> Mustela nigripes
Mustela nigripes (Black-footed Ferret)
Synonyms: Putorius nigripes
The black-footed ferret (Mustela nigripes), also known as the American polecat or prairie dog hunter, is a species of Mustelid native to central North America. It is listed as endangered by the IUCN, because of its very small and restricted populations. First discovered by Audubon and Bachman in 1851, the species declined throughout the 20th century, primarily as a result of decreases in prairie dog populations and sylvatic plague.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0)
Unique & Vulnerable (100)
|Adult Weight  ||2.25 lbs (1.02 kg)|
|Birth Weight  ||7.4 grams|
|Female Maturity  ||1 year|
|Male Maturity  ||1 year|
|Gestation  ||43 days|
|Litter Size  ||3|
|Maximum Longevity  ||9 years|
MapsLink to MapNorth America;
Institutions (Zoos, etc.)
Species recognized by Wozencraft W.C., 2007-08-15, in
Endangered Status provided by IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2 <www.iucnredlist.org
> Downloaded on 11 April 2013.
Attributes / relations provided by ♦ 1
de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits.
Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 ♦ 2Rehabilitation of a species: The black-footed ferret (Mustela nigripes)
, Miller, B.; Biggins, D.; Hanebury, L.; Conway, C.; Wemmer, C., Ninth Annual Proceedings of the National Wildlife Rehabilitation Association, pages 183192 ♦ 3Cynomys ludovicianus
, John L. Hoogland, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 535, pp. 1-10 (1996) ♦ 4
Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database
: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2. ♦ 5International Flea Database ♦ 6
Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database
of the Natural History Museum, London
Range map provided by Patterson, B. D., G. Ceballos, W. Sechrest, M. F. Tognelli, T. Brooks, L. Luna, P. Ortega, I. Salazar, and B. E. Young. 2007. Digital Distribution Maps of the Mammals of the Western Hemisphere, version 3.0. NatureServe
, Arlington, Virginia, USA.
Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Bruce Patterson, Wes Sechrest, Marcelo Tognelli, Gerardo Ceballos, The Nature ConservancyMigratory Bird Program, Conservation InternationalCABS, World Wildlife FundUS, and Environment CanadaWILDSPACE.