Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Carnivora > Felidae > Felis > Felis silvestris
 

Felis silvestris (Wildcat; wild cat)

Wikipedia Abstract

The wildcat (Felis silvestris) is a small cat native to most of Africa, Europe, and Southwest and Central Asia into India, western China, and Mongolia. Because of its wide range it is assessed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List since 2002. However, crossbreeding of wildcat and domestic cat (Felis catus) occurs in particular in Europe and is considered a potential threat for the preservation of the wild species.The wildcat shows a high degree of geographic variation.
View Wikipedia Record: Felis silvestris

Infraspecies

Felis silvestris cafra (African wild cat)
Felis silvestris caucasica (European wild cat)
Felis silvestris caudata (African wild cat)
Felis silvestris chutuchta (Asian wild cat)
Felis silvestris cretensis
Felis silvestris foxi (African wild cat)
Felis silvestris gordoni (Gordon's wild cat)
Felis silvestris grampia (Scottish wild cat)
Felis silvestris griselda (African wild cat)
Felis silvestris haussa
Felis silvestris iraki (African wild cat)
Felis silvestris jordansi (Mallorcan wild cat)
Felis silvestris lybica (African wild cat)
Felis silvestris mellandi (African wild cat)
Felis silvestris nesterovi (African wild cat)
Felis silvestris ocreata (African wild cat)
Felis silvestris ornata (African wild cat)
Felis silvestris reyi (Corsican wild cat)
Felis silvestris rubida (African wild cat)
Felis silvestris silvestris (European wild cat)
Felis silvestris tristrami (African wild cat)
Felis silvestris ugandae
Felis silvestris vellerosa (Asian wild cat)

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
2
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
17
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 5.6
EDGE Score: 1.89

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  12.13 lbs (5.50 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  100 grams
Female Maturity [1]  10 months 4 days
Male Maturity [1]  10 months 4 days
Diet [2]  Carnivore
Gestation [1]  64 days
Litter Size [1]  4
Litters / Year [1]  2
Maximum Longevity [1]  19 years
Nocturnal [2]  Yes
Weaning [1]  87 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Aegean and Western Turkey sclerophyllous and mixed forests Greece, Turkey, Macedonia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Afghan Mountains semi-desert Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Alai-Western Tian Shan steppe Kazahkstan, Uzbekistan, Tadjikistan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Alashan Plateau semi-desert China, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Albany thickets South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Albertine Rift montane forests Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi,Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Alps conifer and mixed forests Italy, France, Switzerland, Slovenia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Altai alpine meadow and tundra China, Kazakstan, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Altai montane forest and forest steppe China, Kazakstan, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Altai steppe and semi-desert Kazahkstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Anatolian conifer and deciduous mixed forests Turkey Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Angolan Miombo woodlands Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Angolan montane forest-grassland mosaic Angola Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Angolan Mopane woodlands Angola, Namibia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Angolan Scarp savanna and woodlands Angola Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Appenine deciduous montane forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Arabian Desert and East Sahero-Arabian xeric shrublands Saudi Arabia, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Egypt , Iraq, Jordan, Syria Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Arabian Peninsula coastal fog desert Oman, Yemen, Saudi Arabia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Atlantic coastal desert Mauritania, Western Sahara Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Atlantic mixed forests France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Azerbaijan shrub desert and steppe Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Badghyz and Karabil semi-desert Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Iran, Tajikistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Balkan mixed forests Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Baluchistan xeric woodlands Pakistan, Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Cantabrian mixed forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Carpathian montane forests Czech Republic, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests Iran, Azerbaijan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Caspian lowland desert Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Caucasus mixed forests Georgia, Russia, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Afghan Mountains xeric woodlands Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Anatolian steppe Turkey Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Asian northern desert Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Asian riparian woodlands Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Asian southern desert Turkmenistan stretching, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central European mixed forests Austria, Belarus, Czech Republic, Germany, Lithuania, Moldovia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Persian desert basins Iran, Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Zambezian Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola, Zambia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Crimean Submediterranean forest complex Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Dinaric Mountains mixed forests Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy, Slovenia, Yugoslavia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Drakensberg alti-montane grasslands and woodlands South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Drakensberg montane grasslands, woodlands and forests South Africa, Swaziland, Lesotho Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
East Afghan montane conifer forests Pakistan, Afghanistan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
East African halophytics Tanzania Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
East African montane forests Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
East African montane moorlands Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
East European forest steppe Bulgaria, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East Saharan montane xeric woodlands Chad, Sudan Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
East Sudanian savanna Chad, Central African Republic, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Anatolian montane steppe Iran, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Arc forests Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Gobi desert steppe China, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests Turkey, Jordan, Israel, Syria Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Eastern Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Mozambique Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Zimbabwe montane forest-grassland mosaic Zimbabwe, Mozambique Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Elburz Range forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests    
Emin Valley steppe China, Kazakstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eritrean coastal desert Eritrea Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Ethiopian montane forests Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ethiopian montane grasslands and woodlands Ethiopia, Eritrea Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Ethiopian montane moorlands Ethiopia Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Ethiopian xeric grasslands and shrublands Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Etosha Pan halophytics Namibia Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Euxine-Colchic broadleaf forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Ghorat-Hazarajat alpine meadow Afghanistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Gissaro-Alai open woodlands Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Gobi Lakes Valley desert steppe Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Guinean forest-savanna mosaic Nigeria, Benin, Togo, Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Guinea-Bissau, Gambia, Senegal Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Guinean montane forests Guinea, Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia, Sierra Leone Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Gulf of Oman desert and semi-desert Oman, United Arab Emirates Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Helanshan montane conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Highveld grasslands South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Hobyo grasslands and shrublands Somalia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Iberian conifer forests Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Iberian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Illyrian deciduous forests Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Indus River Delta-Arabian Sea mangroves India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Indus Valley desert Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Inner Niger Delta flooded savanna Mali Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Italian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Italy, France Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Itigi-Sumbu thicket Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Jos Plateau forest-grassland mosaic Nigeria Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Junggar Basin semi-desert China, Kazakstan, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kalahari Acacia-Baikiaea woodlands Botswana, Namibia, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kalahari xeric savanna Botswana, Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kazakh semi-desert Kazakhstan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Khathiar-Gir dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Knysna-Amatole montane forests South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Kopet Dag semi-desert Iran, Turkmenistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kopet Dag woodlands and forest steppe Iran, Turkmenistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Kuh Rud and Eastern Iran montane woodlands Iran Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
KwaZulu-Cape coastal forest mosaic South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Lake Chad flooded savanna Nigeria, Chad, Niger Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Lowland fynbos and renosterveld South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mandara Plateau mosaic Cameroon, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Maputaland coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Swaziland, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maputaland-Pondoland bushland and thickets South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Masai xeric grasslands and shrublands Kenya Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Mediterranean acacia-argania dry woodlands and succulent thickets Morocco, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean conifer and mixed forests Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Mediterranean dry woodlands and steppe Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean High Atlas juniper steppe Morocco Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Mediterranean woodlands and forests Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mesopotamian shrub desert Iraq, Syria, Jordan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Middle East steppe Syria, Iraq Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Mongolian-Manchurian grassland China, Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Montane fynbos and renosterveld South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Nama Karoo Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Namibian savanna woodlands Angola, Namibia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Nile Delta flooded savanna Egypt Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
North Saharan steppe and woodlands Egypt, Libya, Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco, Western Sahara, Mauritania Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
North Tibetan Plateau-Kunlun Mountains alpine desert China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Northeastern Spain and Southern France Mediterranean forests France, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Anatolian conifer and deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, Central African Republic, Cameroon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northwest Iberian montane forests Portugal, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northwestern thorn scrub forests India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Ordos Plateau steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Pamir alpine desert and tundra China, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Pannonian mixed forests Austria, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Paropamisus xeric woodlands Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Persian Gulf desert and semi-desert Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, United Arab Emirates Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Pindus Mountains mixed forests Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Pontic steppe Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Pyrenees conifer and mixed forests Spain, France, Andorra Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Qaidam Basin semi-desert China Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Qilian Mountains subalpine meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Rann of Kutch seasonal salt marsh India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Red Sea coastal desert Egypt, Sudan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Red Sea Nubo-Sindian tropical desert and semi-desert Egypt, Jordan, Saudia Arabia, Yemen, Oman Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Registan-North Pakistan sandy desert Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Rodope montane mixed forests Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Rwenzori-Virunga montane moorlands Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Rwanda Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Saharan flooded grasslands Sudan Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Saharan halophytics Egypt, Tunisia, Algeria, Mauritania, Western Sahara Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Sahelian Acacia savanna Senegal, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Serengeti volcanic grasslands Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Somali Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Somali montane xeric woodlands Somalia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Appenine mixed montane forests Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
South Iran Nubo-Sindian desert and semi-desert Iran, Iraq, Pakistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Malawi montane forest-grassland mosaic Malawi, Mozambique Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
South Saharan steppe and woodlands Mauritania, Mali, Algeria, Niger, Chad, Sudan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Southeastern Iberian shrubs and woodlands Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Africa bushveld Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Anatolian montane conifer and deciduous forests Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Miombo woodlands Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Rift montane forest-grassland mosaic Malawi, Tanzania Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Tanzania, Malawi, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southwest Iberian Mediterranean sclerophyllous and mixed forests Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Morocco Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southwestern Arabian foothills savanna Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Oman Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Southwestern Arabian montane woodlands Yemen, Saudi Arabia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Succulent Karoo Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sulaiman Range alpine meadows Afghanistan, Pakistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Taklimakan desert China Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tarim Basin deciduous forests and steppe China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Thar desert India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tian Shan foothill arid steppe China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tian Shan montane conifer forests China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Tian Shan montane steppe and meadows China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Tibesti-Jebel Uweinat montane xeric woodlands Chad, Libya Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tigris-Euphrates alluvial salt marsh Iran, Iraq Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Tyrrhenian-Adriatic sclerophyllous and mixed forests France, Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub    
Victoria Basin forest-savanna mosaic Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
West Saharan montane xeric woodlands Algeria, Niger, Mali, Mauritania Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
West Sudanian savanna Senegal, Guinea, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Niger, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Gabon, Congo, Democratic Rep of the Congo, Angola Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western European broadleaf forests Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Zambezian grasslands Angola, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zagros Mountains forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Zambezian and Mopane woodlands South Africa, Mozambique, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Namibia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zambezian Baikiaea woodlands Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zambezian coastal flooded savanna Mozambique Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Zambezian Cryptosepalum dry forests Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Zambezian flooded grasslands Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of Congo, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Zambezian halophytics Mozambique, Botswana Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
ANTICHASIA ORI KAI METEORA 178032 Greece  
Amboseli National Park National Reserve II 99624 Kenya
Banc d'Arguin National Park II 2949017 Mauritania
Berwickshire and North Northumberland Coast 160731 England/Scotland, United Kingdom  
Beskid Niski 375518 Poland  
Bieszczady 275571 Poland  
Big Cypress National Preserve V 732120 Florida, United States
Bukovské vrchy 106836 Slovakia  
Börzsöny és Visegrádi-hegység 122999 Hungary  
Bükk-hegység és peremterületei 164079 Hungary  
CHERSONISOS ATHOS 82948 Greece  
Cairngorms 142543 Scotland, United Kingdom
Caithness and Sutherland Peatlands 354692 Scotland, United Kingdom
Caldeirão 116847 Portugal  
Cape West Coast Biosphere Reserve 934651 Western Cape, South Africa
Carpathian Biosphere Reserve 144772 Ukraine  
Comprensorio Tolfetano-Cerite-Manziate 166977 Italy  
DELTA ACHELOOU, LIMNOTHALASSA MESOLONGIOU - AITOLIKOU, EKVOLES EVINOU, NISOI ECHINADES, NISOS PETALA 87747 Greece  
DOÑANA 281453 Spain  
Darvinsky Zapovednik Ia 278421 Yaroslavl, Vologda, Russia
Diawling National Park II 163983 Mauritania  
Dolomiti Friulane 90787 Italy  
Encinares del río Alberche y río Cofio 205483 Spain  
Etosha National Park II 5699141 Namibia  
Fuentes del Narcea y del Ibias 126128 Spain  
Garamba National Park II 1237963 Democratic Republic of the Congo  
Hawaiian Islands Biosphere Reserve 245981 Hawaii, United States  
Hevesi-sík 191445 Hungary  
Hortobágy National Park II 140004 Hungary  
KARLA - MAVROVOUNI - KEFALOVRYSO VELESTINOU - NEOCHORI 107331 Greece  
KENTRIKI RODOPI KAI KOILADA NESTOU 261804 Greece  
KERKETIO OROS (KOZIAKAS) 124618 Greece  
KOILADA ACHELOOU KAI ORI VALTOU 115492 Greece  
KORYFES OROUS GRAMMOS 84898 Greece  
Kahuzi-Biéga National Park II 1647768 Democratic Republic of the Congo  
Kalahari Gemsbok National Park II 2382284 Northern Cape, South Africa
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Kogelberg Biosphere Reserve II 256073 Western Cape, South Africa  
Kora National Park II 409762 Kenya
LA SERENA Y SIERRAS PERIFÉRICAS 379806 Spain  
LIMNI KERKINI - KROUSIA - KORYFES OROUS BELES, ANGISTRO - CHAROPO 193493 Greece  
LOS ALCORNOCALES 414561 Spain  
Laborecká vrchovina 266172 Slovakia  
Luberon Regional Nature Park V 406572 France  
Mahale Mountains National Park II 398414 Tanzania
Mamili National Park II 83904 Namibia  
Monte Cervati e dintorni 91212 Italy  
Montesinho/Nogueira 266900 Portugal  
Monti Lepini 115954 Italy  
Monti Nebrodi 173651 Italy  
Monti Sicani, Rocca Busambra e Bosco della Ficuzza 144567 Italy  
Monti Simbruini ed Ernici 128739 Italy  
Moray Firth 373987 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Mount Kenya Biosphere Reserve II 146694 Kenya
Mátra 92599 Hungary  
Namib-Naukluft National Park II 12585619 Namibia  
Nechisar National Park II 256137 Ethiopia  
OROS CHELMOS (AROANIA) - FARANGI VOURAIKOU KAI PERIOCHI KALAVRYTON 79492 Greece  
OROS MAVROVOUNI 91743 Greece  
OROS PILIO 89437 Greece  
OROS TAYGETOS 131874 Greece  
Ostoja Przemyska 97994 Poland  
PUERTO PEÑA - LOS GOLONDRINOS 82543 Spain  
Parc National de la Comoe National Park II 2902593 Côte d'Ivoire  
Parco Del Cilento e Vallo de Diano National Park 551095 Italy
Parco Nazionale Gran Sasso - Monti della Laga 354129 Italy  
Parco Nazionale d'Abruzzo, Lazio e Molise ed aree limitrofe 126392 Italy  
Parco Nazionale della Maiella 183061 Italy  
Pflaelzerwald Nature Park V 438818 Germany
Picentini 157557 Italy  
Pirin 99722 Bulgaria  
Po¾ana 93067 Slovakia  
Queen Elizabeth National Park II 522052 Uganda
Redes 93413 Spain  
Repetek Biosphere Reserve 102089 Turkmenistan  
Reserva de la Biosfera Sierra Nevada Biosphere Reserve 424147 Spain  
Reserve de la Biosphere des Vosges du Nord Biosphere Reserve 301469 France  
Retezat National Park II 94183 Romania
Richtersveld National Park II 399195 Northern Cape, South Africa
Rila 200269 Bulgaria  
SIERRA DE ARACENA Y PICOS DE AROCHE 461592 Spain  
SIERRA DE HORNACHUELOS 148342 Spain  
SIERRA DE LAS VILLUERCAS Y VALLE DEL GUADARRANQUE 188630 Spain  
SIERRA NORTE 438558 Spain  
SIERRA Y CAÑONES DE GUARA 201020 Spain  
SIERRAS DE CAZORLA, SEGURA Y LAS VILLAS 519222 Spain  
Sequoia and Kings Canyon Biosphere Reserve II 172261 California, United States
Sirente Velino 146123 Italy  
Skeleton Coast Game Park II 4168395 Namibia  
Slanské vrchy 157675 Slovakia  
Slovenský kras 100327 Slovakia  
South Luangwa National Park II 2220358 Zambia  
Strážovské vrchy 147080 Slovakia  
Sumava Biosphere Reserve 412955 Czech Republic  
Teberdinskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 210198 Karachay-Cherkessia, Russia
Tzentralen Balkan 177099 Bulgaria  
VOUNA EVROU 104705 Greece  
Ve¾ká Fatra 149348 Slovakia  
Vihorlat 133079 Slovakia  
West Caprivi Game Reserve Game Park VI 1448182 Namibia  

Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Cape Floristic Region South Africa No
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No
Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa Kenya, Mozambique, Somalia, Tanzania No
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Guinean Forests of West Africa Benin, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, São Tomé and Príncipe, Sierra Leone, Togo No
Horn of Africa Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Yemen No
Irano-Anatolian Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Turkmenistan No
Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No
Mountains of Central Asia Afghanistan, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan No
Succulent Karoo Namibia, South Africa No

Prey / Diet

Amazilia tzacatl (Rufous-tailed Hummingbird)[3]
Anas cyanoptera (Cinnamon Teal)[3]
Apodemus flavicollis (Yellow-necked mouse)[4]
Apodemus sylvaticus (Old World wood and field mouse)[4]
Arvicola amphibius (European water vole)[4]
Bathyergus suillus (Cape dune mole rat)[5]
Blarina hylophaga (Elliot's Short-tailed Shrew)[3]
Capreolus capreolus (western roe deer)[4]
Certhia americana (Brown Creeper)[3]
Chordeiles minor (Common Nighthawk)[3]
Columbina inca (Inca Dove)[3]
Corynorhinus rafinesquii rafinesquii (Rafinesque's big-eared bat)[3]
Ctenomys conoveri (Chaco tuco-tuco)[3]
Dipodomys microps (chisel-toothed kangaroo rat)[3]
Dipodomys venustus (narrow-faced kangaroo rat)[3]
Epomophorus gambianus (Gambian epauletted fruit bat)[3]
Eptesicus fuscus (big brown bat)[3]
Eulemur rubriventer (red-bellied lemur)[3]
Felis silvestris (Wildcat)[3]
Glaucomys sabrinus (northern flying squirrel)[3]
Glaucomys volans (southern flying squirrel)[3]
Glis glis (fat dormouse)[6]
Haemorhous mexicanus (House Finch)[3]
Lepus europaeus (European Hare)[4]
Lepus nigricollis (Indian Hare)[3]
Madoqua guentheri (Günther's dik-dik)[7]
Megaderma lyra (greater false vampire bat)[3]
Microtus agrestis (field vole)[4]
Microtus californicus (California vole)[3]
Mus musculus (house mouse)[3]
Myodes glareolus (Bank vole)[4]
Myotis grisescens (gray myotis)[3]
Neopsephotus bourkii (Bourke's Parrot)[3]
Neurotrichus gibbsii (Shrew-mole)[3]
Notomys alexis (Australian hopping mouse)[3]
Otospermophilus beecheyi (California ground squirrel)[3]
Parascalops breweri (Hairy-tailed Mole)[3]
Passer domesticus (House Sparrow)[3]
Peromyscus polionotus (oldfield mouse)[3]
Petrogale assimilis (Allied Rock-wallaby)[3]
Plecotus auritus (brown big-eared bat)[3]
Plecotus austriacus (gray big-eared bat)[3]
Plestiodon fasciatus (Five-lined Skink)[3]
Rattus norvegicus (Norway rat)[3]
Ratufa indica (Indian giant squirrel)[3]
Saguinus nigricollis (black-mantled tamarin)[3]
Sciurus vulgaris (Eurasian red squirrel)[4]
Setophaga citrina (Hooded Warbler)[3]
Setophaga petechia (Yellow Warbler)[3]
Solenodon paradoxus (Hispaniolan Solenodon)[3]
Sorex araneus (Eurasian shrew)[3]
Sorex cinereus (masked shrew)[3]
Storeria dekayi (Brown Snake)[3]
Storeria occipitomaculata (Redbelly Snake)[3]
Sturnus vulgaris (European Starling)[3]
Tamias dorsalis (cliff chipmunk)[3]
Tatera indica (Indian gerbil)[3]
Thamnophis butleri (Butler's Garter Snake)[3]
Thomomys mazama (western pocket gopher)[3]
Zenaida asiatica (White-winged Dove)[3]
Zootoca vivipara louislantzi (Viviparous Lizard)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Accipiter gentilis (Northern Goshawk)1
Acinonyx jubatus (Cheetah)1
Aegolius funereus (Boreal Owl)4
Aquila chrysaetos (Golden Eagle)1
Aquila heliaca (Asian Imperial Eagle)1
Aquila verreauxii (Verreaux's Eagle)1
Ardea cinerea (Grey Heron)3
Asio flammeus (Short-eared Owl)1
Asio otus (Long-eared Owl)6
Athene noctua (Little Owl)2
Buteo buteo (Common Buzzard)6
Canis lupus (Wolf)2
Canis mesomelas (Black-backed Jackal)2
Caracal caracal (Caracal)2
Caracara plancus (Southern Crested Caracara)1
Chrysops relictus (Twin-lobed Deer Fly)1
Ciconia ciconia (White Stork)4
Circus aeruginosus (Western Marsh Harrier)2
Coronella austriaca (Smooth Snake)2
Corvus corax (Northern Raven)5
Crocuta crocuta (Spotted Hyena)1
Falco tinnunculus (Eurasian Kestrel)2
Genetta genetta (Common Genet)1
Gypaetus barbatus (Bearded Vulture)1
Hemorrhois hippocrepis (Horseshoe Snake)1
Lanius collurio (Red-backed Shrike)3
Lanius excubitor (Northern Shrike)1
Leptailurus serval (Serval)1
Lynx lynx (Eurasian Lynx)2
Martes foina (Beech Marten)4
Martes martes (European Pine Marten)5
Milvus migrans (Black Kite)2
Milvus milvus (Red Kite)3
Mustela erminea (Ermine)7
Mustela nivalis (Least Weasel)4
Mustela putorius (European Polecat)2
Naja nivea (Cape Cobra)1
Natrix natrix (European Grass Snake)1
Panthera pardus (Leopard)1
Polemaetus bellicosus (Martial Eagle)1
Pseudaspis cana (Mole Snake)1
Python sebae (African Rock Python)1
Rattus rattus (black rat)1
Rhinechis scalaris (Ladder Snakes)1
Strix aluco (Tawny Owl)5
Strix uralensis (Ural Owl)2
Sus scrofa (wild boar)2
Tyto alba (Barn Owl)3
Ursus arctos (Grizzly Bear)1
Varanus exanthematicus (Savannah Monitor)1
Vipera berus (Adder, Northern Viper)1
Vipera latastei (Lataste’s Viper)1
Vulpes corsac (Corsac Fox)1
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)8
Zamenis longissimus (Aesculapean Snake)5

Predators

Canis lupus (Wolf)[3]
Felis silvestris (Wildcat)[3]
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)[3]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Ancylostoma caninum[8]
Ancylostoma tubaeforme[8]
Angiostrongylus chabaudi <Unverified Name>[8]
Capillaria aerophila[8]
Capillaria feliscati <Unverified Name>[8]
Capillaria plica[8]
Ceratophyllus anisus <Unverified Name>[9]
Chaetopsylla rothschildi[9]
Ctenocephalides felis felis[9]
Diplopylidium noelleri <Unverified Name>[8]
Dipylidium caninum (cucumber tapeworm)[8]
Dirofilaria repens <Unverified Name>[8]
Echidnophaga gallinacea (sticktight flea)[9]
Echinococcus multilocularis[8]
Eucoleus aerophilus <Unverified Name>[8]
Hydatigera krepkogorski <Unverified Name>[8]
Hydatigera taeniaeformis[8]
Ixodes ventalloi (Rabbit tick)[10]
Joyeuxiella pasqualei[8]
Mastophorus muris[8]
Mesocestoides angustatus <Unverified Name>[8]
Mesocestoides lineatus <Unverified Name>[8]
Mesocestoides litteratus <Unverified Name>[8]
Opisthorchis caninus <Unverified Name>[8]
Paraceras melis melis[9]
Pearsonema feliscati <Unverified Name>[8]
Pharyngostomum cordatum <Unverified Name>[8]
Physaloptera bispiculata <Unverified Name>[8]
Physaloptera brevispiculum <Unverified Name>[8]
Physaloptera praeputialis <Unverified Name>[8]
Protospirura muris <Unverified Name>[8]
Rhipicephalus pusillus[10]
Spirometra erinacei-europaei <Unverified Name>[8]
Strongyloides stercoralis (threadworm)[10]
Synosternus cleopatrae cleopatrae[9]
Synosternus pallidus[9]
Taenia crassiceps[8]
Taenia krepkogorski <Unverified Name>[8]
Taenia macrocystis <Unverified Name>[8]
Taenia martis <Unverified Name>[8]
Taenia multiceps <Unverified Name>[8]
Taenia parva[8]
Taenia pisiformis[8]
Taenia selousi <Unverified Name>[8]
Taenia taeniaeformis <Unverified Name>[8]
Toxascaris leonina[8]
Toxocara canis[8]
Toxocara cati (feline roundworm)[8]
Toxocara mystax <Unverified Name>[8]
Trichinella britovi <Unverified Name>[8]
Trichinella nelsoni <Unverified Name>[8]
Trichinella spiralis (pork worm)[8]
Trichostrongylus brevis <Unverified Name>[8]
Trichuris serratus <Unverified Name>[8]
Xenopsylla conformis conformis[9]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Al-Wabra Wildlife Preservation
Alpenzoo Innsbruck - Tirolsilvestris
Attica Zoological Park S.A.silvestris
Birmingham Nature Centresilvestris
Birmingham Zoo
Camperdown Wildlife Centregrampia
Dierenrijk Europasilvestris
Drayton Manor Park Zoogrampia
Edinburgh Zoo-Scottish National Zoogrampia
Freeport-McMoran Audubon SpecSurvl Ctr
 tristrami
Galloway Wildlife Conservation Park
Helsinki Zoosilvestris
Highland Wildlife Parkgrampia
Howletts Wild Animal Parklybica
 ornata
Johannesburg Zoological Gardens
Kishinev Zooparksilvestris
Le Parc des Felinsgordoni
 silvestris
Lietuvos Zoologijos Sodassilvestris
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny w Lodzsilvestris
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Wybrzezasilvestris
Moscow Zoological Parkocreata
Mountain View Conservation & Breedingornata
Municipal Independent Org. Roev Ruchei
 silvestris
Niedersächsische Landesforsten
 silvestris
Nordens Arksilvestris
Novosibirsk Zoological Parkocreata
 silvestris
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Poznaniu
 silvestris
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
 tristrami
Opel-Zoo von Opel HessischeZoostiftung
 silvestris
Parc Animalier de Sainte Croix
Parc Zoologique d'Amnevillegordoni
Parco Faunistico La Torbieraornata
 silvestris
Parco Natura Vivasilvestris
Park i Ogrod Zoologiczny w Krakowie
Podkrusnohorsky Zoopark Chomutov
Port Lympne Wild Animal Parkgrampia
 ornata
Riga Zoosilvestris
San Diego Zoocaudata
 grampia
 tristrami
Sharjah Breeding Centre For Endangered
 gordoni
Skaerup Mini Zoo
Szeged Zoo
 silvestris
The Anne van Dyk Cheetah Centrelybica
The Living Desert Zoo and Gardenstristrami
Tiergarten der Stadt Wels
Tierpark Berlin-Friedrichsfelde GmbHgordoni
 silvestris
Tierpark Dählhölzlisilvestris
Tropiquaria Wildlife Parkgrampia
Twycross Zoo
Tygerberg Zooparklybica
Utah's Hogle Zootristrami
Wingham Wildlife Park
Zoo Decin - Pastyrska Stenasilvestris
Zoo Duisburg AGsilvestris
Zoological Garden of Polish Faunasilvestris
Zoologicka zahrada Ostrava
Zoologicka zahrada Bojnice
Zoologicka Zahrada Jihlavagordoni
 silvestris
Zoologicka Zahrada Mesta Brna
Zoologicka zahrada Olomouc
 gordoni
 silvestris
Zoologischer Garten Wuppertalgordoni

Range Map

Africa; Australia; Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China); North America; South America; Southern Asia;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 4Ecology of Commanster 5Bathyergus suillus (Rodentia: Bathyergidae), NIGEL C. BENNETT, CHRIS G. FAULKES, LEANNE HART, AND JENNIFER U. M. JARVIS, MAMMALIAN SPECIES 828:1–7 (2009) 6Glis glis (Rodentia: Gliridae), BORIS KRYSTUFEK, MAMMALIAN SPECIES 42(865):195–206 (2010) 7Madoqua guentheri, Steven C. Kingswood and Arlene T. Kumamoto, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 539, pp. 1-10 (1996) 8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 9International Flea Database 10Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955 Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access