaria putorii <Unverified Name>[8]
Chaetopsylla setosa[10]
Chaetopsylla tuberculaticeps[10]
Clostridium perfringens (C. perfringens / Pulpy kidney disease)[9]
Coxiella burnetii[9]
Crenosoma petrowi <Unverified Name>[8]
Crenosoma potos <Unverified Name>[8]
Crenosoma vulpis[8]
Cryptosporidium parvum[9]
Dermacentor andersoni (Rocky Mountain wood tick)[9]
Dermacentor variabilis (American dog tick)[9]
Dirofilaria immitis (Heartworm)[8]
Dirofilaria ursi <Unverified Name>[8]
Echinococcus multilocularis[8]
Escherichia coli (E. coli)[9]
Francisella tularensis (Tularemia)[9]
Gongylonema pulchrum[8]
Leptospira interrogans[9]
Macracanthorhynchus ingens[8]
Molineus barbatus <Unverified Name>[8]
Mycobacterium bovis (Bovine tuberculosis)[9]
Nanophyetus salmincola <Unverified Name>[8]
Oropsylla arctomys[10]
Pharyngostomoides procyonis[8]
Physaloptera rara <Unverified Name>[8]
Placoconus lotoris <Unverified Name>[8]
Prouterina wescotti <Unverified Name>[8]
Sarcoptes scabiei (itch mite)[9]
Staphylococcus aureus (Golden staph)[9]
Staphylococcus intermedius[9]
Taenia hydatigena <Unverified Name>[8]
Taenia krabbei <Unverified Name>[8]
Taenia ovis <Unverified Name>[8]
Taenia solium <Unverified Name>[8]
Toxascaris leonina[8]
Trichinella murrelli <Unverified Name>[8]
Trichinella spiralis (pork worm)[8]
Uncinaria yukonensis <Unverified Name>[8]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Abilene Zoological Gardens
Africam Safari (Africam, S. A.)
Alameda Park Zoo
Alexandria Zoological Park
Amarillo Zoo
Arizona-Sonora Desert Museumamericanus
 cinnamomum
Audubon Zoo
Bramble Park Zoo
Buttonwood Park Zoo
Caldwell Zooluteolus
Calgary Zoo, Garden & Prehistoric Park
Cameron Park Zoo
Cape May County Park Zooamericanus
Chahinkapa Zoo
 americanus
Chehaw Wild Animal Park
Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden
Cleveland Metroparks Zoo
Columbus Zoo and Aquarium
Detroit Zoological Society
Dickerson Park Zoo
Ellen Trout Zoo
Forest Park Zoological Societyamericanus
Fort Worth Zoological Parkluteolus
Fundacao Parque Zoologico de Sao Paulo
Fundacion Zoologica de Caliamericanus
Giza Zoological Garden
Great Bend Zoo and Raptor Center
Great Plains Zoo
Greater Vancouver Zoo
Guadalajara Zoo
Homosassa Springs Wildlife State Parkfloridanus
International Exotic Animal Sanctuary
Jackson Zoological Park
 cinnamomum
 luteolus
Jacksonville Zoo and Gardens
Kaliningrad Zooamericanus
Knoxville Zoological Gardens
Leningrad Zoo - St. Petersburg
Lietuvos Zoologijos Sodas
Lincoln Park Zoological Gardens
Living Desert State Park (Carlsbad)
Los Angeles Zoo & Botanical Gardensamericanus
Louisiana Purchase Gardens & Zoo
 luteolus
Magnetic Hill Zooamericanus
Memphis Zoological Garden & Aquarium
Milwaukee County Zoological Gardens
Minnesota Zoological Garden
Montgomery Zoo
 luteolus
Moonridge Animal Park
 californiensis
Natural Science Center of Greensboroamericanus
NEW Zooamericanus
Niabi Zoo
North Carolina Zoological Park
Northwest Trek Wildlife Parkamericanus
Novosibirsk Zoological Park
NY State Zoo at Thompson Parkamericanus
Oklahoma City Zoological Park
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Orange County Zoo
Oregon Zoo
Out of Africa Wildlife Park
Palm Beach Zoo at Dreher Park
Parc Safari / F.A.P.S.
Parque Zoologico Benito Juarez
Patronato del Parque Zoologico de Leon
Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquariumamericanus
Planete Sauvage
Pocatello Zoocinnamomum
Ree Park - Ebeltoft Safari
Safari de Peaugres
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquar
Sedgwick County Zoo
 americanus
Sequoia Park Zooaltifrontalis
Silver Springs Park
Sofia Zoological Gardens
Southwest Wildlife Conservation Center
Tallahassee Museum of History andluteolus
Tallinn Zoo
Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo
The Naples Zoo
Thoiry Zoological Park
Tierpark Berlin-Friedrichsfelde GmbH
Topeka Zoological Park
Tulsa Zoo & Living Museum
 americanus
Turtle Back Zoo
Western North Carolina Nature Center
Wildlife Safari Inc
Woburn Safari Park
Zagreb Zoo / Zooloski vrt Zagreb
Zoo Aquarium de Madrid (GRPR)
Zoo New England, Stone Zoo
Zoo of Acadianaamericanus
Zoo Sauvage de St-Félicien
 americanus
ZooAmerica (No. American Wildlife Pk.)
Zoologicka zahrada Olomouc
ZooWorld Zoological Botanical Conserv.floridanus

Range Map

Middle America; North America;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 4Exploring the Denali Food Web, ParkWise, National Park Service 5National Geographic Magazine - May 2016 - Yellowstone - The Carnivore Comeback 6Marmota caligata (Rodentia: Sciuridae), JANET K. BRAUN, T. SCOTT EATON, JR., AND MICHAEL A. MARES, MAMMALIAN SPECIES 43(884):155–171 (2011) 7Odocoileus hemionus, Allen E. Anderson and Olof C. Wallmo, Mammalian Species No. 219, pp. 1-9 (1984) 8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 9Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2. 10International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access