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Taxidea taxus (American Badger; badger)

Language: Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The American badger (Taxidea taxus) is a North American badger, somewhat similar in appearance to the European badger. It is found in the western and central United States, northern Mexico, and south-central Canada to certain areas of southwestern British Columbia.American badger habitat is typefied by open grasslands with available prey (such as mice, squirrels, and groundhogs). The species prefers areas such as prairie regions with sandy loam soils where it can dig more easily for its prey.
View Wikipedia Record: Taxidea taxus

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
8
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
33
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 16.67
EDGE Score: 2.87

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  17.64 lbs (8.00 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  94 grams
Female Maturity [1]  6 months 3 days
Male Maturity [1]  1 year 2 months
Diet [2]  Carnivore
Gestation [1]  41 days
Hibernates [2]  Yes
Litter Size [1]  3
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  25 years
Nocturnal [2]  Yes
Weaning [1]  56 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Alberta Mountain forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Alberta-British Columbia foothills forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Allegheny Highlands forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Appalachian mixed mesophytic forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Appalachian-Blue Ridge forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Arizona Mountains forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Baja California desert Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Bajío dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Balsas dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Blue Mountains forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
British Columbia mainland coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
California Central Valley grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
California coastal sage and chaparral Mexico, United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
California interior chaparral and woodlands United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
California montane chaparral and woodlands United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Canadian Aspen forests and parklands Canada Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Cascade Mountains leeward forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central and Southern Cascades forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central and Southern mixed grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central British Columbia Mountain forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central forest-grasslands transition United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Mexican matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central tall grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central U.S. hardwood forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Chihuahuan desert Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Colorado Plateau shrublands United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Colorado Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
East Central Texas forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Cascades forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Eastern Great Lakes lowland forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Edwards Plateau savanna United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Flint Hills tall grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Fraser Plateau and Basin complex Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Great Basin montane forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Great Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Gulf of California xeric scrub Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Klamath-Siskiyou forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Meseta Central matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Mid-Continental Canadian forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Midwestern Canadian Shield forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Mississippi lowland forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Mojave desert United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Montana Valley and Foothill grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Muskwa-Slave Lake forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Nebraska Sand Hills mixed grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
North Central Rockies forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern California coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern Cordillera forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northern Mesoamerican Pacific mangroves Mexico Neotropic Mangroves    
Northern mixed grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern short grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern tall grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Oaxacan montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Okanagan dry forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Ozark Mountain forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Palouse grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Piney Woods forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
San Lucan xeric scrub Mexico Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sierra de la Laguna dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sierra de la Laguna pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Juarez and San Pedro Martir pine-oak forests Mexico Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre de Oaxaca pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre del Sur pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre Occidental pine-oak forests Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre Oriental pine-oak forests Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Nevada forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Sinaloan dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Snake-Columbia shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sonoran desert Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sonoran-Sinaloan transition subtropical dry forest Mexico Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
South Central Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Southern Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Tamaulipan matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tamaulipan mezquital Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tehuacán Valley matorral Mexico Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Texas blackland prairies United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Upper Midwest forest-savanna transition United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Veracruz moist forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Veracruz montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Wasatch and Uinta montane forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Western Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Gulf Coastal grasslands Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands  
Western short grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Wyoming Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Agate Fossil Beds National Monument V 4731 Nebraska, United States
Anza-Borrego Desert State Park, CA III 184543 California, United States
Arches National Park II 76539 Utah, United States
Aztec Ruins National Monument V 321 New Mexico, United States
Badlands National Park II 178535 South Dakota, United States
Bandelier National Monument V 8107 New Mexico, United States
Banff National Park II 1690912 Alberta, Canada
Beaver Creek Biosphere Reserve 275028 Arizona, United States  
Big Bend Biosphere Reserve National Park II 815561 Texas, United States
Bighorn Canyon National Recreation Area V 36286 Montana, Wyoming, United States
Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Park II 12551 Colorado, United States
Bryce Canyon National Park II 36348 Utah, United States
California Coast Ranges Biosphere Reserve 153447 California, United States  
Canyonlands National Park II 335430 Utah, United States
Capital Reef National Park II 243722 Utah, United States
Carlsbad Caverns National Park II 15448 New Mexico, United States
Carrizo Plain Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 7550 California, United States  
Cedar Breaks National Monument III 6111 Utah, United States
Cedar Creek LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research IV   Minnesota, United States
Central Plains Biosphere Reserve 15345 United States  
Chickasaw National Recreation Area V 7025 Oklahoma, United States
Chippewa Nature Center   Michigan, United States    
Chiricahua National Monument V 1421 Arizona, United States
Coachella Valley Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 8106 California, United States
Colorado National Monument III 20420 Colorado, United States
Coronado National Monument National Memorial III 4360 Arizona, United States
Craters of the Moon National Monument V 690996 Idaho, United States
De Soto National Wildlife Refuge IV 8007 Iowa, Nebraska, United States
Death Valley National Park II 762125 California, Nevada, United States
Deer Flat National Wildlife Refuge Ia   Idaho, United States
Devils Tower National Monument V 1361 Wyoming, United States
Dinosaur National Monument III 203307 Colorado, Utah, United States
Edwin S. George Reserve 1297 Michigan, United States
El Malpais National Monument III 109980 New Mexico, United States
El Morro National Monument V 960 New Mexico, United States
Elkhorn Slough Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 964 California, United States  
Fairfield Osborn Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 190 California, United States
Fort Bowie National Historic Site III 1004 Arizona, United States
Fraser Biosphere Reserve 23050 Colorado, United States  
Golden Gate National Recreation Area V 26135 California, United States
Grand Canyon National Park II 1210128 Arizona, United States
Grand Teton National Park II 231724 Wyoming, United States
Grasslands National Park II 128635 Saskatchewan, Canada
Guadalupe Mountains National Park II 46114 Texas, United States
Hamilton Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 52 California, United States  
Heath and Marjorie Angelo Coast Range Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 7008 California, United States
Hovenweep National Monument V 770 Colorado, Utah, United States
Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore II 8272 Indiana, United States
Iztaccihuatl-Popocatepetl National Park II 224456 Mexico State, Mexico
Jornada Biosphere Reserve Ib 30913 New Mexico, United States
Joshua Tree National Park II 305076 California, United States
Knife River Indian Villages National Hist. Site National Historic Site III 1756 North Dakota, United States
Konza Prairie Biosphere Reserve 8617 Kansas, United States  
Kootenay National Park II 341762 British Columbia, Canada
Lake Mead National Recreation Area V 670229 Arizona, Nevada, United States
Lake Meredith National Recreation Area V   Texas, United States
Lake Roosevelt National Recreation Area V 103172 Washington, United States
Lassen Volcanic National Park II 29388 California, United States
Lava Beds National Monument III 20002 California, United States
Mojave and Colorado Deserts Biosphere Reserve 5901 California, United States  
Natural Bridges National Monument III 7412 Utah, United States
Organ Pipe Cactus Biosphere Reserve 327376 Arizona, United States  
Padre Island National Seashore II 42068 Texas, United States
Paine Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve 2965 California, United States    
Pecos National Historical Park V 6539 New Mexico, United States
Petrified Forest National Park II 44522 Arizona, United States
Philip L. Boyd Deep Canyon Desert Research Center 6101 California, United States
Pinnacles National Monument V 2869 California, United States
Pixley Vernal Pools Preserve 37 California, United States
Point Reyes National Seashore II 27068 California, United States
Prince Albert National Park II 976762 Saskatchewan, Canada
Redberry Lake Biosphere Reserve 277252 Saskatchewan, Canada
Reserva de Mapimi Biosphere Reserve VI 849819 Chihuahua, Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera El Cielo Biosphere Reserve 353161 Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera El Vizcaino Biosphere Reserve VI 6176727 Mexico  
Riding Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 762028 Manitoba, Canada
Rocky Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 239938 Colorado, United States
Saguaro National Park II 11686 Arizona, United States
Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument V 1081 New Mexico, United States
San Dimas Biosphere Reserve 17161 California, United States  
San Francisco Peninsular Watershed County Wildlife Refuge or Management Area 30320 California, United States  
San Joaquin Biosphere Reserve 4527 California, United States  
Sand Ridge Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 285 California, United States
Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area V 38440 California, United States
Scotts Bluff National Monument V 3185 Nebraska, United States
Sequoia and Kings Canyon Biosphere Reserve II 172261 California, United States
Sevilleta LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research IV 228335 New Mexico, United States
Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore II 62563 Michigan, United States
Sunset Crater Volcano National Monument V 3049 Arizona, United States
Tonto National Monument V 1123 Arizona, United States
Upper Miss. River Nat'l Wildlife Refuge National Wildlife Refuge VI 25823 Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin, United States
Walnut Canyon National Monument V 3386 Arizona, United States
Waterton Biosphere Reserve II 121459 Alberta, Canada
Whiskey-Shasta-Trinity National Recreation Area V 197791 California, United States
White Sands National Monument III 139922 New Mexico, United States
Wind Cave National Park II 29471 South Dakota, United States
Wupatki National Monument III 36098 Arizona, United States
Yellowstone Biosphere Reserve II 2196863 Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, United States
Yosemite National Park II 95209 California, United States
Zion National Park II 135667 Utah, United States

Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No
Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands Mexico, United States No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No

Emblem of

Wisconsin

Prey / Diet

Ammospermophilus leucurus (white-tailed antelope squirrel)[3]
Ammospermophilus nelsoni (Nelson's antelope squirrel)[4]
Anas acuta (Northern Pintail)[3]
Anas americana (American Wigeon)[3]
Anas strepera (Gadwall)[3]
Brachylagus idahoensis (Pygmy Rabbit)[5]
Chaetodipus baileyi (Bailey's pocket mouse)[3]
Chaetodipus penicillatus (desert pocket mouse)[3]
Conepatus leuconotus (American Hog-nosed Skunk)[6]
Crotalus viridis (Prairie rattlesnake)[7]
Cynomys ludovicianus (black-tailed prairie dog)[8]
Dipodomys ingens (giant kangaroo rat)[9]
Dipodomys spectabilis (banner-tailed kangaroo rat)[10]
Geomys bursarius (plains pocket gopher)[11]
Ictidomys tridecemlineatus (thirteen-lined ground squirrel)[3]
Lemmiscus curtatus (sagebrush vole)[3]
Numenius americanus (Long-billed Curlew)[12]
Opuntia robusta (Wheel Cactus)[13]
Opuntia streptacantha[13]
Otospermophilus beecheyi (California ground squirrel)[3]
Otospermophilus variegatus (rock squirrel)[14]
Poliocitellus franklinii (Franklin's ground squirrel)[15]
Sceloporus graciosus (Sagebrush Lizard)[7]
Sylvilagus audubonii (Desert Cottontail)[16]
Tamias amoenus (yellow-pine chipmunk)[17]
Tamias dorsalis (cliff chipmunk)[18]
Tamias merriami (Merriam's chipmunk)[19]
Thomomys bottae (Botta's pocket gopher)[20]
Thomomys talpoides (northern pocket gopher)[3]
Urocitellus armatus (Uinta ground squirrel)[21]
Urocitellus beldingi (Belding's ground squirrel)[22]
Urocitellus brunneus (Idaho ground squirrel)[23]
Urocitellus columbianus (Columbian ground squirrel)[24]
Urocitellus elegans (Wyoming ground squirrel)[25]
Urocitellus richardsonii (Richardson's ground squirrel)[26]
Urocitellus townsendii (Townsend's ground squirrel)[27]
Urocitellus washingtoni (Washington ground squirrel)[28]
Vulpes velox (Swift Fox)[29]
Xerospermophilus tereticaudus (round-tailed ground squirrel)[30]
Zonotrichia leucophrys (White-crowned Sparrow)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Accipiter cooperii (Cooper's Hawk)4
Accipiter gentilis (Northern Goshawk)4
Accipiter striatus (Sharp-shinned Hawk)1
Aphelocoma ultramarina (Mexican Jay)2
Aquila chrysaetos (Golden Eagle)6
Ardea herodias (Great Blue Heron)2
Asio otus (Long-eared Owl)3
Athene cunicularia (Burrowing Owl)1
Bassariscus astutus (Ringtail)1
Bubo scandiacus (Snowy Owl)1
Bubo virginianus (Great Horned Owl)9
Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)8
Buteo lagopus (Rough-legged Hawk)1
Buteo regalis (Ferruginous Hawk)6
Buteo swainsoni (Swainson's Hawk)4
Canis latrans (Coyote)24
Chaetodipus nelsoni (Nelson's pocket mouse)2
Circus cyaneus (Northern Harrier)5
Colaptes auratus (Northern Flicker)2
Coluber flagellum (Coachwhip)1
Corvus corax (Northern Raven)2
Corvus cryptoleucus (Chihuahuan Raven)2
Crotalus atrox (Western Diamond-backed Rattlesnake)2
Crotalus cerberus (viridis)6
Crotalus horridus (Timber rattlesnake (atricaudatus))1
Crotalus scutulatus (scutulatus)1
Dipodomys phillipsii (Phillips's kangaroo rat)2
Falco mexicanus (Prairie Falcon)6
Falco sparverius (American Kestrel)2
Haemorhous mexicanus (House Finch)2
Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)3
Hypsiglena torquata (Night Snake)1
Lampropeltis zonata (California Mountain Kingsnake)1
Leptonycteris nivalis (Mexican long-nosed bat)2
Liomys irroratus (Mexican spiny pocket mouse)2
Lynx lynx (Eurasian Lynx)1
Lynx rufus (Bobcat)7
Martes americana (American Marten)3
Melozone fusca (Canyon Towhee)2
Mephitis macroura (Hooded Skunk)2
Mephitis mephitis (Striped Skunk)3
Mustela erminea (Ermine)1
Mustela frenata (Long-tailed Weasel)8
Mustela nigripes (Black-footed Ferret)1
Neotoma albigula (white-throated woodrat)2
Neotoma goldmani (Goldman's woodrat)2
Neovison vison (American Mink)4
Nucifraga columbiana (Clark's Nutcracker)1
Pecari tajacu (collared peccary)1
Pica pica (Eurasian Magpie)1
Pituophis catenifer (Gopher Snake)4
Pituophis melanoleucus (Eastern Pine Snake)3
Pogonomyrmex barbatus (red harvester ant)2
Procyon lotor (Raccoon)3
Puma concolor (Cougar)2
Spilogale putorius (Eastern Spotted Skunk)1
Sylvilagus audubonii (Desert Cottontail)2
Toxostoma curvirostre (Curve-billed Thrasher)2
Tyto alba (Barn Owl)5
Urocyon cinereoargenteus (Gray Fox)7
Ursus arctos (Grizzly Bear)1
Vulpes macrotis (Kit Fox)3
Vulpes velox (Swift Fox)1
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)6
Zenaida asiatica (White-winged Dove)2

Predators

Aquila chrysaetos (Golden Eagle)[3]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Alaria marcianae <Unverified Name>[31]
Alaria mustelae[31]
Angiostrongylus gubernaculatus <Unverified Name>[31]
Ascaris columnaris <Unverified Name>[31]
Baylisascaris procyonis[31]
Chaetopsylla globiceps[32]
Crenosoma petrowi <Unverified Name>[31]
Dermacentor variabilis (American dog tick)[33]
Echidnophaga gallinacea (sticktight flea)[32]
Euparyphium melis <Unverified Name>[31]
Fibricola cratera <Unverified Name>[31]
Filaria martis <Unverified Name>[31]
Filaria taxidae <Unverified Name>[31]
Ixodes cookei (American castor bean tick)[33]
Ixodes kingi (Rotund tick)[33]
Ixodes texanus (Raccoon tick)[33]
Mycobacterium bovis (Bovine tuberculosis)[33]
Oropsylla arctomys[32]
Oropsylla bruneri[32]
Oropsylla labis[32]
Oropsylla rupestris[32]
Pulex irritans (human flea)[32]
Taenia taxidiensis <Unverified Name>[31]
Thrassis acamantis acamantis[32]
Yersinia pestis (Bubonic plague)[33]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Assiniboine Park Zootaxus
Coyote Point Museum
Dakota Zoo
David Traylor Zoo of Emporiataxus
Henry Vilas Zoo
Hutchinson Zootaxus
Milwaukee County Zoological Gardenstaxus
Moonridge Animal Park
NEW Zoo
Northwest Trek Wildlife Park
Oklahoma City Zoological Park
Patronato del Parque Zoologico de Leon
Riverside Zoo
San Diego Zoojeffersonii
 taxus
Taipei Zoo
Texas Zoo
The Living Desert Zoo and Gardens
Zoo Boise

Range Map

Bishop Pine Preserve; Middle America; North America; Shortgrass Steppe LTER Site;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 4Ammospermophilus nelsoni, Troy L. Best, Amy S. Titus, Cynthia L. Lewis, and Katharine Caesar, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 367, pp. 1-7 (1990) 5SPECIES ASSESSMENT FOR PYGMY RABBIT (BRACHYLAGUS IDAHOENSIS) IN WYOMING, DOUGLAS A. KEINATH AND MATTHEW MCGEE, United States Department of the Interior Bureau of Land Management Wyoming State Office Cheyenne, Wyoming (2004) 6Conepatus leuconotus (Carnivora: Mephitidae), JERRY W. DRAGOO AND STEVEN R. SHEFFIELD, MAMMALIAN SPECIES 827:1–8 (2009) 7The Sagebrush Sea by Cornell Lab of Ornithology 8Cynomys ludovicianus, John L. Hoogland, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 535, pp. 1-10 (1996) 9Dipodomys ingens, Daniel F. Williams and Kerry S. Kilburn, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 377, pp. 1-7 (1991) 10Dipodomys spectabilis, Troy L. Best, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 311, pp. 1-10 (1988) 11Geomys bursarius (Rodentia: Geomyidae), MATTHEW B. CONNIOR, MAMMALIAN SPECIES 43(879):104–117 (2011) 12SPECIES ASSESSMENT FOR LONG-BILLED CURLEW (NUMENIUS AMERICANUS) IN WYOMING, DARBY N. DARK-SMILEY and DOUGLAS A. KEINATH, Wyoming Natural Diversity Database 2000 13Seed predation and dispersal in a dominant desert plant: Opuntia, ants, birds, and mammals, Mario González-Espinosa and Pedro F. Quintana-Ascencio, Frugivores and Seed Dispersal (eds A. Estrada & T. H. Fleming.), pp. 273–284. Dr W. Junk, Publishers, Dordrecht. 14Spermophilus variegatus, Emily C. Oaks, Paul J. Young, Gordon L. Kirkland, Jr., and David F. Schmidt, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 272, pp. 1-8 (1987) 15Spermophilus franklinii, Andrea C. Ostroff and Elmer J. Finck, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 724, pp. 1–5 (2003) 16Sylvilagus audubonii, Joseph A. Chapman and Gale R. Willner, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 106, pp. 1-4 (1978) 17Tamias amoenus, Dallas A. Sutton, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 390, pp. 1-8 (1992) 18Tamias dorsalis, E. Blake Hart, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 399, pp. 1-6 (1992) 19Tamias merriami, Troy L. Best and Nancy J. Granai, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 476, pp. 1-9 (1994) 20Thomomys bottae, Cheri A. Jones and Colleen N. Baxter, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 742, pp. 1–14 (2004) 21Spermophilus armatus, Bruce D. Eshelman and Cara S. Sonnemann, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 637, pp. 1–6 (2000) 22Spermophilus beldingi, Stephen H. Jenkins and Bruce D. Eshelman, Mammalian Species No. 221, pp. 1-8 (1984) 23Spermophilus brunneus, Eric Yensen and Paul W. Sherman, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 560, pp. 1-5 (1997) 24Spermophilus columbianus, Charles L. Elliott and Jerran T. Flinders, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 372, pp. 1-9 (1991) 25Spermophilus elegans, David A. Zegers, Mammalian Species No. 214, pp. 1-7 (1984) 26Spermophilus richardsonii, Gail R. Michener and James W. Koeppl, Mammalian Species No. 243, pp. 1-8, (1985) 27Spermophilus townsendii, Eric A. Rickart, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 268, pp. 1-6 (1987) 28Spermophilus washingtoni, Eric A. Rickart and Eric Yensen, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 371, pp. 1-5 (1991) 29SPECIES ASSESSMENT FOR SWIFT FOX (VULPES VELOX) IN WYOMING, DARBY N. DARK-SMILEY AND DOUGLAS A. KEINATH, prepared for United States Department of the Interior Bureau of Land Management, December 2003 30Spermophilus tereticaudus, Kristina A. Ernest and Michael A. Mares, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 274, pp. 1-9 (1987) 31Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 32International Flea Database 33Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. Chippewa Nature Center Edwin S. George Reserve, University of Michigan, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access