Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Laurales > Lauraceae > Cinnamomum > Cinnamomum camphora
 

Cinnamomum camphora (camphor tree; camphortree; Camphor laurel; Japanese camphor)

Synonyms: Camphora camelliifolia; Camphora camphora; Camphora hahnemannii; Camphora hippocratei; Camphora officinalis; Camphora officinarum; Camphora officinarum var. glaucescens; Camphora vera; Cinnamomum camphora var. cyclophyllum; Cinnamomum camphora var. glaucescens; Cinnamomum camphora var. linaloolifera; Cinnamomum camphora var. nominale; Cinnamomum camphora var. rotundifolia; Cinnamomum camphoroides; Cinnamomum nominale; Cinnamomum simondii; Cinnamomum taquetii; Laurus calycina; Laurus camphora; Laurus camphorifera; Laurus gracilis; Laurus sumatrensis; Persea camphora

Wikipedia Abstract

Cinnamomum camphora (commonly known as camphor tree, camphorwood or camphor laurel) is a large evergreen tree that grows up to 20–30 m (66–98 ft) tall. The leaves have a glossy, waxy appearance and smell of camphor when crushed. In spring, it produces bright green foliage with masses of small white flowers. It produces clusters of black, berry-like fruit around 1 cm (0.39 in) in diameter.
View Wikipedia Record: Cinnamomum camphora

Invasive Species

Cinnamomum camphora is native to Japan, China, Taiwan and northern Vietnam. C. camphora has become widely naturalised in Australia. In the United States, it grows along the Gulf Coast and in California. C. camphora seeds are easily spread by birds from cultivated yards to open forests, and it is also spread to new locations through plant nursery sales. C. camphora fruits, leaves, and roots are toxic to humans in large doses.
View ISSG Record: Cinnamomum camphora

Attributes

Height [2]  20 feet (6 m)
Width [2]  20 feet (6 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  Low
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-High
Carbon Capture [1]  Medium
Shade Percentage [1]  90 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Medium-Low
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium-Low
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 10 Low Temperature: 30 F° (-1.1 C°) → 40 F° (4.4 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 11 Low Temperature: 40 F° (4.4 C°) → 50 F° (10 C°)
Water Use [1]  Moderate
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [2]  Hermaphrodite
Hazards [2]  The plant is poisonous in large quantities; Large doses can cause respiratory failure in children; See the report below on medicinal uses for more information.
Janka Hardness [3]  990 lbf (449 kgf) Soft
Leaf Type [2]  Evergreen
Lifespan [4]  Perennial
Scent [2]  The sweetly scented wood contains camphor.
Specific Gravity [5]  0.487
Structure [2]  Tree
Usage [2]  The essential oil 'camphor' is obtained from the leaves and twigs; It is extracted commercially by passing a current of steam through the wood chips, 30 kilos of wood yielding 1 kilo of camphor; Camphor is used medicinally, in perfumes, as an insecticide and also to make celluloid and as a wood preservative; It can also be put in shoes to cure perspiring feet[178] (probably by acting as a deodorant rather than preventing perspiration[K]). The wood has been burnt as a fumigant during epidemics; Wood - beautifully grained, light brownish, takes a good polish; It is used for making furniture, cabinets, the interior finish of buildings etc;
View Plants For A Future Record : Cinnamomum camphora

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Canaveral National Seashore II 9090 Florida, United States
Central Gulf Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 40530 United States  
Gulf Island National Seashore II 67487 Florida, Mississippi, United States

Predators

Actias selene (Indian moon moth)[6]
Antheraea pernyi (Chinese oak silk moth)[6]
Aonidiella aurantii (California red scale)[7]
Aonidiella replicata[7]
Arctornis perfecta[6]
Aspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)[7]
Asterococcus schimae[7]
Asterococcus yunnanensis[7]
Attacus taprobanis[6]
Aulacaspis citri[7]
Aulacaspis rosarum (asiatic rose scale)[7]
Aulacaspis schizosoma[7]
Aulacaspis thoracica (morinda scale)[7]
Aulacaspis tubercularis (cinnamomum scale)[7]
Aulacaspis yabunikkei[7]
Caligula japonica (Japanese Giant Silkworm)[6]
Callosamia promethea (Prometheus moth)[6]
Callosamia securifera[6]
Caloptilia camphorae[6]
Chaetocneme beata (Common Red-Eye)[8]
Chaetocneme porphyropis (Purple Brown-Eye)[8]
Charaxes bernardus (Tawny Rajah)[6]
Charaxes sempronius <Unverified Name>[8]
Chionaspis camphora[7]
Chionaspis saitamaensis[7]
Chrysomphalus aonidum (circular black scale)[9]
Chrysomphalus bifasciculatus (bifasciculate scale)[7]
Chrysomphalus diversicolor[7]
Chrysomphalus pallens <Unverified Name>[7]
Copaxa lavendera[6]
Corymica arnearia[6]
Crypticerya brasiliensis <Unverified Name>[7]
Doloessa viridis[6]
Eriogyna pyretorum (Moth)[6]
Eumeta crameri[6]
Eumeta variegata[6]
Euproctis lunata[6]
Fascellina chromataria[6]
Formicococcus cinnamomi[7]
Gibbovalva civica[6]
Gibbovalva quadrifasciata[6]
Graphium cloanthus (Glassy Bluebottle)[6]
Graphium doson (Common jay swallowtail)[9]
Graphium sarpedon (Green triangle butterfly)[6]
Heliconius wallacei (Zebrawing butterfly)[9]
Hemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)[10]
Hemiberlesia neodiffinis[7]
Hemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale)[7]
Homona magnanima[6]
Leipoxais rufobrunnea[6]
Lepidosaphes pinnaeformis (cymbidium scale)[7]
Lepidosaphes ulmi (apple oystershell scale)[7]
Leucoma cygna[6]
Lopharcha erioptila[6]
Lopharcha siderota[6]
Miresa argentifera[6]
Mitulaspis malayana[7]
Neoplatylecanium cinnamomi[7]
Neoselenaspidus silvaticus[7]
Neostauropus alternus[6]
Oemona hirta[11]
Pagodiella hekmeyeri[6]
Papilio aegeus (Large citrus butterfly)[9]
Papilio glaucus (Eastern tiger swallowtail)[9]
Papilio palamedes (Woodlands swallowtail)[6]
Papilio protenor (Tiger swallowtail)[6]
Papilio thaiwanus[6]
Papilio troilus (spicebush swallowtail)[6]
Parlatoria camelliae (camellia parlatoria scale)[7]
Parnassius clodius (Baldur parnassian)[9]
Petaurista leucogenys (Japanese giant flying squirrel)[12]
Pinnaspis strachani (lesser snow scale)[7]
Polemograptis miltocosma[6]
Protopulvinaria pyriformis (pyriform scale)[7]
Pseudacysta perseae (avocado lace bug)[13]
Saissetia citricola[7]
Samia walkeri[6]
Seseria formosana[6]
Sorolopha atmochlora[6]
Sorolopha herbifera[6]
Sorolopha phyllochlora[6]
Suana concolor[6]
Thalassodes subquadraria[6]
Trigonoptila latimarginaria[6]
Ulodemis trigrapha[6]
Xyleutes punctifera[6]
Zanclopera falcata[6]
Zeuzera coffeae[6]

Providers

Pollinated by 
Anthrenus verbasci (varied carpet beetle)[9]

Distribution

Caribbean; North America; Oceania;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database. 2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License 3Wood Janka Hardness Scale/Chart J W Morlan's Unique Wood Gifts 4USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture 5Chave J, Coomes D, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Swenson NG, Zanne AE (2009) Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Ecology Letters 12: 351-366. Zanne AE, Lopez-Gonzalez G, Coomes DA, Ilic J, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Miller RB, Swenson NG, Wiemann MC, Chave J (2009) Data from: Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Dryad Digital Repository. 6HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández 7Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009 8Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19 9Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 10Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants 11New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Plant-SyNZ™ database 12SEASONAL CHANGES IN THE DIET OF JAPANESE GIANT FLYING SQUIRRELS IN RELATION TO REPRODUCTION, Takeo Kawamichi, Journal of Mammalogy, 78(1):204-212, 1997 13Pseudacysta perseae (Heidemann) (Insecta: Hemiptera: Tingidae), Frank W. Mead, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Division of Plant Industry, and Jorge E. Peña, University of Florida, July 1998. Latest revision: November 2012
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access