Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Carnivora > Mustelidae > Gulo > Gulo gulo
 

Gulo gulo (Wolverine)

Language: French

Wikipedia Abstract

The wolverine (/ˈwʊlvəriːn/), Gulo gulo (Gulo is Latin for "glutton"), also referred to as glutton, carcajou, skunk bear, or quickhatch, is the largest land-dwelling species of the family Mustelidae (weasels). It is a stocky and muscular carnivore, more closely resembling a small bear than other mustelids.
View Wikipedia Record: Gulo gulo

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
7
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
43
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 16.4
EDGE Score: 3.55

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  36.01 lbs (16.33 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  95 grams
Female Maturity [1]  1 year 11 months
Male Maturity [1]  2 years 1 month
Gestation [1]  35 days
Litter Size [1]  3
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  20 years
Weaning [1]  87 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Alaska Peninsula montane taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Alaska-St. Elias Range tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Alberta-British Columbia foothills forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Altai alpine meadow and tundra China, Kazakstan, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Altai montane forest and forest steppe China, Kazakstan, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Altai steppe and semi-desert Kazahkstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Amur meadow steppe China, Russia Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Arctic coastal tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra    
Arctic foothills tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Baffin coastal tundra Canada Nearctic Tundra
Bering tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Beringia lowland tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Beringia upland tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Blue Mountains forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
British Columbia mainland coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Brooks-British Range tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
California interior chaparral and woodlands United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Canadian Aspen forests and parklands Canada Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Cascade Mountains leeward forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central and Southern Cascades forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central British Columbia Mountain forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central Canadian Shield forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Central Pacific coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Cherskii-Kolyma mountain tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Chukchi Peninsula tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Cook Inlet taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Copper Plateau taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Da Hinggan-Dzhagdy Mountains conifer forests China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Daurian forest steppe China, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Davis Highlands tundra Canada Nearctic Tundra
East European forest steppe Bulgaria, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern Canadian forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern Canadian Shield taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Fraser Plateau and Basin complex Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Great Lakes Basin desert steppe Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
High Arctic tundra Canada Nearctic Tundra
Interior Alaska-Yukon lowland taiga Canada, United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Interior Yukon-Alaska alpine tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Junggar Basin semi-desert China, Kazakstan, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kalaallit Nunaat high arctic tundra Greenland Nearctic Tundra
Kamchatka Mountain tundra and forest tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Kamchatka-Kurile meadows and sparse forests Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Kamchatka-Kurile taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Kazakh forest steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kazakh semi-desert Kazakhstan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kazakh steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kazakh upland Kazahkstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kola Peninsula tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Low Arctic tundra Canada Nearctic Tundra
Manchurian mixed forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea, China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Mid-Continental Canadian forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Middle Arctic tundra Canada Nearctic Tundra
Midwestern Canadian Shield forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Mongolian-Manchurian grassland China, Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Muskwa-Slave Lake forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Nenjiang River grassland China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
North Central Rockies forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northeast China Plain deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northeast Siberian coastal tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Northeast Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northern Canadian Shield taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northern Cordillera forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northern Pacific coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Northern transitional alpine forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northwest Russian-Novaya Zemlya tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Northwest Territories taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Ogilvie-MacKenzie alpine tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Okanagan dry forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Okhotsk-Manchurian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Pacific Coastal Mountain icefields and tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Palouse grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Puget lowland forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Sakhalin Island taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Sarmatic mixed forests Belarus, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sayan Alpine meadows and tundra Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Sayan Intermontane steppe Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Sayan montane conifer forests Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Scandinavian and Russian taiga Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Scandinavian coastal conifer forests Norway Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Scandinavian Montane Birch forest and grasslands Norway, Sweden, Finland Palearctic Tundra
Selenge-Orkhon forest steppe Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Snake-Columbia shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Central Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
South Sakhalin-Kurile mixed forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
South Siberian forest steppe Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Hudson Bay taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Suiphun-Khanka meadows and forest meadows China, Russia Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Taimyr-Central Siberian tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Torngat Mountain tundra Canada Nearctic Tundra
Trans-Baikal Bald Mountain tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Trans-Baikal conifer forests Russia, Mongolia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Ural montane forests and tundra Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Ussuri broadleaf and mixed forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
West Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Western Siberian hemiboreal forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Yamal-Gydan tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Yukon Interior dry forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve 2720489 Alaska, United States    
Altaisky Zapovednik Ia 2177587 Altai, Russia
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Ib 12402936 Alaska, United States
Azas Zapovednik Ia 742280 Tuva, Russia
Baikalo-Lensky Zapovednik Ia 1630896 Irkutsk, Russia
Baikalskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 458883 Russia  
Banff National Park II 1690912 Alberta, Canada
Barguzinskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 924970 Buryatia, Russia
Bonanza Creek LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research   Alaska, United States
Clayoquot Sound Biosphere Reserve 864738 British Columbia, Canada  
Coram Biosphere Reserve 7460 Montana, United States
Denali Biosphere Reserve 1932364 Alaska, United States
Elimyssalon alue 20492 Finland  
Etelä-Kuusamon metsät 37975 Finland  
Gates of the Arctic National Park Ib 184461 Alaska, United States
Glacier National Park II 953799 Montana, United States
Grand Teton National Park II 231724 Wyoming, United States
Iivaara - Jousivaara 5948 Finland  
Ivvavik National Park II 2382752 Yukon, Canada
Jasper National Park II 2776809 Alberta, Canada
Joutsenaapa - Kaita-aapa 31592 Finland  
Juortanansalon alue 13433 Finland  
KALDOAIVIN ERÄMAA 868904 Finland  
Katmai National Park and Preserve Ib 421782 Alaska, United States
Katunsky Biosphere Reserve 393162 Altai, Russia
KÄSIVARREN ERÄMAA 654562 Finland  
Kemihaaran suot 34744 Finland  
Kevo 176448 Finland  
Kivach Zapovednik IV 26885 Karelia, Russia
Kluane National Park and Reserve National Park Reserve II 5463436 Yukon, Canada
KOITELAINEN 120928 Finland  
Kootenay National Park II 341762 British Columbia, Canada
Kostomukshsky Zapovednik Ia 117269 Karelia, Russia
Kronotskiy Biosphere Reserve 361480 Russia  
Lake Chelan National Recreation Area II 606367 Washington, United States
Lake Torne Area Biosphere Reserve 238457 Sweden  
Laplandskiy Biosphere Reserve 757114 Russia  
LEMMENJOEN KANSALLISPUISTO 706697 Finland  
Maaselkä 7982 Finland  
Magadansky Zapovednik 2332834 Russia  
Malaya Sozva Zapovednik Ia 557376 Khanty-Mansiysk, Russia
Mount Arrowsmith Biosphere Reserve 293047 British Columbia, Canada  
Mount Revelstoke National Park Ia 18 British Columbia, Canada
NAATSUKKA-AAPA 26215 Finland  
Nahanni National Park Reserve II 1309627 Northwest Territories, Canada
Noatak Biosphere Reserve 7500143 Alaska, United States  
Ostrov Vrangelya (Wrangel Island) Zapovednik Nature Monument III 180 Russia    
Oulanka 72624 Finland  
Pacific Rim National Park Reserve II 137900 British Columbia, Canada
Pallas-Ounastunturi 146845 Finland  
PÖYRISJÄRVEN ERÄMAA 362835 Finland  
Pechoro-Ilychskiy Biosphere Reserve 3098091 Russia  
Polar Bear Provincial Park 5502026 Ontario, Canada
POMOKAIRA 228222 Finland  
PULJUN ERÄMAA 139246 Finland  
Queen Maud Gulf Bird Sanctuary Migratory Bird Sanctuary IV 15335601 Nunavut, Canada
Riding Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 762028 Manitoba, Canada
Ruunaa 29598 Finland  
Sayano-Shushenskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 964620 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Sequoia and Kings Canyon Biosphere Reserve II 172261 California, United States
Sikhote-Alinskiy Biosphere Reserve 978001 Russia  
Sirmilik National Park II 5475284 Canada
Sokhondinskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 521363 Chita, Russia
SOTA-AAPA 7853 Finland  
Taimyrsky Biosphere Reserve Ia 4403240 Taimyr, Russia
Tiilikan alue 12135 Finland  
Tsentral'no-Sibirskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 2521510 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Tuktut Nogait National Park II 5761538 Northwest Territories, Canada
Ubsunurskaya Kotlovina (Ubsunur Depression) Zapovednik Ia 798640 Tuva, Russia
UK-PUISTO-SOMPIO-KEMIHAARA 765461 Finland  
Ukkusiksalik National Park II   Nunavut, Canada
Värriö 30784 Finland  
Vuntut National Park II 1076795 Yukon, Canada
Walker Bay Field Station   Nunavut, Canada  
Wapusk National Park II 2614324 Manitoba, Canada
Waterton Biosphere Reserve II 121459 Alberta, Canada
Whiskey-Shasta-Trinity National Recreation Area V 197791 California, United States
Wood Buffalo National Park II 11038545 Alberta, Canada
Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve Ib 2476446 Alaska, United States
Yellowstone Biosphere Reserve II 2196863 Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, United States
Yoho National Park II 317576 British Columbia, Canada

Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No

Emblem of

Michigan

Prey / Diet

Castor canadensis (american beaver)[2]
Cervus elaphus (wapiti or elk)[2]
Marmota broweri (Alaska marmot)[2]
Marmota caligata (hoary marmot)[3]
Martes zibellina (Sable)[4]
Microtus miurus (singing vole)[5]
Myodes rutilus (northern red-backed vole)[3]
Nyctereutes procyonoides (Raccoon dog)[6]
Urocitellus parryii (Arctic ground squirrel)[3]
Vulpes lagopus (Arctic Fox)[7]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Accipiter gentilis (Northern Goshawk)2
Accipiter nisus (Eurasian Sparrowhawk)1
Accipiter striatus (Sharp-shinned Hawk)1
Aegolius funereus (Boreal Owl)1
Aquila chrysaetos (Golden Eagle)4
Bubo bubo (Eurasian Eagle-Owl)2
Buteo lagopus (Rough-legged Hawk)3
Canis latrans (Coyote)3
Canis lupus (Wolf)6
Circus cyaneus (Northern Harrier)1
Falco rusticolus (Gyrfalcon)1
Falco sparverius (American Kestrel)1
Haliaeetus albicilla (White-tailed Eagle)1
Haliaeetus pelagicus (Steller's Sea-Eagle)1
Lanius excubitor (Northern Shrike)1
Lynx canadensis (lynx)2
Lynx lynx (Eurasian Lynx)2
Martes americana (American Marten)1
Martes flavigula (Yellow-throated Marten)2
Martes melampus (Japanese Marten)1
Martes zibellina (Sable)1
Mustela erminea (Ermine)2
Mustela nivalis (Least Weasel)2
Panthera tigris (Tiger)1
Puma concolor (Cougar)1
Stercorarius longicaudus (Long-tailed Jaeger)1
Stercorarius pomarinus (Pomarine Skua)1
Strix nebulosa (Great Grey Owl)2
Surnia ulula (Northern Hawk-Owl)1
Ursus americanus (black bear)1
Ursus arctos (Grizzly Bear)5
Vulpes lagopus (Arctic Fox)2
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)6

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Ascaris columnaris <Unverified Name>[8]
Ascaris devosi <Unverified Name>[8]
Baylisascaris devosi <Unverified Name>[8]
Chaetopsylla setosa[9]
Crenosoma taiga <Unverified Name>[8]
Euchoplopsyllus glacialis lynx[9]
Mesocestoides lineatus <Unverified Name>[8]
Molineus patens <Unverified Name>[8]
Nanophyetus salmincola <Unverified Name>[8]
Opisthorchis felineus <Unverified Name>[8]
Physaloptera torquata <Unverified Name>[8]
Soboliphyme baturini <Unverified Name>[8]
Spirocerca arctica <Unverified Name>[8]
Strongyloides vulpis <Unverified Name>[8]
Taenia martis <Unverified Name>[8]
Taenia sibirica <Unverified Name>[8]
Taenia twitchelli <Unverified Name>[8]
Tetratirotaenia martis <Unverified Name>[8]
Thrassis acamantis pristinus[9]
Thrassis spenceri spenceri[9]
Toxascaris leonina[8]
Trichinella nativa <Unverified Name>[8]
Trichinella spiralis (pork worm)[8]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Assiniboine Park Zoogulo
Boras Djurpark Zoogulo
Columbus Zoo and Aquarium
Cotswold Wildlife Park and Gardensgulo
Detroit Zoological Society
Edinburgh Zoo-Scottish National Zoogulo
GaiaPark, Kerkrade Zoogulo
Helsinki Zoogulo
Henson Robinson Zoo
John Ball Zoological Garden
Kolmardens Djurpark ABgulo
Kristiansand Dyrepark ASAgulo
Leningrad Zoo - St. Petersburg
Münchener Tierpark Hellabrunngulo
Mill Mountain Zoogulo
Minnesota Zoological Garden
Moscow Zoological Parkgulo
Niedersächsische Landesforsten
 gulo
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Council
Nordens Arkgulo
Northwest Trek Wildlife Park
 gulo
Novosibirsk Zoological Park
NY State Zoo at Thompson Park
Podkrusnohorsky Zoopark Chomutov
Polar Zoo A/S
Ranua Wildlife Park
 gulo
Reserve Zoologique de Calviacgulo
Riga Zoogulo
Salzburg Zoo Hellbrunngulo
Skansen Foundation, Zool. Dept.gulo
Szeged Zoogulo
Tierpark Berlin-Friedrichsfelde GmbHgulo
Tierpark Dählhölzligulo
Usti nad Labem Zoo
 gulo
Whipsnade Wild Animal Parkgulo
Zoo Ahtari (Ähtärin Eläinpuisto Oy)gulo
Zoo Duisburg AGgulo
Zoo Osnabrück
Zoo Sauvage de St-Félicien
 gulo
Zoologicka Zahrada Mesta Brnagulo
ZooMontana

Range Map

North America;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 3Exploring the Denali Food Web, ParkWise, National Park Service 4Martes zibellina (Carnivora: Mustelidae), VLADIMIR G. MONAKHOV, MAMMALIAN SPECIES 43(876):75–86 (2011) 5Microtus miurus (Rodentia: Cricetidae), F. RUSSELL COLE AND DON E. WILSON, MAMMALIAN SPECIES 42(855):75–89 (2010) 6Nyctereutes procyonoides, Oscar G. Ward and Doris H. Wurster-Hill, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 358, pp. 1-5 (1990) 75.1 Arctic fox, Alopex lagopus, A. Angerbjo&#776;rn, P. Hersteinsson and M. Tannerfeldt, Sillero-Zubiri, C., Hoffmann, M. and Macdonald, D.W. (eds). 2004. Canids: Foxes, Wolves, Jackals and Dogs. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN/SSC Canid Specialist Group. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. x + 430 pp. 8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 9International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access