Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Carnivora > Felidae > Panthera > Panthera leo
 

Panthera leo (Lion)

Wikipedia Abstract

The lion (Panthera leo) is one of the four big cats in the genus Panthera and a member of the family Felidae. With some males exceeding 250 kg in weight, it is the second-largest living cat after the tiger. Wild lions currently exist in sub-Saharan Africa and in Asia while other types of lions have disappeared from North Africa and Southwest Asia in historic times. Until the late Pleistocene, about 10,000 years ago, the lion was the most widespread large land mammal after humans.
View Wikipedia Record: Panthera leo

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
3
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
43
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 7.76
EDGE Score: 3.56

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  346.13 lbs (157.00 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  2.87 lbs (1.30 kg)
Female Weight [1]  277.78 lbs (126.00 kg)
Male Weight [1]  414.47 lbs (188.00 kg)
Weight Dimorphism [1]  49.2 %
Female Maturity [2]  3 years
Male Maturity [2]  3 years
Diet [3]  Carnivore
Gestation [2]  3 months 19 days
Litter Size [2]  3
Litters / Year [2]  1
Maximum Longevity [2]  27 years
Nocturnal [3]  Yes
Speed [4]  35.50 MPH (15.87 m/s)
Weaning [2]  7 months 6 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Map Climate Land
Use
Albany thickets South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Angolan Miombo woodlands Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Angolan montane forest-grassland mosaic Angola Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Angolan Mopane woodlands Angola, Namibia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Angolan Scarp savanna and woodlands Angola Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Atlantic coastal desert Mauritania, Western Sahara Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Zambezian Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola, Zambia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Drakensberg alti-montane grasslands and woodlands South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Drakensberg montane grasslands, woodlands and forests South Africa, Swaziland, Lesotho Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
East African halophytics Tanzania Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
East African mangroves Mozambique, Tanzania, Kenya, Somalia Afrotropic Mangroves
East African montane forests Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
East African montane moorlands Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
East Saharan montane xeric woodlands Chad, Sudan Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
East Sudanian savanna Chad, Central African Republic, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Eastern Arc forests Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Mozambique Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Eastern Zimbabwe montane forest-grassland mosaic Zimbabwe, Mozambique Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Eritrean coastal desert Eritrea Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Ethiopian montane grasslands and woodlands Ethiopia, Eritrea Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Ethiopian montane moorlands Ethiopia Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Ethiopian xeric grasslands and shrublands Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Etosha Pan halophytics Namibia Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Guinean forest-savanna mosaic Nigeria, Benin, Togo, Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Guinea-Bissau, Gambia, Senegal Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Highveld grasslands South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Hobyo grasslands and shrublands Somalia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Inner Niger Delta flooded savanna Mali Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Itigi-Sumbu thicket Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Kalahari Acacia-Baikiaea woodlands Botswana, Namibia, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Kalahari xeric savanna Botswana, Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kaokoveld desert Namibia, Angola Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Lake Chad flooded savanna Nigeria, Chad, Niger Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Lowland fynbos and renosterveld South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mandara Plateau mosaic Cameroon, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Maputaland-Pondoland bushland and thickets South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Masai xeric grasslands and shrublands Kenya Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Mediterranean acacia-argania dry woodlands and succulent thickets Morocco, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean conifer and mixed forests Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Mediterranean dry woodlands and steppe Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean woodlands and forests Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Montane fynbos and renosterveld South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Nama Karoo Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Namib desert Namibia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Namibian savanna woodlands Angola, Namibia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Northern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Northern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, Central African Republic, Cameroon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Rwenzori-Virunga montane moorlands Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Rwanda Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Saharan flooded grasslands Sudan Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Sahelian Acacia savanna Senegal, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Serengeti volcanic grasslands Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Somali Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Somali montane xeric woodlands Somalia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Malawi montane forest-grassland mosaic Malawi, Mozambique Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Southern Africa bushveld Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Southern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Southern Miombo woodlands Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Southern Rift montane forest-grassland mosaic Malawi, Tanzania Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Succulent Karoo Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Victoria Basin forest-savanna mosaic Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
West Sudanian savanna Senegal, Guinea, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Niger, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Western Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Gabon, Congo, Democratic Rep of the Congo, Angola Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Western Zambezian grasslands Angola, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Zambezian and Mopane woodlands South Africa, Mozambique, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Namibia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Zambezian Baikiaea woodlands Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Zambezian coastal flooded savanna Mozambique Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Zambezian Cryptosepalum dry forests Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Zambezian flooded grasslands Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of Congo, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Amboseli National Park National Reserve II 99624 Kenya
Azraq Wetland Reserve IV   Jordan
Dinder National Park II 2088300 Sudan  
East Usambara Biosphere Reserve 222395 Tanzania  
Etosha National Park II 5699141 Namibia  
Foret Classee de la Mare Aux Hippopotames Bird Reserve IV 37906 Burkina Faso  
Garamba National Park II 1237963 Democratic Republic of the Congo  
Kahuzi-Biéga National Park II 1647768 Democratic Republic of the Congo  
Kalahari Gemsbok National Park II 2382284 Northern Cape, South Africa
Kibale National Park II 196202 Uganda
Kora National Park II 409762 Kenya
Kruger National Park II 4718115 Mpumalanga, South Africa
Kruger to Canyons Biosphere Reserve   Mpumalanga, South Africa  
Lake Manyara National Park II 78767 Tanzania  
Lake Nakuru National Park II 46472 Kenya  
Mahale Mountains National Park II 398414 Tanzania
Mamili National Park II 83904 Namibia  
Mount Kenya Biosphere Reserve II 146694 Kenya
Mount Kulal Biosphere Reserve 1729738 Kenya  
Nechisar National Park II 256137 Ethiopia  
Parc National d'Odzala National Park II 3423581 Congo  
Parc National de la Benoue National Park II 414262 Cameroon  
Parc National de la Boucle du Baoule National Park II 977883 Mali  
Parc National de la Comoe National Park II 2902593 Côte d'Ivoire  
Parc National du Niokolo-Koba National Park II 2046878 Senegal  
Queen Elizabeth National Park II 522052 Uganda
Radom National Park II   Sudan  
Reserve de la Biosphere de la Pendjari Biosphere Reserve 217453 Benin  
Reserve de la Biosphere des Monts Nimba Biosphere Reserve 358797 Guinea  
Serengeti-Ngorongoro Biosphere Reserve 5696026 Tanzania  
Skeleton Coast Game Park II 4168395 Namibia  
South Luangwa National Park II 2220358 Zambia  
Tsavo East National Park II 3232255 Kenya

Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website Map
Cape Floristic Region South Africa No
Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa Kenya, Mozambique, Somalia, Tanzania No
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Horn of Africa Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Yemen No
Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No
Succulent Karoo Namibia, South Africa No

Emblem of

Albania
Belgium
Bulgaria
England
Ethiopia
Liberia
Luxembourg
Netherlands
Singapore
Sri Lanka

Prey / Diet

Acinonyx jubatus (Cheetah)[5]
Addax nasomaculatus (addax)[6]
Aepyceros melampus (impala)[5]
Alcelaphus buselaphus (hartebeest)[1]
Antidorcas marsupialis (springbok)[7]
Ardeotis kori (Kori Bustard)[8]
Bucorvus leadbeateri (Southern Ground Hornbill)[9]
Connochaetes gnou (black wildebeest)[10]
Connochaetes taurinus (blue wildebeest)[10]
Damaliscus lunatus (topi)[1]
Equus grevyi (Grevy's zebra)[11]
Equus quagga (quagga)[5]
Equus quagga burchellii (Burchell's zebra)[1]
Equus zebra (mountain zebra)[12]
Gazella thomsonii (Thomson's gazelle)[1]
Giraffa camelopardalis (giraffe)[5]
Hystrix africaeaustralis (Cape porcupine)[13]
Kobus ellipsiprymnus (waterbuck)[10]
Lycaon pictus (African wild dog)[14]
Madoqua kirkii (Kirk's dik-dik)[15]
Orycteropus afer (Aardvark)[16]
Oryx gazella (gemsbok)[1]
Ourebia ourebi (oribi)[9]
Panthera pardus (Leopard)[5]
Papio hamadryas (hamadryas baboon)[5]
Phacochoerus aethiopicus (desert warthog)[1]
Phacochoerus africanus (warthog)[10]
Potamochoerus porcus (red river hog)[9]
Redunca redunca (Bohar reedbuck)[9]
Syncerus caffer (African buffalo)[10]
Taurotragus oryx (eland)[17]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acinonyx jubatus (Cheetah)8
Aquila rapax (Tawny Eagle)3
Aquila spilogaster (African Hawk-Eagle)1
Aquila verreauxii (Verreaux's Eagle)2
Asio capensis (Marsh Owl)1
Bubo lacteus (Verreaux's Eagle-Owl)1
Canis aureus (Golden Jackal)1
Canis mesomelas (Black-backed Jackal)6
Caracal caracal (Caracal)4
Crocodylus niloticus (Nile crocodile)2
Crocuta crocuta (Spotted Hyena)8
Hyaena brunnea (Brown Hyena)1
Leptailurus serval (Serval)2
Lycaon pictus (African wild dog)16
Necrosyrtes monachus (Hooded Vulture)1
Panthera pardus (Leopard)15
Polemaetus bellicosus (Martial Eagle)3
Python sebae (African Rock Python)1
Terathopius ecaudatus (Bateleur)1

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Ancylostoma caninum[18]
Ancylostoma duodenale <Unverified Name>[18]
Ancylostoma paraduodenale <Unverified Name>[18]
Ancylostoma tubaeforme[18]
Ctenocephalides felis strongylus[19]
Dirofilaria immitis (Heartworm)[18]
Dirofilaria repens <Unverified Name>[18]
Dirofilaria sudanensis <Unverified Name>[18]
Echinococcus granulosus[18]
Filaria latala <Unverified Name>[18]
Galoncus perniciosus <Unverified Name>[18]
Linguatula serrata (tongueworm)[20]
Mycobacterium bovis (Bovine tuberculosis)[20]
Ollulanus tricuspis[18]
Sarcoptes scabiei (itch mite)[20]
Spirometra erinacei <Unverified Name>[18]
Spirometra erinacei-europaei <Unverified Name>[18]
Spirometra mansoni <Unverified Name>[18]
Spirometra mansonoides <Unverified Name>[18]
Spirometra ranarum <Unverified Name>[18]
Taenia gonyamai <Unverified Name>[18]
Taenia jaipurensis <Unverified Name>[18]
Taenia pisiformis[18]
Taenia regis <Unverified Name>[18]
Taenia simbae <Unverified Name>[18]
Toxascaris leonina[18]
Toxocara canis[18]
Toxocara cati (feline roundworm)[18]
Toxocara mystax <Unverified Name>[18]
Trichinella nelsoni <Unverified Name>[18]
Trichinella spiralis (pork worm)[18]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Aalborg Zoo
Abilene Zoological Gardenskrugeri
Adelaide Zoo
 krugeri
Africa Alive!
Africam Safari (Africam, S. A.)
 krugeri
African Safari
Akron Zoological Parkkrugeri
Al Ain Zoo
Al Bustan Zoological Center
Alabama Gulf Coast Zoo
 azandica
Albuquerque Biological Park
Alexandria Zoological Park
Almaty State Zoo of Kazakhstan
 krugeri
America's Teaching Zoo
Arignar Anna Zool. Park, Chennaipersica
Artis Zoo
Assiniboine Park Zoo
Attica Zoological Park S.A.
Auckland Zoological Park
 krugeri
Audubon Zoo
 krugeri
Aurangabad Municipal Zoo
Bannerghatta Biological Parkpersica
Barranquilla Zoo
Bellewaerde Park
Bhagwan Birsa Munda Biological Park
Birmingham Zookrugeri
Blaavand Zoo
 krugeri
Blackpool Zoo
Blair Drummond Safari Park
Blank Park Zoo of Des Moines
Boras Djurpark Zoo
Bosphorus Zoo (Bogaziçi Hayvanat
Bowmanville Zoological Park
Bristol Zoo Gardenspersica
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Societykrugeri
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Gardenpersica
Buffalo Zoological Gardens
Burger's Zoo
 bleyenberghi
Bursa Zoo (Bursa Hayvanat Bahcesi)
Caldwell Zoo
Calgary Zoo, Garden & Prehistoric Park
Cameron Park Zoo
 krugeri
Cango Wildlife Ranch
Cape May County Park Zoo
Capron Park Zoo
CERZA Centre d'Etude Rech Zool Augeron
Chessington World of Adventures, Ltd.persica
Cheyenne Mtn Zoological Parkkrugeri
Chiangmai Zoological Garden
Chicago Zoological Parkkrugeri
Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Gardenkrugeri
City of Belfast Zooleo
Cleveland Metroparks Zoo
Colchester Zoo
Cologne Zoopersica
Columbus Zoo and Aquariumkrugeri
Combe Martin Wildlife & Dinosaur Park
Copenhagen Zoo
Cotswold Wildlife Park and Gardenspersica
Dallas Zookrugeri
Dartmoor Zoological Park
Denver Zoological Gardenskrugeri
 massaica
Dept. of National Zoological Gardens
Detroit Zoological Society
 massaica
Dickerson Park Zookrugeri
Dierenpark Amersfoort
Disney's Animal Kingdom
Dr. Shivarama Karanth Pilikula Biol.Pk
Dr. Shyama Prasad Mukherjee Zoo
DSI Givskud Zoo
Dudley Zoological Gardenspersica
Dusit (Bangkok) Zoological Park
Edinburgh Zoo-Scottish National Zoopersica
El Paso Zookrugeri
Ellen Trout Zoo
 krugeri
Emerald Safari Resort
Erie Zoological Gardens
Espace Zoolog de St-Martin-la-Plaine
 bleyenberghi
Espace Zoologique la Boissiere du Dorepersica
Flamingo Land LTD
Fort Wayne Children's Zookrugeri
Fort Worth Zoological Parkkrugeri
Freeport-McMoran Audubon SpecSurvl Ctr
Fundacao Parque Zoologico de Sao Paulo
Fundacao Zoo-Botan. de Belo Horizonte
Fundacion Zoológica del Ecuador
Fundacion Zoologica de Cali
Fundacion Zoologico Santacruz
Giza Zoological Garden
Gladys Porter Zoo
Granby Zoo / Zoo de Granby
Greater Vancouver Zoo
Greenville Zoo
Guadalajara Zoo
Haifa Zoo & Biological Institute
Hawthorn Corporation
Helsinki Zoopersica
Henry Vilas Zookrugeri
Honolulu Zookrugeri
Hope Zoo (Nature Preservation Found.)
Houston Zoo, Inc.
 krugeri
Indianapolis Zookrugeri
International Animal Exchange, Inc.
 massaica
Isle of Wight Zoo
Izmir Zoo / Izmir Dogal Yasam Parki
Jacksonville Zoo and Gardens
 krugeri
Jardim Zoologico / Lisbon Zoo
 bleyenberghi
Jardin Zoologico de Cdad.Buenos Aires
Jardin Zoologique de la Ville de Lyonpersica
Jawaharlal Nehru Biological Park
Jászberény Zool.& Botanical Garden
Johannesburg Zoological Gardens
John Ball Zoological Gardenkrugeri
Jyllands Park Zoo
Kaliningrad Zoo
Kamala Nehru Prani Sanghrahalay Zoo
Kamla Nehru Zoological Garden
Kanpur Zoological Park
Kansas City Zookrugeri
Kazan Zoological & Botanical Garden
Khao Kheow Open Zoo
Kharkiv Zoo
Kishinev Zoopark
Kittenberger Zoo
Knowsley Safari Park
Knoxville Zoological Gardenskrugeri
Kolmardens Djurpark AB
Kristiansand Dyrepark ASA
Kyiv Zoological Park
Lake Superior Zoological Gardens
Le Pal, Parc Animalierpersica
Le Parc des Felins
 bleyenberghi
 krugeri
Lee Richardson Zookrugeri
Leningrad Zoo - St. Petersburg
Lietuvos Zoologijos Sodas
Lincoln Park Zoological Gardenskrugeri
Linton Zoological Gardens
Lion Country Safari Inc - Florida
Little Rock Zoological Gardenskrugeri
Longleat Safari Park
Los Angeles Zoo & Botanical Gardens
Louisiana Purchase Gardens & Zoo
Louisville Zoological Garden
Lucknow Zoological Park
Magnetic Hill Zoo
Maryland Zoo in Baltimorekrugeri
Münchener Tierpark Hellabrunn
Melbourne Zoosenegalensis
Memphis Zoological Garden & Aquarium
 krugeri
Mesker Park Zoo
Miami Metrozoo
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny w Lodzpersica
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsaw
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny, Plock
Milwaukee County Zoological Gardens
 krugeri
Mogo Zoo P/L
Mokopane Biodiversity Conservation Centre
Monarto Zoological Park
 krugeri
Monde Sauvage Safari SPRL
Montgomery Zoo
Moscow Zoological Parkpersica
Mulhouse Zoopersica
Municipal Independent Org. Roev Ruchei
Museum de Besanconpersica
Nagoya Higashiyama Zoo
Nagyerdei Kultúrpark KHT.
Nakhon Ratchasima Zool. Park
Nandankanan Biological Parkleo
 persica
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africa
National Zoo & Aquarium
 senegalensis
Nehru Zoological Parkkrugeri
 persica
NEW Zoo
 krugeri
Newquay Zoo (Cornwall Animal World)
Niabi Zoo
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Council
Noah's Ark Zoo Farm
Nogeyama Zoological Gardens Yokohama
North Carolina Zoological Parkkrugeri
North of England Zoological Societypersica
Novosibirsk Zoological Park
Nyíregyházi Állatpark Nonprofit KFT
 krugeri
Oakland Zoo
Oasys Parque del Desierto de Tabernas
Odense Zoologiske Have
Ogrod Zoologiczny im. Stefana Milera
Oklahoma City Zoological Parkkrugeri
Olmense Zoo
 krugeri
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
 krugeri
Orana Wildlife Park
 krugeri
 senegalensis
Oregon Zoo
 krugeri
Osaka Municipal Tennoji Zool. Gdns.
Out of Africa Wildlife Park
 leo
Ouwehand Zoo
Paignton Zoo Environmental Parkpersica
Paradise Wildlife Park
Parc de Lunaret
 leo
Parc Paysager Et Animalier Du Reynou
Parc Safari / F.A.P.S.
Parc Zoologic de Barcelonableyenberghi
Parc Zoologique d'Amneville
Parc Zoologique de Champrépus
Parc Zoologique de la Barben
Parc Zoologique de La Palmyre
Parco Natura Viva
 krugeri
Parco Zoo di Falconara
Parco Zoo Punta Verde
Park i Ogrod Zoologiczny w Krakowie
Parken Zoo i Eskilstuna ABpersica
Parque de la Naturaleza de Cabarceno
Parque Recreativo y Zool. Piscilago
Parque Zoologico Huachipa
Parque Zoologico Jaime Duque - Bogota
Parque Zoologico Nacional, ZOODOM
Parque Zoologico Quinzinho de Barros
Patronato del Parque Zoologico de Leon
Peoria Zoo in Glen Oak Parkkrugeri
Permskii Zoologicheskii Sad
Perth Zoological Gardens
 senegalensis
Phoenix Zoo
Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquarium
Planete Sauvage
Port Lympne Wild Animal Parkleo
Potawatomi Zoo
Potter Park Zoological Gardens
 krugeri
Pueblo Zookrugeri
Racine Zoological Gardens
Rajkot Municipal Corporation Zoopersica
Ree Park - Ebeltoft Safari
Reid Park Zookrugeri
Riga Zoobleyenberghi
Riverbanks Zoo and Gardenkrugeri
Riverside Zoo
Rolling Hills Wildlife Adventure
Rome Zoo-Fondazione Bioparco di Romapersica
Roosevelt Park Zookrugeri
Rosamond Gifford Zoo at Burnet Park
Rostock Zoologischer Garten
Rotterdam Zoopersica
Sacramento Zookrugeri
Safari de Peaugres
Safaripark Beekse Bergen
 somaliensis
Saint Louis Zoological Park
 krugeri
Sakkarbaugh Zoo, Junagadhpersica
Salzburg Zoo Hellbrunn
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquar
San Diego Wild Animal Parkkrugeri
San Diego Zookrugeri
 massaica
San Francisco Zoological Gardenskrugeri
Sanjay Gandhi Biological Park
Santa Barbara Zoological Gardenskrugeri
Schoenbrunner Tiergarten GmbH
 leo
Sedgwick County Zookrugeri
Silesian Zoological Garden
Singapore Zoological Gardens
 persica
Six Flags Discovery Kingdom
Smithsonian National Zoological Park
Societa Zoologica Di Pistoia S.R.L
Sofia Zoological Gardens
Songkhla Zoo
South Lakes Wild Animal Park
Sri Chamarajendra Zoo (Mysore Zoo)
St. Paul's Como Zoo
State Museum and Zoo
STB Kanta - Friguia Zoo
Szeged Zoo
Taipei Zoo
Tallinn Zoopersica
Tama Zoological Park
Taronga Zoo
 senegalensis
Tata Steel Zoological Park
Tautphaus Park Zoo
 krugeri
Tbilisi Zoo
Terra Natura S.A.persica
Texas Zoo
The Naples Zoo
 krugeri
The Philadelphia Zoo
The Tisch Family Zoological Gardenspersica
Thoiry Zoological Park
Thuringer Zoopark Erfurt
Tiergarten der Stadt Nürnbergpersica
Tiergarten Heidelberg
Tierpark Berlin-Friedrichsfelde GmbHpersica
Tierpark Hagenbeck GmbH
Tierwelt Herberstein
 leo
Toledo Zoological Gardenskrugeri
Topeka Zoological Park
 krugeri
Toronto Zoo
 krugeri
Touroparc
Tulsa Zoo & Living Museumkrugeri
Tygerberg Zoopark
Ueno Zoological Gardenspersica
Uganda Wildlife Education Centre
Usti nad Labem Zoobleyenberghi
Utica Zoo
Valencia Bioparc, Rainforest S.A.
Van Vihar National Parkpersica
Veermata Jijabai Bhosle Udyan & Zoo
Virginia Zoological Parkkrugeri
Washington Park Zoological Gardens
Wellington Zoo Trust
Werribee Open Range Zookrugeri
 senegalensis
West Midland Safari & Leisure Park Ltd
Western Plains Zoo
 senegalensis
Westfalischer Zoologischer Gtn Munster
Whipsnade Wild Animal Park
Wild Animal Park Mechelen Planckendaelpersica
Wildlife Heritage Foundation
Wildlife Safari Inc
 krugeri
Wildlife World Zoo
Woburn Safari Park
Woodland Park Zoological Gardens
 krugeri
Wroclaw Zoo, LLCbleyenberghi
Xantus János Állatkert Kht.
Yokohama Zool. Gardenspersica
Yorkshire Wildlife Park
Zagreb Zoo / Zooloski vrt Zagreb
Zivalski vrt Ljubljana
Zoo and Aqua-Terrarium Ltd. Pécs
Zoo Aquarium de Madrid (GRPR)leo
Zoo Atlantakrugeri
Zoo Boise
Zoo de Doue-la-Fontaine
Zoo de Jurques
 krugeri
Zoo de la Bourbansais
Zoo de La Flechekrugeri
Zoo de Pont-Scorff
Zoo de Santillana y Parque Cuaternariopersica
Zoo De Servion
Zoo des Sables d'Olonneleo
Zoo Dortmund
Zoo Dresden GmbH
Zoo Duisburg AG
Zoo Dvur Kralove, a.s.persica
Zoo Hannover GmbHleo
Zoo Melaka
Zoo New England, Franklin Park Zoo
Zoo of Antwerp
Zoo Osnabrück
Zoo Parc de Beauval
 krugeri
Zoo Safari Swierkocin
Zoo Taiping & Night Safari
 leo
 persica
Zoo Zürichpersica
Zoobotanico de Jerezpersica
Zool.Nacional Parque Metro De Santiago
Zoological Center Tel Aviv - Ramat Gan
Zoological Garden Praguepersica
Zoological Society of Ireland-Dublin
Zoological Society of Londonpersica
Zoological Society of Trinidad &Tobago
Zoologicka zahrada Ostravapersica
Zoologicka Garden & Chateau Zlin-Lesna
Zoologicka Zahrada Bratislavakrugeri
Zoologicka zahrada Liberec
Zoologicka zahrada Olomoucleo
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzenleo
Zoologico Nacional La Aurora
Zoologico Nacional Simon Bolivar
Zoologischer Garten Augsburg GmbH
Zoologischer Garten Basel
Zoologischer Garten Frankfurtpersica
Zoologischer Garten Halle GmbHbleyenberghi
Zoologischer Garten Leipzigbleyenberghi
Zoologischer Garten Magdeburgpersica
Zoologischer Garten Wuppertal
ZooWorld Zoological Botanical Conserv.

Range Map

Link to Map
Africa; Southern Asia; Tsavo National Park;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Wozencraft W.C., 2007-08-15, in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1Panthera leo, Sarah K. Haas, Virginia Hayssen, and Paul R. Krausman, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 762, pp. 1–11 (2005) 2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 3Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 4Wikipedia licensed under a Creative Commons License 5Who's Eating Who 6Addax nasomaculatus, Paul R. Krausman and Anne L. Casey, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 807, pp. 1-4 (2007) 7Antidorcas marsupialis, James W. Cain III, Paul R. Krausman, and Heather L. Germaine, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 753, pp. 1–7 (2004) 8Kori Bustard Species Survival Plan (Ardeotis kori) Husbandry Manual, Sara Hallager, Jeanette Boylan, September 2004 9The Serengeti food web: empirical quantification and analysis of topological changes under increasing human impact, Sara N. de Visser, Bernd P. Freymann and Han Olff, Journal of Animal Ecology 2011, 80, 484–494 10Predator–prey size relationships in an African large-mammal food web, Norman Owen-Smith and M. G. L. Mills, Journal of Animal Ecology Volume 77, Issue 1, Pages 173-183 11Equus grevyi, C. S. Churcher, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 453, pp. 1-9 (1993) 12Equus zebra, B. L. Penzhorn, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 314, pp. 1-7 (1988) 13Hystrix africaeaustralis, Erika L. Barthelmess, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 788, pp. 1-7 (2006) 146.5 African wild dog, Lycaon pictus, R. Woodroffe, J.W. McNutt and M.G.L. Mills, Sillero-Zubiri, C., Hoffmann, M. and Macdonald, D.W. (eds). 2004. Canids: Foxes, Wolves, Jackals and Dogs. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN/SSC Canid Specialist Group. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. x + 430 pp. 15Madoqua kirkii, Steven C. Kingswood and Arlene T. Kumamoto, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 569, pp. 1-10 (1997) 16Orycteropus afer, Jeheskel Shoshani, Corey A. Goldman, and J. G. M. Thewissen, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 300, pp. 1-8 (1988) 17Taurotragus oryx, Lindsay A. Pappas, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 689, pp. 1–5 (2002) 18Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 19International Flea Database 20Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature), Conservation International & NatureServe.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011 Out of Africa Wildlife Park