Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Carnivora > Mustelidae > Lontra > Lontra canadensis
 

Lontra canadensis (northern river otter; North American River Otter; river otter)

Synonyms: Lutra canadensis
Language: French; Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The North American river otter (Lontra canadensis), also known as the northern river otter or the common otter, is a semiaquatic mammal endemic to the North American continent found in and along its waterways and coasts. An adult river otter can weigh between 5.0 and 14 kg (11.0 and 30.9 lb). The river otter is protected and insulated by a thick, water-repellent coat of fur.
View Wikipedia Record: Lontra canadensis

Infraspecies

Lontra canadensis canadensis (North American river otter)
Lontra canadensis kodiacensis (North American river otter)
Lontra canadensis lataxina (North American river otter)
Lontra canadensis mira (North American river otter)
Lontra canadensis pacifica (North American river otter)
Lontra canadensis periclyzomae (North American river otter)
Lontra canadensis sonora (North American river otter)

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
2
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
16
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 5.15
EDGE Score: 1.82

Attributes

Adult Weight [2]  19.84 lbs (9.00 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  140 grams
Female Maturity [2]  2 years
Male Maturity [2]  2 years
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Vertebrates), Piscivore
Diet - Ectothermic [3]  10 %
Diet - Fish [3]  90 %
Forages - Ground [3]  100 %
Gestation [2]  62 days
Litter Size [2]  3
Litters / Year [2]  1
Maximum Longevity [2]  27 years
Water Biome [1]  Lakes and Ponds, Rivers and Streams, Coastal
Weaning [2]  4 months 2 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Alaska & Canada Pacific Coastal Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Alaska Peninsula montane taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Alaska-St. Elias Range tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Alberta Mountain forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Alberta-British Columbia foothills forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Allegheny Highlands forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Appalachian mixed mesophytic forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Appalachian Piedmont United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Appalachian-Blue Ridge forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Arctic coastal tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra    
Arctic foothills tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Atlantic coastal pine barrens United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Beringia lowland tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Beringia upland tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Blue Mountains forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
British Columbia mainland coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Brooks-British Range tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
California Central Valley grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
California interior chaparral and woodlands United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Canadian Aspen forests and parklands Canada Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Cascade Mountains leeward forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central and Southern Cascades forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central British Columbia Mountain forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central Canadian Shield forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Central forest-grasslands transition United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Pacific coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Central tall grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central U.S. hardwood forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Chesapeake Bay United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Columbia Glaciated Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
Cook Inlet taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Copper Plateau taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
East Central Texas forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East Texas Gulf United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Eastern Canadian forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern Canadian Shield taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern Cascades forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Eastern forest-boreal transition Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Great Lakes lowland forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Edwards Plateau savanna United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Everglades United States Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Florida Peninsula United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coastal Rivers    
Florida sand pine scrub United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Fraser Plateau and Basin complex Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Great Basin montane forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Great Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Gulf of St. Lawrence lowland forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Interior Alaska-Yukon lowland taiga Canada, United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Interior Yukon-Alaska alpine tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Klamath-Siskiyou forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Laurentian Great Lakes Canada, United States Nearctic Large Lakes    
Low Arctic tundra Canada Nearctic Tundra
Mid-Continental Canadian forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Middle Atlantic coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Midwestern Canadian Shield forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Mississippi lowland forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Montana Valley and Foothill grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Muskwa-Slave Lake forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
New England-Acadian forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Newfoundland Highland forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
North Central Rockies forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northeast US & Southeast Canada Atlantic Drainages Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Northeastern coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northern California coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern Canadian Shield taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northern Cordillera forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northern Pacific coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Northern short grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern tall grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern transitional alpine forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northwest Territories taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Ogilvie-MacKenzie alpine tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Okanagan dry forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Oregon & Northern California Coastal United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Ozark Mountain forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pacific Coastal Mountain icefields and tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Palouse grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Piney Woods forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Puget lowland forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Queen Charlotte Islands Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Sabine - Galveston United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Sacramento - San Joaquin United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Sierra Nevada forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Snake-Columbia shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Avalon-Burin oceanic barrens Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
South Central Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
South Florida rocklands United States Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southeastern conifer forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Southeastern mixed forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southern Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southern Hudson Bay taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
St. Lawrence Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Teays - Old Ohio United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
Texas blackland prairies United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Torngat Mountain tundra Canada Nearctic Tundra
Upper Midwest forest-savanna transition United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Upper Snake United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
Wasatch and Uinta montane forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Western Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Gulf Coastal grasslands Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands  
Willamette Valley forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Wyoming Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Yukon Interior dry forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Acadia National Park II 35996 Maine, United States
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Antietam National Battlefield III 3263 Maryland, United States
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Ib 12402936 Alaska, United States
Assateague Island National Seashore II 8621 Maryland, United States
Banff National Park II 1690912 Alberta, Canada
Big Cypress National Preserve V 732120 Florida, United States
Big Thicket Biosphere Reserve National Park II 616880 Texas, United States
Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Park II 12551 Colorado, United States
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge VI 19192 Maryland, United States
Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge VI 16363 Delaware, United States
Buffalo National River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 59947 Arkansas, United States
California Coast Ranges Biosphere Reserve 153447 California, United States  
Canaveral National Seashore II 9090 Florida, United States
Canyonlands National Park II 335430 Utah, United States
Cape Breton Highlands National Park II 234333 Nova Scotia, Canada  
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Cascade Head Biosphere Reserve 17423 Oregon, United States
Catoctin Mountain Park National Park II 5994 Maryland, United States
Champlain-Adirondack Biosphere Reserve 9859505 New York, Vermont, United States  
Colonial National Historic Park National Historical Park V 9316 Virginia, United States
Cosumnes River Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 2138 California, United States
Denali Biosphere Reserve 1932364 Alaska, United States
Dinosaur National Monument III 203307 Colorado, Utah, United States
Dye Creek Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 38152 California, United States  
Felsenthal National Wildlife Refuge VI 66133 Arkansas, United States
Fort Pulaski National Monument V 4213 Georgia, United States
Fundy National Park II 52716 New Brunswick, Canada
Gates of the Arctic National Park Ib 184461 Alaska, United States
Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve Ib 591068 Alaska, United States
Glacier National Park II 953799 Montana, United States
Grand Canyon National Park II 1210128 Arizona, United States
Grand Teton National Park II 231724 Wyoming, United States
Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge VI 3161 New Jersey, United States
Greenwater Provincial Park II 11019 Ontario, Canada
Gros Morne National Park II 476632 Newfoundland, Canada
Gulf Island National Seashore II 67487 Florida, Mississippi, United States
Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve II 366714 British Columbia, Canada
H.J. Andrews Biosphere Reserve 15815 Oregon, United States
Heath and Marjorie Angelo Coast Range Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 7008 California, United States
Horseshoe Bend National Military Park V 1926 Alabama, United States
Hot Springs National Park II 5740 Arkansas, United States
Isle Royale Biosphere Reserve Ib 571799 Michigan, United States
Jasper National Park II 2776809 Alberta, Canada
Jean Lafitte National Hist. Park & Preserve National Historical Park II 17686 Louisiana, United States
Katmai National Park and Preserve Ib 421782 Alaska, United States
Kejimkujik National Park II 94203 Nova Scotia, Canada
Kejimkujik Seaside Adjunct National Park II 4970 Nova Scotia, Canada
Kluane National Park and Reserve National Park Reserve II 5463436 Yukon, Canada
Konza Prairie Biosphere Reserve 8617 Kansas, United States  
Kootenay National Park II 341762 British Columbia, Canada
Kouchibouguac National Park II 59161 New Brunswick, Canada
La Mauricie National Park II 131706 Quebec, Canada
Lacassine National Wildlife Refuge VI 28351 Louisiana, United States
Lake Chelan National Recreation Area II 606367 Washington, United States
Lake Mead National Recreation Area V 670229 Arizona, Nevada, United States
Lake Roosevelt National Recreation Area V 103172 Washington, United States
Lake Superior Provincial Park IV 351011 Ontario, Canada
Land Between the Lakes Biosphere Reserve V 166264 Kentucky, Tennessee, United States
Lassen Volcanic National Park II 29388 California, United States
McCloud River Preserve Conservation Easement 1693 California, United States
Mingan Archipelago National Park Reserve II 20461 Quebec, Canada
Mount Arrowsmith Biosphere Reserve 293047 British Columbia, Canada  
Nahanni National Park Reserve II 1309627 Northwest Territories, Canada
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Noatak Biosphere Reserve 7500143 Alaska, United States  
Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge IV 38256 Florida, United States
Olympic Biosphere Reserve II 922805 Washington, United States
Ozark National Scenic Riverways National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 54621 Missouri, United States
Pacific Rim National Park Reserve II 137900 British Columbia, Canada
Polar Bear Provincial Park 5502026 Ontario, Canada
Prince Albert National Park II 976762 Saskatchewan, Canada
Pukaskwa National Park II 459860 Ontario, Canada
Redwood National Park II 77867 California, United States
Reserve de la Biosphere de Charlevoix Biosphere Reserve 1383790 Canada  
Riding Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 762028 Manitoba, Canada
Rocky Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 239938 Colorado, United States
Santee Coastal Reserve and Washo Reserve State Habitat Area IV 20850 South Carolina, United States  
Shiloh National Military Park III 4061 Tennessee, United States
Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta (incl. Tayrona NP) National Park II 1031303 Colombia  
Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore II 62563 Michigan, United States
South Atlantic Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 20317 South Carolina, United States  
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Southwest Nova Biosphere Reserve 3821173 Canada  
Terra Nova National Park IV 125894 Newfoundland, Canada
Tuktut Nogait National Park II 5761538 Northwest Territories, Canada
Upper Miss. River Nat'l Wildlife Refuge National Wildlife Refuge VI 25823 Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin, United States
Voyageurs National Park II 177960 Minnesota, United States
Vuntut National Park II 1076795 Yukon, Canada
Wapusk National Park II 2614324 Manitoba, Canada
Waterton Biosphere Reserve II 121459 Alberta, Canada
Wheeler National Wildlife Refuge IV 26618 Alabama, United States
Whiskey-Shasta-Trinity National Recreation Area V 197791 California, United States
Winisk River Provincial Park II 434735 Ontario, Canada
Wood Buffalo National Park II 11038545 Alberta, Canada
Woodland Caribou Provincial Wilderness Park Provincial Park II 1072124 Ontario, Canada
Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve Ib 2476446 Alaska, United States
Yellowstone Biosphere Reserve II 2196863 Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, United States
Yoho National Park II 317576 British Columbia, Canada
Yosemite National Park II 95209 California, United States

Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No

Prey / Diet

Actitis macularius (Spotted sandpiper)[4]
Alligator mississippiensis (Alligator, Gator, American alligator, Florida alligator, Mississippi alligator, Louisiana alligator.)[4]
Anas fulvigula (Mottled Duck)[4]
Chrysemys picta (Painted Turtle)[4]
Dallia pectoralis (Alaska blackfish)[5]
Larus californicus (California Gull)[4]
Oncorhynchus clarkii (Cutthroat trout)[6]
Ondatra zibethicus (muskrat)[4]
Rana pretiosa (Oregon Spotted Frog)[7]
Thymallus arcticus (Arctic grayling)[8]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Ardea herodias (Great Blue Heron)1
Esox lucius (Jack)1
Gavia immer (Great Northern Loon)1
Gavia pacifica (Pacific Loon)1
Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)2
Lota lota (Thin-tailed burbot)1
Megaceryle alcyon (Belted Kingfisher)1
Mergus merganser (Common Merganser)1
Pandion haliaetus (Osprey)1
Phalacrocorax auritus (Double-crested Cormorant)1
Podiceps nigricollis (Eared Grebe)1
Thamnophis elegans terrestris (Western Terrestrial Garter Snake)1
Ursus arctos (Grizzly Bear)1

Predators

Alligator mississippiensis (Alligator, Gator, American alligator, Florida alligator, Mississippi alligator, Louisiana alligator.)[4]
Canis latrans (Coyote)[4]
Lynx rufus (Bobcat)[4]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Acanthocephalus rauschi[9]
Alaria americana <Unverified Name>[10]
Amblyomma americanum (Lone Star tick)[9]
Clostridium perfringens (C. perfringens / Pulpy kidney disease)[9]
Coccidioides immitis[9]
Corynosoma strumosum[10]
Crepidostomum cooperi[9]
Dermacentor variabilis (American dog tick)[9]
Dirofilaria immitis (Heartworm)[10]
Dirofilaria lutrae <Unverified Name>[10]
Dracunculus lutrae <Unverified Name>[10]
Echinorhynchus lateralis[10]
Enhydridiplostomum alarioides <Unverified Name>[10]
Escherichia coli (E. coli)[9]
Euparyphium inerme <Unverified Name>[10]
Euparyphium melis <Unverified Name>[10]
Filaroides canadensis <Unverified Name>[10]
Gnathostoma miyazakii <Unverified Name>[10]
Ixodes cookei (American castor bean tick)[9]
Ixodes uriae (Common seabird tick)[9]
Klebsiella pneumoniae (K. pneumoniae)[9]
Latagophthirus rauschi[9]
Ligula intestinalis[9]
Nanophyetus salmincola <Unverified Name>[10]
Neorickettsia helminthoeca[9]
Oropsylla arctomys[9]
Proteus mirabilis[9]
Proteus vulgaris[9]
Rhodococcus equi[9]
Schistocephalus solidus[10]
Sebekia mississippiensis (alligator sebekia)[9]
Skrjabingylus lutrae <Unverified Name>[10]
Skrjabingylus plecoglossi <Unverified Name>[10]
Staphylococcus intermedius[9]
Strongyloides lutrae <Unverified Name>[10]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Abilene Zoological Gardens
Akron Zoological Park
 lataxina
Alameda Park Zoo
Alexandria Zoological Park
Aqua Zoo Friesland
Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum
Audubon Zoo
 lataxina
Bay Beach Wildlife Sanctuary
Binghamton Zoo at Ross Park
Biodome de Montreal
 pacifica
Birmingham Zoo
Blank Park Zoo of Des Moines
Boonshoft Museum of Discovery
 canadensis
Brandywine Zoo
 lataxina
BREC's Baton Rouge Zoo
 lataxina
Brevard Zoo
Bristol Zoo Gardens
Brookgreen Gardens
 lataxina
Buffalo Zoological Gardens
 canadensis
 lataxina
Buttonwood Park Zoo
 lataxina
Caldwell Zoo
Calgary Zoo, Garden & Prehistoric Park
 pacifica
Cameron Park Zoo
Capron Park Zoo
Chahinkapa Zoo
 canadensis
Cheyenne Mtn Zoological Parklataxina
Chicago Zoological Park
Children's Zoo at Celebration Square
Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden
Columbian Park Zoolataxina
Columbus Zoo and Aquarium
Connecticut's Beardsley Zoo
Coyote Point Museum
Curraghs Wildlife Park
Dakota Zoo
 lataxina
Denver Zoological Gardens
Detroit Zoological Society
Dickerson Park Zoo
EcoTarium
Ellen Trout Zoo
Erie Zoological Gardenslataxina
Florida Aquarium
Fort Wayne Children's Zoo
Fort Worth Zoological Park
Henry Vilas Zoo
Henson Robinson Zoo
Homosassa Springs Wildlife State Parklataxina
Houston Zoo, Inc.
Hutchinson Zoolataxina
IAE - African Safari Wildlife Park
INTERZOO
Jackson Zoological Park
 lataxina
John Ball Zoological Garden
John G. Shedd Aquarium
Jungle Cat World Wildlife Park Inc.pacifica
Kansas City Zoo
Knoxville Zoological Gardenslataxina
Lake Superior Zoological Gardens
 canadensis
Lee Richardson Zoo
Lehigh Valley Zoo
Lincoln Childrens Zoo (former Folsom)
Lincoln Park Zoological Gardens
Little Rock Zoological Gardens
Los Angeles Zoo & Botanical Gardens
Magnetic Hill Zoo
 pacifica
Maryland Zoo in Baltimore
Mesker Park Zoo
Miller Park Zoo
 lataxina
Milwaukee County Zoological Gardens
Minnesota Zoological Garden
 lataxina
Montgomery Zoo
Natural History Museum of Adirondacks
NEW Zoo
North Carolina Zoological Park
 lataxina
Northwest Trek Wildlife Park
NY State Zoo at Thompson Park
Oakland Zoo
Oglebay's Good Children's Zoo
Oklahoma City Zoological Park
 lataxina
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Oregon Zoo
Palm Beach Zoo at Dreher Park
Paradise Park Wildlife Sanctuary
Parc Zoologique d'Amneville
Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquarium
Potawatomi Zoo
Potter Park Zoological Gardens
 lataxina
Prospect Park Zoo
Pueblo Zoo
 lataxina
Riverview Park & Zoo
Roosevelt Park Zoo
Rosamond Gifford Zoo at Burnet Park
Sacramento Zoo
Saint Louis Zoological Park
Salisbury Zoological Parklataxina
San Diego Zoopacifica
San Francisco Zoological Gardens
 pacifica
Sedgwick County Zoo
 lataxina
Seneca Park Zoo
 lataxina
Slimbridge New Grounds W&WTrust
Smithsonian National Zoological Park
Tallahassee Museum of History and
Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo
Tautphaus Park Zoo
Tennessee Aquariumlataxina
Texas Zoolataxina
Topeka Zoological Parklataxina
Toronto Zoo
Trevor Zoo at Millbrook School
Tulsa Zoo & Living Museumlataxina
Turtle Back Zoo
Valley Zoo & John Janzen Nature Center
Virginia Aquarium&Marine Science Ctr
 lataxina
Virginia Living Museum
Western North Carolina Nature Center
Woodland Park Zoological Gardenspacifica
Zoo de La Fleche
 pacifica
Zoo New England, Stone Zoo
Zoo of Acadiana
Zoo Sauvage de St-Félicien
ZooAmerica (No. American Wildlife Pk.)
Zoological Garden Prague
ZooMontanacanadensis
ZooWorld Zoological Botanical Conserv.

Range Map

North America;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5Alaska Department of Fish and Game
6National Geographic Magazine - May 2016 - Yellowstone - The Carnivore Comeback
7Anurans as prey: an exploratory analysis and size relationships between predators and their prey, L. F. Toledo, R. S. Ribeiro & C. F. B. Haddad, Journal of Zoology 271 (2007) 170–177
8Exploring the Denali Food Web, ParkWise, National Park Service
9Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
10Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access