Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Piperales > Aristolochiaceae > Aristolochia > Aristolochia jackii

Aristolochia jackii (Virginia dutchmanspipe; Virginia snakeroot)

Synonyms: Aristolochia hastata; Aristolochia tripartita; Aristolochia ungulifolia


Height [2]  20 inches (0.5 m)
Width [2]  20 inches (0.5 m)
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-Low
Flower Type [2]  Hermaphrodite
Hazards [2]  We have no specific details for this species but most members of this genus have poisonous roots and stems; The plant contains aristolochic acid, this has received rather mixed reports on its toxicity. According to one report aristolochic acid stimulates white blood cell activity and speeds the healing of wounds, but is also carcinogenic and damaging to the kidneys; Another report says that it is an active antitumour agent but is too toxic for clinical use; Another report says that aristolochic acid has anti-cancer properties and can be used in conjunction with chemotherapy and radiotherapy and that it also increases the cellular immunity and phagocytosis function of the phagocytic cells;
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Pollinators [2]  Flies
Structure [3]  Herb
View Plants For A Future Record : Aristolochia jackii

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Big South Fork National River and Recreation Area National Recreation Area V 120283 Kentucky, Tennessee, United States
Blue Ridge Parkway National Parkway V 73611 North Carolina, Virginia, United States
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Catoctin Mountain Park National Park II 5994 Maryland, United States
Central Gulf Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 40530 United States  
Chesapeake & Ohio Canal National Hist. Park National Historical Park V 19586 Maryland, District of Columbia, United States
Cumberland Gap National Hist. Park National Historical Park V 24282 Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia, United States
Gettysburg National Military Park V 3560 Pennsylvania, United States
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Hobcaw Barony (North Inlet) National Estuarine Research Reserve 7585 South Carolina, United States
Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore II 8272 Indiana, United States
Kings Mountain National Military Park V 3925 South Carolina, United States
Mammoth Cave Area Biosphere Reserve (Natn'l Park) National Park II 51235 Kentucky, United States
Obed Wild and Scenic River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 5268 Tennessee, United States
Oconee National Forest Botanical Reserve 306 Georgia, United States  
Shiloh National Military Park III 4061 Tennessee, United States
South Atlantic Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 20317 South Carolina, United States  
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Tennessee River Gorge   Tennessee, United States
Valley Forge National Historical Park VI 3509 Pennsylvania, United States



Archon apollinus (False Apollo)[4]
Battus philenor (pipevine swallowtail)[4]
Battus polydamas (Polydamus swallowtail)[4]
Calliphora vomitoria (Blue bottle fly)[5]
Peromyscus leucopus (white-footed mouse)[5]
Tamias striatus (eastern chipmunk)[5]


Pollinated by 
Calliphora vomitoria (Blue bottle fly)[5]


North America;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000)
2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
3USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
4HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
5Study of Northern Virginia Ecology
Images provided by Google Image Search
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access