Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Artiodactyla > Antilocapridae > Antilocapra > Antilocapra americana
 

Antilocapra americana (pronghorn)

Synonyms: Antilocapra anteflexa; Antilope americana
Language: Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The pronghorn (Antilocapra americana) is a species of artiodactyl mammal indigenous to interior western and central North America. Though not an antelope, it is often known colloquially in North America as the prong buck, pronghorn antelope, cabri (native American), or simply antelope because it closely resembles the true antelopes of the Old World and fills a similar ecological niche due to convergent evolution.It is the only surviving member of the family Antilocapridae.
View Wikipedia Record: Antilocapra americana

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
11
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
37
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 23.13
EDGE Score: 3.18

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  101.63 lbs (46.10 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  6.61 lbs (3.00 kg)
Female Maturity [1]  1 year 6 months
Male Maturity [1]  1 year 6 months
Diet [2]  Herbivore
Gestation [1]  7 months 25 days
Litter Size [1]  2
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  16 years
Nocturnal [2]  Yes
Speed [3]  55.03 MPH (24.6 m/s)
Weaning [1]  3 months 1 day

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Arizona Mountains forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Baja California desert Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central and Southern mixed grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central tall grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Chihuahuan desert Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Colorado Plateau shrublands United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Colorado Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Eastern Cascades forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Edwards Plateau savanna United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Great Basin montane forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Great Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Meseta Central matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Montana Valley and Foothill grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Nebraska Sand Hills mixed grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern mixed grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern short grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Palouse grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Sierra Madre Occidental pine-oak forests Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre Oriental pine-oak forests Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Nevada forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Snake-Columbia shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sonoran desert Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Central Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Texas blackland prairies United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Wasatch and Uinta montane forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Western short grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Wyoming Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Agate Fossil Beds National Monument V 4731 Nebraska, United States
Audubon National Wildlife Refuge IV 14642 North Dakota, United States
Badlands National Park II 178535 South Dakota, United States
Beaver Creek Biosphere Reserve 275028 Arizona, United States  
Big Bend Biosphere Reserve National Park II 815561 Texas, United States
Bighorn Canyon National Recreation Area V 36286 Montana, Wyoming, United States
Bryce Canyon National Park II 36348 Utah, United States
Canyonlands National Park II 335430 Utah, United States
Carlsbad Caverns National Park II 15448 New Mexico, United States
Carrizo Plain Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 7550 California, United States  
Central Plains Biosphere Reserve 15345 United States  
Coronado National Monument National Memorial III 4360 Arizona, United States
Craters of the Moon National Monument V 690996 Idaho, United States
Curecanti National Recreation Area V 31032 Colorado, United States
Devils Tower National Monument V 1361 Wyoming, United States
Dinosaur National Monument III 203307 Colorado, Utah, United States
El Malpais National Monument III 109980 New Mexico, United States
El Morro National Monument V 960 New Mexico, United States
El Pinacate y Gran Desierto de Altar Biosphere Reserve VI 1770619 Sonora, Mexico  
Fort Davis National Historic Site   Texas, United States
Grand Canyon National Park II 1210128 Arizona, United States
Grand Teton National Park II 231724 Wyoming, United States
Grasslands National Park II 128635 Saskatchewan, Canada
Great Basin National Park II 77367 Nevada, United States
Guadalupe Mountains National Park II 46114 Texas, United States
Jornada Biosphere Reserve Ib 30913 New Mexico, United States
Knife River Indian Villages National Hist. Site National Historic Site III 1756 North Dakota, United States
Konza Prairie Biosphere Reserve 8617 Kansas, United States  
Lake Mead National Recreation Area V 670229 Arizona, Nevada, United States
Lake Meredith National Recreation Area V   Texas, United States
Lassen Volcanic National Park II 29388 California, United States
Lava Beds National Monument III 20002 California, United States
Organ Pipe Cactus Biosphere Reserve 327376 Arizona, United States  
Petrified Forest National Park II 44522 Arizona, United States
Pipe Spring National Monument V 41 Arizona, United States
Reserva de la Biosfera El Vizcaino Biosphere Reserve VI 6176727 Mexico  
Reserva de Mapimi Biosphere Reserve VI 849819 Chihuahua, Mexico  
Sevilleta LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research IV 228335 New Mexico, United States
Shortgrass Steppe LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research   Colorado, United States
Sunset Crater Volcano National Monument V 3049 Arizona, United States
Walnut Canyon National Monument V 3386 Arizona, United States
White Sands National Monument III 139922 New Mexico, United States
Wind Cave National Park II 29471 South Dakota, United States
Wupatki National Monument III 36098 Arizona, United States
Yellowstone Biosphere Reserve II 2196863 Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, United States

Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No
Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands Mexico, United States No

Prey / Diet

Agropyron cristatum (crested wheat grass)[4]
Agrostis stolonifera (carpet bentgrass)[4]
Artemisia cana (Silver sagebrush)[4]
Artemisia frigida (Fringed sagewort)[4]
Artemisia nova (black sagebrush)[5]
Artemisia papposa (Owyhee sage)[5]
Artemisia rigida (scabland sagebrush)[5]
Artemisia tridentata subsp. vaseyana (Mountain Sagebrush)[5]
Artemisia tridentata subsp. wyomingensis (Wyoming Big Sagebrush)[5]
Artemisia tripartita (Wyoming threetip sagebrush)[5]
Astragalus agrestis (purple milkvetch)[5]
Bouteloua aristidoides (needle grama)[6]
Bromus inermis (awnless brome)[4]
Bromus tectorum (Drooping brome)[6]
Crepis occidentalis (largeflower hawksbeard)[5]
Eriocoma hymenoides (Indian ricegrass)[4]
Escobaria missouriensis (Missouri fox-tail cactus)[5]
Galium circaezans (licorice bedstraw)[4]
Lepidium virginicum (Wild Pepper-Grass)[6]
Opuntia polyacantha (plains pricklypear)[5]
Pinus ponderosa (Ponderosa pine)[4]
Plantago patagonica (woolly Indianwheat)[6]
Senecio spartioides (broomlike ragwort)[6]
Sphaeralcea coccinea (scarlet globemallow)[5]
Stipa comata (needle-and-thread grass)[4]
Symphoricarpos occidentalis (western snowberry)[4]
Taraxacum tenejapense[6]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Accipiter gentilis (Northern Goshawk)1
Aphelocoma californica (Western Scrub-Jay)1
Aphelocoma ultramarina (Mexican Jay)1
Baliothrips dispar1
Brachylagus idahoensis (Pygmy Rabbit)10
Bubo virginianus (Great Horned Owl)1
Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)1
Callospermophilus lateralis (golden-mantled ground squirrel)1
Canis latrans (Coyote)1
Centrocercus urophasianus (Sage Grouse)9
Cyanocitta stelleri (Steller's Jay)1
Cynomys ludovicianus (black-tailed prairie dog)1
Dipodomys merriami (Merriam's kangaroo rat)1
Dipodomys ordii (Ord's kangaroo rat)1
Ernobius montanus1
Ernobius punctulatus1
Gymnorhinus cyanocephalus (Pinyon Jay)1
Lemmiscus curtatus (sagebrush vole)1
Lepus townsendii (White-tailed Jackrabbit)1
Libytheana carinenta (Southern snout butterfly)1
Lynx rufus (Bobcat)1
Martes americana (American Marten)1
Microtus montanus (montane vole)1
Mustela frenata (Long-tailed Weasel)1
Neotoma cinerea (bushy-tailed woodrat)2
Neotoma lepida (desert woodrat)1
Neotoma micropus (southern plains woodrat)1
Nucifraga columbiana (Clark's Nutcracker)1
Onychomys leucogaster (northern grasshopper mouse)3
Oreamnos americanus (mountain goat)1
Ovis canadensis (bighorn sheep)1
Perognathus flavescens (plains pocket mouse)1
Peromyscus boylii (brush mouse)1
Peromyscus leucopus (white-footed mouse)1
Peromyscus truei (pinyon mouse)1
Pogonomyrmex occidentalis (western harvester ant)9
Polymerus unifasciatus1
Pyrgus scriptura (small checkered-skipper)1
Reithrodontomys megalotis (western harvest mouse)1
Sciurus aberti (Abert's squirrel)1
Sciurus arizonensis (Arizona gray squirrel)1
Sciurus griseus (western gray squirrel)1
Tamias amoenus (yellow-pine chipmunk)1
Tamias cinereicollis (gray-collared chipmunk)1
Tamias ruficaudus (red-tailed chipmunk)1
Tamias rufus (Hopi chipmunk)1
Tamias umbrinus (Uinta chipmunk)1
Tamiasciurus douglasii (Douglas's squirrel)1
Thomomys talpoides (northern pocket gopher)3
Urocitellus richardsonii (Richardson's ground squirrel)2
Urocitellus washingtoni (Washington ground squirrel)1
Xerospermophilus spilosoma (spotted ground squirrel)1

Predators

Aquila chrysaetos (Golden Eagle)[6]
Buteo lagopus (Rough-legged Hawk)[6]
Canis latrans (Coyote)[5]
Ursus arctos (Grizzly Bear)[6]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Brucella melitensis (Brucella / Brucellosis)[7]
Capillaria bovis[8]
Capillaria hepatica[8]
Cooperia oncophora <Unverified Name>[8]
Cooperia pectinata[8]
Cooperia punctata[8]
Cooperia surnabada <Unverified Name>[8]
Haemonchus contortus (red stomach worm)[8]
Haemonchus placei <Unverified Name>[8]
Leptospira interrogans[7]
Mannheimia haemolytica[7]
Marshallagia marshalli <Unverified Name>[8]
Marshallagia occidentalis <Unverified Name>[8]
Nematodirella antilocaprae <Unverified Name>[8]
Nematodirella longissimespiculata <Unverified Name>[8]
Nematodirus abnormalis[8]
Nematodirus filicollis[8]
Nematodirus oiratianus <Unverified Name>[8]
Nematodirus spathiger[8]
Ostertagia bisonis <Unverified Name>[8]
Ostertagia ostertagi[8]
Parelaphostrongylus tenuis <Unverified Name>[8]
Pasteurella multocida[7]
Pseudostertagia bullosa <Unverified Name>[8]
Taenia ovis <Unverified Name>[8]
Teladorsagia circumcincta <Unverified Name>[8]
Teladorsagia trifurcata <Unverified Name>[8]
Toxascaris leonina[7]
Trichostrongylus axei[8]
Trichostrongylus colubriformis[8]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Amarillo Zoo
Assiniboine Park Zoo
 americana
Cape May County Park Zoo
 americana
Chahinkapa Zooamericana
Columbus Zoo and Aquarium
 americana
Connecticut's Beardsley Zoo
 americana
Dakota Zooamericana
Denver Zoological Gardensamericana
Great Plains Zoo
 americana
Hutchinson Zooamericana
Lee Richardson Zoo
 americana
Living Desert State Park (Carlsbad)americana
Los Angeles Zoo & Botanical Gardenspeninsularis
Minnesota Zoological Garden
NEW Zooamericana
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zooamericana
Phoenix Zoo
 americana
Pocatello Zooamericana
Queens Zooamericana
Roger Williams Park Zoo
Rolling Hills Wildlife Adventure
 americana
San Diego Zooamericana
 peninsularis
Sedgwick County Zooamericana
The Living Desert Zoo and Gardenspeninsularis
Topeka Zoological Parkamericana
Willow Park Zooamericana
Zoo Sauvage de St-Félicienamericana

Range Map

North America; Oceania;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 3Wikipedia licensed under a Creative Commons License 4Evaluating Diet Composition of Pronghorn in Wind Cave National Park, South Dakota, CHRISTOPHER N. JACQUES, JARET D. SIEVERS, JONATHAN A. JENKS, CHAD L. SEXTON, and DANIEL E. RODDY, The Prairie Naturalist 38(4): December 2006, pp. 239-250 5The Sagebrush Sea by Cornell Lab of Ornithology 6Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 7Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2. 8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access