Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Carnivora > Felidae > Lynx > Lynx canadensis
 

Lynx canadensis (lynx; Canadian Lynx; Canada lynx)

Synonyms: Felis lynx canadensis
Language: French

Wikipedia Abstract

The Canada lynx (Lynx canadensis) or Canadian lynx is a North American mammal of the cat family, Felidae. With the recognised subspecies, it ranges across Canada and into Alaska as well as some parts of the northern United States.With a dense silvery-brown coat, ruffed face and tufted ears, the Canada lynx resembles the other species of the mid-sized Lynx genus. It is slightly larger than the bobcat, with which it shares parts of its range, and over twice the size of the domestic cat.
View Wikipedia Record: Lynx canadensis

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
3
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
21
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 7.18
EDGE Score: 2.1

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  22.27 lbs (10.10 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  204 grams
Female Maturity [1]  1 year 4 months
Male Maturity [1]  1 year 6 months
Diet [2]  Carnivore
Gestation [1]  63 days
Litter Size [1]  4
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  27 years
Nocturnal [2]  Yes
Weaning [1]  5 months 2 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Alaska-St. Elias Range tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Alberta Mountain forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Alberta-British Columbia foothills forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Arctic coastal tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra    
Arctic foothills tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Beringia lowland tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Beringia upland tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Blue Mountains forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
British Columbia mainland coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Brooks-British Range tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Canadian Aspen forests and parklands Canada Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Cascade Mountains leeward forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central British Columbia Mountain forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central Canadian Shield forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Cook Inlet taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Copper Plateau taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern Canadian forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern Canadian Shield taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern forest-boreal transition Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Great Lakes lowland forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Fraser Plateau and Basin complex Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Great Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Interior Alaska-Yukon lowland taiga Canada, United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Interior Yukon-Alaska alpine tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Low Arctic tundra Canada Nearctic Tundra
Mid-Continental Canadian forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Midwestern Canadian Shield forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Montana Valley and Foothill grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Muskwa-Slave Lake forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
New England-Acadian forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Newfoundland Highland forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
North Central Rockies forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern Canadian Shield taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northern Cordillera forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northern mixed grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Pacific coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Northern tall grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern transitional alpine forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northwest Territories taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Ogilvie-MacKenzie alpine tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Okanagan dry forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Pacific Coastal Mountain icefields and tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Palouse grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Snake-Columbia shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Avalon-Burin oceanic barrens Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
South Central Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Southern Hudson Bay taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Upper Midwest forest-savanna transition United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Wasatch and Uinta montane forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Western Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Wyoming Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Yukon Interior dry forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Acadia National Park II 35996 Maine, United States
Aksu-Dzhabagly Nature Reserve State Nature Reserve Ia 183489 Kazakhstan  
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Ib 12402936 Alaska, United States
Banff National Park II 1690912 Alberta, Canada
Bruce Peninsula National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Cape Breton Highlands National Park II 234333 Nova Scotia, Canada  
Cedar Creek LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research IV   Minnesota, United States
Denali Biosphere Reserve 1932364 Alaska, United States
Devils Tower National Monument V 1361 Wyoming, United States
Elk Island National Park II 47171 Alberta, Canada
Fathom Five National Marine Park II   Ontario, Canada
Forillon National Park II 61010 Quebec, Canada  
Georgian Bay Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Glacier National Park II 953799 Montana, United States
Gros Morne National Park II 476632 Newfoundland, Canada
Jasper National Park II 2776809 Alberta, Canada
Katmai National Park and Preserve Ib 421782 Alaska, United States
Kluane National Park and Reserve National Park Reserve II 5463436 Yukon, Canada
Kootenay National Park II 341762 British Columbia, Canada
La Mauricie National Park II 131706 Quebec, Canada
Lake Roosevelt National Recreation Area V 103172 Washington, United States
Lake Superior Provincial Park IV 351011 Ontario, Canada
Mount Rainier National Park II 235186 Washington, United States
Mount Revelstoke National Park Ia 18 British Columbia, Canada
Nahanni National Park Reserve II 1309627 Northwest Territories, Canada
Prince Albert National Park II 976762 Saskatchewan, Canada
Pukaskwa National Park II 459860 Ontario, Canada
Reserve de la Biosphere de Charlevoix Biosphere Reserve 1383790 Canada  
Riding Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 762028 Manitoba, Canada
Terra Nova National Park IV 125894 Newfoundland, Canada
Ukkusiksalik National Park II   Nunavut, Canada
Voyageurs National Park II 177960 Minnesota, United States
Vuntut National Park II 1076795 Yukon, Canada
Wapusk National Park II 2614324 Manitoba, Canada
Waterton Biosphere Reserve II 121459 Alberta, Canada
Wood Buffalo National Park II 11038545 Alberta, Canada
Woodland Caribou Provincial Wilderness Park Provincial Park II 1072124 Ontario, Canada
Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve Ib 2476446 Alaska, United States
Yoho National Park II 317576 British Columbia, Canada

Ecosystems

Prey / Diet

Amphispiza bilineata (Black-throated Sparrow)[3]
Bonasa umbellus (Ruffed Grouse)[4]
Castor canadensis (american beaver)[4]
Erethizon dorsatus (common porcupine)[4]
Falcipennis canadensis (Spruce Grouse)[3]
Lagopus leucura (White-tailed Ptarmigan)[5]
Lepus americanus (Snowshoe Hare)[4]
Lepus arcticus (Arctic Hare)[6]
Lepus townsendii (White-tailed Jackrabbit)[7]
Marmota caligata (hoary marmot)[8]
Martes americana (American Marten)[4]
Sciurus carolinensis (eastern gray squirrel)[3]
Urocitellus parryii (Arctic ground squirrel)[5]
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Accipiter gentilis (Northern Goshawk)2
Aquila chrysaetos (Golden Eagle)6
Bubo scandiacus (Snowy Owl)1
Bubo virginianus (Great Horned Owl)1
Buteo lagopus (Rough-legged Hawk)2
Buteo regalis (Ferruginous Hawk)1
Canis latrans (Coyote)6
Canis lupus (Wolf)8
Falco rusticolus (Gyrfalcon)4
Falco sparverius (American Kestrel)1
Gulo gulo (Wolverine)2
Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)1
Lynx rufus (Bobcat)1
Martes americana (American Marten)2
Martes pennanti (Fisher)1
Mustela erminea (Ermine)1
Mustela frenata (Long-tailed Weasel)1
Mustela nivalis (Least Weasel)1
Puma concolor (Cougar)2
Strix nebulosa (Great Grey Owl)2
Ursus americanus (black bear)1
Ursus arctos (Grizzly Bear)4
Vulpes lagopus (Arctic Fox)1
Vulpes velox (Swift Fox)1
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)8

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Alaria americana <Unverified Name>[9]
Alaria marcianae <Unverified Name>[9]
Chaetopsylla setosa[10]
Cylicospirura subaequalis <Unverified Name>[9]
Dirofilaria acutiuscula <Unverified Name>[9]
Dirofilaria repens <Unverified Name>[9]
Euchoplopsyllus glacialis lynx[10]
Foxella ignota albertensis[10]
Nearctopsylla brooksi[10]
Odontopsyllus dentatus[10]
Opisodasys vesperalis[10]
Opisthorchis tenuicollis[9]
Orchopeas caedens durus[10]
Orchopeas labiatus[10]
Physaloptera praeputialis <Unverified Name>[9]
Taenia laticollis <Unverified Name>[9]
Taenia macrocystis <Unverified Name>[9]
Taenia pisiformis[9]
Taenia rileyi <Unverified Name>[9]
Tarsopsylla octodecimdentata coloradensis[10]
Thrassis petiolatus[10]
Toxascaris leonina[9]
Toxocara cati (feline roundworm)[9]
Trichinella spiralis (pork worm)[9]
Troglostrongylus wilsoni <Unverified Name>[9]
Uncinaria stenocephala (Northern hookworm)[11]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Assiniboine Park Zoocanadensis
Biodome de Montreal
Buttonwood Park Zoocanadensis
Cheyenne Mtn Zoological Park
Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Gardencanadensis
Connecticut's Beardsley Zoocanadensis
Dakota Zoocanadensis
Exotic Feline Breeding Compound Inc.
Great Plains Zoocanadensis
Khao Kheow Open Zoo
Lehigh Valley Zoo
 canadensis
Magnetic Hill Zoo
Minnesota Zoological Garden
 canadensis
Montgomery Zoocanadensis
Moonridge Animal Park
NEW Zoo
Northwest Trek Wildlife Park
 canadensis
NY State Zoo at Thompson Park
Pocatello Zoocanadensis
Point Defiance Zoo & Aquarium
Pueblo Zoocanadensis
Queens Zoo
 canadensis
Racine Zoological Gardens
The Philadelphia Zoocanadensis
Toronto Zoocanadensis
Trotter's World of Animalscanadensis
Zoo New England, Stone Zoocanadensis
Zoo Sauvage de St-Féliciencanadensis
Zoologicka Zahrada Bratislava
 canadensis
Zoologicka Zahrada Mesta Brna
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzencanadensis

Range Map

North America;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 4Making The Forest And Tundra Wildlife Connection 5Exploring the Denali Food Web, ParkWise, National Park Service 6Lepus arcticus, Troy L. Best and Travis Hill Henry, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 457, pp. 1-9 (1994) 7Lepus townsendii, Burton K. Lim, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 288, pp. 1-6 (1987) 8Marmota caligata (Rodentia: Sciuridae), JANET K. BRAUN, T. SCOTT EATON, JR., AND MICHAEL A. MARES, MAMMALIAN SPECIES 43(884):155–171 (2011) 9Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 10International Flea Database 11Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access