Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Artiodactyla > Bovidae > Ammotragus > Ammotragus lervia

Ammotragus lervia (aoudad; Barbary sheep)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Barbary sheep (Ammotragus lervia) is a species of caprid (goat-antelope) native to rocky mountains in North Africa. Six subspecies have been described. Although it is rare in its native North Africa, it has been introduced to North America, southern Europe, and elsewhere. It is also known as aoudad, waddan, arui, and arruis.
View Wikipedia Record: Ammotragus lervia


EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 12.09
EDGE Score: 3.96


Adult Weight [1]  203.93 lbs (92.50 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  9.92 lbs (4.50 kg)
Female Maturity [1]  11 months 5 days
Diet [2]  Herbivore
Diet - Plants [2]  100 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Gestation [1]  4 months 29 days
Litter Size [1]  1
Litters / Year [1]  2
Maximum Longevity [1]  22 years
Weaning [1]  4 months 2 days


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
East Saharan montane xeric woodlands Chad, Sudan Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Mediterranean acacia-argania dry woodlands and succulent thickets Morocco, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean conifer and mixed forests Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Mediterranean dry woodlands and steppe Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean High Atlas juniper steppe Morocco Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Mediterranean woodlands and forests Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Red Sea coastal desert Egypt, Sudan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Sahara desert Egypt, Sudan, Libya, Algeria, Mauritania, Mali, Chad, Niger Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sahelian Acacia savanna Senegal, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tibesti-Jebel Uweinat montane xeric woodlands Chad, Libya Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
West Saharan montane xeric woodlands Algeria, Niger, Mali, Mauritania Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Carlsbad Caverns National Park II 15448 New Mexico, United States
Parc National de Djebel Bou-Hedma National Park II 41580 Tunisia  
Tassili N'Ajjer National Park II 24545308 Algeria  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No

Prey / Diet

Ambrosia psilostachya (Western Ragweed)[3]
Bothriochloa saccharoides (silver bluestem)[3]
Celtis laevigata var. brevipes (netleaf hackberry)[3]
Cercocarpus montanus (Mountain mahogany)[3]
Cercocarpus montanus var. paucidentatus (Hairy mountain mahogany)[3]
Prosopis glandulosa (Texas mesquite)[3]
Quercus havardii (shinnery oak)[3]
Quercus undulata (Wavyleaf Oak)[3]
Salix nigra (black willow)[3]
Schizachyrium condensatum (little bluestem)[3]
Solanum rostratum (buffalo bur)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard)1
Apis mellifera (honey bee)1
Bombus fervidus (Golden northern bumble bee)1
Callipepla squamata (Scaled Quail)1
Castor canadensis (american beaver)1
Chaetodipus nelsoni (Nelson's pocket mouse)1
Dipodomys elator (Texas kangaroo rat)1
Neotoma albigula (white-throated woodrat)1
Neotoma micropus (southern plains woodrat)1
Nymphalis antiopa (camberwell beauty)1
Odocoileus virginianus (white-tailed deer)1
Ondatra zibethicus (muskrat)1
Onychomys leucogaster (northern grasshopper mouse)2
Perognathus merriami (Merriam's pocket mouse)1
Peromyscus leucopus (white-footed mouse)1
Reticulitermes flavipes (eastern subterranean termite)1
Sciurus arizonensis (Arizona gray squirrel)1
Sylvilagus floridanus (Eastern Cottontail)1
Tamias rufus (Hopi chipmunk)1
Tamias umbrinus (Uinta chipmunk)1
Xerospermophilus spilosoma (spotted ground squirrel)3


Parasitized by 
Capillaria bovis[4]
Ostertagia bisonis <Unverified Name>[4]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
AB Furuviksparken
Adelaide Zoo
Africa Alive!
Africam Safari (Africam, S. A.)
Al Ain Zoo
Almaty State Zoo of Kazakhstan
Amarillo Zoo
Badoca Safari Park
Bowmanville Zoological Park
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
Chahinkapa Zoo
Chiangmai Zoological Garden
Dakota Zoo
Denver Zoological Gardens
Dierenpark Amersfoort
Domaine Zoologique de Pescheray
Dudley Zoological Gardens
Fossil Rim Wildlife Center
Fundacao Parque Zoologico de Sao Paulo
Giza Zoological Garden
Greater Vancouver Zoo
Guadalajara Zoo
Jardim Zoologico / Lisbon Zoo
Jesperhus Blomsterpark
Johannesburg Zoological Gardens
Khao Kheow Open Zoo
Kharkiv Zoo
Kittenberger Zoo
Lehigh Valley Zoo
Lietuvos Zoologijos Sodas
Lion Country Safari Inc - Florida
Louisiana Purchase Gardens & Zoo
Magnetic Hill Zoo
Maktoum Wildlife Centre
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsaw
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Wybrzeza
Miskolc Zoo/Állatkert és Kultúrpark
Monarto Zoological Park
Museum de Besancon
Nagyerdei Kultúrpark KHT.
Niabi Zoo
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Council
Nyíregyházi Állatpark Nonprofit KFT
Oasys Parque del Desierto de Tabernas
Ogrod Zoobotaniczny Torun
Osaka Municipal Tennoji Zool. Gdns.
Out of Africa Wildlife Park
Paignton Zoo Environmental Park
Parc de la Haute Touche (MNHN)
Parc de Lunaret
Parc Zoologic de Barcelonafassini
Parc Zoologique d'Amneville
Parco Natura Viva
Park i Ogrod Zoologiczny w Krakowie
Parque Zoologico Nacional, ZOODOM
Patronato del Parque Zoologico de Leon
Riverview Park & Zoo
Roger Williams Park Zooblainei
Safari West
San Diego Wild Animal Park
San Diego Zooblainei
Schoenbrunner Tiergarten GmbH
Silesian Zoological Garden
Silver Springs Park
Skaerup Mini Zoo
STB Kanta - Friguia Zoo
Taipei Zoo
Tallinn Zoo
Taronga Zoo
Tbilisi Zoo
Tiergarten der Stadt Nürnberg
Tierpark Hagenbeck GmbH
Toronto Zoo
Ueno Zoological Gardens
West Midland Safari & Leisure Park Ltd
Western Plains Zoo
Wildlife Safari Inc
Wilhelma Zoo
Wroclaw Zoo, LLCfassini
Xantus János Állatkert Kht.
Zoo and Aqua-Terrarium Ltd. Pécs
Zoo Aquarium de Madrid (GRPR)
Zoo de Jurques
Zoo Dvur Kralove, a.s.
Zoobotanico de Jerez
Zoological Garden Prague
Zoologicka Zahrada Kosice
Zoologicka Zahrada Mesta Brna
Zoologico De Vallarta
Zoologico Nacional La Aurora
Zoologischer Garten Halle GmbH

Range Map

Africa; Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China); Middle America; North America;



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Ammotragus lervia, Gary G. Gray and C. David Simpson, Mammalian Species No. 144, pp. 1-7 (1980)
4Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access