Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Carnivora > Canidae > Canis > Canis lupus
 

Canis lupus (Wolf; gray wolf)

Language: French; Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The gray wolf or grey wolf (Canis lupus) is a species of canid native to the wilderness and remote areas of North America, Eurasia, and North Africa. It is the largest member of its family, with males averaging 43–45 kg ( ), and females 36–38.5 kg ( ). It is similar in general appearance and proportions to a German shepherd, or sled dog, but has a larger head, narrower chest, longer legs, straighter tail and bigger paws.
View Wikipedia Record: Canis lupus

Infraspecies

Canis lupus albus (Grey wolf)
Canis lupus alces (Kenai grey wolf)
Canis lupus arabs (Arabian wolf)
Canis lupus arctos (Grey wolf)
Canis lupus baileyi (Mexican wolf)
Canis lupus beothucus
Canis lupus bernardi (Grey wolf)
Canis lupus campestris (Asian grey wolf)
Canis lupus chanco (Mongolian grey wolf)
Canis lupus columbianus (Grey wolf)
Canis lupus crassodon (Vancouver grey wolf)
Canis lupus dingo (domestic dog) (Attributes)
Canis lupus familiaris (domestic dog) (Attributes)
Canis lupus filchneri
Canis lupus floridanus
Canis lupus fuscus
Canis lupus gregoryi
Canis lupus griseoalbus
Canis lupus hattai (Japanese wolf)
Canis lupus hodophilax (Japanese dwarf wolf (extinct ~1920))
Canis lupus hudsonicus (Grey wolf)
Canis lupus irremotus (Northern Rockies grey wolf)
Canis lupus labradorius (Grey wolf)
Canis lupus ligoni (Grey wolf)
Canis lupus lupus (European grey wolf)
Canis lupus lycaon (Grey wolf)
Canis lupus mackenzii (Grey wolf)
Canis lupus manningi (Baffin grey wolf)
Canis lupus mogollonensis
Canis lupus monstrabilis
Canis lupus nubilus (Plains grey wolf)
Canis lupus occidentalis (Grey wolf)
Canis lupus orion
Canis lupus pallipes (Indian grey wolf)
Canis lupus pambasileus (Grey wolf)
Canis lupus rufus (Red Wolf) (Critically Endangered) (Attributes)
Canis lupus tundrarum (Tundra wolf)
Canis lupus youngi (Southern Rocky Mountain grey wolf)

Invasive Species

Canis lupus (the dog) is possibly the first animal to have been domesticated by humans. It has been selectively bred into a wide range of different forms. They are found throughout the world in many different habitats, both closely associated with humans and away from habitation. They are active hunters and have significant negative impacts on a wide range of native fauna.
View ISSG Record: Canis lupus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
0
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
10
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 3.12
EDGE Score: 1.42

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  58.70 lbs (26.63 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  450 grams
Female Maturity [1]  1 year 10 months
Male Maturity [1]  1 year 10 months
Diet [2]  Carnivore
Gestation [1]  62 days
Litter Size [1]  6
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  21 years
Nocturnal [2]  Yes
Speed [3]  34.90 MPH (15.6 m/s)
Weaning [1]  47 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Map Climate Land
Use
Aegean and Western Turkey sclerophyllous and mixed forests Greece, Turkey, Macedonia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Afghan Mountains semi-desert Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Al Hajar montane woodlands Oman Afrotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Alai-Western Tian Shan steppe Kazahkstan, Uzbekistan, Tadjikistan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Alashan Plateau semi-desert China, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Alaska Peninsula montane taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Alaska-St. Elias Range tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Alberta Mountain forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Alberta-British Columbia foothills forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Altai alpine meadow and tundra China, Kazakstan, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Altai montane forest and forest steppe China, Kazakstan, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Altai steppe and semi-desert Kazahkstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Amur meadow steppe China, Russia Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Anatolian conifer and deciduous mixed forests Turkey Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Appenine deciduous montane forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Arabian Desert and East Sahero-Arabian xeric shrublands Saudi Arabia, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Egypt , Iraq, Jordan, Syria Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Arabian Peninsula coastal fog desert Oman, Yemen, Saudi Arabia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Arctic coastal tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra    
Arctic foothills tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Azerbaijan shrub desert and steppe Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Badghyz and Karabil semi-desert Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Iran, Tajikistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Baffin coastal tundra Canada Nearctic Tundra
Balkan mixed forests Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Baluchistan xeric woodlands Pakistan, Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Bering tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Beringia lowland tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Beringia upland tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Bohai Sea saline meadow China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas  
British Columbia mainland coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Brooks-British Range tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Canadian Aspen forests and parklands Canada Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Carpathian montane forests Czech Republic, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Cascade Mountains leeward forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests Iran, Azerbaijan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Caspian lowland desert Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Caucasus mixed forests Georgia, Russia, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Afghan Mountains xeric woodlands Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Anatolian steppe Turkey Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Asian northern desert Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Asian riparian woodlands Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Asian southern desert Turkmenistan stretching, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central British Columbia Mountain forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central Canadian Shield forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Central China loess plateau mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Central European mixed forests Austria, Belarus, Czech Republic, Germany, Lithuania, Moldovia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Korean deciduous forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Pacific coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Central Persian desert basins Iran, Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Tibetan Plateau alpine steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Changbai Mountains mixed forests China, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Changjiang Plain evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Cherskii-Kolyma mountain tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Chhota-Nagpur dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chukchi Peninsula tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Cook Inlet taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Copper Plateau taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Crimean Submediterranean forest complex Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Da Hinggan-Dzhagdy Mountains conifer forests China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Daba Mountains evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Daurian forest steppe China, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Davis Highlands tundra Canada Nearctic Tundra
Deccan thorn scrub forests India, Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Dinaric Mountains mixed forests Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy, Slovenia, Yugoslavia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East Afghan montane conifer forests Pakistan, Afghanistan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
East European forest steppe Bulgaria, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Anatolian montane steppe Iran, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Canadian forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern Canadian Shield taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern forest-boreal transition Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Gobi desert steppe China, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Eastern highlands moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests Turkey, Jordan, Israel, Syria Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Elburz Range forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests    
Emin Valley steppe China, Kazakstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Euxine-Colchic broadleaf forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Fraser Plateau and Basin complex Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Ghorat-Hazarajat alpine meadow Afghanistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Gissaro-Alai open woodlands Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Gobi Lakes Valley desert steppe Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Great Lakes Basin desert steppe Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Guizhou Plateau broadleaf and mixed forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Gulf of Oman desert and semi-desert Oman, United Arab Emirates Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Helanshan montane conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Hengduan Mountains subalpine conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
High Arctic tundra Canada Nearctic Tundra
Hindu Kush alpine meadow Afghanistan, Pakistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Huang He Plain mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Iberian conifer forests Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Iberian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Illyrian deciduous forests Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Interior Alaska-Yukon lowland taiga Canada, United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Interior Yukon-Alaska alpine tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Italian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Italy, France Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Jian Nan subtropical evergreen forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Junggar Basin semi-desert China, Kazakstan, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kalaallit Nunaat high arctic tundra Greenland Nearctic Tundra
Kalaallit Nunaat low arctic tundra Greenland Nearctic Tundra
Kamchatka Mountain tundra and forest tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Kamchatka-Kurile meadows and sparse forests Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Kamchatka-Kurile taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Karakoram-West Tibetan Plateau alpine steppe Pakistan, China, Afghanistan, India Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Kazakh forest steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kazakh semi-desert Kazakhstan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kazakh steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kazakh upland Kazahkstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Khangai Mountains alpine meadow Mongolia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Khangai Mountains conifer forests Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Khathiar-Gir dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Kola Peninsula tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Kopet Dag semi-desert Iran, Turkmenistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kopet Dag woodlands and forest steppe Iran, Turkmenistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Kuh Rud and Eastern Iran montane woodlands Iran Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Low Arctic tundra Canada Nearctic Tundra
Manchurian mixed forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea, China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Mesopotamian shrub desert Iraq, Syria, Jordan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Mid-Continental Canadian forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Middle Arctic tundra Canada Nearctic Tundra
Middle East steppe Syria, Iraq Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Midwestern Canadian Shield forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Mongolian-Manchurian grassland China, Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Montana Valley and Foothill grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Muskwa-Slave Lake forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Narmada Valley dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Nenjiang River grassland China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
North Central Rockies forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
North Tibetan Plateau-Kunlun Mountains alpine desert China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Northeast China Plain deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northeast Siberian coastal tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Northeast Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northeastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests China, India, Bhutan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern Anatolian conifer and deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern Canadian Shield taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northern Cordillera forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northern mixed grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Pacific coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Northern short grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern transitional alpine forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northwest Iberian montane forests Portugal, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northwest Russian-Novaya Zemlya tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Northwest Territories taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northwestern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows China, Pakistan, India Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Northwestern thorn scrub forests India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Nujiang Langcang Gorge alpine conifer and mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Ogilvie-MacKenzie alpine tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Okanagan dry forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Okhotsk-Manchurian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Ordos Plateau steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Orissa semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pacific Coastal Mountain icefields and tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Palouse grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Pamir alpine desert and tundra China, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Pannonian mixed forests Austria, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Paropamisus xeric woodlands Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Persian Gulf desert and semi-desert Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, United Arab Emirates Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Pindus Mountains mixed forests Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Pontic steppe Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Qaidam Basin semi-desert China Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Qilian Mountains conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Qilian Mountains subalpine meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Qin Ling Mountains deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Qionglai-Minshan conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Rann of Kutch seasonal salt marsh India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Red Sea Nubo-Sindian tropical desert and semi-desert Egypt, Jordan, Saudia Arabia, Yemen, Oman Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Registan-North Pakistan sandy desert Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Rodope montane mixed forests Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sarmatic mixed forests Belarus, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sayan Alpine meadows and tundra Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Sayan Intermontane steppe Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Sayan montane conifer forests Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Scandinavian and Russian taiga Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Scandinavian Montane Birch forest and grasslands Norway, Sweden, Finland Palearctic Tundra
Selenge-Orkhon forest steppe Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Sichuan Basin evergreen broadleaf forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
South Iran Nubo-Sindian desert and semi-desert Iran, Iraq, Pakistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Siberian forest steppe Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southeast Tibet shrub and meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southern Anatolian montane conifer and deciduous forests Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southern Hudson Bay taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Southern Korea evergreen forests South Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southwestern Arabian foothills savanna Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Oman Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Southwestern Arabian montane woodlands Yemen, Saudi Arabia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Suiphun-Khanka meadows and forest meadows China, Russia Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Sulaiman Range alpine meadows Afghanistan, Pakistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Taimyr-Central Siberian tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Taklimakan desert China Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tarim Basin deciduous forests and steppe China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Thar desert India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tian Shan foothill arid steppe China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tian Shan montane conifer forests China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Tian Shan montane steppe and meadows China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Tibetan Plateau alpine shrub and meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Tigris-Euphrates alluvial salt marsh Iran, Iraq Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Torngat Mountain tundra Canada Nearctic Tundra
Trans-Baikal Bald Mountain tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Trans-Baikal conifer forests Russia, Mongolia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Tyrrhenian-Adriatic sclerophyllous and mixed forests France, Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub    
Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ural montane forests and tundra Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Ussuri broadleaf and mixed forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
West Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Western Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows India, Nepal Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Western Himalayan subalpine conifer forests India, Pakistan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Coniferous Forests
Western Siberian hemiboreal forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Yamal-Gydan tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Yarlung Tsangpo arid steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Yellow Sea saline meadow China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Yukon Interior dry forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Yunnan Plateau subtropical evergreen forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Zagros Mountains forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve 2720489 Alaska, United States    
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Altaisky Zapovednik Ia 2177587 Altai, Russia
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Ib 12402936 Alaska, United States
Aulavik National Park II 3021211 Northwest Territories, Canada
Auyuittuq National Park II 4808115 Nunavut, Canada
Azas Zapovednik Ia 742280 Tuva, Russia
Baikalo-Lensky Zapovednik Ia 1630896 Irkutsk, Russia
Baikalskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 458883 Russia  
Banff National Park II 1690912 Alberta, Canada
Barguzinskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 924970 Buryatia, Russia
Beskid Niski 375518 Poland  
Bieszczady 275571 Poland  
Big Bend Biosphere Reserve National Park II 815561 Texas, United States
Chernye Zemli Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik IV 621951 Russia  
Darvinsky Zapovednik Ia 278421 Yaroslavl, Vologda, Russia
Daurskiy Biosphere Reserve 562659 Russia  
Denali Biosphere Reserve 1932364 Alaska, United States
Dolina Biebrzy 299507 Poland  
Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve Ib 591068 Alaska, United States
Glacier National Park II 953799 Montana, United States
Grand Teton National Park II 231724 Wyoming, United States
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Harrat al-Harrah Special Nature Reserve IV 3358899 Saudi Arabia  
Isle Royale Biosphere Reserve Ib 571799 Michigan, United States
Ivvavik National Park II 2382752 Yukon, Canada
Jasper National Park II 2776809 Alberta, Canada
Jiddat al Harasis (Arabian Oryx Sanctuary) II 6991712 Oman  
Joshua Tree National Park II 305076 California, United States
KALDOAIVIN ERÄMAA 868904 Finland  
KENTRIKI RODOPI KAI KOILADA NESTOU 261804 Greece  
Kaplankyr Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 1293994 Turkmenistan  
Katmai National Park and Preserve Ib 421782 Alaska, United States
Katunsky Biosphere Reserve 393162 Altai, Russia
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Khazar Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 658105 Turkmenistan  
Kluane National Park and Reserve National Park Reserve II 5463436 Yukon, Canada
Kootenay National Park II 341762 British Columbia, Canada
Kronotskiy Biosphere Reserve 361480 Russia  
KÄSIVARREN ERÄMAA 654562 Finland  
LEMMENJOEN KANSALLISPUISTO 706697 Finland  
Laborecká vrchovina 266172 Slovakia  
Lake Mead National Recreation Area V 670229 Arizona, Nevada, United States
Lake Superior Provincial Park IV 351011 Ontario, Canada
Lanín National Park II 536819 Neuquen, Argentina
Laplandskiy Biosphere Reserve 757114 Russia  
Lazovsky Zapovednik Ia 299030 Primorsky Krai, Russia
Magadansky Zapovednik 2332834 Russia  
Montesinho/Nogueira 266900 Portugal  
Mount Arrowsmith Biosphere Reserve 293047 British Columbia, Canada  
Mount Everest (Sagarmatha) National Park II 275416 Nepal
Mount Rainier National Park II 235186 Washington, United States
Nahanni National Park Reserve II 1309627 Northwest Territories, Canada
Nahuel Huapi National Park II 759703 Argentina  
North-east Greenland National Park II 237590314 Greenland
Nuristan Reserve National Park 1419914 Afghanistan  
Nízke Tatry 239467 Slovakia  
Ostoja Augustowska 264573 Poland  
Ostoja Knyszynska 336272 Poland  
PICOS DE EUROPA EN CASTILLA Y LEÓN 250408 Spain  
Palamau Tiger Reserve National Park II 329056 Bihar, India
Parco Del Cilento e Vallo de Diano National Park 551095 Italy
Parco Nazionale Gran Sasso - Monti della Laga 354129 Italy  
Pechoro-Ilychskiy Biosphere Reserve 3098091 Russia  
Polar Bear Provincial Park 5502026 Ontario, Canada
Pollino e Orsomarso 232637 Italy  
Prince Albert National Park II 976762 Saskatchewan, Canada
Pukaskwa National Park II 459860 Ontario, Canada
PÖYRISJÄRVEN ERÄMAA 362835 Finland  
Queen Maud Gulf Bird Sanctuary Migratory Bird Sanctuary IV 15335601 Nunavut, Canada
Quttinirpaaq (Ellesmere Island) National Park Reserve II 9436606 Nunavut, Canada
Reserva de la Biosfera El Cielo Biosphere Reserve 353161 Mexico  
Reserve de la Biosphere de Charlevoix Biosphere Reserve 1383790 Canada  
Riding Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 762028 Manitoba, Canada
SIERRA DE SAN PEDRO 284250 Spain  
SIERRA MORENA 331883 Spain  
SIERRA NORTE 438558 Spain  
Sayano-Shushenskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 964620 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Schorfheide-Chorin Biosphere Reserve 319164 Germany
Sikhote-Alinskiy Biosphere Reserve 978001 Russia  
Sirmilik National Park II 5475284 Canada
Sokhondinskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 521363 Chita, Russia
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Taimyrsky Biosphere Reserve Ia 4403240 Taimyr, Russia
Tsentral'no-Sibirskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 2521510 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Tuktut Nogait National Park II 5761538 Northwest Territories, Canada
UK-PUISTO-SOMPIO-KEMIHAARA 765461 Finland  
Ubsunurskaya Kotlovina (Ubsunur Depression) Zapovednik Ia 798640 Tuva, Russia
Visimskiy Zapovednik Biosphere Reserve 443816 Russia  
Volovské vrchy 316267 Slovakia  
Vuntut National Park II 1076795 Yukon, Canada
Wapusk National Park II 2614324 Manitoba, Canada
Winisk River Provincial Park II 434735 Ontario, Canada
Wolong Nature Reserve V 826140 Sichuan, China  
Wood Buffalo National Park II 11038545 Alberta, Canada
Woodland Caribou Provincial Wilderness Park Provincial Park II 1072124 Ontario, Canada
Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve Ib 2476446 Alaska, United States
Yellowstone Biosphere Reserve II 2196863 Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, United States
Yoho National Park II 317576 British Columbia, Canada
Zempléni-hegység a Szerencsi-dombsággal és a Hernád-völggyel 284651 Hungary  

Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website Map
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Horn of Africa Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Yemen No
Irano-Anatolian Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Turkmenistan No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No
Mountains of Central Asia Afghanistan, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan No
Mountains of Southwest China China, Myanmar No

Emblem of

Lithuania
Serbia
Turkey

Prey / Diet

Alces alces (moose)[4]
Capra cylindricornis (East Caucasian tur)[5]
Capra sibirica (Siberian ibex)[6]
Capreolus capreolus (western roe deer)[7]
Capreolus pygargus (eastern roe deer)[8]
Castor canadensis (american beaver)[4]
Cercartetus nanus (Eastern Pygmy Possum)[9]
Cervus elaphus (wapiti or elk)[7]
Cervus nippon (Sika deer)[10]
Clethrionomys rutilus (northern red-backed vole)[4]
Erethizon dorsatum (common porcupine)[4]
Gazella dorcas (Dorcas gazelle)[11]
Gazella gazella (mountain gazelle)[12]
Glaucomys sabrinus (northern flying squirrel)[13]
Lagopus leucura (White-tailed Ptarmigan)[14]
Lepus americanus (Snowshoe Hare)[14]
Lepus arcticus (Arctic Hare)[15]
Lepus othus (Alaskan Hare)[4]
Lepus townsendii (White-tailed Jackrabbit)[16]
Nyctereutes procyonoides (Raccoon dog)[17]
Ovibos moschatus (muskox)[4]
Ovis ammon (argali)[18]
Ovis dalli (Dall's sheep)[4]
Procapra gutturosa (Mongolian gazelle)[19]
Rangifer tarandus (caribou)[4]
Sciurus niger (eastern fox squirrel)[20]
Sus scrofa (wild boar)[7]
Urocitellus parryii (Arctic ground squirrel)[4]
Vulpes corsac (Corsac Fox)[21]
Vulpes lagopus (Arctic Fox)[22]
Vulpes velox (Swift Fox)[23]
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Accipiter gentilis (Northern Goshawk)4
Accipiter striatus (Sharp-shinned Hawk)1
Aegolius funereus (Boreal Owl)1
Antechinus stuartii (Brown Antechinus)1
Aquila audax (Wedge-tailed Eagle)1
Aquila chrysaetos (Golden Eagle)8
Bubo bubo (Eurasian Eagle-Owl)1
Bubo scandiacus (Snowy Owl)1
Bubo virginianus (Great Horned Owl)2
Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)2
Buteo lagopus (Rough-legged Hawk)5
Buteo lineatus (Red-shouldered Hawk)1
Buteo regalis (Ferruginous Hawk)2
Canis latrans (Coyote)6
Caracal caracal (Caracal)2
Circus cyaneus (Northern Harrier)1
Crotalus horridus (Timber rattlesnake (atricaudatus))1
Cuon alpinus (Dhole)1
Dasyurus maculatus (Tiger Quoll)1
Didelphis virginiana (Virginia Opossum)1
Falco rusticolus (Gyrfalcon)4
Felis manul (Pallas's Cat)1
Felis silvestris (Wildcat)1
Gulo gulo (Wolverine)3
Gypaetus barbatus (Bearded Vulture)3
Haliaeetus pelagicus (Steller's Sea-Eagle)1
Hyaena hyaena (Striped Hyena)1
Lanius excubitor (Northern Shrike)1
Leptailurus serval (Serval)1
Lynx canadensis (lynx)7
Lynx lynx (Eurasian Lynx)8
Lynx pardinus (Iberian Lynx)1
Lynx rufus (Bobcat)2
Martes americana (American Marten)4
Martes flavigula (Yellow-throated Marten)1
Martes martes (European Pine Marten)1
Martes melampus (Japanese Marten)1
Martes pennanti (Fisher)1
Martes zibellina (Sable)1
Mustela erminea (Ermine)2
Mustela frenata (Long-tailed Weasel)2
Mustela nivalis (Least Weasel)2
Ninox connivens (Barking Boobook)1
Panthera pardus (Leopard)1
Pituophis melanoleucus (Eastern Pine Snake)1
Procyon lotor (Raccoon)1
Sarcophilus harrisii (Tasmanian Devil)1
Strix nebulosa (Great Grey Owl)3
Strix occidentalis (Spotted Owl)1
Strix varia (Barred Owl)1
Tyto alba (Barn Owl)1
Tyto novaehollandiae (Australian Masked Owl)1
Tyto tenebricosa (Greater Sooty Owl)1
Uncia uncia (Snow leopard)2
Urocyon cinereoargenteus (Gray Fox)1
Ursus arctos (Grizzly Bear)8
Vulpes lagopus (Arctic Fox)2
Vulpes velox (Swift Fox)1
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)9

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Alaria alata <Unverified Name>[24]
Alaria americana <Unverified Name>[24]
Alaria arisaemoides[24]
Alaria marcianae <Unverified Name>[24]
Alveococcus multilocularis <Unverified Name>[24]
Ancylostoma brasiliense[24]
Ancylostoma caninum[24]
Blastomyces dermatitidis[25]
Borrelia burgdorferi (Lyme disease)[25]
Capillaria aerophila[24]
Capillaria hepatica[24]
Capillaria plica[24]
Chaetopsylla globiceps[26]
Chaetopsylla homoea[26]
Chaetopsylla lasia[26]
Chaetopsylla trichosa[26]
Clonorchis sinensis (human liver fluke)[24]
Crenosoma vulpis[24]
Ctenocephalides canis (Dog flea)[26]
Ctenocephalides felis felis[26]
Dermacentor variabilis (American dog tick)[25]
Dioctophyme renale[24]
Dipylidium caninum (cucumber tapeworm)[24]
Dirofilaria immitis (Heartworm)[24]
Dirofilaria repens <Unverified Name>[24]
Echinococcus granulosus[24]
Echinococcus multilocularis[24]
Entamoeba hartmanni[25]
Eucoleus aerophilus <Unverified Name>[24]
Eucoleus boehemi <Unverified Name>[24]
Francisella tularensis (Tularemia)[25]
Isthmiophora melis[24]
Joyeuxiella echinorhynchoides <Unverified Name>[24]
Leptospira interrogans[25]
Macracanthorhynchus catulinus[24]
Mesocestoides kirbyi[24]
Mesocestoides lineatus <Unverified Name>[24]
Mesocestoides litteratus <Unverified Name>[24]
Metorchis conjunctus[24]
Multiceps multiceps[24]
Multiceps packi <Unverified Name>[24]
Multiceps serialis[24]
Nanophyetus salmincola <Unverified Name>[24]
Nematodirus helvetianus[25]
Numidica numidica <Unverified Name>[24]
Onchocerca lupi <Unverified Name>[24]
Opisthorchis felineus <Unverified Name>[24]
Oslerus osleri[24]
Paragonimus westermani <Unverified Name>[24]
Pearsonema plica <Unverified Name>[24]
Physaloptera praeputialis <Unverified Name>[24]
Physaloptera sibirica <Unverified Name>[24]
Plagiorchis elegans[24]
Pseudamphistomum truncatum[24]
Pulex irritans (human flea)[26]
Rhipicephalus pusillus[25]
Rictularia affinis <Unverified Name>[24]
Sarcoptes scabiei (itch mite)[25]
Spirocerca arctica <Unverified Name>[24]
Spirocerca lupi[24]
Spirocerca vigisiana <Unverified Name>[24]
Spirometra erinacei <Unverified Name>[24]
Taenia crassiceps[24]
Taenia djeirani <Unverified Name>[24]
Taenia hydatigena <Unverified Name>[24]
Taenia krabbei <Unverified Name>[24]
Taenia laticollis <Unverified Name>[24]
Taenia macrocystis <Unverified Name>[24]
Taenia multiceps <Unverified Name>[24]
Taenia mustelae[24]
Taenia omissa <Unverified Name>[24]
Taenia opuntioides <Unverified Name>[24]
Taenia ovis <Unverified Name>[24]
Taenia parenchymatosa <Unverified Name>[24]
Taenia pisiformis[24]
Taenia polyacantha[24]
Taenia serialis <Unverified Name>[24]
Taenia taeniaeformis <Unverified Name>[24]
Thominx aerophilus <Unverified Name>[24]
Thominx bohmi <Unverified Name>[24]
Toxascaris leonina[24]
Toxocara canis[24]
Trichinella britovi <Unverified Name>[24]
Trichinella nativa <Unverified Name>[24]
Trichinella nelsoni <Unverified Name>[24]
Trichinella spiralis (pork worm)[24]
Trichuris vulpis <Unverified Name>[24]
Typhloceras poppei poppei[26]
Uncinaria stenocephala (Northern hookworm)[24]
Vermipsylla alakurt[26]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Africam Safari (Africam, S. A.)baileyi
 familiaris
African Safarioccidentalis
Al Ain Zoo
Albuquerque Biological Parkbaileyi
Alice Springs Desert Parkdingo
Almaty State Zoo of Kazakhstan
Alpenzoo Innsbruck - Tirol
America's Teaching Zoo
Aquarium du Quebecfamiliaris
Arizona-Sonora Desert Museumbaileyi
Artis Zoohudsonicus
Attica Zoological Park S.A.
Australia Zoodingo
 familiaris anatolia_shepherd
 familiaris german_shepherd
Bay Beach Wildlife Sanctuarylycaon
Bharat Ratna Pandit Gobind Ballabhchanco
Binder Park Zoobaileyi
Binghamton Zoo at Ross Park
Boras Djurpark Zoolupus
Bosphorus Zoo (Bogaziçi Hayvanat
Bowmanville Zoological Park
 hudsonicus
Bramble Park Zoo
Brevard Zoodingo
 familiaris
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Gardenfamiliaris
 familiaris mudi
 tundrarum
Bursa Zoo (Bursa Hayvanat Bahcesi)
Calgary Zoo, Garden & Prehistoric Park
Camperdown Wildlife Centre
CERZA Centre d'Etude Rech Zool Augeronsignatus
 tundrarum
Cheyenne Mtn Zoological Parkbaileyi
Chicago Zoological Parkbaileyi
 familiaris
Children's Zoo at Celebration Square
Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Gardenbaileyi
 familiaris
 familiaris anatolia_shepherd
Cleland Wildlife Parkdingo
Cleveland Metroparks Zoobaileyi
 hallstromi
Colchester Zoo
 occidentalis
Columbian Park Zoohallstromi
Columbus Zoo and Aquarium
 baileyi
 dingo
 familiaris
 familiaris american_bulldog
 familiaris anatolia_shepherd
 familiaris basset_hound
 familiaris border_collie
 familiaris boxer
 familiaris dalmatian
 familiaris labrador_retriever
 familiaris llasa_apso
 familiaris maltese
 familiaris pekingese
 familiaris shih_tzu
 familiaris standard_dachshund
Connecticut's Beardsley Zoo
Copenhagen Zoo
Cotswold Wildlife Park and Gardensoccidentalis
Currumbin Wildlife Sanctuarydingo
Dakota Zoo
 baileyi
Dartmoor Zoological Parkoccidentalis
Denver Zoological Gardenshudsonicus
Dickerson Park Zoo
Dierenrijk Europalupus
Domaine Zoologique de Pescheray
 arctos
Dreamworld Pty Ltddingo
 familiaris
DSI Givskud Zoo
 occidentalis
Dubai Municipal Zooarabs
El Paso Zoobaileyi
Endangered Wolf Centerbaileyi
Espace Zoolog de St-Martin-la-Plaineoccidentalis
Espace Zoologique la Boissiere du Doreoccidentalis
Fort Wayne Children's Zoodingo
Fort Worth Zoological Parkfamiliaris anatolia_shepherd
Fossil Rim Wildlife Center
 baileyi
Fundacao Parque Zoologico de Sao Paulo
GaiaPark, Kerkrade Zoosignatus
Giza Zoological Gardenfamiliaris english_cocker
 familiaris german_shepherd
 familiaris maltese
Gladys Porter Zoofamiliaris
 familiaris german_shepherd
Great Bend Zoo and Raptor Center
Greater Vancouver Zooarctos
 crassodon
 hudsonicus
Guadalajara Zoobaileyi
Haifa Zoo & Biological Institute
 pallipes
Healesville Sanctuarydingo
Highland Wildlife Parklupus
Himalayan Nature Parkchanco
Himalayan Zoological Park (Sikkim Zoo)chanco
Houston Zoo, Inc.familiaris
 familiaris anatolia_shepherd
Howletts Wild Animal Parkoccidentalis
 signatus
Indianapolis Zoofamiliaris kangal
Izmir Zoo / Izmir Dogal Yasam Parki
Jardim Zoologico / Lisbon Zoosignatus
John G. Shedd Aquariumfamiliaris
Jungle Cat World Wildlife Park Inc.
 arctos
Jyllands Park Zoodingo
Kaliningrad Zooalbus
 campestris
Kansas City Zoohallstromi
Kazan Zoological & Botanical Garden
Kishinev Zooparkcampestris
 lupus
Kittenberger Zoosignatus
 tundrarum
Knoxville Zoological Gardens
Knuthenborg Safariparkarctos
Kolmardens Djurpark ABlupus
Kristiansand Dyrepark ASAlupus
Lake Superior Zoological Gardens
Le Pal, Parc Animalier
Lehigh Valley Zoobaileyi
Leningrad Zoo - St. Petersburglupus
Lietuvos Zoologijos Sodaslupus
Living Desert State Park (Carlsbad)baileyi
Longleat Safari Park
Lucknow Zoological Park
Magnetic Hill Zoo
Maktoum Wildlife Centrearabs
Münchener Tierpark Hellabrunnlupus
Memphis Zoological Garden & Aquarium
Mesker Park Zoo
Miami Metrozoohallstromi
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsawfamiliaris
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Wybrzezalupus
Miller Park Zoohallstromi
Milwaukee County Zoological Gardens
Minnesota Zoological Gardenbaileyi
 lycaon
Miskolc Zoo/Állatkert és Kultúrparklupus
Monde Sauvage Safari SPRL
 arctos
Moonridge Animal Park
Moscow Zoological Parkalbus
 lupus
Mulhouse Zoooccidentalis
Nagoya Higashiyama Zoolycaon
Nashville Zoo at Grassmerehallstromi
National Zoo & Aquariumdingo
Neunkircher Zoologischer Garten GmbHdingo
Niedersächsische Landesforsten
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Council
 campestris
Nordens Arklupus
Northwest Trek Wildlife Park
Novosibirsk Zoological Park
 pambasileus
NY State Zoo at Thompson Park
Nyíregyházi Állatpark Nonprofit KFT
 arctos
 familiaris
Oasys Parque del Desierto de Tabernasoccidentalis
Oatland Island Wildlife Center
 familiaris
Ogrod Zoologiczny im. Stefana Mileralupus
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Opolu, Opolelupus
Oklahoma City Zoological Parkbaileyi
Olmense Zootundrarum
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Oregon Zoo
Orsa Grönklitt Bjornpark(Orsa Bear Pk)lupus
Osaka Municipal Tennoji Zool. Gdns.chanco
Out of Africa Wildlife Park
 arctos
Ouwehand Zoolupus
Padmaja Naidu Himalayan Zool. Parkchanco
Palm Beach Zoo at Dreher Parkdingo
 hallstromi
Paradise Wildlife Parklupus
Parc Animalier de Sainte Croixlupus
 tundrarum
Parc de la Haute Touche (MNHN)lupus
 occidentalis
Parc de Lunaretsignatus
Parc Merveilleuxarctos
 dingo
Parc Paysager Et Animalier Du Reynoulupus
Parc Safari / F.A.P.S.hudsonicus
Parc Zoologic de Barcelonasignatus
Parc Zoologique d'Amnevillearctos
Parc Zoologique de la Barben
Parc Zoologique de La Palmyreoccidentalis
Parco Faunistico La Torbieralupus
Parco Natura Viva
 lupus
Parco Zoo di Falconaralupus
Park i Ogrod Zoologiczny w Krakowie
 lupus
Parque de la Naturaleza de Cabarcenosignatus
Parque De La Naturaleza Selwo (GRPR)occidentalis
Patronato del Parque Zoologico de Leon
 baileyi
 dingo
Permskii Zoologicheskii Sad
 pambasileus
Phoenix Zoobaileyi
Planete Sauvageoccidentalis
Podkrusnohorsky Zoopark Chomutovlupus
Point Defiance Zoo & Aquariumfamiliaris
Polar Zoo A/Slupus
Port Lympne Wild Animal Parkoccidentalis
 signatus
Potter Park Zoological Gardens
Racine Zoological Gardensfamiliaris austral_shepherd
Rajiv Gandhi Zoological Parkpallipes
Ranua Wildlife Parklupus
Red River Zoolycaon
Ree Park - Ebeltoft Safariarctos
Riga Zoolupus
 occidentalis
Rolling Hills Wildlife Adventure
 familiaris border_collie
Rome Zoo-Fondazione Bioparco di Roma
Roosevelt Park Zoo
Rosamond Gifford Zoo at Burnet Park
 familiaris
Rotterdam Zoolupus
Safari de Peaugreslupus
Sakkarbaugh Zoo, Junagadh
Salzburg Zoo Hellbrunnlupus
San Diego Wild Animal Parkhallstromi
San Diego Zoofamiliaris
 hallstromi
 lycaon
 occidentalis
Scandinavian Wildlife Parklupus
Schoenbrunner Tiergarten GmbHarctos
 occidentalis
Scovill Zoo
Sedgwick County Zoobaileyi
Seoul Zoo
 chanco
Sharjah Breeding Centre For Endangeredarabs
 pallipes
Silesian Zoological Gardendingo
Singapore Zoological Gardens
 familiaris
 familiaris border_collie
 familiaris german_shepherd
 familiaris jack_russell_terrier
 pallipes
Skansen Foundation, Zool. Dept.lupus
Societa Zoologica Di Pistoia S.R.Llupus
Sofia Zoological Gardens
Southwest Wildlife Conservation Centerbaileyi
St. Paul's Como Zoo
Stichting Landgoed Hoenderdaell
Symbio Wildlife Gardensdingo
Szeged Zoo
 familiaris mudi
Taipei Zoofamiliaris
 occidentalis
Tama Zoological Parklupus
Tampa's Lowry Park Zoohallstromi
Taronga Zoofamiliaris
Tautphaus Park Zoohallstromi
Tbilisi Zoo
Territory Wildlife Park (Berry Springsdingo
The Living Desert Zoo and Gardensbaileyi
 hallstromi
The Naples Zoodingo
 familiaris
Thoiry Zoological Park
Thuringer Zoopark Erfurtfamiliaris
Tiergarten Bernburglupus
Tiergarten der Stadt Nürnbergsignatus
Tierpark Berlin-Friedrichsfelde GmbHdingo
 lupus
Tierwelt Herbersteinarctos
 occidentalis
Toledo Zoological Gardens
 familiaris
 familiaris border_collie
Toronto Zoohallstromi
 hudsonicus
Touroparc
Turtle Back Zoo
 arctos
Utah's Hogle Zoo
 arctos
Utica Zoobaileyi
 familiaris siberian_husky
Valley Zoo & John Janzen Nature Centerhudsonicus
Wadi Al Safa Wildlife Centre
 familiaris dalmatian
 familiaris golden_retriever
 familiaris greyhound
 familiaris labrador_retriever
 familiaris pomeranian
 familiaris saluki
Wellington Zoo Trustdingo
West Midland Safari & Leisure Park Ltd
Western North Carolina Nature Center
Western Plains Zoodingo
Whipsnade Wild Animal Park
Wildlife Safari Incfamiliaris anatolia_shepherd
Wildlife Science Centerlycaon
Wildlife World Zoohallstromi
Woburn Safari Park
 occidentalis
 signatus
Wolf Park
 occidentalis
Woodland Park Zoological Gardens
Wroclaw Zoo, LLClupus
Zagreb Zoo / Zooloski vrt Zagreb
Zivalski vrt Ljubljana
 familiaris
Zoo Ahtari (Ähtärin Eläinpuisto Oy)lupus
Zoo and Aqua-Terrarium Ltd. Pécs
Zoo Aquarium de Madrid (GRPR)occidentalis
Zoo de Jurques
Zoo de la Bourbansais
Zoo de La Flechearctos
Zoo de Pont-Scorff
Zoo de Santillana y Parque Cuaternariosignatus
Zoo De Servionarctos
Zoo Decin - Pastyrska Stena
Zoo Duisburg AGhudsonicus
Zoo Hannover GmbHfamiliaris harzer_fuchs
 occidentalis
Zoo Melaka
Zoo New England, Stone Zoobaileyi
Zoo of Acadiana
Zoo Osnabrück
Zoo Safari Swierkocindingo
Zoo Sauvage de St-Félicien
Zoo Zürichchanco
ZooAmerica (No. American Wildlife Pk.)
Zoobotanico de Jerezsignatus
Zoological Center Tel Aviv - Ramat Ganpallipes
Zoological Garden of Polish Faunalupus
Zoological Garden Praguelupus
Zoological Society of Ireland-Dublin
 familiaris labrador_retriever
Zoologicka Garden & Chateau Zlin-Lesnahallstromi
Zoologicka zahrada Bojnicelupus
Zoologicka Zahrada Bratislavafamiliaris caucasian_owtchark
 familiaris german_shepherd
Zoologicka Zahrada Kosice
Zoologicka Zahrada Mesta Brna
 arctos
 occidentalis
Zoologicka zahrada Olomouc
 arctos
 hudsonicus
 signatus
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzenlupus
Zoologischer Garten Basel
Zoologischer Garten Wuppertalhudsonicus
ZooMontana
 lycaon
ZooWorld Zoological Botanical Conserv.

Range Map

Link to Map
Australia; Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China); Middle America; North America; Southern Asia;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Gardner A.L, 2007-08-15, in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 3Wikipedia licensed under a Creative Commons License 4Making The Forest And Tundra Wildlife Connection 5Capra cylindricornis, Paul J. Weinberg, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 695, pp. 1–9 (2002) 6Capra sibirica, Alexander K. Fedosenko and David A. Blank, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 675, pp. 1–13 (2001) 7Foraging by lynx and its role in ungulate mortality: the local (Bia&#322;owie&#380;a Forest) and the Palaearctic viewpoints, Włodzimierz JĘDRZEJEWSKI, Krzysztof SCHMIDT, Lech MIŁKOWSKI, Bogumiła JĘDRZEJEWSKA, Henryk OKARMA, Acta Theriologica 38 (4): 385-403 8Capreolus pygargus, Aleksey A. Danilkin, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 512, pp. 1-7 (1995) 9Cercartetus nanus, JAMIE M. HARRIS, MAMMALIAN SPECIES 815:1–10 (2008) 10Cervus nippon, George A. Feldhamer, Mammalian Species No. 128, pp. 1-7 (1980) 11Gazella dorcas, Yoram Yom-Tov, Heinrich Mendelssohn, and Colin P. Groves, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 491, pp. 1-6 (1995) 12Gazella gazella, Heinrich Mendelssohn, Yoram Yom-Tov, and Colin P. Groves, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 490, pp. 1-7 (1995) 13Glaucomys sabrinus, Nancy Wells-Gosling and Lawrence R. Heaney, Mammalian Species No. 229, pp. 1-8 (1984) 14Exploring the Denali Food Web, ParkWise, National Park Service 15Lepus arcticus, Troy L. Best and Travis Hill Henry, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 457, pp. 1-9 (1994) 16Lepus townsendii, Burton K. Lim, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 288, pp. 1-6 (1987) 17Nyctereutes procyonoides, Oscar G. Ward and Doris H. Wurster-Hill, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 358, pp. 1-5 (1990) 18Ovis ammon, Alexander K. Fedosenko and David A. Blank, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 773, pp. 1–15 (2005) 19Procapra gutturosa, Vladimir E. Sokolov and Anna A. Lushchekina, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 571, pp. 1-5 (1997) 20Sciurus niger, John L. Koprowski, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 479, pp. 1-9 (1994) 215.5 Corsac, Vulpes corsac, A. Poyarkov and N. Ovsyanikov, Sillero-Zubiri, C., Hoffmann, M. and Macdonald, D.W. (eds). 2004. Canids: Foxes, Wolves, Jackals and Dogs. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN/SSC Canid Specialist Group. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. x + 430 pp. 22Alopex lagopus, Alexandra M. Audet, C. Brian Robbins, and Serge Larivière, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 713, pp. 1–10 (2002) 23SPECIES ASSESSMENT FOR SWIFT FOX (VULPES VELOX) IN WYOMING, DARBY N. DARK-SMILEY AND DOUGLAS A. KEINATH, prepared for United States Department of the Interior Bureau of Land Management, December 2003 24Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 25Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2. 26International Flea Database
Invasive Status provided by Global Invasive Species Database Downloaded on 10 May 2011.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by Patterson, B. D., G. Ceballos, W. Sechrest, M. F. Tognelli, T. Brooks, L. Luna, P. Ortega, I. Salazar, and B. E. Young. 2007. Digital Distribution Maps of the Mammals of the Western Hemisphere, version 3.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.
Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Bruce Patterson, Wes Sechrest, Marcelo Tognelli, Gerardo Ceballos, The Nature Conservancy—Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International—CABS, World Wildlife Fund—US, and Environment Canada—WILDSPACE.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011 Out of Africa Wildlife Park