Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Carnivora > Mustelidae > Mustela > Mustela erminea
 

Mustela erminea (Ermine; stoat)

Language: French

Wikipedia Abstract

The stoat (Mustela erminea), also known as the ermine or short-tailed weasel, is a species of Mustelidae native to Eurasia and North America, distinguished from the least weasel by its larger size and longer tail with a prominent black tip. Its range has expanded since the late 19th century to include New Zealand, where it is held responsible for declines in native bird populations.
View Wikipedia Record: Mustela erminea

Infraspecies

Invasive Species

Mustela erminea (the stoat) is an intelligent, versatile predator specialising in small mammals and birds. It is fearless in attacking animals larger than itself and adapted to surviving periodic shortages by storage of surplus kills. In New Zealand it is responsible for a significant amount of damage to populations of native species.
View ISSG Record: Mustela erminea

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
4
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
25
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 9.87
EDGE Score: 2.39

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  110 grams
Birth Weight [1]  2 grams
Female Maturity [1]  3 months 5 days
Male Maturity [1]  1 year
Diet [2]  Carnivore
Gestation [1]  43 days
Litter Size [1]  7
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  13 years
Nocturnal [2]  Yes
Weaning [1]  45 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Map Climate Land
Use
Alashan Plateau semi-desert China, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Alaska Peninsula montane taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Alaska-St. Elias Range tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Alberta Mountain forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Alberta-British Columbia foothills forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Allegheny Highlands forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Alps conifer and mixed forests Italy, France, Switzerland, Slovenia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Altai alpine meadow and tundra China, Kazakstan, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Altai montane forest and forest steppe China, Kazakstan, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Altai steppe and semi-desert Kazahkstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Amur meadow steppe China, Russia Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Appalachian mixed mesophytic forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Appalachian-Blue Ridge forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Arctic coastal tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra    
Arctic foothills tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Atlantic coastal pine barrens United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Atlantic mixed forests France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Baffin coastal tundra Canada Nearctic Tundra
Balkan mixed forests Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Baltic mixed forests Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Poland Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Bering tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Beringia lowland tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Beringia upland tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Blue Mountains forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
British Columbia mainland coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Brooks-British Range tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Caledon conifer forests United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
California Central Valley grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
California interior chaparral and woodlands United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Canadian Aspen forests and parklands Canada Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Cantabrian mixed forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Carpathian montane forests Czech Republic, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Cascade Mountains leeward forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Caspian lowland desert Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Celtic broadleaf forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Central and Southern Cascades forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central Asian northern desert Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Asian riparian woodlands Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central British Columbia Mountain forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central Canadian Shield forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Central European mixed forests Austria, Belarus, Czech Republic, Germany, Lithuania, Moldovia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Pacific coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Central tall grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Tibetan Plateau alpine steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Changbai Mountains mixed forests China, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Cherskii-Kolyma mountain tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Chukchi Peninsula tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Colorado Plateau shrublands United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Colorado Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Cook Inlet taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Copper Plateau taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Da Hinggan-Dzhagdy Mountains conifer forests China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Daurian forest steppe China, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Davis Highlands tundra Canada Nearctic Tundra
Dinaric Mountains mixed forests Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy, Slovenia, Yugoslavia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East European forest steppe Bulgaria, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern Canadian forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern Canadian Shield taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern Cascades forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Eastern forest-boreal transition Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Great Lakes lowland forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Emin Valley steppe China, Kazakstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
English Lowlands beech forests United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Fraser Plateau and Basin complex Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Gissaro-Alai open woodlands Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Gobi Lakes Valley desert steppe Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Great Basin montane forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Great Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Great Lakes Basin desert steppe Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Gulf of St. Lawrence lowland forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Hainan Island monsoon rain forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
High Arctic tundra Canada Nearctic Tundra
Hokkaido deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Hokkaido montane conifer forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Honshu alpine conifer forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Iberian conifer forests Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Iberian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Illyrian deciduous forests Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Interior Alaska-Yukon lowland taiga Canada, United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Interior Yukon-Alaska alpine tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Italian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Italy, France Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Junggar Basin semi-desert China, Kazakstan, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kalaallit Nunaat high arctic tundra Greenland Nearctic Tundra
Kamchatka Mountain tundra and forest tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Kamchatka-Kurile meadows and sparse forests Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Kamchatka-Kurile taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Karakoram-West Tibetan Plateau alpine steppe Pakistan, China, Afghanistan, India Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Kazakh forest steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kazakh semi-desert Kazakhstan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kazakh steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kazakh upland Kazahkstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Khangai Mountains alpine meadow Mongolia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Khangai Mountains conifer forests Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Klamath-Siskiyou forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Kola Peninsula tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Low Arctic tundra Canada Nearctic Tundra
Manchurian mixed forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea, China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Mid-Continental Canadian forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Middle Arctic tundra Canada Nearctic Tundra
Middle Atlantic coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Midwestern Canadian Shield forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Mongolian-Manchurian grassland China, Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Montana Valley and Foothill grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Muskwa-Slave Lake forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Nenjiang River grassland China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
New England-Acadian forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Nihonkai evergreen forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Nihonkai montane deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
North Atlantic moist mixed forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
North Central Rockies forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
North Tibetan Plateau-Kunlun Mountains alpine desert China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Northeast China Plain deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northeast Siberian coastal tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Northeast Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northeastern coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northeastern Spain and Southern France Mediterranean forests France, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northern California coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern Canadian Shield taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northern Cordillera forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northern mixed grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Pacific coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Northern short grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern tall grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern transitional alpine forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northwest Iberian montane forests Portugal, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northwest Russian-Novaya Zemlya tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Northwest Territories taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northwestern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows China, Pakistan, India Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Northwestern thorn scrub forests India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Ogilvie-MacKenzie alpine tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Okanagan dry forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Okhotsk-Manchurian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Pacific Coastal Mountain icefields and tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Palouse grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Pamir alpine desert and tundra China, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Pannonian mixed forests Austria, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Paropamisus xeric woodlands Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Po Basin mixed forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pontic steppe Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Puget lowland forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Pyrenees conifer and mixed forests Spain, France, Andorra Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Queen Charlotte Islands Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Rodope montane mixed forests Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sakhalin Island taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Sarmatic mixed forests Belarus, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sayan Alpine meadows and tundra Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Sayan Intermontane steppe Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Sayan montane conifer forests Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Scandinavian and Russian taiga Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Scandinavian coastal conifer forests Norway Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Scandinavian Montane Birch forest and grasslands Norway, Sweden, Finland Palearctic Tundra
Selenge-Orkhon forest steppe Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Sierra Nevada forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Snake-Columbia shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Central Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
South China-Vietnam subtropical evergreen forests China, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Sakhalin-Kurile mixed forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
South Siberian forest steppe Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southern Hudson Bay taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Suiphun-Khanka meadows and forest meadows China, Russia Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Taiheiyo evergreen forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Taiheiyo montane deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Taimyr-Central Siberian tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Taklimakan desert China Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tian Shan foothill arid steppe China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tian Shan montane conifer forests China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Tian Shan montane steppe and meadows China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Torngat Mountain tundra Canada Nearctic Tundra
Trans-Baikal Bald Mountain tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Trans-Baikal conifer forests Russia, Mongolia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Upper Midwest forest-savanna transition United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Ural montane forests and tundra Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Ussuri broadleaf and mixed forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Wasatch and Uinta montane forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
West Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Western European broadleaf forests Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Himalayan subalpine conifer forests India, Pakistan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Coniferous Forests
Western short grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western Siberian hemiboreal forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Willamette Valley forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Wyoming Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Yamal-Gydan tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Yukon Interior dry forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Altaisky Zapovednik Ia 2177587 Altai, Russia
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Ib 12402936 Alaska, United States
Arthur's Pass National Park II 257008 South Island, New Zealand
Astrakhanskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 167827 Astrakhan, Russia
Aulavik National Park II 3021211 Northwest Territories, Canada
Auyuittuq National Park II 4808115 Nunavut, Canada
Badlands National Park II 178535 South Dakota, United States
Baikalskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 458883 Russia  
Banff National Park II 1690912 Alberta, Canada
Barguzinskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 924970 Buryatia, Russia
Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve National Park II 218515 Belarus
Berezinskiy Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 209113 Belarus  
Berwickshire and North Northumberland Coast 160731 England/Scotland, United Kingdom  
Caithness and Sutherland Peatlands 354692 Scotland, United Kingdom
California Coast Ranges Biosphere Reserve 153447 California, United States  
Cape Breton Highlands National Park II 234333 Nova Scotia, Canada  
Carpathian Biosphere Reserve 144772 Ukraine  
Champlain-Adirondack Biosphere Reserve 9859505 New York, Vermont, United States  
Darvinsky Zapovednik Ia 278421 Yaroslavl, Vologda, Russia
Daurskiy Biosphere Reserve 562659 Russia  
Denali Biosphere Reserve 1932364 Alaska, United States
Dolomiti del Cadore e del Comelico 173952 Italy  
Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve Ib 591068 Alaska, United States
Glacier National Park II 953799 Montana, United States
Grand Teton National Park II 231724 Wyoming, United States
Gros Morne National Park II 476632 Newfoundland, Canada
Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve II 366714 British Columbia, Canada
Isle Royale Biosphere Reserve Ib 571799 Michigan, United States
Ivvavik National Park II 2382752 Yukon, Canada
Jasper National Park II 2776809 Alberta, Canada
Katunsky Biosphere Reserve 393162 Altai, Russia
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Kluane National Park and Reserve National Park Reserve II 5463436 Yukon, Canada
Kootenay National Park II 341762 British Columbia, Canada
Kronotskiy Biosphere Reserve 361480 Russia  
Lake Superior Provincial Park IV 351011 Ontario, Canada
Lake Torne Area Biosphere Reserve 238457 Sweden  
Laplandskiy Biosphere Reserve 757114 Russia  
Lasy Janowskie 148846 Poland  
Magadansky Zapovednik 2332834 Russia  
Malaya Sozva Zapovednik Ia 557376 Khanty-Mansiysk, Russia
Montesinho/Nogueira 266900 Portugal  
Moray Firth 373987 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Morecambe Bay 151985 England, United Kingdom
Mount Arrowsmith Biosphere Reserve 293047 British Columbia, Canada  
Mount Aspiring National Park II 473907 South Island, New Zealand
Mount Hakusan National Park V 219319 Toyama, Japan
Mount Rainier National Park II 235186 Washington, United States
Nahanni National Park Reserve II 1309627 Northwest Territories, Canada
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
North Pennine Moors 254789 England, United Kingdom
North-east Greenland National Park II 237590314 Greenland
Okskiy Biosphere Reserve 190748 Russia  
Olympic Biosphere Reserve II 922805 Washington, United States
Ostoja Inska 216738 Poland  
Parco Nazionale del Gran Paradiso 175751 Italy  
Parco Nazionale dello Stelvio National Park V 333737 Italy
Pechoro-Ilychskiy Biosphere Reserve 3098091 Russia  
Pembrokeshire Marine/ Sir Benfro Forol 341177 Wales, United Kingdom  
Pen Llyn a`r Sarnau/ Lleyn Peninsula and the Sarnau 360832 Wales, United Kingdom
Prince Albert National Park II 976762 Saskatchewan, Canada
Pukaskwa National Park II 459860 Ontario, Canada
Puszcza Bialowieska 156041 Poland  
Puszcza Kampinoska Biosphere Reserve 188373 Poland  
Queen Maud Gulf Bird Sanctuary Migratory Bird Sanctuary IV 15335601 Nunavut, Canada
Quttinirpaaq (Ellesmere Island) National Park Reserve II 9436606 Nunavut, Canada
Reserve de la Biosphere de Charlevoix Biosphere Reserve 1383790 Canada  
Reserve de la Biosphere des Vosges du Nord Biosphere Reserve 301469 France  
Riding Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 762028 Manitoba, Canada
Rocky Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 239938 Colorado, United States
Sayano-Shushenskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 964620 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Schorfheide-Chorin Biosphere Reserve 319164 Germany
Sequoia and Kings Canyon Biosphere Reserve II 172261 California, United States
Sikhote-Alinskiy Biosphere Reserve 978001 Russia  
Sirmilik National Park II 5475284 Canada
Sokhondinskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 521363 Chita, Russia
South Pennine Moors 160577 England, United Kingdom  
Southwest Nova Biosphere Reserve 3821173 Canada  
Strážovské vrchy 147080 Slovakia  
Taimyrsky Biosphere Reserve Ia 4403240 Taimyr, Russia
Teberdinskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 210198 Karachay-Cherkessia, Russia
The Wash and North Norfolk Coast 266284 England, United Kingdom
Trebon Basin Protected Landscape Area V 173393 Czech Republic  
Tsentral'no-Sibirskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 2521510 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Tuktut Nogait National Park II 5761538 Northwest Territories, Canada
Ubsunurskaya Kotlovina (Ubsunur Depression) Zapovednik Ia 798640 Tuva, Russia
Uroczyska Puszczy Drawskiej 183887 Poland  
Visimskiy Zapovednik Biosphere Reserve 443816 Russia  
Voyageurs National Park II 177960 Minnesota, United States
Vuntut National Park II 1076795 Yukon, Canada
Waddensea of Lower Saxony Biosphere Reserve 539522 Germany  
Wapusk National Park II 2614324 Manitoba, Canada
Whiskey-Shasta-Trinity National Recreation Area V 197791 California, United States
Winisk River Provincial Park II 434735 Ontario, Canada
Wood Buffalo National Park II 11038545 Alberta, Canada
Woodland Caribou Provincial Wilderness Park Provincial Park II 1072124 Ontario, Canada
Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve Ib 2476446 Alaska, United States
Yellowstone Biosphere Reserve II 2196863 Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, United States
Yoho National Park II 317576 British Columbia, Canada

Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website Map
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Japan Japan No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No
Mountains of Central Asia Afghanistan, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan No

Prey / Diet

Anthus pratensis (Meadow Pipit)[3]
Apodemus flavicollis (Yellow-necked mouse)[3]
Apodemus sylvaticus (Old World wood and field mouse)[3]
Arvicola terrestris (European water vole)[3]
Clethrionomys californicus (western red-backed vole)[4]
Clethrionomys glareolus (Bank vole)[3]
Clethrionomys rutilus (northern red-backed vole)[5]
Dicrostonyx groenlandicus (northern collared lemming)[6]
Lepus arcticus (Arctic Hare)[7]
Lepus europaeus (European Hare)[3]
Microtus agrestis (field vole)[3]
Microtus arvalis (common vole)[3]
Microtus montanus (montane vole)[8]
Microtus richardsoni (water vole)[9]
Ochotona collaris (Collared Pika)[10]
Ochotona princeps (pika)[11]
Poliocitellus franklinii (Franklin's ground squirrel)[12]
Sciurus vulgaris (Eurasian red squirrel)[3]
Talpa europaea (European Mole)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Accipiter gentilis (Northern Goshawk)2
Accipiter striatus (Sharp-shinned Hawk)1
Aegolius acadicus (Northern Saw-whet Owl)2
Aegolius funereus (Boreal Owl)5
Aquila heliaca (Asian Imperial Eagle)1
Ardea cinerea (Grey Heron)5
Asio flammeus (Short-eared Owl)2
Asio otus (Long-eared Owl)8
Athene cunicularia (Burrowing Owl)1
Athene noctua (Little Owl)2
Bubo scandiacus (Snowy Owl)2
Bubo virginianus (Great Horned Owl)1
Buteo buteo (Common Buzzard)7
Buteo lagopus (Rough-legged Hawk)3
Canis latrans (Coyote)4
Canis lupus (Wolf)2
Ciconia ciconia (White Stork)5
Circus aeruginosus (Western Marsh Harrier)4
Circus cyaneus (Northern Harrier)4
Circus pygargus (Montagu's Harrier)1
Coronella austriaca (Smooth Snake)1
Corvus corax (Northern Raven)6
Falco columbarius (Merlin)1
Falco rusticolus (Gyrfalcon)1
Falco sparverius (American Kestrel)1
Falco tinnunculus (Eurasian Kestrel)3
Felis silvestris (Wildcat)7
Genetta genetta (Common Genet)1
Glaucidium gnoma (Northern Pygmy-Owl)1
Gulo gulo (Wolverine)1
Gypaetus barbatus (Bearded Vulture)2
Hemorrhois hippocrepis (Horseshoe Snake)1
Lanius collurio (Red-backed Shrike)4
Lanius excubitor (Northern Shrike)3
Lynx canadensis (lynx)1
Lynx lynx (Eurasian Lynx)1
Lynx rufus (Bobcat)1
Martes americana (American Marten)4
Martes foina (Beech Marten)3
Martes martes (European Pine Marten)3
Martes zibellina (Sable)1
Mephitis mephitis (Striped Skunk)1
Milvus migrans (Black Kite)2
Milvus milvus (Red Kite)4
Mustela frenata (Long-tailed Weasel)4
Mustela nivalis (Least Weasel)7
Mustela putorius (European Polecat)4
Natrix natrix (European Grass Snake)1
Neovison vison (American Mink)1
Pituophis catenifer (Gopher Snake)1
Rhinechis scalaris (Ladder Snakes)1
Stercorarius longicaudus (Long-tailed Jaeger)1
Strix aluco (Tawny Owl)6
Strix nebulosa (Great Grey Owl)1
Strix occidentalis (Spotted Owl)1
Strix uralensis (Ural Owl)2
Sus scrofa (wild boar)1
Taxidea taxus (American Badger)1
Tyto alba (Barn Owl)4
Ursus arctos (Grizzly Bear)1
Vipera latastei (Lataste’s Viper)1
Vulpes corsac (Corsac Fox)1
Vulpes lagopus (Arctic Fox)2
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)11
Zamenis longissimus (Aesculapean Snake)5

Predators

Accipiter striatus (Sharp-shinned Hawk)[5]
Buteo lagopus (Rough-legged Hawk)[5]
Corvus corax (Northern Raven)[3]
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)[5]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Aelurostrongylus pridhami <Unverified Name>[13]
Alaria alata <Unverified Name>[13]
Alaria mustelae[13]
Amalaraeus dissimilis athabascae[14]
Amalaraeus dissimilis dissimilis[14]
Amalaraeus penicilliger mustelae[14]
Amalaraeus penicilliger pedias[14]
Amaradix bitterrootensis[14]
Amphalius runatus runatus[14]
Amphipsylla longispina longispina[14]
Amphipsylla primaris mitis[14]
Amphipsylla primaris primaris[14]
Amphipsylla rossica[14]
Amphipsylla sibirica hetera[14]
Amphipsylla sibirica pollionis[14]
Aonchotheca putorii <Unverified Name>[13]
Apophallus donicus[15]
Ascaris columnaris <Unverified Name>[13]
Ascaris devosi <Unverified Name>[13]
Atyphloceras nuperus[14]
Baylisascaris devosi <Unverified Name>[13]
Capillaria mucronata <Unverified Name>[13]
Capillaria putorii <Unverified Name>[13]
Catallagia decipiens[14]
Ceratophyllus ciliatus protinus[14]
Ceratophyllus lunatus lunatus[14]
Ceratophyllus sciurorum asiaticus <Unverified Name>[14]
Ceratophyllus vison[14]
Chaetopsylla floridensis[14]
Chaetopsylla globiceps[14]
Chaetopsylla homoea[14]
Citellophilus altaicus[14]
Citellophilus martinoi martinoi[14]
Corrodopsylla curvata curvata[14]
Crenosoma petrowi <Unverified Name>[13]
Crenosoma taiga <Unverified Name>[13]
Ctenophthalmus agyrtes fennicus[14]
Ctenophthalmus agyrtes impavidus[14]
Ctenophthalmus bisoctodentatus bisoctodentatus[14]
Ctenophthalmus bisoctodentatus heselhausi[14]
Ctenophthalmus congeneroides congeneroides[14]
Ctenophthalmus dolichus dolichus[14]
Ctenophthalmus nobilis nobilis[14]
Ctenophthalmus nobilis vulgaris[14]
Ctenophthalmus rettigi rettigi[14]
Ctenophyllus armatus armatus[14]
Epitedia wenmanni wenmanni[14]
Euchoplopsyllus glacialis glacialis[14]
Euchoplopsyllus glacialis lynx[14]
Euchoplopsyllus glacialis profugus[14]
Euparyphium melis <Unverified Name>[13]
Euryhelmis squamula[15]
Filaroides martis[13]
Filaroides orientalis <Unverified Name>[13]
Foxella ignota albertensis[14]
Foxella ignota recula[14]
Frontopsylla elata taishiri[14]
Frontopsylla elatoides elatoides[14]
Frontopsylla hetera[14]
Hepaticola hepatica <Unverified Name>[13]
Hydatigera taeniaeformis[13]
Hystrichopsylla dippiei dippiei[14]
Hystrichopsylla dippiei truncata[14]
Isthmiophora melis[15]
Ixodes hexagonus (European dog tick)[15]
Macracanthorhynchus catulinus[15]
Mastophorus muris[13]
Megabothris abantis[14]
Megabothris asio megacolpus[14]
Megabothris atrox[14]
Megabothris groenlandicus[14]
Megabothris quirini[14]
Megabothris rectangulatus[14]
Megabothris turbidus[14]
Mesocestoides lineatus <Unverified Name>[13]
Molineus mustelae <Unverified Name>[13]
Molineus patens <Unverified Name>[13]
Monopsyllus vison[15]
Mycobacterium avium (Mycobacterium avium)[15]
Mycobacterium bovis (Bovine tuberculosis)[15]
Nanophyetus salmincola <Unverified Name>[13]
Nearctopsylla brooksi[15]
Nearctopsylla genalis genalis[14]
Nearctopsylla genalis hygini[14]
Nearctopsylla hyrtaci[14]
Neopsylla mana[14]
Nosopsyllus fasciatus (northern rat flea)[14]
Ochotonobius hirticrus[14]
Opisthorchis felineus <Unverified Name>[13]
Orchopeas caedens caedens[14]
Orchopeas caedens durus[14]
Orchopeas nepos[14]
Oropsylla alaskensis[14]
Oropsylla idahoensis[14]
Oropsylla silantiewi[14]
Palaeopsylla minor[14]
Palaeopsylla similis similis[14]
Palaeopsylla soricis soricis[14]
Peromyscopsylla hamifer hamifer[14]
Peromyscopsylla spectabilis spectabilis[14]
Plagiorchis arvicolae <Unverified Name>[13]
Pseudamphistomum truncatum[13]
Rhadinopsylla alphabetica[14]
Rhadinopsylla dahurica diclinica[14]
Rhadinopsylla difficilis[14]
Rhadinopsylla li transbaikalica[14]
Rhadinopsylla media[14]
Rhadinopsylla pentacantha[14]
Skrjabingylus nasicola[13]
Spicata rara[14]
Spilopsyllus cuniculi (European rabbit flea)[14]
Spirocerca lupi[15]
Spirometra erinacei <Unverified Name>[13]
Strongyloides martis <Unverified Name>[13]
Strongyloides mustelorum <Unverified Name>[13]
Taenia brevicollis <Unverified Name>[13]
Taenia intermedia <Unverified Name>[13]
Taenia martis <Unverified Name>[13]
Taenia mustelae[13]
Taenia tenuicollis <Unverified Name>[13]
Tarsopsylla octodecimdentata coloradensis[14]
Tarsopsylla octodecimdentata octodecimdentata[14]
Thominx aerophilus <Unverified Name>[13]
Trichinella britovi <Unverified Name>[13]
Trichinella nativa <Unverified Name>[13]
Trichinella spiralis (pork worm)[15]
Troglotrema acutum[13]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Alpenzoo Innsbruck - Tirol
Municipal Independent Org. Roev Ruchei
NY State Zoo at Thompson Park
Ranua Wildlife Park
Tiergarten Heidelberg

Range Map

Link to Map
Australia; Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China); North America; Southern Asia;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Gardner A.L, 2007-08-20, in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 3Ecology of Commanster 4Clethrionomys californicus, Lois F. Alexander and B. J. Verts, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 406, pp. 1-6 (1992) 5Making The Forest And Tundra Wildlife Connection 6OLIVIER GILG1, BENOÎT SITTLER, AND ILKKA HANSKI, WILL COLLARED LEMMINGS AND THEIR PREDATORS BE THE FIRST VERTEBRATES TO “FALL OVER THE CLIFF” IN GREENLAND DUE TO GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGES? Gyrfalcons and Ptarmigan in a Changing World – Conference Proceedings 2011, p. 131-132 7Lepus arcticus, Troy L. Best and Travis Hill Henry, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 457, pp. 1-9 (1994) 8Microtus montanus, Wendy E. Sera and Cathleen N. Early, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 716, pp. 1–10 (2003) 9Microtus richardsoni, Daniel R. Ludwig, Mammalian Species No. 223, pp. 1-6 (1984) 10Alaska Wildlife Notebook Series, Alaska Department of Fish and Game 11Responses of pikas (Ochotona princeps, Lagomorpha) to naturally occurring terrestrial predators, Barbara L. Ivins and Andrew T. Smith, Behav Ecol Sociobiol (1983) 13:277-285 12Spermophilus franklinii, Andrea C. Ostroff and Elmer J. Finck, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 724, pp. 1–5 (2003) 13Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 14International Flea Database 15Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
Invasive Status provided by Global Invasive Species Database Downloaded on 10 May 2011.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by Patterson, B. D., G. Ceballos, W. Sechrest, M. F. Tognelli, T. Brooks, L. Luna, P. Ortega, I. Salazar, and B. E. Young. 2007. Digital Distribution Maps of the Mammals of the Western Hemisphere, version 3.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.
Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Bruce Patterson, Wes Sechrest, Marcelo Tognelli, Gerardo Ceballos, The Nature Conservancy—Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International—CABS, World Wildlife Fund—US, and Environment Canada—WILDSPACE.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011