Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Carnivora > Procyonidae > Procyon > Procyon lotor
 

Procyon lotor (Raccoon; common raccoon; northern raccoon)

Language: French; Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The raccoon, sometimes spelled racoon, also known as the common raccoon, North American raccoon, northern raccoon and colloquially as coon, is a medium-sized mammal native to North America. The raccoon is the largest of the procyonid family, having a body length of 40 to 70 cm (to in) and a body weight of 3.5 to 9 kg (to lb). Its grayish coat mostly consists of dense underfur which insulates against cold weather.
View Wikipedia Record: Procyon lotor

Infraspecies

Invasive Species

Procyon lotor (raccoon) is an omnivorous mammal native to North America that has been introduced in many countries. Long seen as an endemic in several Caribbean islands (Bahamas, Barbados and Guadeloupe), the recent discovery of its exotic origin means that this species represents a potential environmental threat to the biodiversity of the islands.
View ISSG Record: Procyon lotor

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
3
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
23
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 8.71
EDGE Score: 2.27

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  13.23 lbs (6.00 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  80 grams
Female Maturity [1]  1 year
Male Maturity [1]  1 year
Diet [2]  Omnivore
Gestation [1]  63 days
Litter Size [1]  4
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  21 years
Nocturnal [2]  Yes
Weaning [1]  3 months 1 day

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Alberta Mountain forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Alberta-British Columbia foothills forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Allegheny Highlands forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Appalachian mixed mesophytic forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Appalachian-Blue Ridge forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Arizona Mountains forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Atlantic coastal pine barrens United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Baja California desert Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Bajío dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Balsas dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Belizean pine forests Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Blue Mountains forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
British Columbia mainland coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
California Central Valley grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
California coastal sage and chaparral Mexico, United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
California interior chaparral and woodlands United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
California montane chaparral and woodlands United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Canadian Aspen forests and parklands Canada Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Cascade Mountains leeward forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central American Atlantic moist forests Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central American dry forests Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Central American montane forests Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central American pine-oak forests Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Central and Southern Cascades forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central and Southern mixed grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Canadian Shield forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Central forest-grasslands transition United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Mexican matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Pacific coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Central tall grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central U.S. hardwood forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Chiapas Depression dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chiapas montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chihuahuan desert Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Chimalapas montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Colorado Plateau shrublands United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Colorado Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Costa Rican seasonal moist forests Costa Rica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
East Central Texas forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Canadian forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern Cascades forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Eastern forest-boreal transition Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Great Lakes lowland forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Panamanian montane forests Colombia, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Edwards Plateau savanna United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Everglades United States Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Flint Hills tall grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Florida sand pine scrub United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Great Basin montane forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Great Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Gulf of California xeric scrub Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Gulf of St. Lawrence lowland forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Isthmian-Atlantic moist forests Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Isthmian-Pacific moist forests Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Jalisco dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Klamath-Siskiyou forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Meseta Central matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Mesoamerican Gulf-Caribbean mangroves Bahamas, United Kingdom Neotropic Mangroves
Mid-Continental Canadian forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Middle Atlantic coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Midwestern Canadian Shield forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Miskito pine forests Honduras, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Mississippi lowland forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Mojave desert United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Montana Valley and Foothill grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Motagua Valley thornscrub Guatemala Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Nebraska Sand Hills mixed grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
New England-Acadian forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
North Central Rockies forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northeastern coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northern California coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern Mesoamerican Pacific mangroves Mexico Neotropic Mangroves    
Northern mixed grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern short grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern tall grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Oaxacan montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Okanagan dry forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Ozark Mountain forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Palouse grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Panamanian dry forests Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Pantanos de Centla Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Petén-Veracruz moist forests Mexico, Guatemala, Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Piney Woods forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Puget lowland forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
San Lucan xeric scrub Mexico Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sierra de la Laguna dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sierra de la Laguna pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra de los Tuxtlas Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Sierra Juarez and San Pedro Martir pine-oak forests Mexico Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre de Chiapas moist forest Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sierra Madre de Oaxaca pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre del Sur pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre Occidental pine-oak forests Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre Oriental pine-oak forests Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Nevada forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Sinaloan dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Snake-Columbia shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sonoran desert Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sonoran-Sinaloan transition subtropical dry forest Mexico Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
South American Pacific mangroves Colombia, Panama, Ecuador Neotropic Mangroves    
South Central Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
South Florida rocklands United States Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southeastern conifer forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Southeastern mixed forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southern Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southern Mesoamerican Pacific mangroves Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Mangroves    
Southern Pacific dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Talamancan montane forests Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tamaulipan matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tamaulipan mezquital Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tehuac√°n Valley matorral Mexico Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Texas blackland prairies United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Upper Midwest forest-savanna transition United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Veracruz dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Veracruz moist forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Veracruz montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Wasatch and Uinta montane forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Western Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Gulf Coastal grasslands Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands  
Western short grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Willamette Valley forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Wyoming Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Yucat√°n dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Yucat√°n moist forests Mexico, Guatemala, Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Acadia National Park II 35996 Maine, United States
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Alto Golfo de California y Delta del Rio Colorado Biosphere Reserve VI 2320468 Sonora, Mexico  
Anza-Borrego Desert State Park, CA III 184543 California, United States
Arches National Park II 76539 Utah, United States
Badlands National Park II 178535 South Dakota, United States
Beaver Creek Biosphere Reserve 275028 Arizona, United States  
Big Bend Biosphere Reserve National Park II 815561 Texas, United States
Big Cypress National Preserve V 732120 Florida, United States
Big Thicket Biosphere Reserve National Park II 616880 Texas, United States
Bighorn Canyon National Recreation Area V 36286 Montana, Wyoming, United States
Bryce Canyon National Park II 36348 Utah, United States
Buffalo National River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 59947 Arkansas, United States
California Coast Ranges Biosphere Reserve 153447 California, United States  
Canyonlands National Park II 335430 Utah, United States
Cape Breton Highlands National Park II 234333 Nova Scotia, Canada  
Capital Reef National Park II 243722 Utah, United States
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Central Gulf Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 40530 United States  
Champlain-Adirondack Biosphere Reserve 9859505 New York, Vermont, United States  
Cordillera Volcanica Central Forest Reserve VI 150571 Costa Rica  
Cusuco National Park II 44047 Honduras  
Cuxtal Ecological Reserve 26687 Yucatan, Mexico  
Dinosaur National Monument III 203307 Colorado, Utah, United States
Dye Creek Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 38152 California, United States  
Dzilam de Bravo Wetland Reserve 149170 Yucatan, Mexico    
El Malpais National Monument III 109980 New Mexico, United States
El Ocote Ecological Reserve Biosphere Reserve VI 251855 Chiapas, Mexico  
Felsenthal National Wildlife Refuge VI 66133 Arkansas, United States
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Fundy National Park II 52716 New Brunswick, Canada
Grand Canyon National Park II 1210128 Arizona, United States
Grand Teton National Park II 231724 Wyoming, United States
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Guadalupe Mountains National Park II 46114 Texas, United States
Gulf Island National Seashore II 67487 Florida, Mississippi, United States
Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve II 366714 British Columbia, Canada
Iztaccihuatl-Popocatepetl National Park II 224456 Mexico State, Mexico
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Kejimkujik National Park II 94203 Nova Scotia, Canada
Kouchibouguac National Park II 59161 New Brunswick, Canada
La Amistad International Park National Park II 541617 Panama, Costa Rica  
La Mauricie National Park II 131706 Quebec, Canada
Lacassine National Wildlife Refuge VI 28351 Louisiana, United States
Lake Chelan National Recreation Area II 606367 Washington, United States
Lake Mead National Recreation Area V 670229 Arizona, Nevada, United States
Lake Roosevelt National Recreation Area V 103172 Washington, United States
Lake Superior Provincial Park IV 351011 Ontario, Canada
Land Between the Lakes Biosphere Reserve V 166264 Kentucky, Tennessee, United States
Lassen Volcanic National Park II 29388 California, United States
Long Point Biosphere Reserve 100325 Ontario, Canada  
Mammoth Cave Area Biosphere Reserve (Natn'l Park) National Park II 51235 Kentucky, United States
Maya Multiple Use Area 1156412 Guatemala  
Mount Arrowsmith Biosphere Reserve 293047 British Columbia, Canada  
Mount Rainier National Park II 235186 Washington, United States
New River Gorge National River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 55591 West Virginia, United States
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge IV 38256 Florida, United States
Olympic Biosphere Reserve II 922805 Washington, United States
Organ Pipe Cactus Biosphere Reserve 327376 Arizona, United States  
Ozark National Scenic Riverways National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 54621 Missouri, United States
Pacific Rim National Park Reserve II 137900 British Columbia, Canada
Padre Island National Seashore II 42068 Texas, United States
Petrified Forest National Park II 44522 Arizona, United States
Point Reyes National Seashore II 27068 California, United States
Prince Albert National Park II 976762 Saskatchewan, Canada
Pukaskwa National Park II 459860 Ontario, Canada
Redberry Lake Biosphere Reserve 277252 Saskatchewan, Canada
Redwood National Park II 77867 California, United States
Reserva Especial de la Biosfera R√≠a Celest√ļn Biosphere Reserve VI 202424 Mexico  
Reserva de Mapimi Biosphere Reserve VI 849819 Chihuahua, Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera El Cielo Biosphere Reserve 353161 Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera El Vizcaino Biosphere Reserve VI 6176727 Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera Sierra Gorda Biosphere Reserve VI 955579 Queretaro, Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve VI 1312618 Mexico  
Reserve de la Biosphere des Vosges du Nord Biosphere Reserve 301469 France  
Riding Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 762028 Manitoba, Canada
Rocky Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 239938 Colorado, United States
San Francisco Peninsular Watershed County Wildlife Refuge or Management Area 30320 California, United States  
Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area V 38440 California, United States
Sarstoon Temash National Park II 42082 Belize  
Schorfheide-Chorin Biosphere Reserve 319164 Germany
Sequoia and Kings Canyon Biosphere Reserve II 172261 California, United States
Sevilleta LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research IV 228335 New Mexico, United States
Shenandoah National Park II 108221 Virginia, United States
Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta (incl. Tayrona NP) National Park II 1031303 Colombia  
Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore II 62563 Michigan, United States
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Southwest Nova Biosphere Reserve 3821173 Canada  
Spreewald Biosphere Reserve 117355 Germany  
Vessertal-Thuringian Forest Biosphere Reserve 42250 Germany  
Voyageurs National Park II 177960 Minnesota, United States
Wheeler National Wildlife Refuge IV 26618 Alabama, United States
Whiskey-Shasta-Trinity National Recreation Area V 197791 California, United States
Wind Cave National Park II 29471 South Dakota, United States
Woodland Caribou Provincial Wilderness Park Provincial Park II 1072124 Ontario, Canada
Wupatki National Monument III 36098 Arizona, United States
Yellowstone Biosphere Reserve II 2196863 Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, United States
Yosemite National Park II 95209 California, United States
Zion National Park II 135667 Utah, United States

Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No
Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands Mexico, United States No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No
Tumbes-Choco-Magdalena Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru No

Emblem of

Tennessee

Prey / Diet

Agelaius phoeniceus (Red-winged Blackbird)[3]
Aix sponsa (Wood Duck)[3]
Ampelocissus latifolia (American ivy)[3]
Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard)[3]
Anaxyrus boreas (Western Toad)[4]
Antheraea polyphemus (polyphemus moth)[3]
Ardea herodias (Great Blue Heron)[3]
Calosoma scrutator (Fiery searcher)[3]
Chelydra serpentina (Common Snapping Turtle)[3]
Cicindela sexguttata (Six-spotted Tiger Beetle)[3]
Cornus florida (flowering dogwood)[3]
Corvus brachyrhynchos (American Crow)[3]
Corydalus cornutus (dobsonfly)[3]
Dolichovespula maculata (baldfaced hornet)[3]
Dryocopus pileatus (Pileated Woodpecker)[3]
Dynastes tityus (Eastern hercules beetle)[3]
Fagus grandifolia (American beech)[3]
Gambusia holbrooki (Bore-drain fish)[3]
Geothlypis trichas (Common Yellowthroat)[3]
Gryllus pennsylvanicus (fall field cricket)[3]
Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)[3]
Hemigrapsus oregonensis (yellow shore crab)[5]
Hypentelium nigricans (Northern hog sucker)[3]
Ilex opaca (American holly)[3]
Juniperus virginiana (Eastern Red-cedar)[3]
Lampsilis radiata (eastern lampmussel)[3]
Larus delawarensis (Ring-billed Gull)[3]
Lindera benzoin (northern spicebush)[3]
Lithobates catesbeianus (American Bullfrog)[3]
Lithobates sphenocephalus sphenocephalus (Florida Leopard Frog)[3]
Lithobates sylvaticus (Wood Frog)[3]
Lymantria dispar (gypsy moth)[3]
Lymnaea stagnalis (swamp lymnaea)[3]
Melanoplus differentialis (Differential Grasshopper)[3]
Molothrus ater (Brown-headed Cowbird)[3]
Neotoma micropus (southern plains woodrat)[6]
Nerodia sipedon (Northern Water Snake)[3]
Neurotrichus gibbsii (Shrew-mole)[7]
Opuntia robusta (Wheel Cactus)[8]
Oryzomys palustris (marsh rice rat)[9]
Otospermophilus variegatus (rock squirrel)[10]
Pachygrapsus crassipes (striped shore crab)[5]
Papilio glaucus (Eastern tiger swallowtail)[3]
Phalacrocorax auritus (Double-crested Cormorant)[3]
Rubus laciniatus (Cutleaf Evergreen Blackberry)[3]
Sciurus niger (eastern fox squirrel)[11]
Sialia sialis (Eastern Bluebird)[3]
Sylvilagus audubonii (Desert Cottontail)[12]
Tadarida brasiliensis (Brazilian free-tailed bat)[13]
Terrapene carolina (Florida Box Turtle)[3]
Thamnophis sirtalis (Common Garter Snake)[3]
Thryothorus ludovicianus (Carolina Wren)[3]
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)[3]
Turdus migratorius (American Robin)[3]
Vespula maculifrons (eastern yellowjacket)[3]
Zapus princeps (western jumping mouse)[14]
Acer saccharinum (silver maple)[3]
Carya alba (mockernut hickory)[3]
Crataegus viridis (desert hawthorn)[3]
Phytolacca americana (common pokeweed)[3]
Pinus strobus (Eastern white pine)[3]
Quercus alba (White Oak)[3]
Quercus phellos (Willow Oak)[3]
Quercus velutina (Black Oak)[3]
Smilax rotundifolia (Horse Brier)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acrosternum hilare (Green stinkbug)6
Agelaius phoeniceus (Red-winged Blackbird)5
Agkistrodon contortrix (Southern Copperhead)5
Agkistrodon piscivorus (conanti)2
Aix sponsa (Wood Duck)9
Ambystoma maculatum (Spotted Salamander)3
Ameiurus natalis (Yellow bullhead)2
Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard)11
Anaxyrus americanus americanus (Eastern American Toad)7
Anguilla rostrata (American eel)4
Anisota oslari (Oslar’s oakworm moth)2
Apis mellifera (honey bee)2
Aquila chrysaetos (Golden Eagle)2
Ardea herodias (Great Blue Heron)6
Automeris io (Io moth)2
Baeolophus bicolor (Tufted Titmouse)10
Bubo virginianus (Great Horned Owl)5
Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)10
Buteo regalis (Ferruginous Hawk)2
Canis latrans (Coyote)6
Cardinalis cardinalis (Northern Cardinal)9
Carduelis tristis (American Goldfinch)6
Castor canadensis (american beaver)10
Charadrius vociferus (Killdeer)4
Chelydra serpentina (Common Snapping Turtle)5
Colinus virginianus (Northern Bobwhite)12
Corvus brachyrhynchos (American Crow)14
Crotalus atrox (Western Diamond-backed Rattlesnake)2
Cryptotis parva (North American Least Shrew)6
Cyanocitta cristata (Blue Jay)12
Cyprinus carpio (Common carp)3
Diapheromera femorata (Common American Walkingstick)2
Didelphis virginiana (Virginia Opossum)16
Dryocopus pileatus (Pileated Woodpecker)9
Egretta thula (Snowy Egret)2
Eptesicus fuscus (big brown bat)7
Erynnis juvenalis (Juvenal's duskywing skipper)2
Geococcyx californianus (Greater Roadrunner)2
Geothlypis trichas (Common Yellowthroat)4
Gillichthys mirabilis (Longjaw mudsucker)2
Halysidota tessellaris (Banded Tussock Moth)2
Heterodon platirhinos (Eastern Hognose Snake)3
Hypentelium nigricans (Northern hog sucker)2
Ictalurus punctatus (Channel catfish)4
Incisalia niphon (Eastern Pine Elfin)2
Larus canus (Mew Gull)2
Larus delawarensis (Ring-billed Gull)6
Larus occidentalis (Western Gull)2
Limosa fedoa (Marbled Godwit)2
Lithobates catesbeianus (American Bullfrog)4
Lithobates sphenocephalus sphenocephalus (Florida Leopard Frog)4
Lithobates sylvaticus (Wood Frog)4
Lynx rufus (Bobcat)5
Megaceryle alcyon (Belted Kingfisher)5
Meleagris gallopavo (Wild Turkey)16
Mephitis mephitis (Striped Skunk)14
Micropterus salmoides (Northern largemouth bass)4
Microtus pennsylvanicus (meadow vole)8
Mimus polyglottos (Northern Mockingbird)11
Molothrus ater (Brown-headed Cowbird)4
Mustela frenata (Long-tailed Weasel)2
Myiarchus crinitus (Great Crested Flycatcher)11
Neovison vison (American Mink)2
Nerodia sipedon (Northern Water Snake)4
Notemigonus crysoleucas (Golden shiner minnow)2
Notophthalmus viridescens (Eastern Newt)5
Numenius americanus (Long-billed Curlew)2
Odocoileus virginianus (white-tailed deer)16
Ondatra zibethicus (muskrat)5
Papilio glaucus (Eastern tiger swallowtail)2
Paralabrax maculatofasciatus (Spotted sand bass)2
Peromyscus leucopus (white-footed mouse)13
Phalacrocorax auritus (Double-crested Cormorant)5
Picoides pubescens (Downy Woodpecker)10
Plestiodon fasciatus (Five-lined Skink)5
Poecile carolinensis (Carolina Chickadee)7
Pomoxis nigromaculatus (Strawberry bass)2
Pseudacris crucifer (Spring Peeper)3
Quiscalus quiscula (Common Grackle)4
Rattus norvegicus (Norway rat)4
Reticulitermes flavipes (eastern subterranean termite)5
Scalopus aquaticus (Eastern Mole)4
Sciurus carolinensis (eastern gray squirrel)16
Sialia sialis (Eastern Bluebird)11
Sitta carolinensis (White-breasted Nuthatch)12
Strix varia (Barred Owl)6
Sturnus vulgaris (European Starling)7
Sylvilagus floridanus (Eastern Cottontail)12
Tamias striatus (eastern chipmunk)12
Taxidea taxus (American Badger)3
Terrapene carolina (Florida Box Turtle)3
Thamnophis sirtalis (Common Garter Snake)7
Thryothorus ludovicianus (Carolina Wren)5
Tringa semipalmata (Willet)2
Turdus migratorius (American Robin)14
Tyto alba (Barn Owl)5
Urocyon cinereoargenteus (Gray Fox)4
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)18
Zenaida macroura (Mourning Dove)5
Zonotrichia albicollis (White-throated Sparrow)5

Predators

Aedes albopictus (forest day mosquito)[3]
Calliphora vomitoria (Blue bottle fly)[3]
Canis lupus rufus (Red Wolf)[15]
Dermacentor variabilis (American dog tick)[3]
Macrobdella decora (Freshwater leech)[3]
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)[3]

Providers

Shelter 
Acer rubrum (red maple)[3]
Liquidambar styraciflua (sweetgum)[3]
Liriodendron tulipifera (tuliptree)[3]
Phragmites australis (common reed)[3]
Pinus taeda (Loblolly pine)[3]
Pinus virginiana (Virginia pine)[3]
Platanus mexicana (American sycamore)[3]
Pontederia cordata (Pickerel Weed)[3]
Populus grandidentata (bigtooth aspen)[3]
Rhus glabra (smooth sumac)[3]
Robinia pseudoacacia (Post locust)[3]
Salix nigra (black willow)[3]
Saururus cernuus (lizard's tail)[3]
Scirpus cyperinus (Woolly Grass Bulrush)[3]
Typha latifolia (Reedmace)[3]
Ulmus americana (American elm)[3]
Zizania aquatica (annual wildrice)[3]
Acer saccharinum (silver maple)[3]
Carya alba (mockernut hickory)[3]
Crataegus viridis (desert hawthorn)[3]
Phytolacca americana (common pokeweed)[3]
Pinus strobus (Eastern white pine)[3]
Quercus alba (White Oak)[3]
Quercus phellos (Willow Oak)[3]
Quercus velutina (Black Oak)[3]
Smilax rotundifolia (Horse Brier)[3]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Acanthocheilonema procyonis <Unverified Name>[16]
Alaria marcianae <Unverified Name>[16]
Alaria taxideae <Unverified Name>[16]
Amblyomma americanum (Lone Star tick)[17]
Ancylostoma kusimaense <Unverified Name>[16]
Androlaelaps casalis[17]
Apophallus venustus[16]
Arthrocephalus lotoris <Unverified Name>[16]
Ascaris columnaris <Unverified Name>[16]
Ascocotyle ampullacea <Unverified Name>[16]
Ascocotyle leighi <Unverified Name>[16]
Ascocotyle pachycystis[16]
Ascorhytis charadriformis[16]
Atriotaenia procyonis <Unverified Name>[16]
Baylisascaris columnaris <Unverified Name>[16]
Baylisascaris procyonis[16]
Borrelia burgdorferi (Lyme disease)[17]
Brachylaima fuscatus[16]
Brachylaima virginiana[17]
Brachylaima virginianum <Unverified Name>[16]
Brugia beaveri <Unverified Name>[16]
Capillaria aerophila[16]
Capillaria plica[16]
Capillaria procyonis <Unverified Name>[16]
Capillaria putorii <Unverified Name>[16]
Carneophallus turgidus <Unverified Name>[16]
Cediopsylla simplex[18]
Centrorhynchus conspectus[16]
Centrorhynchus wardae[16]
Ceratophyllus ciliatus protinus[18]
Ceratophyllus vison[18]
Chaetopsylla lotoris[17]
Conorhinopsylla stanfordi[18]
Crenosoma goblei <Unverified Name>[16]
Cruzia americana <Unverified Name>[16]
Cryptocotyle jejuna[16]
Cryptosporidium parvum[17]
Ctenocephalides felis (Cat flea)[17]
Dermacentor variabilis[3]
Dioctophyme renale[16]
Dipetalonema procyonis <Unverified Name>[16]
Diphyllobothrium mansonoides <Unverified Name>[16]
Dirofilaria immitis (Heartworm)[16]
Dirofilaria tenuis <Unverified Name>[16]
Dracunculus insignis <Unverified Name>[16]
Echidnophaga gallinacea (sticktight flea)[18]
Echinostoma revolutum[16]
Ehrlichia chaffeensis[17]
Euparyphium beaveri <Unverified Name>[16]
Euryhelmis monorchis[16]
Euryhelmis squamula[16]
Eurytrema procyonis <Unverified Name>[16]
Fibricola cratera <Unverified Name>[16]
Fibricola laruei <Unverified Name>[16]
Fibricola texensis[16]
Gnathostoma binucleatum <Unverified Name>[16]
Gnathostoma procyonis <Unverified Name>[16]
Gynaecotyla adunca <Unverified Name>[16]
Gyrosoma singularis[16]
Haemaphysalis leporispalustris (Rabbit fever tick)[17]
Heterobilharzia americana[16]
Ixodes cookei (American castor bean tick)[17]
Ixodes dentatus[17]
Ixodes kingi (Rotund tick)[17]
Ixodes scapularis (Black legged tick)[17]
Ixodes texanus (Raccoon tick)[17]
Leptospira interrogans[17]
Lyperosomum sinuosum <Unverified Name>[16]
Macracanthorhynchus ingens[16]
Macrobdella decora[3]
Mansonella llewellyni <Unverified Name>[16]
Maritreminoides nettae[16]
Mesocestoides variabilis <Unverified Name>[16]
Mesostephanus appendiculatoides[17]
Metagonimoides oregonensis[16]
Metagonimus miyatai <Unverified Name>[16]
Metagonimus takahashii <Unverified Name>[16]
Metorchis conjunctus[16]
Microphallus similis[16]
Molineus barbatus <Unverified Name>[16]
Molineus legerae <Unverified Name>[16]
Mycobacterium bovis (Bovine tuberculosis)[17]
Nanophyetus salmincola <Unverified Name>[16]
Neodiplostomum cratera <Unverified Name>[16]
Oligacanthorhynchus tortuosa[16]
Orchopeas nepos[18]
Orchopeas sexdentatus sexdentatus[18]
Ornithonyssus bacoti[17]
Paragonimus kellicotti[16]
Paragonimus mexicanus <Unverified Name>[16]
Paragonimus rudis <Unverified Name>[16]
Paralecithodendrium naviculum <Unverified Name>[16]
Parallelorchis diglossus[16]
Parametorchis complexus[16]
Phagicola angrense <Unverified Name>[16]
Phagicola diminuta <Unverified Name>[16]
Phagicola longa[16]
Pharyngostomoides adenocephala <Unverified Name>[16]
Pharyngostomoides ovale <Unverified Name>[16]
Pharyngostomoides procyonis[16]
Physaloptera rara <Unverified Name>[16]
Placoconus lotoris <Unverified Name>[16]
Plagiorchis elegans[16]
Plagiorchis muris[16]
Plagiorchis vespertilionis[16]
Plagiorhynchus cylindraceus[16]
Plusaetis dolens dolens[18]
Polygenis gwyni[17]
Polymorphus botulus[16]
Pricetrema zalophi <Unverified Name>[16]
Procyotrema marsupiformis[16]
Prosthodendrium naviculum[16]
Pulex irritans (human flea)[18]
Pulex simulans[17]
Rhopalopsyllus australis australis[18]
Spirometra mansonoides <Unverified Name>[16]
Stephanoprora spinosa <Unverified Name>[16]
Strongyloides myopotami <Unverified Name>[16]
Strongyloides procyonis <Unverified Name>[16]
Toxascaris procyonis <Unverified Name>[16]
Toxocara canis[16]
Toxocara tanuki <Unverified Name>[16]
Trichinella murrelli <Unverified Name>[16]
Trichinella pseudospiralis[16]
Trichinella spiralis (pork worm)[16]
Troglotrema mustelae[16]
Yersinia pestis (Bubonic plague)[17]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
AB Furuviksparken
Abilene Zoological Gardens
Albuquerque Biological Park
Alexandria Zoological Park
Almaty State Zoo of Kazakhstan
Amarillo Zoo
America's Teaching Zoo
Aqua Zoo Friesland
Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum
Artis Zoo
Audubon Zoomegalodous
Bay Beach Wildlife Sanctuary
 hirtus
Beale Park
Bellewaerde Park
Birmingham Zoovarius
Blaavand Zoo
Boras Djurpark Zoo
Bosphorus Zoo (Bogaziçi Hayvanat
Bristol Zoo Gardens
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
Cameron Park Zoo
Chattanooga Zoo at Warner Park
Chicago Zoological Park
Christianshede Zoo
Cologne Zoo
Combe Martin Wildlife & Dinosaur Park
Cosley Zoo
Coyote Point Museum
Curraghs Wildlife Park
Dakota Zoo
Dartmoor Zoological Park
Dept. of National Zoological Gardenslotor
Dickerson Park Zoo
Dierenpark 'De Vleut' (Zoo Best)
Dierenpark de Oliemeulen (Zoo Tilburg)
Dierenrijk Europa
Disney's Animal Kingdom
Domaine Zoologique de Pescheray
Drayton Manor Park Zoo
Drusillas Zoo Park
Ellen Trout Zoo
 fuscipes
Faunia (Parque Biologico De Madrid,SA)
Greater Vancouver Zoo
Guadalajara Zoomexicana
Hong Kong Zool. & Botanical Gardens
Houston Zoo, Inc.
Hutchinson Zoolotor
Inokashira Park Zoo
Jardim Zoologico / Lisbon Zoo
Kazan Zoological & Botanical Garden
Kharkiv Zoo
Kishinev Zoopark
Kittenberger Zoo
Knoxville Zoological Gardenslotor
Kyiv Zoological Park
Le Pal, Parc Animalier
Leningrad Zoo - St. Petersburg
Lietuvos Zoologijos Sodas
Louisiana Purchase Gardens & Zoo
Magnetic Hill Zoo
Menagerie du Jardin des Plantes
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny w Lodz
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Wybrzeza
Minnesota Zoological Garden
Miskolc Zoo/√Āllatkert √©s Kult√ļrpark
Mitchell Park Zoo
Monde Sauvage Safari SPRL
Moonridge Animal Park
Moscow Zoological Park
 psora
Nagyerdei Kult√ļrpark KHT.
Neunkircher Zoologischer Garten GmbH
NEW Zoo
Niedersächsische Landesforsten
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Council
Northwest Trek Wildlife Parkpacificus
Novosibirsk Zoological Park
Ny√≠regyh√°zi √Āllatpark Nonprofit KFT
Odsherreds Zoo Dyrepark A/S
Ogrod Zoologiczny im. Stefana Milera
Oklahoma City Zoological Park
Olmense Zoo
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Opel-Zoo von Opel HessischeZoostiftung
Orange County Zoopsora
Osaka Municipal Tennoji Zool. Gdns.
Palm Beach Zoo at Dreher Parkelucus
Paradise Wildlife Park
Parc Animalier de Sainte Croix
Parc de la Haute Touche (MNHN)
Parc Merveilleux
Parc Zoologique d'Amneville
Parco Faunistico La Torbiera
Park i Ogrod Zoologiczny w Krakowie
Parque Zoologico Nacional, ZOODOM
Permskii Zoologicheskii Sad
Phoenix Zoo
Planete Sauvage
Podkrusnohorsky Zoopark Chomutov
Project Wildlifepsora
Pueblo Zoo
Ree Park - Ebeltoft Safari
Riverside Zoo
Rostock Zoologischer Garten
Rotterdam Zoo
San Diego Zoopsora
Seneca Park Zoo
Shepreth Wildlife Park
Shuttleworth College Animal Centre
Silesian Zoological Garden
Singapore Zoological Gardens
Sofia Zoological Gardens
STB Kanta - Friguia Zoo
Sunset Zoo
 hirtus
Taipei Zoo
 lotor
Tbilisi Zoo
Tiergarten Heidelberg
Tierpark Berlin-Friedrichsfelde GmbH
Tierpark Dählhölzli
Touroparc
Trotter's World of Animals
Tulsa Zoo & Living Museum
Virginia Living Museum
Western North Carolina Nature Center
Wild Animal Park Mechelen Planckendael
Willow Park Zoo
Wingham Wildlife Park
Zoo am Meer Bremerhaven GmbH
Zoo and Aqua-Terrarium Ltd. Pécs
Zoo Aquarium de Madrid (GRPR)
Zoo de Jurques
Zoo Decin - Pastyrska Stena
Zoo of Antwerp
Zoo Osnabr√ľck
Zoo Parc de Beauval
Zoo Sauvage de St-Félicien
Zoological Center Tel Aviv - Ramat Gan
Zoological Garden of Polish Fauna
Zoologicka Zahrada Bratislava
Zoologicka Zahrada Jihlava
Zoologicka zahrada Olomouc
Zoologico Nacional La Aurora

Range Map

Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China); Middle America; North America; South America; Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Wozencraft W.C., 2007-08-15, in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 3Study of Northern Virginia Ecology 4Anurans as prey: an exploratory analysis and size relationships between predators and their prey, L. F. Toledo, R. S. Ribeiro & C. F. B. Haddad, Journal of Zoology 271 (2007) 170‚Äď177 5Lafferty, K. D., R. F. Hechinger, J. C. Shaw, K. L. Whitney and A. M. Kuris (in press) Food webs and parasites in a salt marsh ecosystem. In Disease ecology: community structure and pathogen dynamics (eds S. Collinge and C. Ray). Oxford University Press, Oxford. 6Neotoma micropus, J. K. Braun and M. A. Mares, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 330, pp. 1-9 (1989) 7Neurotrichus gibbsii, L. N. Carraway and B. J. Verts, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 387, pp. 1-7 (1991) 8Seed predation and dispersal in a dominant desert plant: Opuntia, ants, birds, and mammals, Mario Gonz√°lez-Espinosa and Pedro F. Quintana-Ascencio, Frugivores and Seed Dispersal (eds A. Estrada & T. H. Fleming.), pp. 273¬Ė284. Dr W. Junk, Publishers, Dordrecht. 9Oryzomys palustris, James L. Wolfe, Mammalian Species No. 176, pp. 1-5 (1982) 10Spermophilus variegatus, Emily C. Oaks, Paul J. Young, Gordon L. Kirkland, Jr., and David F. Schmidt, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 272, pp. 1-8 (1987) 11Sciurus niger, John L. Koprowski, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 479, pp. 1-9 (1994) 12Sylvilagus audubonii, Joseph A. Chapman and Gale R. Willner, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 106, pp. 1-4 (1978) 13Tadarida brasiliensis, Kenneth T. Wilkins, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 331, pp. 1-10 (1989) 14Zapus princeps, E. Blake Hart, Mark C. Belk, Eralee Jordan, and Malinda W. Gonzalez, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 749, pp. 1¬Ė7 (2004) 154.2 Red wolf, Canis rufus, B.T. Kelly, A. Beyer and M.K. Phillips, Sillero-Zubiri, C., Hoffmann, M. and Macdonald, D.W. (eds). 2004. Canids: Foxes, Wolves, Jackals and Dogs. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN/SSC Canid Specialist Group. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. x + 430 pp. 16Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 17Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2. 18International Flea Database
Invasive Status provided by Global Invasive Species Database Downloaded on 10 May 2011.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by Patterson, B. D., G. Ceballos, W. Sechrest, M. F. Tognelli, T. Brooks, L. Luna, P. Ortega, I. Salazar, and B. E. Young. 2007. Digital Distribution Maps of the Mammals of the Western Hemisphere, version 3.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.
Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Bruce Patterson, Wes Sechrest, Marcelo Tognelli, Gerardo Ceballos, The Nature Conservancy¬óMigratory Bird Program, Conservation International¬óCABS, World Wildlife Fund¬óUS, and Environment Canada¬óWILDSPACE.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011