Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Carnivora > Mustelidae > Martes > Martes americana
 

Martes americana (American Marten; marten)

Language: French

Wikipedia Abstract

The American marten (Martes americana) is a North American member of the family Mustelidae, sometimes referred to as the pine marten. The name "pine marten" is derived from the common but distinct Eurasian species of Martes. It differs from the fisher (Martes pennanti) in that it is smaller in size.
View Wikipedia Record: Martes americana

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
4
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
24
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 9.28
EDGE Score: 2.33

Attributes

Adult Weight [2]  1.57 lbs (712 g)
Birth Weight [3]  30 grams
Female Weight [2]  1.25 lbs (565 g)
Male Weight [2]  1.90 lbs (860 g)
Weight Dimorphism [2]  52.2 %
Female Maturity [3]  1 year
Male Maturity [3]  1 year
Arboreal [1]  Yes
Diet [1]  Carnivore
Gestation [3]  28 days
Litter Size [3]  3
Litters / Year [3]  1
Maximum Longevity [3]  18 years
Nocturnal [1]  Yes
Weaning [3]  46 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Map Climate Land
Use
Alaska Peninsula montane taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Alaska-St. Elias Range tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Alberta Mountain forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Alberta-British Columbia foothills forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Arctic foothills tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Beringia lowland tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Beringia upland tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Blue Mountains forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
British Columbia mainland coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Brooks-British Range tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
California Central Valley grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
California interior chaparral and woodlands United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Canadian Aspen forests and parklands Canada Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Cascade Mountains leeward forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central and Southern Cascades forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central British Columbia Mountain forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central Canadian Shield forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Central Pacific coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Colorado Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Cook Inlet taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Copper Plateau taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern Canadian forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern Canadian Shield taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern Cascades forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Eastern forest-boreal transition Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Great Lakes lowland forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Fraser Plateau and Basin complex Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Great Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Gulf of St. Lawrence lowland forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Interior Alaska-Yukon lowland taiga Canada, United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Interior Yukon-Alaska alpine tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Klamath-Siskiyou forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Mid-Continental Canadian forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Midwestern Canadian Shield forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Montana Valley and Foothill grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Muskwa-Slave Lake forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
New England-Acadian forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
North Central Rockies forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern California coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern Canadian Shield taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northern Cordillera forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northern Pacific coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Northern transitional alpine forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northwest Territories taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Ogilvie-MacKenzie alpine tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Okanagan dry forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Pacific Coastal Mountain icefields and tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Palouse grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Puget lowland forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Queen Charlotte Islands Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Sierra Nevada forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Snake-Columbia shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Central Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Southern Hudson Bay taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Wasatch and Uinta montane forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Western Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Willamette Valley forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Wyoming Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Yukon Interior dry forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Ib 12402936 Alaska, United States
Banff National Park II 1690912 Alberta, Canada
Bonanza Creek LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research   Alaska, United States
California Coast Ranges Biosphere Reserve 153447 California, United States  
Cape Breton Highlands National Park II 234333 Nova Scotia, Canada  
Champlain-Adirondack Biosphere Reserve 9859505 New York, Vermont, United States  
Coram Biosphere Reserve 7460 Montana, United States
Denali Biosphere Reserve 1932364 Alaska, United States
Devil's Postpile National Monument V 807 California, United States
Elk Island National Park II 47171 Alberta, Canada
Fraser Biosphere Reserve 23050 Colorado, United States  
Fundy National Park II 52716 New Brunswick, Canada
Georgian Bay Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve Ib 591068 Alaska, United States
Glacier National Park II 953799 Montana, United States
Grand Teton National Park II 231724 Wyoming, United States
Greenwater Provincial Park II 11019 Ontario, Canada
Gros Morne National Park II 476632 Newfoundland, Canada
Gulf Islands National Park National Park Reserve II 8785 British Columbia, Canada
Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve II 366714 British Columbia, Canada
H.J. Andrews Biosphere Reserve 15815 Oregon, United States
Heath and Marjorie Angelo Coast Range Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 7008 California, United States
Jasper National Park II 2776809 Alberta, Canada
Kejimkujik National Park II 94203 Nova Scotia, Canada
Kluane National Park and Reserve National Park Reserve II 5463436 Yukon, Canada
Kootenay National Park II 341762 British Columbia, Canada
La Mauricie National Park II 131706 Quebec, Canada
Lake Chelan National Recreation Area II 606367 Washington, United States
Lake Roosevelt National Recreation Area V 103172 Washington, United States
Lake Superior Provincial Park IV 351011 Ontario, Canada
Lassen Volcanic National Park II 29388 California, United States
Mingan Archipelago National Park Reserve II 20461 Quebec, Canada
Mount Arrowsmith Biosphere Reserve 293047 British Columbia, Canada  
Mount Rainier National Park II 235186 Washington, United States
Mount Revelstoke National Park Ia 18 British Columbia, Canada
Nahanni National Park Reserve II 1309627 Northwest Territories, Canada
Olympic Biosphere Reserve II 922805 Washington, United States
Oregon Caves National Monument V 456 Oregon, United States
Pacific Rim National Park Reserve II 137900 British Columbia, Canada
Polar Bear Provincial Park 5502026 Ontario, Canada
Prince Albert National Park II 976762 Saskatchewan, Canada
Pukaskwa National Park II 459860 Ontario, Canada
Redwood National Park II 77867 California, United States
Reserve de la Biosphere de Charlevoix Biosphere Reserve 1383790 Canada  
Riding Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 762028 Manitoba, Canada
Rocky Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 239938 Colorado, United States
Rondeau Provincial Park II 5035 Ontario, Canada
Saint Croix International Historic Site   Maine, United States
Sequoia and Kings Canyon Biosphere Reserve II 172261 California, United States
Southwest Nova Biosphere Reserve 3821173 Canada  
Terra Nova National Park IV 125894 Newfoundland, Canada
Voyageurs National Park II 177960 Minnesota, United States
Vuntut National Park II 1076795 Yukon, Canada
Wapusk National Park II 2614324 Manitoba, Canada
Waterton Biosphere Reserve II 121459 Alberta, Canada
Whiskey-Shasta-Trinity National Recreation Area V 197791 California, United States
Wood Buffalo National Park II 11038545 Alberta, Canada
Woodland Caribou Provincial Wilderness Park Provincial Park II 1072124 Ontario, Canada
Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve Ib 2476446 Alaska, United States
Yellowstone Biosphere Reserve II 2196863 Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, United States
Yoho National Park II 317576 British Columbia, Canada
Yosemite National Park II 95209 California, United States

Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website Map
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No

Prey / Diet

Arctous alpina (alpine bearberry)[4]
Artemisia frigida (Fringed sagewort)[5]
Clethrionomys californicus (western red-backed vole)[6]
Clethrionomys rutilus (northern red-backed vole)[7]
Empetrum nigrum (black crowberry)[4]
Glaucomys sabrinus (northern flying squirrel)[7]
Lepus americanus (Snowshoe Hare)[2]
Lepus townsendii (White-tailed Jackrabbit)[8]
Microtus richardsoni (water vole)[9]
Microtus xanthognathus (taiga vole)[10]
Mustela frenata (Long-tailed Weasel)[11]
Mustela nivalis (Least Weasel)[4]
Ochotona princeps (pika)[12]
Phenacomys intermedius (western heather vole)[13]
Rubus idaeus (Raspberry)[7]
Scapanus latimanus (Broad-footed Mole)[14]
Shepherdia canadensis (russet buffalo-berry)[4]
Spermophilus beldingi (Belding's ground squirrel)[15]
Spermophilus columbianus (Columbian ground squirrel)[16]
Spermophilus saturatus (Cascade golden-mantled ground squirrel)[17]
Tamiasciurus hudsonicus (red squirrel)[7]
Thomomys bottae (Botta's pocket gopher)[18]
Vaccinium uliginosum (bog blueberry)[4]
Vaccinium vitis-idaea (lingonberry)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Accipiter gentilis (Northern Goshawk)7
Accipiter striatus (Sharp-shinned Hawk)1
Aegolius acadicus (Northern Saw-whet Owl)1
Aegolius funereus (Boreal Owl)1
Alces alces (moose)2
Antilocapra americana (pronghorn)1
Apis mellifera (honey bee)1
Aquila chrysaetos (Golden Eagle)3
Ardea herodias (Great Blue Heron)1
Asio otus (Long-eared Owl)2
Bombus polaris (Bumblebee)4
Bonasa umbellus (Ruffed Grouse)5
Branta hutchinsii (Cackling Goose)2
Bubo scandiacus (Snowy Owl)1
Bubo virginianus (Great Horned Owl)5
Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)6
Buteo lagopus (Rough-legged Hawk)2
Buteo regalis (Ferruginous Hawk)1
Calcarius lapponicus (Lapland Longspur)1
Canis latrans (Coyote)10
Canis lupus (Wolf)4
Catharus ustulatus (Swainson's Thrush)2
Circus cyaneus (Northern Harrier)2
Clethrionomys rutilus (northern red-backed vole)5
Corvus corax (Northern Raven)5
Crotalus horridus (Timber rattlesnake (atricaudatus))1
Crotalus viridis (viridis)1
Falco columbarius (Merlin)1
Falco mexicanus (Prairie Falcon)1
Falco rusticolus (Gyrfalcon)1
Gulo gulo (Wolverine)1
Lagopus lagopus (Willow Ptarmigan)4
Lanius excubitor (Northern Shrike)1
Lemmiscus curtatus (sagebrush vole)1
Lemmus sibiricus (brown lemming)3
Lepus americanus (Snowshoe Hare)1
Lepus othus (Alaskan Hare)1
Lepus townsendii (White-tailed Jackrabbit)1
Lygocoris pabulinus (Common Green Capsid)1
Lygus rugulipennis1
Lynx canadensis (lynx)2
Lynx lynx (Eurasian Lynx)2
Lynx rufus (Bobcat)5
Microtus xanthognathus (taiga vole)1
Mustela erminea (Ermine)4
Mustela frenata (Long-tailed Weasel)6
Mustela nivalis (Least Weasel)2
Neotoma cinerea (bushy-tailed woodrat)1
Neovison vison (American Mink)1
Nucifraga columbiana (Clark's Nutcracker)1
Ochotona collaris (Collared Pika)2
Onychomys leucogaster (northern grasshopper mouse)1
Ovibos moschatus (muskox)1
Phenacomys intermedius (western heather vole)2
Pinicola enucleator (Pine Grosbeak)2
Pituophis catenifer (Gopher Snake)1
Poecile hudsonica (Boreal Chickadee)4
Puma concolor (Cougar)1
Strix nebulosa (Great Grey Owl)3
Strix occidentalis (Spotted Owl)2
Strix varia (Barred Owl)2
Tamias minimus (least chipmunk)1
Taxidea taxus (American Badger)3
Tyto alba (Barn Owl)2
Urocyon cinereoargenteus (Gray Fox)1
Ursus americanus (black bear)6
Ursus arctos (Grizzly Bear)9
Vulpes velox (Swift Fox)1
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)6
Zonotrichia leucophrys (White-crowned Sparrow)1

Predators

Aquila chrysaetos (Golden Eagle)[2]
Bubo virginianus (Great Horned Owl)[2]
Canis latrans (Coyote)[2]
Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)[7]
Lynx canadensis (lynx)[7]
Martes pennanti (Fisher)[2]
Puma concolor (Cougar)[2]
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)[7]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Aetheca wagneri[19]
Alaria mustelae[20]
Alaria taxideae <Unverified Name>[20]
Amalaraeus dissimilis[19]
Baylisascaris devosi <Unverified Name>[20]
Capillaria aerophila[20]
Capillaria putorii <Unverified Name>[20]
Ceratophyllus ciliatus ciliatus[19]
Ceratophyllus ciliatus protinus[19]
Ceratophyllus vison[19]
Chaetopsylla floridensis[19]
Crenosoma petrowi <Unverified Name>[20]
Dioctophyme renale[20]
Dracunculus insignis <Unverified Name>[20]
Epitedia wenmanni wenmanni[19]
Euchoplopsyllus glacialis lynx[19]
Eucoleus aerophilus <Unverified Name>[20]
Euryhelmis squamula[20]
Filaroides martis[20]
Foxella ignota ignota[19]
Hystrichopsylla dippiei[19]
Ixodes gregsoni[21]
Megabothris atrox[19]
Mesocestoides lineatus <Unverified Name>[20]
Molineus patens <Unverified Name>[20]
Nearctopsylla brooksi[19]
Nearctopsylla genalis genalis[19]
Nearctopsylla grahami[19]
Nearctopsylla hyrtaci[19]
Orchopeas caedens caedens[19]
Orchopeas caedens durus[19]
Orchopeas sexdentatus agilis[19]
Orchopeas sexdentatus sexdentatus[19]
Pearsonema plica <Unverified Name>[20]
Peromyscopsylla ostsibirica[19]
Peromyscopsylla selenis[19]
Rhadinopsylla alphabetica[19]
Rhadinopsylla fraterna[19]
Soboliphyme baturini <Unverified Name>[20]
Taenia martis <Unverified Name>[20]
Taenia mustelae[20]
Tarsopsylla octodecimdentata coloradensis[19]
Thrassis stanfordi[19]
Trichinella nativa <Unverified Name>[20]
Trichinella spiralis (pork worm)[20]
Yersinia pseudotuberculosis (Y. pseudotuberculosis)[21]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
ZooAmerica (No. American Wildlife Pk.)

Range Map

Link to Map
North America;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Wozencraft W.C., 20-Aug-2007, ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 2Martes americana, Tim W. Clark, Elaine Anderson, Carman Douglas, and Marjorie Strickland, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 289, pp. 1-8 (1987) 3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 4Exploring the Denali Food Web, ParkWise, National Park Service 5Neotoma cinerea, Felisa A. Smith, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 564, pp. 1-8 (1997) 6Clethrionomys californicus, Lois F. Alexander and B. J. Verts, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 406, pp. 1-6 (1992) 7Making The Forest And Tundra Wildlife Connection 8Lepus townsendii, Burton K. Lim, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 288, pp. 1-6 (1987) 9Microtus richardsoni, Daniel R. Ludwig, Mammalian Species No. 223, pp. 1-6 (1984) 10Microtus xanthognathus, Chris J. Conroy and Joseph A. Cook, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 627, pp. 1-5 (1999) 11Mustela frenata, Steven R. Sheffield and Howard H. Thomas, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 570, pp. 1-9 (1997) 12Responses of pikas (Ochotona princeps, Lagomorpha) to naturally occurring terrestrial predators, Barbara L. Ivins and Andrew T. Smith, Behav Ecol Sociobiol (1983) 13:277-285 13Phenacomys intermedius, James A. McAllister and Robert S. Hoffman, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 305, pp. 1-8 (1988) 14Scapanus latimanus, B. J. Verts and Leslie N. Carraway, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 666, pp. 1–7 (2001) 15Spermophilus beldingi, Stephen H. Jenkins and Bruce D. Eshelman, Mammalian Species No. 221, pp. 1-8 (1984) 16Spermophilus columbianus, Charles L. Elliott and Jerran T. Flinders, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 372, pp. 1-9 (1991) 17Spermophilus saturatus, Stephan C. Trombulak, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 322, pp. 1-4 (1988) 18Thomomys bottae, Cheri A. Jones and Colleen N. Baxter, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 742, pp. 1–14 (2004) 19International Flea Database 20Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 21Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by Patterson, B. D., G. Ceballos, W. Sechrest, M. F. Tognelli, T. Brooks, L. Luna, P. Ortega, I. Salazar, and B. E. Young. 2007. Digital Distribution Maps of the Mammals of the Western Hemisphere, version 3.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.
Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Bruce Patterson, Wes Sechrest, Marcelo Tognelli, Gerardo Ceballos, The Nature Conservancy—Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International—CABS, World Wildlife Fund—US, and Environment Canada—WILDSPACE.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011