Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Carnivora > Canidae > Canis > Canis latrans
 

Canis latrans (Coyote)

Language: French; Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The coyote, also known as the American jackal or the prairie wolf, is a species of canine found throughout North and Central America, ranging from Panama in the south, north through Mexico, the United States and Canada. It occurs as far north as Alaska and all but the northernmost portions of Canada. There are currently 19 recognized subspecies, with 16 in Canada, Mexico and the United States, and 3 in Central America.
View Wikipedia Record: Canis latrans

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
0
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
10
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 3.12
EDGE Score: 1.42

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  29.21 lbs (13.25 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  250 grams
Female Maturity [1]  9 months 4 days
Male Maturity [1]  9 months 4 days
Diet [2]  Omnivore
Gestation [1]  63 days
Litter Size [1]  6
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  22 years
Nocturnal [2]  Yes
Speed [3]  35.99 MPH (16.09 m/s)
Weaning [1]  60 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Map Climate Land
Use
Alaska Peninsula montane taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Alaska-St. Elias Range tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Alberta Mountain forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Alberta-British Columbia foothills forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Allegheny Highlands forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Appalachian mixed mesophytic forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Appalachian-Blue Ridge forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Arctic coastal tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra    
Arctic foothills tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Arizona Mountains forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Atlantic coastal pine barrens United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Baja California desert Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Bajío dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Balsas dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Beringia lowland tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Beringia upland tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Blue Mountains forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
British Columbia mainland coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Brooks-British Range tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
California Central Valley grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
California coastal sage and chaparral Mexico, United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
California interior chaparral and woodlands United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
California montane chaparral and woodlands United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Canadian Aspen forests and parklands Canada Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Cascade Mountains leeward forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central American Atlantic moist forests Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central American dry forests Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Central American montane forests Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central American pine-oak forests Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Central and Southern Cascades forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central and Southern mixed grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central British Columbia Mountain forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central Canadian Shield forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Central forest-grasslands transition United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Mexican matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Pacific coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Central tall grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central U.S. hardwood forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Chiapas Depression dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chiapas montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chihuahuan desert Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Chimalapas montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Colorado Plateau shrublands United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Colorado Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Cook Inlet taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Copper Plateau taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Costa Rican seasonal moist forests Costa Rica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
East Central Texas forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Cascades forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Eastern forest-boreal transition Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Great Lakes lowland forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Edwards Plateau savanna United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Everglades United States Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Flint Hills tall grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Florida sand pine scrub United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Fraser Plateau and Basin complex Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Great Basin montane forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Great Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Gulf of California xeric scrub Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Interior Alaska-Yukon lowland taiga Canada, United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Interior Yukon-Alaska alpine tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Isthmian-Atlantic moist forests Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Isthmian-Pacific moist forests Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Jalisco dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Klamath-Siskiyou forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Low Arctic tundra Canada Nearctic Tundra
Meseta Central matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Mesoamerican Gulf-Caribbean mangroves Bahamas, United Kingdom Neotropic Mangroves
Mid-Continental Canadian forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Middle Atlantic coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Midwestern Canadian Shield forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Mississippi lowland forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Mojave desert United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Montana Valley and Foothill grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Motagua Valley thornscrub Guatemala Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Muskwa-Slave Lake forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Nebraska Sand Hills mixed grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
New England-Acadian forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
North Central Rockies forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northeastern coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northern California coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern Canadian Shield taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northern Cordillera forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northern Mesoamerican Pacific mangroves Mexico Neotropic Mangroves    
Northern mixed grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Pacific coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Northern short grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern tall grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern transitional alpine forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northwest Territories taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Oaxacan montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ogilvie-MacKenzie alpine tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Okanagan dry forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Ozark Mountain forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pacific Coastal Mountain icefields and tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Palouse grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Pantanos de Centla Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Petén-Veracruz moist forests Mexico, Guatemala, Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Piney Woods forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Puget lowland forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
San Lucan xeric scrub Mexico Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sierra de la Laguna dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sierra de la Laguna pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra de los Tuxtlas Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Sierra Juarez and San Pedro Martir pine-oak forests Mexico Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre de Chiapas moist forest Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sierra Madre de Oaxaca pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre del Sur pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre Occidental pine-oak forests Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre Oriental pine-oak forests Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Nevada forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Sinaloan dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Snake-Columbia shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sonoran desert Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sonoran-Sinaloan transition subtropical dry forest Mexico Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
South Central Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
South Florida rocklands United States Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southeastern conifer forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Southeastern mixed forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southern Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southern Hudson Bay taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Southern Mesoamerican Pacific mangroves Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Mangroves    
Southern Pacific dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Talamancan montane forests Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tamaulipan matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tamaulipan mezquital Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tehuacán Valley matorral Mexico Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Texas blackland prairies United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Upper Midwest forest-savanna transition United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Veracruz dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Veracruz moist forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Veracruz montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Wasatch and Uinta montane forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Western Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Gulf Coastal grasslands Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands  
Western short grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Willamette Valley forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Wyoming Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Yukon Interior dry forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Alto Golfo de California y Delta del Rio Colorado Biosphere Reserve VI 2320468 Sonora, Mexico  
Anza-Borrego Desert State Park, CA III 184543 California, United States
Arches National Park II 76539 Utah, United States
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Ib 12402936 Alaska, United States
Badlands National Park II 178535 South Dakota, United States
Banff National Park II 1690912 Alberta, Canada
Beaver Creek Biosphere Reserve 275028 Arizona, United States  
Big Bend Biosphere Reserve National Park II 815561 Texas, United States
Big Thicket Biosphere Reserve National Park II 616880 Texas, United States
Bighorn Canyon National Recreation Area V 36286 Montana, Wyoming, United States
Bryce Canyon National Park II 36348 Utah, United States
Buffalo National River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 59947 Arkansas, United States
California Coast Ranges Biosphere Reserve 153447 California, United States  
Canyonlands National Park II 335430 Utah, United States
Cape Breton Highlands National Park II 234333 Nova Scotia, Canada  
Capital Reef National Park II 243722 Utah, United States
Champlain-Adirondack Biosphere Reserve 9859505 New York, Vermont, United States  
Craters of the Moon National Monument V 690996 Idaho, United States
Cuyahoga Valley National Park II 24907 Ohio, United States
Death Valley National Park II 762125 California, Nevada, United States
Denali Biosphere Reserve 1932364 Alaska, United States
Desert Biosphere Reserve 68236 Utah, United States
Dinosaur National Monument III 203307 Colorado, Utah, United States
Dye Creek Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 38152 California, United States  
El Malpais National Monument III 109980 New Mexico, United States
Elk Island National Park II 47171 Alberta, Canada
Felsenthal National Wildlife Refuge VI 66133 Arkansas, United States
Forillon National Park II 61010 Quebec, Canada  
Fundy National Park II 52716 New Brunswick, Canada
Glacier National Park II 953799 Montana, United States
Golden Gate National Recreation Area V 26135 California, United States
Grand Canyon National Park II 1210128 Arizona, United States
Grand Teton National Park II 231724 Wyoming, United States
Grasslands National Park II 128635 Saskatchewan, Canada
Great Basin National Park II 77367 Nevada, United States
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Gros Morne National Park II 476632 Newfoundland, Canada
Guadalupe Mountains National Park II 46114 Texas, United States
Iztaccihuatl-Popocatepetl National Park II 224456 Mexico State, Mexico
Jasper National Park II 2776809 Alberta, Canada
Jornada Biosphere Reserve Ib 30913 New Mexico, United States
Joshua Tree National Park II 305076 California, United States
Kejimkujik National Park II 94203 Nova Scotia, Canada
Kluane National Park and Reserve National Park Reserve II 5463436 Yukon, Canada
Kootenay National Park II 341762 British Columbia, Canada
Kouchibouguac National Park II 59161 New Brunswick, Canada
La Mauricie National Park II 131706 Quebec, Canada
Lacassine National Wildlife Refuge VI 28351 Louisiana, United States
Laguna del Tigre National Park II 718533 Guatemala  
Lake Mead National Recreation Area V 670229 Arizona, Nevada, United States
Lake Roosevelt National Recreation Area V 103172 Washington, United States
Lake Superior Provincial Park IV 351011 Ontario, Canada
Land Between the Lakes Biosphere Reserve V 166264 Kentucky, Tennessee, United States
Lassen Volcanic National Park II 29388 California, United States
Long Point Biosphere Reserve 100325 Ontario, Canada  
Mount Rainier National Park II 235186 Washington, United States
Nahanni National Park Reserve II 1309627 Northwest Territories, Canada
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Olympic Biosphere Reserve II 922805 Washington, United States
Organ Pipe Cactus Biosphere Reserve 327376 Arizona, United States  
Ozark National Scenic Riverways National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 54621 Missouri, United States
Padre Island National Seashore II 42068 Texas, United States
Palo Verde National Park II 46190 Costa Rica  
Petrified Forest National Park II 44522 Arizona, United States
Point Reyes National Seashore II 27068 California, United States
Prince Albert National Park II 976762 Saskatchewan, Canada
Pukaskwa National Park II 459860 Ontario, Canada
Redberry Lake Biosphere Reserve 277252 Saskatchewan, Canada
Redwood National Park II 77867 California, United States
Reserva de Mapimi Biosphere Reserve VI 849819 Chihuahua, Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera El Cielo Biosphere Reserve 353161 Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera El Vizcaino Biosphere Reserve VI 6176727 Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera Sierra Gorda Biosphere Reserve VI 955579 Queretaro, Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera de la Amistad Biosphere Reserve II 493313 Costa Rica  
Reserva de la Michilia Biosphere Reserve VI 23405 Durango, Mexico  
Riding Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 762028 Manitoba, Canada
Rocky Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 239938 Colorado, United States
Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area V 38440 California, United States
Sequoia and Kings Canyon Biosphere Reserve II 172261 California, United States
Sevilleta LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research IV 228335 New Mexico, United States
Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore II 62563 Michigan, United States
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Southwest Nova Biosphere Reserve 3821173 Canada  
Terra Nova National Park IV 125894 Newfoundland, Canada
Upper Miss. River Nat'l Wildlife Refuge National Wildlife Refuge VI 25823 Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin, United States
Voyageurs National Park II 177960 Minnesota, United States
Vuntut National Park II 1076795 Yukon, Canada
Waterton Biosphere Reserve II 121459 Alberta, Canada
Wheeler National Wildlife Refuge IV 26618 Alabama, United States
Whiskey-Shasta-Trinity National Recreation Area V 197791 California, United States
White Sands National Monument III 139922 New Mexico, United States
Wind Cave National Park II 29471 South Dakota, United States
Wood Buffalo National Park II 11038545 Alberta, Canada
Woodland Caribou Provincial Wilderness Park Provincial Park II 1072124 Ontario, Canada
Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve Ib 2476446 Alaska, United States
Wupatki National Monument III 36098 Arizona, United States
Yellowstone Biosphere Reserve II 2196863 Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, United States
Yoho National Park II 317576 British Columbia, Canada
Yosemite National Park II 95209 California, United States
Zion National Park II 135667 Utah, United States

Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website Map
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No
Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands Mexico, United States No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No

Emblem of

South Dakota

Prey / Diet

Agouti paca (Paca)[4]
Aplodontia rufa (mountain beaver)[5]
Artemisia frigida (Fringed sagewort)[6]
Blarina carolinensis (Southern Short-tailed Shrew)[7]
Brachylagus idahoensis (Pygmy Rabbit)[8]
Chaetodipus penicillatus (desert pocket mouse)[9]
Charadrius montanus (Mountain Plover)[10]
Clethrionomys californicus (western red-backed vole)[11]
Clethrionomys rutilus (northern red-backed vole)[12]
Cynomys ludovicianus (black-tailed prairie dog)[13]
Dipodomys heermanni (Heermann's kangaroo rat)[14]
Dipodomys ingens (giant kangaroo rat)[15]
Dipodomys ordii (Ord's kangaroo rat)[16]
Dipodomys spectabilis (banner-tailed kangaroo rat)[17]
Geomys attwateri (Attwater's pocket gopher)[18]
Lagopus leucura (White-tailed Ptarmigan)[12]
Lepus alleni (Antelope Jackrabbit)[19]
Lepus americanus (Snowshoe Hare)[12]
Lepus californicus (Black-tailed Jackrabbit)[20]
Lepus townsendii (White-tailed Jackrabbit)[21]
Marmota olympus (Olympic marmot)[22]
Martes americana (American Marten)[23]
Microtus montanus (montane vole)[24]
Microtus oregoni (creeping vole)[25]
Microtus townsendii (Townsend's vole)[26]
Mustela frenata (Long-tailed Weasel)[27]
Neobuxbaumia tetetzo[28]
Neotoma fuscipes (dusky-footed woodrat)[29]
Neotoma lepida (desert woodrat)[30]
Neotoma micropus (southern plains woodrat)[31]
Neurotrichus gibbsii (Shrew-mole)[32]
Numenius americanus (Long-billed Curlew)[33]
Odocoileus hemionus (mule deer)[34]
Opuntia rastrera[35]
Opuntia robusta[36]
Perognathus inornatus (San Joaquin pocket mouse)[37]
Peromyscus eva (Eva's desert mouse)[38]
Sciurus griseus (western gray squirrel)[39]
Sciurus niger (eastern fox squirrel)[40]
Spea intermontana (Great Basin Spadefoot)[41]
Spermophilus armatus (Uinta ground squirrel)[42]
Spermophilus beldingi (Belding's ground squirrel)[43]
Spermophilus columbianus (Columbian ground squirrel)[44]
Spermophilus elegans (Wyoming ground squirrel)[45]
Spermophilus franklinii (Franklin's ground squirrel)[46]
Spermophilus parryii (Arctic ground squirrel)[12]
Spermophilus richardsonii (Richardson's ground squirrel)[47]
Spermophilus saturatus (Cascade golden-mantled ground squirrel)[48]
Spermophilus tereticaudus (round-tailed ground squirrel)[49]
Spermophilus townsendii (Townsend's ground squirrel)[50]
Spermophilus variegatus (rock squirrel)[51]
Sylvilagus audubonii (Desert Cottontail)[52]
Sylvilagus bachmani (Brush Rabbit)[53]
Sylvilagus cunicularius (Mexican Cottontail)[54]
Sylvilagus nuttallii (Nuttall's cottontail)[55]
Tamias amoenus (yellow-pine chipmunk)[56]
Tamias dorsalis (cliff chipmunk)[57]
Tamias merriami (Merriam's chipmunk)[58]
Thomomys bottae (Botta's pocket gopher)[59]
Thomomys mazama (western pocket gopher)[60]
Vulpes macrotis (Kit Fox)[61]
Vulpes velox (Swift Fox)[62]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Accipiter cooperii (Cooper's Hawk)5
Accipiter gentilis (Northern Goshawk)9
Accipiter striatus (Sharp-shinned Hawk)2
Aegolius acadicus (Northern Saw-whet Owl)4
Aquila chrysaetos (Golden Eagle)16
Arizona elegans (arenicola)2
Asio flammeus (Short-eared Owl)2
Asio otus (Long-eared Owl)6
Athene cunicularia (Burrowing Owl)4
Bubo scandiacus (Snowy Owl)2
Bubo virginianus (Great Horned Owl)23
Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)15
Buteo lagopus (Rough-legged Hawk)6
Buteo regalis (Ferruginous Hawk)8
Buteo swainsoni (Swainson's Hawk)6
Canis lupus (Wolf)6
Carpodacus mexicanus (House Finch)2
Circus cyaneus (Northern Harrier)4
Corvus corax (Northern Raven)3
Crotalus atrox (Western Diamond-backed Rattlesnake)3
Crotalus viridis (viridis)8
Falco mexicanus (Prairie Falcon)7
Falco rusticolus (Gyrfalcon)3
Falco sparverius (American Kestrel)3
Gulo gulo (Wolverine)2
Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)2
Lanius ludovicianus (Loggerhead Shrike)2
Leptonycteris nivalis (Mexican long-nosed bat)2
Lynx canadensis (lynx)5
Lynx rufus (Bobcat)24
Martes americana (American Marten)10
Masticophis flagellum (Coachwhip)2
Mephitis mephitis (Striped Skunk)5
Mustela erminea (Ermine)4
Mustela frenata (Long-tailed Weasel)14
Mustela nivalis (Least Weasel)2
Neovison vison (American Mink)5
Pecari tajacu (collared peccary)2
Pituophis catenifer (Gopher Snake)11
Pituophis melanoleucus (Eastern Pine Snake)4
Pogonomyrmex barbatus (red harvester ant)2
Procyon lotor (Raccoon)6
Puma concolor (Cougar)6
Strix nebulosa (Great Grey Owl)2
Strix occidentalis (Spotted Owl)3
Taxidea taxus (American Badger)20
Toxostoma curvirostre (Curve-billed Thrasher)2
Tyto alba (Barn Owl)18
Urocyon cinereoargenteus (Gray Fox)13
Ursus arctos (Grizzly Bear)4
Vulpes macrotis (Kit Fox)7
Vulpes velox (Swift Fox)4
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)15

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Alaria americana <Unverified Name>[63]
Alaria arisaemoides[63]
Alaria marcianae <Unverified Name>[63]
Alaria mustelae[63]
Amblyomma americanum (Lone Star tick)[64]
Amblyomma maculatum (Gulf Coast tick)[64]
Ancylostoma caninum[63]
Bartonella vinsonii[64]
Brucella abortus[64]
Brucella canis[64]
Capillaria aerophila[63]
Capillaria hepatica[63]
Capillaria plica[63]
Capillaria putorii <Unverified Name>[63]
Cediopsylla inaequalis inaequalis[65]
Cediopsylla simplex[64]
Ceratophyllus garei[65]
Chaetopsylla setosa[65]
Ctenocephalides canis (Dog flea)[65]
Dermacentor variabilis (American dog tick)[64]
Dermatoxys veligera <Unverified Name>[63]
Dioctophyme renale[63]
Dirofilaria immitis (Heartworm)[63]
Echinococcus granulosus[63]
Echinococcus multilocularis[63]
Ehrlichia canis[64]
Ehrlichia equi[64]
Euchoplopsyllus glacialis lynx[65]
Filaroides osleri <Unverified Name>[63]
Francisella tularensis (Tularemia)[64]
Heterobilharzia americana[63]
Hoplopsyllus anomalus (rodent flea)[65]
Hystrichopsylla dippiei dippiei[65]
Ixodes scapularis (Black legged tick)[64]
Leptospira interrogans[64]
Macracanthorhynchus ingens[63]
Megarthroglossus sicamus[65]
Mesocestoides kirbyi[63]
Mesocestoides lineatus <Unverified Name>[63]
Metorchis conjunctus[63]
Molineus barbatus <Unverified Name>[63]
Multiceps packi <Unverified Name>[63]
Mycobacterium bovis (Bovine tuberculosis)[64]
Nanophyetus salmincola <Unverified Name>[63]
Nematodirus helvetianus[63]
Neorickettsia risticii[64]
Notoedres cati[64]
Odontopsyllus dentatus[65]
Oncicola canis[63]
Opisthorchis guayaquilensis <Unverified Name>[63]
Orchopeas caedens durus[65]
Orchopeas sexdentatus sexdentatus[65]
Oropsylla arctomys[65]
Oropsylla idahoensis[65]
Oropsylla montana[65]
Oslerus osleri[63]
Pachysentis canicola[63]
Paragonimus kellicotti[63]
Physaloptera rara <Unverified Name>[63]
Protospirura numidica[63]
Pterygodermatites affinis[63]
Pulex irritans (human flea)[65]
Pulex simulans[64]
Rhabdometra odiosa <Unverified Name>[63]
Sarcoptes scabiei (itch mite)[64]
Spirocerca lupi[63]
Taenia crassiceps[63]
Taenia hydatigena <Unverified Name>[63]
Taenia krabbei <Unverified Name>[63]
Taenia laruei <Unverified Name>[63]
Taenia laticollis <Unverified Name>[63]
Taenia macrocystis <Unverified Name>[63]
Taenia multiceps <Unverified Name>[63]
Taenia ovis <Unverified Name>[63]
Taenia pisiformis[63]
Taenia serialis <Unverified Name>[63]
Taenia taeniaeformis <Unverified Name>[63]
Taenia taxidiensis <Unverified Name>[63]
Taenia twitchelli <Unverified Name>[63]
Tarsopsylla octodecimdentata coloradensis[65]
Thrassis acamantis acamantis[65]
Toxascaris leonina[63]
Toxocara canis[63]
Trichinella murrelli <Unverified Name>[63]
Trichinella spiralis (pork worm)[63]
Trichuris vulpis <Unverified Name>[63]
Uncinaria stenocephala (Northern hookworm)[63]
Yersinia pestis (Bubonic plague)[64]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Africam Safari (Africam, S. A.)
Alameda Park Zoo
Amarillo Zoo
America's Teaching Zoo
Arizona-Sonora Desert Museummearnsi
Bay Beach Wildlife Sanctuary
Bramble Park Zoo
Buttonwood Park Zoo
Cameron Park Zoo
Chattanooga Zoo at Warner Park
Cosley Zoo
Coyote Point Museum
Dakota Zoo
Dickerson Park Zoofrustror
Fort Worth Zoological Park
Greater Vancouver Zoo
Guadalajara Zoovigilis
Kharkiv Zoo
Minnesota Zoological Garden
Moonridge Animal Park
 ochropus
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Council
Northwest Trek Wildlife Park
Oklahoma City Zoological Park
Orange County Zoo
Osaka Municipal Tennoji Zool. Gdns.
Phoenix Zoo
Pocatello Zoo
Queens Zoo
Southwest Wildlife Conservation Center
 latrans
Texas Zootexensis
The Living Desert Zoo and Gardens
Topeka Zoological Park
Virginia Living Museum
Western North Carolina Nature Center
Willow Park Zoo
Wolf Parkfrustror
Zoo New England, Franklin Park Zoo
Zoo New England, Stone Zoo
Zoo Sauvage de St-Félicien
Zoologico Nacional La Aurora

Range Map

Link to Map
Middle America; North America;

Audio

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Provided by eNature via Myxer Author: Lang Elliot

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Wozencraft W.C., 20-Aug-2007, ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 3Wikipedia licensed under a Creative Commons License 4Agouti paca, Elizabeth M. Pérez, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 404, pp. 1-7 (1992) 5Aplodontia rufa, Leslie N. Carraway and B. J. Verts, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 431, pp. 1-10 (1993) 6Neotoma cinerea, Felisa A. Smith, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 564, pp. 1-8 (1997) 7Blarina carolinensis, Timothy S. McCay, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 673, pp. 1–7 (2001) 8SPECIES ASSESSMENT FOR PYGMY RABBIT (BRACHYLAGUS IDAHOENSIS) IN WYOMING, DOUGLAS A. KEINATH AND MATTHEW MCGEE, United States Department of the Interior Bureau of Land Management Wyoming State Office Cheyenne, Wyoming (2004) 9Chaetodipus penicillatus, Stacy J. Mantooth and Troy L. Best, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 767, pp. 1–7 (2005) 10SPECIES ASSESSMENT FOR MOUNTAIN PLOVER (CHARADRIUS MONTANUS) IN WYOMING, HAMILTON SMITH AND DOUGLAS A. KEINATH, United States Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, November 2004 11Clethrionomys californicus, Lois F. Alexander and B. J. Verts, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 406, pp. 1-6 (1992) 12Exploring the Denali Food Web, ParkWise, National Park Service 13Cynomys ludovicianus, John L. Hoogland, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 535, pp. 1-10 (1996) 14Dipodomys heermanni, Douglas A. Kelt, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 323, pp. 1-7 (1988) 15Dipodomys ingens, Daniel F. Williams and Kerry S. Kilburn, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 377, pp. 1-7 (1991) 16Dipodomys ordii, Tom E. Garrison and Troy L. Best, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 353, pp. 1-10 (1990) 17Dipodomys spectabilis, Troy L. Best, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 311, pp. 1-10 (1988) 18Geomys attwateri, Lawrence R. Williams and Guy N. Cameron, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 382, pp 1-5 (1991) 19Lepus alleni, Troy L. Best and Travis Hill Henry, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 424, pp. 1-8 (1993) 20Lepus californicus, Troy L. Best, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 530, pp. 1-10 (1996) 21Lepus townsendii, Burton K. Lim, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 288, pp. 1-6 (1987) 22Marmota olympus, Andrew J. Edelman, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 736, pp. 1–5 (2003) 23Martes americana, Tim W. Clark, Elaine Anderson, Carman Douglas, and Marjorie Strickland, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 289, pp. 1-8 (1987) 24Microtus montanus, Wendy E. Sera and Cathleen N. Early, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 716, pp. 1–10 (2003) 25Microtus oregoni, Leslie N. Carraway and B. J. Verts, Mammalian Species No. 233, pp. 1-6 (1985) 26Microtus townsendii, John E. Cornely and B. J. Verts, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 325, pp. 1-9 (1988) 27Mustela frenata, Steven R. Sheffield and Howard H. Thomas, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 570, pp. 1-9 (1997) 28THE ROLE OF SEED DISPERSERS IN THE POPULATION DYNAMICS OF THE COLUMNAR CACTUS NEOBUXBAUMIA TETETZO, HÉCTOR GODÍNEZ-ALVAREZ, ALFONSO VALIENTE-BANUET, AND ALBERTO ROJAS-MARTÍNEZ, Ecology, 83(9), 2002, pp. 2617-2629 29Neotoma fuscipes, L. N. Carraway and B. J. Verts, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 386, pp. 1-10 (1991) 30Neotoma lepida, B. J. Verts and Leslie N. Carraway, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 699, pp. 1–12 (2002) 31Neotoma micropus, J. K. Braun and M. A. Mares, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 330, pp. 1-9 (1989) 32Neurotrichus gibbsii, L. N. Carraway and B. J. Verts, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 387, pp. 1-7 (1991) 33SPECIES ASSESSMENT FOR LONG-BILLED CURLEW (NUMENIUS AMERICANUS) IN WYOMING, DARBY N. DARK-SMILEY and DOUGLAS A. KEINATH, Wyoming Natural Diversity Database 2000 34Odocoileus hemionus, Allen E. Anderson and Olof C. Wallmo, Mammalian Species No. 219, pp. 1-9 (1984) 35Dormancy and endozoochorous dispersal of Opuntia rastrera seeds in the southern Chihuahuan Desert, Maria del Carmen Mandujano, Jordan Golubov & Carlos Montaña, Journal of Arid Environments (1997) 36: 259–266 36Seed predation and dispersal in a dominant desert plant: Opuntia, ants, birds, and mammals, Mario González-Espinosa and Pedro F. Quintana-Ascencio, Frugivores and Seed Dispersal (eds A. Estrada & T. H. Fleming.), pp. 273–284. Dr W. Junk, Publishers, Dordrecht. 37Perognathus inornatus, Troy L. Best, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 450, pp. 1-5 (1993) 38Peromyscus eva, Sergio Ticul Álvarez-Castañeda and Patricia Cortés-Calva, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 738, pp. 1–3 (2003) 39Sciurus griseus, Leslie N. Carraway and B. J. Verts, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 474, pp. 1-7 (1994) 40Sciurus niger, John L. Koprowski, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 479, pp. 1-9 (1994) 41SPECIES ASSESSMENT FOR GREAT BASIN SPADEFOOT TOAD (SPEA INTERMONTANA) IN WYOMING, REBECCA S. BUSECK, DOUGLAS A. KEINATH AND MICHELE GERAUD, United States Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, January 2005 42Spermophilus armatus, Bruce D. Eshelman and Cara S. Sonnemann, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 637, pp. 1–6 (2000) 43Spermophilus beldingi, Stephen H. Jenkins and Bruce D. Eshelman, Mammalian Species No. 221, pp. 1-8 (1984) 44Spermophilus columbianus, Charles L. Elliott and Jerran T. Flinders, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 372, pp. 1-9 (1991) 45Spermophilus elegans, David A. Zegers, Mammalian Species No. 214, pp. 1-7 (1984) 46Spermophilus franklinii, Andrea C. Ostroff and Elmer J. Finck, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 724, pp. 1–5 (2003) 47Spermophilus richardsonii, Gail R. Michener and James W. Koeppl, Mammalian Species No. 243, pp. 1-8, (1985) 48Spermophilus saturatus, Stephan C. Trombulak, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 322, pp. 1-4 (1988) 49Spermophilus tereticaudus, Kristina A. Ernest and Michael A. Mares, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 274, pp. 1-9 (1987) 50Spermophilus townsendii, Eric A. Rickart, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 268, pp. 1-6 (1987) 51Spermophilus variegatus, Emily C. Oaks, Paul J. Young, Gordon L. Kirkland, Jr., and David F. Schmidt, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 272, pp. 1-8 (1987) 52Sylvilagus audubonii, Joseph A. Chapman and Gale R. Willner, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 106, pp. 1-4 (1978) 53Sylvilagus bachmani, Joseph A. Chapman, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 34, pp. 1-4 (1974) 54Sylvilagus cunicularius, Fernando A. Cervantes, Consuelo Lorenzo, Julieta Vargas, and Thorvald Holmes, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 412, pp. 1-4 (1992) 55Sylvilagus nuttallii, Joseph A. Chapman, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 56, pp. 1-3 (1975) 56Tamias amoenus, Dallas A. Sutton, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 390, pp. 1-8 (1992) 57Tamias dorsalis, E. Blake Hart, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 399, pp. 1-6 (1992) 58Tamias merriami, Troy L. Best and Nancy J. Granai, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 476, pp. 1-9 (1994) 59Thomomys bottae, Cheri A. Jones and Colleen N. Baxter, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 742, pp. 1–14 (2004) 60Thomomys mazama, B. J. Verts and Leslie N. Carraway, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 641, pp. 1–7 (2000) 614.5 Kit fox, Vulpes macrotis, R. List and B.L. Cypher, Sillero-Zubiri, C., Hoffmann, M. and Macdonald, D.W. (eds). 2004. Canids: Foxes, Wolves, Jackals and Dogs. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN/SSC Canid Specialist Group. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. x + 430 pp. 62SPECIES ASSESSMENT FOR SWIFT FOX (VULPES VELOX) IN WYOMING, DARBY N. DARK-SMILEY AND DOUGLAS A. KEINATH, prepared for United States Department of the Interior Bureau of Land Management, December 2003 63Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 64Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2. 65International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by Patterson, B. D., G. Ceballos, W. Sechrest, M. F. Tognelli, T. Brooks, L. Luna, P. Ortega, I. Salazar, and B. E. Young. 2007. Digital Distribution Maps of the Mammals of the Western Hemisphere, version 3.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.
Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Bruce Patterson, Wes Sechrest, Marcelo Tognelli, Gerardo Ceballos, The Nature Conservancy—Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International—CABS, World Wildlife Fund—US, and Environment Canada—WILDSPACE.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2