Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Laurales > Lauraceae > Persea > Persea americana

Persea americana (avocado)

Synonyms: Laurus persea; Persea americana subsp. drymifolia; Persea americana var. angustifolia; Persea americana var. drymifolia; Persea americana var. nubigena; Persea drymifolia; Persea edulis; Persea floccosa; Persea gigantea; Persea gratissima; Persea gratissima var. drymifolia; Persea gratissima var. macrophylla; Persea gratissima var. oblonga; Persea gratissima var. praecox; Persea leiogyna; Persea macrocarpa; Persea nubigena; Persea nubigena var. guatemalensis; Persea paucitriplinervia; Persea persea; Persea praecox; Persea steyermarkii

Wikipedia Abstract

The avocado (Persea americana) is a tree native to Mexico and Central America, classified in the flowering plant family Lauraceae along with cinnamon, camphor and bay laurel. Avocado or alligator pear also refers to the fruit, botanically a large berry that contains a single seed.Avocados are commercially valuable and are cultivated in tropical and Mediterranean climates throughout the world. They have a green-skinned, fleshy body that may be pear-shaped, egg-shaped, or spherical.
View Wikipedia Record: Persea americana


Height [1]  37 feet (11.4 m)
Width [1]  30 feet (9.1 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  Low
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-Low
Carbon Capture [1]  Low
Shade Percentage [1]  90 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Medium
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 10 Low Temperature: 30 F° (-1.1 C°) → 40 F° (4.4 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 11 Low Temperature: 40 F° (4.4 C°) → 50 F° (10 C°)
Water Use [1]  Moderate
Janka Hardness [3]  990 lbf (449 kgf) Soft
Leaf Type [2]  Evergreen
Lifespan [4]  Perennial
Specific Gravity [5]  0.55
Structure [2]  Tree

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Archipelago de Colon Biosphere Reserve 34336011 Galapagos Islands, Ecuador  
Canaveral National Seashore II 9090 Florida, United States
Carara National Park II 12983 Costa Rica  
Cayambe-Coca Ecological Reserve VI 921676 Ecuador  
Corcovado National Park 115845 Costa Rica  
Guanacaste National Park II 85819 Costa Rica  
Isla del Coco National Park II 382187 Costa Rica    
Pico Mogote Ecological Reserve II 3698 Cuba  
Refugio de Vida Silvestre Reserva Karen Mogensen F. Nature Reserve 1866 Costa Rica  
Rincón de la Vieja National Park II 35068 Costa Rica  
Seaflower Marine Protected Area 15125514 Colombia      
Tuabaquey - Limones Ecological Reserve II 4859 Cuba  


Abgrallaspis aguacatae[6]
Abgrallaspis cyanophylli (cyanophyllum scale)[6]
Abgrallaspis latastei[6]
Abgrallaspis perseae[6]
Accinctapubes albifasciata[7]
Acutaspis albopicta (albopicta scale)[6]
Acutaspis perseae (red bay scale)[6]
Acutaspis scutiformis[6]
Acutaspis subnigra[6]
Adhemarius gannascus[7]
Aglossa caprealis (Murky meal caterpillar)[7]
Amblypelta nitida (Fruitspotting Bug)[8]
Amorbia cuneanum[7]
Amorbia emigratella (Mexican Leaf-roller)[7]
Anastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly)[9]
Anastrepha ludens (Mexican fruit fly)[9]
Anastrepha serpentina (sapote fruit fly)[9]
Anastrepha striata (guava fruit fly)[9]
Anoplognathus punctulatus[8]
Aonidiella aurantii (California red scale)[6]
Archips machlopis[7]
Arctopoda maculosa[7]
Argyrotaenia amatana[7]
Artibeus jamaicensis (Jamaican fruit-eating bat)[10]
Aspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)[6]
Aspidiotus nerii (ivy scale)[11]
Atteva punctella[7]
Automeris melanops[7]
Callicebus nigrifrons (southern masked titi monkey)[12]
Caloptilia burserella[7]
Caloptilia perseae[7]
Caloptilia violacella[7]
Cerococcus badius[6]
Ceroplastes ceriferus (Indian wax scale)[6]
Ceroplastes destructor (soft wax scale)[6]
Ceroplastes pseudoceriferus (Indian wax scale)[6]
Ceroplastes reunionensis[6]
Ceroplastes rubens (pink wax scale)[6]
Ceroplastes rusci (barnacle wax scale)[6]
Ceroplastes sinensis (hard wax scale)[6]
Ceroplastes toddaliae[6]
Chrysomphalus aonidum (circular black scale)[8]
Chrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)[11]
Chrysomphalus diversicolor[6]
Cleora repetita[7]
Coccus longulus (long brown scale)[6]
Coccus moestus (moestus soft scale)[6]
Coccus viridis (green coffee scale)[6]
Copaxa decrescens[7]
Copaxa denda[7]
Copaxa denhezi[7]
Copaxa escalantei[7]
Copaxa lavendera[7]
Copaxa multifenestrata[7]
Copaxa rufinans[7]
Copaxa simson[7]
Costelytra zealandica[13]
Cricula trifenestrata (Cricula Silkmoth)[7]
Crypticerya montserratensis <Unverified Name>[6]
Cryptophlebia leucotreta[8]
Cryptothelea gloverii[7]
Cryptothelea surinamensis[7]
Ctenopseustis obliquana[13]
Cuniculus paca (Paca)[14]
Danaus erippus (southern monarch)[8]
Deuterollyta majuscula[7]
Diaspis boisduvalii (boisduval scale)[6]
Drosicha contrahens[6]
Dysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)[6]
Dysmicoccus imparilis <Unverified Name>[6]
Dysmicoccus nesophilus[6]
Epimecis detexta[7]
Eucalymnatus tessellatus (tessellated scale)[11]
Euglyphis fibra[7]
Euglyphis ornata[7]
Euglyphis plana[7]
Euglyphis rivulosa[7]
Ferrisia malvastra (grey mealybug)[6]
Ferrisia virgata (grey mealybug)[6]
Fiorinia fioriniae (European fiorinia scale)[6]
Formicococcus lindingeri <Unverified Name>[6]
Gibbovalva quadrifasciata[7]
Gonodonta uxor[7]
Hemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)[6]
Hemiberlesia palmae (tropical palm scale)[11]
Hemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale)[6]
Hexatricha pulverulenta[13]
Homona spargotis (Avocado leafroller)[7]
Howardia biclavis (mining scale)[6]
Hylesia continua[7]
Hypercompe indecisa[7]
Hypercompe scribonia (Giant Leopard Moth)[7]
Hysterocladia corallocera[7]
Ischnaspis longirostris (black line scale)[6]
Isotenes miserana (Orange fruitborer)[7]
Kilifia acuminata (acuminate scale)[6]
Laurencella colombiana[6]
Lindingaspis rossi (araucaria black scale)[8]
Lopholeucaspis cockerelli (Cockerell scale)[6]
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)[6]
Macrocepicoccus loranthi[6]
Megalopyge lanata[7]
Megalopyge urens[7]
Melanaspis deklei[6]
Melanaspis squamea[6]
Milviscutulus mangiferae (mango shield scale)[6]
Milviscutulus spiculatus[6]
Mycetaspis personata (masked scale)[11]
Naevipenna cruttwelli[7]
Neopinnaspis harperi (Harper scale)[6]
Nezara viridula (Southern green stink bug)[8]
Nipaecoccus annonae[6]
Nipaecoccus jonmartini[6]
Nipaecoccus nipae (coconut mealybug)[6]
Nipaecoccus viridis (karoo thorn mealybug)[6]
Oceanaspidiotus spinosus (spinose scale)[6]
Oemona hirta[13]
Pachypasa bilinea[7]
Pachypasa sericeofasciata[7]
Papilio palamedes (Woodlands swallowtail)[7]
Papilio rutulus (Western tiger swallowtail)[7]
Papilio scamander (Swallowtail)[7]
Paracoccus marginatus (papaya mealybug)[6]
Parasaissetia nigra (nigra scale)[11]
Parastictococcus gowdeyi[6]
Parlatoria proteus (common parlatoria scale)[11]
Philephedra lutea[6]
Philephedra tuberculosa[6]
Philotherma rosa[7]
Pinnaspis buxi (bamboo mussel-scale)[11]
Pinnaspis strachani (lesser snow scale)[6]
Planococcus ficus (grapevine mealybug)[6]
Planococcus minor (Pacific mealybug)[6]
Prepona demophon[7]
Prepona meander[7]
Prococcus acutissimus (banana-shaped scale)[6]
Protopulvinaria longivalvata[6]
Protopulvinaria pyriformis (pyriform scale)[6]
Pseudacysta perseae (avocado lace bug)[15]
Pseudaonidia trilobitiformis (gingging scale)[6]
Pseudaulacaspis cockerelli (false oleander scale)[6]
Pseudococcus cryptus (citriculus mealybug)[6]
Pteropus tonganus (Pacific flying fox)[16]
Pulvinaria ficus[6]
Pulvinaria mammeae (large cottony scale)[6]
Puto barberi[6]
Pycnonotus barbatus (Common Bulbul)[8]
Pyrrhopyge chalybea[7]
Rastrococcus invadens (Mango mealybug)[6]
Rothschildia orizaba[7]
Sabulodes aegrotata (omnivorous looper)[7]
Sabulodes caberata (Omnivorous looper)[7]
Saissetia coffeae (brown scale)[6]
Saissetia miranda (mexican black scale)[6]
Saissetia zanzibarensis[6]
Saurita cassandra[7]
Scolypopa australis (Passionvine planthopper)[13]
Selenaspidus articulatus (rufous scale)[11]
Sibine nesea[7]
Sorolopha phyllochlora[7]
Sorolopha semiculta[7]
Stenoma catenifer[7]
Stenoma vacans[7]
Suana concolor[7]
Synanthedon resplendens[7]
Thanatopsyche chilensis[7]
Timocratica albella[7]
Udinia catori[6]
Unaspis citri (citrus snow scale)[6]
Xyleutes punctifera[7]
Zera tetrastigma[7]


Parasitized by 
Helicotylenchus erythrinae <Unverified Name>[17]


Caribbean; North America; Oceania;



Attributes / relations provided by
1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database.
2Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
3Wood Janka Hardness Scale/Chart J W Morlan's Unique Wood Gifts
4USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
5Jérôme Chave, Helene C. Muller-Landau, Timothy R. Baker, Tomás A. Easdale, Hans ter Steege, Campbell O. Webb, 2006. Regional and phylogenetic variation of wood density across 2,456 neotropical tree species. Ecological Applications 16(6), 2356 - 2367
6Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
7HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
8Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
9Norrbom, A.L. 2004. Fruit fly (Tephritidae) host plant database. Version Nov, 2004.
10Artibeus jamaicensis, Jorge Ortega and Iván Castro-Arellano, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 662, pp. 1–9 (2001)
11Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
12Abundance, habitat use and diet of Callicebus nigrifrons Spix (Primates, Pitheciidae) in Cantareira State Park, Sa&#771;o Paulo, Brazil, Leonardo C. Trevelin; Marcio Port-Carvalho; Maurício Silveira & Eduardo Morell, Revista Brasileira de Zoologia 24 (4): 1071–1077, dezembro 2007
13New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Plant-SyNZ™ database
14Dieta da paca (Cuniculus paca) usando métodos indiretos numa área de cultura agrícola na Floresta Atlântica brasileira, Rodrigo Zucaratto, Renata Carrara, Brena Karina Siqueira Franco, Biotemas, 23 (1): 235-239, março de 2010
15Pseudacysta perseae (Heidemann) (Insecta: Hemiptera: Tingidae), Frank W. Mead, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Division of Plant Industry, and Jorge E. Peña, University of Florida, July 1998. Latest revision: November 2012
16Pteropus tonganus, Carrie A. Miller and Don E. Wilson, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 552, pp. 1-6 (1997)
17Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
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