Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Carnivora > Otariidae > Neophoca > Neophoca cinerea

Neophoca cinerea (Australian Sealion; white-capped sea lion; Australian sea lion)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Australian sea lion (Neophoca cinerea) also known as the Australian sea-lion or Australian sealion, is a species of sea lion that is the only endemic pinniped in Australia. It is currently monotypic in the genus Neophoca, with the extinct Pleistocene New Zealand sea lion Neophoca palatina the only known congener. These sea lions are sparsely distributed through Houtman Arbrolhos Islands (28°S., 114°E.) in Western Australia and The Pages Islands (35°46’S., 138°18’E) in Southern Australia. With a population estimated at around 14,730 animals, the Wildlife Conservation Act of Western Australia (1950) has listed them as “in need of special protection”. Their Conservation status is listed as endangered. These pinnipeds are specifically known for their abnormal breeding cycles, which are var
View Wikipedia Record: Neophoca cinerea

Endangered Species

Status: Endangered
View IUCN Record: Neophoca cinerea

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 7.35
EDGE Score: 4.2


Adult Weight [2]  418.88 lbs (190.00 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  15.60 lbs (7.08 kg)
Female Maturity [2]  3 years
Male Maturity [2]  6 years
Diet [3]  Piscivore
Diet - Fish [3]  100 %
Forages - Marine [3]  100 %
Gestation [2]  8 months 18 days
Litter Size [2]  1
Litters / Year [2]  1
Maximum Longevity [2]  24 years
Water Biome [1]  Reef, Coastal
Weaning [2]  1 year 6 months

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Coorong National Park II 121235 South Australia, Australia
Flinders Chase National Park II 81245 South Australia, Australia

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Southwest Australia Australia No

Prey / Diet

Centroberyx lineatus (Swallowtail nannygai)[4]
Eudyptula minor (Little Penguin)[4]
Jasus edwardsii (Southern rock lobster)[4]
Ovalipes australiensis[4]
Pempheris multiradiata (Bigscale bullseye)[4]
Sillago flindersi (Bass Strait whiting)[4]


Carcharodon carcharias (Maneater shark)[4]
Homo sapiens (man)[4]


Parasitized by 
Adenocephalus pacificus[5]
Antarctophthirus microchir[6]
Contracaecum osculatum[6]
Corynosoma australe[5]
Mycobacterium bovis (Bovine tuberculosis)[7]
Toxoplasma gondii <Unverified Name>[6]
Uncinaria hamiltoni <Unverified Name>[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Adelaide Zoo
Kamogawa Sea World
Pet Porpoise Pool Pty. Ltd.
Taronga Zoo

Range Map




Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
6Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
7Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access