Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Artiodactyla > Bovidae > Ovibos > Ovibos moschatus
 

Ovibos moschatus (muskox; oomingmak)

Language: French

Wikipedia Abstract

The muskox (Ovibos moschatus, musk ox) is an Arctic mammal of the family Bovidae, noted for its thick coat and for the strong odor emitted by males, from which its name derives. This musky odor is used to attract females during mating season. Muskoxen primarily live in the Canadian Arctic and Greenland, with small introduced populations in Sweden, Siberia, Norway, and Alaska.
View Wikipedia Record: Ovibos moschatus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
1
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
12
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 3.57
EDGE Score: 1.52

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  575.00 lbs (260.82 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  25.27 lbs (11.46 kg)
Female Weight [1]  450.00 lbs (204.12 kg)
Male Weight [1]  700.00 lbs (317.51 kg)
Weight Dimorphism [1]  55.6 %
Female Maturity [2]  3 years
Male Maturity [2]  3 years 6 months
Diet [3]  Herbivore
Gestation [2]  8 months 18 days
Litter Size [2]  1
Litters / Year [2]  1
Maximum Longevity [2]  27 years
Migration [3]  Intracontinental
Weaning [2]  7 months 3 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Arctic coastal tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra    
Arctic foothills tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Beringia lowland tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Beringia upland tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Brooks-British Range tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
High Arctic tundra Canada Nearctic Tundra
Kalaallit Nunaat high arctic tundra Greenland Nearctic Tundra
Low Arctic tundra Canada Nearctic Tundra
Middle Arctic tundra Canada Nearctic Tundra
Northern Canadian Shield taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northwest Territories taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Ib 12402936 Alaska, United States
Aulavik National Park II 3021211 Northwest Territories, Canada
Ivvavik National Park II 2382752 Yukon, Canada
North-east Greenland National Park II 237590314 Greenland
Ostrov Vrangelya (Wrangel Island) Zapovednik Nature Monument III 180 Russia    
Queen Maud Gulf Bird Sanctuary Migratory Bird Sanctuary IV 15335601 Nunavut, Canada
Quttinirpaaq (Ellesmere Island) National Park Reserve II 9436606 Nunavut, Canada
Taimyrsky Biosphere Reserve Ia 4403240 Taimyr, Russia
Tuktut Nogait National Park II 5761538 Northwest Territories, Canada
Ukkusiksalik National Park II   Nunavut, Canada
Vuntut National Park II 1076795 Yukon, Canada
Walker Bay Field Station   Nunavut, Canada  

Ecosystems

Prey / Diet

Alnus viridis subsp. crispa[4]
Arctagrostis latifolia (wideleaf polargrass)[5]
Betula glandulosa (resin birch)[4]
Betula nana (dwarf birch)[5]
Carex bigelowii (Bigelow's sedge)[4]
Carex bonanzensis (Yukon sedge)[5]
Dryas octopetala (white dryas)[4]
Empetrum nigrum (black crowberry)[4]
Eriophorum angustifolium subsp. angustifolium[4]
Eriophorum scheuchzeri (white cottongrass)[5]
Lathyrus japonicus subsp. maritimus (Beach Pea)[4]
Salix alaxensis (feltleaf willow)[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alces alces (moose)4
Bombus polaris (Bumblebee)1
Bonasa umbellus (Ruffed Grouse)1
Branta hutchinsii (Cackling Goose)4
Branta ruficollis (Red-breasted Goose)1
Calcarius lapponicus (Lapland Longspur)4
Carduelis flammea (Common Redpoll)3
Castor canadensis (american beaver)1
Clethrionomys rutilus (northern red-backed vole)4
Corvus corax (Northern Raven)1
Erethizon dorsatum (common porcupine)1
Lagopus lagopus (Willow Ptarmigan)3
Lagopus leucura (White-tailed Ptarmigan)1
Lemmus sibiricus (brown lemming)7
Lepus americanus (Snowshoe Hare)1
Lepus othus (Alaskan Hare)2
Martes americana (American Marten)1
Ochotona collaris (Collared Pika)1
Ovis dalli (Dall's sheep)4
Phenacomys intermedius (western heather vole)1
Pinicola enucleator (Pine Grosbeak)1
Poecile hudsonicus (Boreal Chickadee)1
Rangifer tarandus (caribou)6
Urocitellus parryii (Arctic ground squirrel)3
Ursus americanus (black bear)1
Ursus arctos (Grizzly Bear)1

Predators

Canis lupus (Wolf)[5]
Ursus arctos (Grizzly Bear)[1]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Brucella melitensis (Brucella / Brucellosis)[6]
Capillaria bovis[7]
Cysticercus tenuicollis <Unverified Name>[7]
Dictyocaulus eckerti <Unverified Name>[7]
Dictyocaulus viviparus[7]
Echinococcus granulosus[7]
Francisella tularensis (Tularemia)[6]
Haemonchus contortus (red stomach worm)[7]
Haemonchus placei <Unverified Name>[7]
Marshallagia marshalli <Unverified Name>[7]
Marshallagia occidentalis <Unverified Name>[7]
Moniezia expansa (sheep tapeworm)[7]
Nematodirella alcidis <Unverified Name>[7]
Nematodirella gazelli <Unverified Name>[7]
Nematodirella longispiculata <Unverified Name>[7]
Nematodirella longissimespiculata <Unverified Name>[7]
Nematodirus helvetianus[7]
Nematodirus skrjabini <Unverified Name>[7]
Nematodirus tarandi <Unverified Name>[7]
Ostertagia arctica <Unverified Name>[7]
Ostertagia circumcincta[7]
Ostertagia davtiana <Unverified Name>[7]
Ostertagia gruehneri <Unverified Name>[7]
Ostertagia occidentalis <Unverified Name>[7]
Ostertagia trifurcata[7]
Protostrongylus stilesi <Unverified Name>[7]
Taenia hydatigena <Unverified Name>[7]
Teladorsagia boreoarcticus <Unverified Name>[7]
Teladorsagia circumcincta <Unverified Name>[7]
Teladorsagia davtiani <Unverified Name>[7]
Teladorsagia trifurcata <Unverified Name>[7]
Umingmakstrongylus pallikuukensis <Unverified Name>[7]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Assiniboine Park Zoo
 moschatus
Calgary Zoo, Garden & Prehistoric Park
 moschatus
Cologne Zoowardi
Copenhagen Zoowardi
Denver Zoological Gardens
GaiaPark, Kerkrade Zoo
Greater Vancouver Zoo
 moschatus
Helsinki Zoowardi
Kolmardens Djurpark ABwardi
Lietuvos Zoologijos Sodas
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsawwardi
Minnesota Zoological Garden
Moscow Zoological Park
 moschatus
Municipal Independent Org. Roev Ruchei
Novosibirsk Zoological Park
Podkrusnohorsky Zoopark Chomutovwardi
Point Defiance Zoo & Aquarium
 wardi
Polar Zoo A/S
Ranua Wildlife Parkwardi
Roosevelt Park Zoomoschatus
Tallinn Zoowardi
Tierpark Berlin-Friedrichsfelde GmbHmoschatus
Tierpark Dählhölzliwardi
Toronto Zoo
Yukon Wildlife Preserve
 moschatus
 wardi
Zoo Krefeld GmbHwardi
Zoo Sauvage de St-Félicien
Zoologicka zahrada Liberecwardi
Zoologicka zahrada Olomouc
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzenmoschatus

Range Map

Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China); North America;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Gardner A.L, 2004-04-22, in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1Alaska Wildlife Notebook Series, Alaska Department of Fish and Game 2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 3Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 4Ovibos moschatus, Peter C. Lent, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 302, pp. 1-9 (1988) 5Making The Forest And Tundra Wildlife Connection 6Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2. 7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation. Science, 342, 803–805
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by Patterson, B. D., G. Ceballos, W. Sechrest, M. F. Tognelli, T. Brooks, L. Luna, P. Ortega, I. Salazar, and B. E. Young. 2007. Digital Distribution Maps of the Mammals of the Western Hemisphere, version 3.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.
Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Bruce Patterson, Wes Sechrest, Marcelo Tognelli, Gerardo Ceballos, The Nature Conservancy—Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International—CABS, World Wildlife Fund—US, and Environment Canada—WILDSPACE.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011