Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Carnivora > Felidae > Felis > Felis margarita
 

Felis margarita (Sand Cat)

Wikipedia Abstract

The sand cat (Felis margarita), also known as the sand dune cat, is the only cat living foremost in true deserts. This small cat is widely distributed in the deserts of North Africa and Southwest and Central Asia. Since 2002, it has been listed as Near Threatened by IUCN because the population is considered fragmented and small with a declining trend.Sand cats are found in both sandy and stony desert, living in areas far from water.
View Wikipedia Record: Felis margarita

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
2
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
29
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 6.12
EDGE Score: 2.66

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  6.06 lbs (2.75 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  56 grams
Female Maturity [1]  9 months 4 days
Diet [2]  Carnivore
Gestation [1]  67 days
Litter Size [1]  5
Litters / Year [1]  2
Maximum Longevity [1]  14 years
Nocturnal [2]  Yes

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Alai-Western Tian Shan steppe Kazahkstan, Uzbekistan, Tadjikistan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Arabian Desert and East Sahero-Arabian xeric shrublands Saudi Arabia, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Egypt , Iraq, Jordan, Syria Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Badghyz and Karabil semi-desert Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Iran, Tajikistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Baluchistan xeric woodlands Pakistan, Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests Iran, Azerbaijan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Caspian lowland desert Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Central Afghan Mountains xeric woodlands Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Asian northern desert Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Asian riparian woodlands Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Asian southern desert Turkmenistan stretching, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Persian desert basins Iran, Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
East Afghan montane conifer forests Pakistan, Afghanistan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests Turkey, Jordan, Israel, Syria Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Elburz Range forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests    
Gulf of Oman desert and semi-desert Oman, United Arab Emirates Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kazakh semi-desert Kazakhstan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kopet Dag semi-desert Iran, Turkmenistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kopet Dag woodlands and forest steppe Iran, Turkmenistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Kuh Rud and Eastern Iran montane woodlands Iran Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Mesopotamian shrub desert Iraq, Syria, Jordan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Middle East steppe Syria, Iraq Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Nile Delta flooded savanna Egypt Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
North Saharan steppe and woodlands Egypt, Libya, Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco, Western Sahara, Mauritania Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Northwestern thorn scrub forests India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Paropamisus xeric woodlands Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Persian Gulf desert and semi-desert Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, United Arab Emirates Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Red Sea coastal desert Egypt, Sudan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Red Sea Nubo-Sindian tropical desert and semi-desert Egypt, Jordan, Saudia Arabia, Yemen, Oman Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Registan-North Pakistan sandy desert Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sahara desert Egypt, Sudan, Libya, Algeria, Mauritania, Mali, Chad, Niger Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Saharan halophytics Egypt, Tunisia, Algeria, Mauritania, Western Sahara Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
South Iran Nubo-Sindian desert and semi-desert Iran, Iraq, Pakistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Saharan steppe and woodlands Mauritania, Mali, Algeria, Niger, Chad, Sudan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Southwestern Arabian foothills savanna Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Oman Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Southwestern Arabian montane woodlands Yemen, Saudi Arabia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sulaiman Range alpine meadows Afghanistan, Pakistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
West Saharan montane xeric woodlands Algeria, Niger, Mali, Mauritania Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Amudarya Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 152861 Lebap, Turkmenistan  
Banc d'Arguin National Park II 2949017 Mauritania
Dana Wildlife Reserve IV   Jordan  
Harrat al-Harrah Special Nature Reserve IV 3358899 Saudi Arabia  
Kaplankyr Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 1293994 Turkmenistan  
Parc National de Djebel Bou-Hedma National Park II 41580 Tunisia  
Repetek Biosphere Reserve 102089 Turkmenistan  
Wadi Rum Protected Area National Park V   Jordan  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Horn of Africa Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Yemen No
Irano-Anatolian Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Turkmenistan No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No
Mountains of Central Asia Afghanistan, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan No

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Alaria alata <Unverified Name>[3]
Diplopylidium noelleri <Unverified Name>[3]
Dipylidium caninum (cucumber tapeworm)[3]
Hydatigera krepkogorski <Unverified Name>[3]
Hydatigera taeniaeformis[3]
Mesocestoides lineatus <Unverified Name>[3]
Multiceps multiceps[3]
Physaloptera praeputialis <Unverified Name>[3]
Rictularia affinis <Unverified Name>[3]
Rictularia cahirensis[3]
Taenia krepkogorski <Unverified Name>[3]
Toxocara mystax <Unverified Name>[3]
Uncinaria stenocephala (Northern hookworm)[3]
Vigisospirura potekhini <Unverified Name>[3]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Al Ain Zoo
 harrisoni
Al-Wabra Wildlife Preservationharrisoni
Birmingham Zooharrisoni
Bristol Zoo Gardensharrisoni
Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Gardenharrisoni
Cocoa's Pride
El Paso Zooharrisoni
Erie Zoological Gardensharrisoni
Jardin Zoologique de la Ville de Lyonharrisoni
Jungle Cat World Wildlife Park Inc.
Le Parc des Felinsharrisoni
Lincoln Park Zoological Gardensharrisoni
Marwell Wildlifeharrisoni
Mesker Park Zooharrisoni
Mulhouse Zooharrisoni
Municipal Independent Org. Roev Ruchei
Novosibirsk Zoological Parkharrisoni
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Poznaniuharrisoni
Parc Zoologique d'Amnevilleharrisoni
Parco Faunistico La Torbiera
Park i Ogrod Zoologiczny w Krakowieharrisoni
Parken Zoo i Eskilstuna ABharrisoni
Rare Species Conservation Centreharrisoni
Ree Park - Ebeltoft Safariharrisoni
Riga Zooharrisoni
Rosamond Gifford Zoo at Burnet Parkharrisoni
Saint Louis Zoological Park
Sharjah Breeding Centre For Endangeredharrisoni
Tallinn Zooharrisoni
The Living Desert Zoo and Gardens
 harrisoni
The Tisch Family Zoological Gardensharrisoni
Utah's Hogle Zooharrisoni
Zoo de Pont-Scorffharrisoni
Zoo Osnabrückharrisoni
Zoological Center Tel Aviv - Ramat Ganharrisoni
Zoologicka Zahrada Mesta Brnaharrisoni
Zoologischer Garten Wuppertalharrisoni

Range Map

Africa; Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China); Southern Asia;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 3Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access