Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Ericales > Primulaceae > Ardisia > Ardisia elliptica

Ardisia elliptica (Shoebutton ardisia; shoe-button ardisia; shoebutton)

Synonyms: Anguillaria solanacea; Ardisia doma; Ardisia elliptica var. solanacea; Ardisia kotoensis; Ardisia littoralis; Ardisia nana; Ardisia oleracea; Ardisia polycephala; Ardisia salicifolia; Ardisia solanacea; Ardisia solanacea var. parviflora; Ardisia sorsogonensis; Ardisia umbellata; Bladhia elliptica; Bladhia humilis; Bladhia kotoensis; Bladhia solanacea; Climacandra littoralis; Climacandra multiflora; Climacandra obovata; Climacandra salicifolia; Icacorea humilis; Icacorea solanacea; Icacorea zeylanica

Wikipedia Abstract

Ardisia solanacea, called shoebutton ardisia in English, is a species of the genus Ardisia in family Primulaceae (subfamily Myrsinoideae).
View Wikipedia Record: Ardisia elliptica

Invasive Species

Ardisia elliptica is a shade tolerant evergreen tree whose fast growth and attractive fruit made it a popular ornamental plant in the past. It has escaped from private and public gardens to invade natural areas. Due to high reproductive output and high shade-tolerance, carpets of seedlings can form underneath adult trees. High seed viability (99%) and seed consumption by both avian and mammalian frugivores can lead to rapid spread across a landscape.
View ISSG Record: Ardisia elliptica


Height [1]  12.1 feet (3.7 m)
Width [1]  8.2 feet (2.5 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  None
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-Low
Carbon Capture [1]  Low
Shade Percentage [1]  91 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Low
Wind Reduction [1]  Low
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 10 Low Temperature: 30 F° (-1.1 C°) → 40 F° (4.4 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 11 Low Temperature: 40 F° (4.4 C°) → 50 F° (10 C°)
Water Use [1]  Moderate to Low
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Structure [2]  Tree

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Everglades and Dry Tortugas Biosphere Reserve   Florida, United States  


Chalioides sumatrensis[3]


Caribbean; North America; Oceania;



Attributes / relations provided by
1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database.
2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
3HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access