Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Artiodactyla > Bovidae > Ovis > Ovis canadensis
 

Ovis canadensis (bighorn sheep)

Language: Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis) is a species of sheep native to North America named for its large horns. These horns can weigh up to 30 lb (14 kg), while the sheep themselves weigh up to 300 lb (140 kg). Recent genetic testing indicates three distinct subspecies of Ovis canadensis, one of which is endangered: O. c. sierrae.
View Wikipedia Record: Ovis canadensis

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
2
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
19
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 6.15
EDGE Score: 1.97

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  154.93 lbs (70.28 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  9.70 lbs (4.40 kg)
Female Maturity [1]  1 year 11 months
Male Maturity [1]  2 years
Diet [2]  Herbivore
Diet - Plants [2]  100 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Gestation [1]  6 months
Litter Size [1]  1
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  21 years
Weaning [1]  5 months 2 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Arizona Mountains forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Baja California desert Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Blue Mountains forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Canadian Aspen forests and parklands Canada Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Chihuahuan desert Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Colorado Plateau shrublands United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Colorado Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Fraser Plateau and Basin complex Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Great Basin montane forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Great Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Gulf of California xeric scrub Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Mid-Continental Canadian forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Mojave desert United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Montana Valley and Foothill grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Nebraska Sand Hills mixed grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
North Central Rockies forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern mixed grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern short grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Okanagan dry forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Palouse grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Sierra Juarez and San Pedro Martir pine-oak forests Mexico Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre Oriental pine-oak forests Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Snake-Columbia shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sonoran desert Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Central Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Wasatch and Uinta montane forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Western short grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Wyoming Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Anza-Borrego Desert State Park, CA III 184543 California, United States
Arches National Park II 76539 Utah, United States
Badlands National Park II 178535 South Dakota, United States
Bandelier National Monument V 8107 New Mexico, United States
Banff National Park II 1690912 Alberta, Canada
Big Bend Biosphere Reserve National Park II 815561 Texas, United States
Bighorn Canyon National Recreation Area V 36286 Montana, Wyoming, United States
Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Park II 12551 Colorado, United States
Canyonlands National Park II 335430 Utah, United States
Carlsbad Caverns National Park II 15448 New Mexico, United States
Colorado National Monument III 20420 Colorado, United States
Coronado National Monument National Memorial III 4360 Arizona, United States
Death Valley National Park II 762125 California, Nevada, United States
Dinosaur National Monument III 203307 Colorado, Utah, United States
Grand Canyon National Park II 1210128 Arizona, United States
Grand Teton National Park II 231724 Wyoming, United States
Great Basin National Park II 77367 Nevada, United States
Guadalupe Mountains National Park II 46114 Texas, United States
Hamilton Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 52 California, United States  
Jasper National Park II 2776809 Alberta, Canada
Jornada Biosphere Reserve Ib 30913 New Mexico, United States
Joshua Tree National Park II 305076 California, United States
Kootenay National Park II 341762 British Columbia, Canada
Lake Mead National Recreation Area V 670229 Arizona, Nevada, United States
Lake Roosevelt National Recreation Area V 103172 Washington, United States
Mojave and Colorado Deserts Biosphere Reserve 5901 California, United States  
Organ Pipe Cactus Biosphere Reserve 327376 Arizona, United States  
Petrified Forest National Park II 44522 Arizona, United States
Philip L. Boyd Deep Canyon Desert Research Center 6101 California, United States
Reserva de la Biosfera El Vizcaino Biosphere Reserve VI 6176727 Mexico  
Rocky Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 239938 Colorado, United States
San Dimas Biosphere Reserve 17161 California, United States  
Sequoia and Kings Canyon Biosphere Reserve II 172261 California, United States
Sevilleta LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research IV 228335 New Mexico, United States
Waterton Biosphere Reserve II 121459 Alberta, Canada
Yellowstone Biosphere Reserve II 2196863 Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, United States
Yoho National Park II 317576 British Columbia, Canada
Yosemite National Park II 95209 California, United States
Zion National Park II 135667 Utah, United States

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands Mexico, United States No

Emblem of

Alberta
Colorado
Nevada

Prey / Diet

Amelanchier alnifolia (serviceberry)[3]
Balsamorhiza sagittata (arrowleaf balsamroot)[3]
Berberis repens (creeping barberry)[3]
Bromus moeszii (military grass)[3]
Cercocarpus ledifolius (curl-leaf mountain mahogany)[3]
Descurainia pinnata (Tanzy Mustard)[3]
Elymus elymoides subsp. californicus (squirreltail)[3]
Elymus spicatus (Bluebunch wheatgrass)[3]
Festuca idahoensis (Idaho fescue)[3]
Koeleria macrantha (prairie Junegrass)[3]
Physocarpus malvaceus (nine-bark)[3]
Pseudotsuga menziesii (Douglas fir)[3]
Purshia tridentata (bitterbrush)[3]
Stipa comata (needle-and-thread grass)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Anobium punctatum (furniture beetle)1
Antilocapra americana (pronghorn)1
Aplodontia rufa (mountain beaver)1
Arborimus pomo (Sonoma tree vole)1
Brachylagus idahoensis (Pygmy Rabbit)3
Callospermophilus lateralis (golden-mantled ground squirrel)1
Cervus elaphus (wapiti or elk)3
Dendragapus obscurus fuliginosus (Sooty Grouse)1
Dipodomys ordii (Ord's kangaroo rat)1
Ernobius mollis (Pine bark anobiid)1
Ernobius punctulatus1
Halysidota tessellaris (Banded Tussock Moth)1
Heliothrips haemorrhoidalis (Greenhouse thrip)1
Lemmiscus curtatus (sagebrush vole)1
Marmota olympus (Olympic marmot)1
Neotoma cinerea (bushy-tailed woodrat)3
Perognathus fasciatus (olive-backed pocket mouse)1
Peromyscus boylii (brush mouse)1
Sciurus aberti (Abert's squirrel)1
Sciurus arizonensis (Arizona gray squirrel)1
Sciurus griseus (western gray squirrel)1
Tamias amoenus (yellow-pine chipmunk)1
Tamias cinereicollis (gray-collared chipmunk)1
Tamias dorsalis (cliff chipmunk)2
Tamias quadrimaculatus (long-eared chipmunk)1
Tamias ruficaudus (red-tailed chipmunk)4
Tamias umbrinus (Uinta chipmunk)1
Tamiasciurus douglasii (Douglas's squirrel)1
Thomomys talpoides (northern pocket gopher)1
Urocitellus columbianus (Columbian ground squirrel)3
Urocitellus washingtoni (Washington ground squirrel)1
Ursus arctos (Grizzly Bear)2

Predators

Ursus arctos (Grizzly Bear)[4]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Acinetobacter lwoffii[5]
Aeromonas hydrophila[5]
Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans[5]
Anaplasma ovis[5]
Bergeriella denitrificans[5]
Bibersteinia trehalosi[5]
Brucella melitensis (Brucella / Brucellosis)[5]
Capillaria bovis[6]
Chabertia ovina <Unverified Name>[6]
Cooperia oncophora <Unverified Name>[6]
Cooperia surnabada <Unverified Name>[6]
Cupriavidus pauculus[5]
Cysticercus tenuicollis <Unverified Name>[6]
Dermacentor albipictus (Elk tick)[5]
Dermacentor hunteri[5]
Dermacentor occidentalis (Net tick)[5]
Dictyocaulus viviparus[6]
Enterobacter cloacae[5]
Haemonchus contortus (red stomach worm)[6]
Haemonchus placei <Unverified Name>[6]
Ixodes pacificus (California black-legged tick)[5]
Leptospira interrogans[5]
Mannheimia haemolytica[5]
Marshallagia marshalli <Unverified Name>[6]
Marshallagia occidentalis <Unverified Name>[6]
Moniezia benedeni <Unverified Name>[6]
Moniezia expansa (sheep tapeworm)[6]
Moraxella cuniculi[5]
Mycobacterium avium (Mycobacterium avium)[5]
Neisseria elongata[5]
Nematodirella antilocaprae <Unverified Name>[6]
Nematodirus abnormalis[6]
Nematodirus andersoni <Unverified Name>[6]
Nematodirus archari <Unverified Name>[6]
Nematodirus davtiani <Unverified Name>[6]
Nematodirus filicollis[6]
Nematodirus helvetianus[6]
Nematodirus maculosus <Unverified Name>[6]
Nematodirus odocoilei <Unverified Name>[6]
Nematodirus oiratianus <Unverified Name>[6]
Nematodirus spathiger[6]
Obeliscoides cuniculi <Unverified Name>[6]
Oestrus ovis (sheep bot fly)[5]
Ostertagia circumcincta[6]
Ostertagia lyrata[6]
Ostertagia marshalli <Unverified Name>[6]
Ostertagia occidentalis <Unverified Name>[6]
Ostertagia ostertagi[6]
Ostertagia trifurcata[6]
Pantoea agglomerans[5]
Parelaphostrongylus tenuis <Unverified Name>[6]
Pasteurella canis[5]
Pasteurella multocida[5]
Protostrongylus rushi <Unverified Name>[6]
Protostrongylus stilesi <Unverified Name>[6]
Pseudomonas fluorescens[5]
Pseudostertagia bullosa <Unverified Name>[6]
Psoroptes ovis (sheep scab mite)[5]
Skrjabinema ovis[6]
Spiculocaulus leuckarti <Unverified Name>[6]
Staphylococcus auricularis[5]
Staphylococcus cohnii[5]
Staphylococcus epidermidis[5]
Staphylococcus sciuri[5]
Staphylococcus simulans[5]
Staphylococcus warneri[5]
Staphylococcus xylosus[5]
Streptococcus acidominimus[5]
Streptococcus bovis[5]
Streptococcus mitis[5]
Streptococcus mutans[5]
Streptococcus sanguinis[5]
Streptococcus suis[5]
Taenia hydatigena <Unverified Name>[6]
Teladorsagia circumcincta <Unverified Name>[6]
Teladorsagia davtiani <Unverified Name>[6]
Teladorsagia trifurcata <Unverified Name>[6]
Thysanosoma actinioides <Unverified Name>[6]
Trichostrongylus axei[6]
Trichostrongylus colubriformis[6]
Trichuris ovis[6]
Trichuris schumakovitschi <Unverified Name>[6]
Trueperella pyogenes[5]
Yersinia pseudotuberculosis (Y. pseudotuberculosis)[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Arizona-Sonora Desert Museummexicana
Buffalo Zoological Gardenscanadensis
Burger's Zoocaliforniana
Calgary Zoo, Garden & Prehistoric Parkcanadensis
Dakota Zoo
Denver Zoological Gardenscanadensis
Greater Vancouver Zoo
 canadensis
Los Angeles Zoo & Botanical Gardens
 mexicana
 nelsoni
Montgomery Zoo
 canadensis
Northwest Trek Wildlife Parkcaliforniana
Oregon Wildlife Foundationcanadensis
Patronato del Parque Zoologico de Leon
Phoenix Zoomexicana
Planete Sauvagecaliforniana
Pocatello Zoo
 canadensis
Potter Park Zoological Gardenscanadensis
Rosamond Gifford Zoo at Burnet Parkcanadensis
San Diego Wild Animal Parknelsoni
The Living Desert Zoo and Gardens
 nelsoni
Utah's Hogle Zoocanadensis
 nelsoni
Valley Zoo & John Janzen Nature Center
Yukon Wildlife Preserve
Zoo Sauvage de St-Félicien
 canadensis
Zoological Garden Praguecaliforniana
ZooMontana

Range Map

Middle America; North America;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Bighorn Sheep Diet Selection and Forage Quality in Central Idaho, Guy D. Wagner and James M. Peek, Northwest Science, Vol. 80, No.4, 2006, pp. 246-258
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access