Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Carnivora > Otariidae > Arctocephalus > Arctocephalus pusillus
 

Arctocephalus pusillus (Brown Fur Seal; Tasmanian fur seal; South African fur seal; giant fur seal; Cape fur seal)

Wikipedia Abstract

The brown fur seal (Arctocephalus pusillus), also known as the Cape fur seal, South African fur seal and the Australian fur seal is a species of fur seal.
View Wikipedia Record: Arctocephalus pusillus

Infraspecies

Arctocephalus pusillus doriferus (Tasmanian fur seal)
Arctocephalus pusillus pusillus (South African fur seal)

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
5
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
27
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 11.48
EDGE Score: 2.52

Attributes

Adult Weight [2]  281.20 lbs (127.55 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  13.67 lbs (6.20 kg)
Female Maturity [2]  3 years 6 months
Male Maturity [2]  4 years 6 months
Gestation [2]  1 year
Litter Size [2]  1
Litters / Year [2]  1
Maximum Longevity [2]  32 years
Migration [1]  Intraoceanic
Water Biome [1]  Coastal
Weaning [2]  11 months 24 days

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Coorong National Park II 121235 South Australia, Australia
Croajingolong National Park II 217067 Victoria, Australia
Kogelberg Biosphere Reserve II 256073 Western Cape, South Africa  
Wilson's Promontory National Park II 119279 Victoria, Australia

Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Cape Floristic Region South Africa No
Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland No
Succulent Karoo Namibia, South Africa No

Prey / Diet

Argonauta argo (greater argonaut)[3]
Argyrosomus hololepidotus (Southern meagre)[3]
Argyrozona argyrozona (Silverfish)[3]
Austroglossus microlepis (West coast sole)[3]
Austroglossus pectoralis (Sole)[3]
Chelidonichthys capensis (Gurnard)[3]
Chorisochismus dentex (Rocksucker)[3]
Clithon subpunctatum (four-tooth nerite)[3]
Diaulula sandiegensis (ringed doris)[3]
Enteroctopus magnificus (Southern Giant Octopus)[3]
Genypterus capensis (Kingklip)[3]
Gymnammodytes capensis (Cape sand lance)[3]
Haploblepharus edwardsii (Puffadder shyshark)[3]
Lampanyctodes hectoris (Lanternfish)[3]
Lepidopus caudatus (Southern frostfish)[3]
Maurolicus muelleri (Silvery lightfish)[3]
Mugil cephalus (gray mullet)[3]
Nototodarus gouldi (Gould's squid)[4]
Octopus vulgaris (common octopus)[4]
Ocythoe tuberculata (Tuberculate Pelagic Octopus)[4]
Pagellus natalensis (Red tjor-tjor)[3]
Pterogymnus laniarius (Panga seabream)[3]
Sardinops sagax (Australian pilchard)[3]
Scomber japonicus (Striped mackerel)[3]
Scomberesox saurus (Atlantic saury)[3]
Sepia australis (southern cuttlefish)[3]
Sufflogobius bibarbatus (Pelagic goby)[3]
Thyrsites atun (snake mackerel)[3]
Todarodes angolensis (Angola flying squid)[4]
Todaropsis eblanae (Lesser Flying Squid)[4]
Trachurus capensis (Cape horse mackerel)[3]
Trachurus trachurus (Scad)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alepisaurus ferox (Wolffish)1
Aonyx capensis (African Clawless Otter)1
Arctocephalus forsteri (Australasian Fur Seal)1
Carcharhinus brevipinna (Spinner shark)1
Coryphaena hippurus (Mahi-mahi)2
Diplodus hottentotus (Zebra)1
Grampus griseus (Risso's Dolphin)2
Heptranchias perlo (Slender sevengill shark)1
Hyperoodon ampullatus (Northern Bottlenose Whale)1
Notorynchus cepedianus (Tiger shark)2
Orcinus orca (Killer Whale)1
Prionace glauca (Tribon blou)1
Thalassarche cauta (Shy Albatross)1
Thunnus alalunga (longfinned albacore)2
Thunnus albacares (Yellowfin-tuna)1
Thunnus maccoyii (Tunny)2
Tursiops truncatus (Bottlenosed Dolphin)1
Xiphias gladius (Swordfish)3

Predators

Canis mesomelas (Black-backed Jackal)[5]
Hexanchus griseus (Bluntnose six-gill shark)[3]
Hyaena brunnea (Brown Hyena)[5]
Notorynchus cepedianus (Tiger shark)[3]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Andracantha clavata[3]
Anisakis physeteris <Unverified Name>[6]
Anisakis simplex[6]
Bolbosoma capitatum[3]
Bolbosoma vasculosum[3]
Contracaecum ogmorhini <Unverified Name>[6]
Corynosoma australe[3]
Corynosoma bullosum[3]
Corynosoma cetaceum[6]
Ctenocephalides canis (Dog flea)[7]
Diphyllobothrium arctocephalinum[7]
Diphyllobothrium atlanticum <Unverified Name>[6]
Hepatoxylon trichiuri[6]
Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Tuberculosis - MTB)[8]
Phyllobothrium delphini[6]
Polymorphus arctocephali[6]
Proechinophthirus zumpti[3]
Taenia solium <Unverified Name>[6]
Uncinaria hamiltoni <Unverified Name>[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Banham Zoo Ltd.pusillus
Boras Djurpark Zoopusillus
Chiangmai Zoological Gardenpusillus
Dusit (Bangkok) Zoological Parkpusillus
Faunia (Parque Biologico De Madrid,SA)
Jyllands Park Zoopusillus
Kolmardens Djurpark ABpusillus
Louisville Zoological Gardenpusillus
Melbourne Zoodoriferus
Nakhon Ratchasima Zool. Parkpusillus
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africapusillus
Parc Paradisio S.A.pusillus
Parco Zoo Punta Verdepusillus
Pet Porpoise Pool Pty. Ltd.doriferus
Rostock Zoologischer Garten
 pusillus
Songkhla Zoo
STB Kanta - Friguia Zoo
Taronga Zoodoriferus
West Midland Safari & Leisure Park Ltdpusillus
Wroclaw Zoo, LLCpusillus
Yokohama Zool. Gardenspusillus
Zoo am Meer Bremerhaven GmbHpusillus
Zoological Garden Prague
Zoologicka Zahrada Mesta Brna
 pusillus
Zoologischer Garten Augsburg GmbHpusillus
Zoologischer Garten Frankfurtpusillus
Zoologischer Garten Leipzigpusillus
ZOOMARINE - Mundo Aquatico S.A.pusillus
Zoomarine Italia S.p.A.pusillus

Range Map

Africa; Australia; Croajingolong; Eastern Atlantic Ocean; Indo-West Pacific;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 4CephBase - Cephalopod (Octopus, Squid, Cuttlefish and Nautilus) Database 5The Namib: Detritus and Fog Dependence Scott Christy March 1st, 2006 6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 7Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19 8Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access