Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Carnivora > Felidae > Panthera > Panthera pardus
 

Panthera pardus (Leopard)

Wikipedia Abstract

The black leopard is one of three animals called "panther" – the others are the black jaguar and the cougar. colspan=2 style="text-align: center; background-color: transparent; text-align:center; border: 1px solid red;" | Leopard File:Leopard africa. jpg Conservation status File:Status iucn3.1 NT.
View Wikipedia Record: Panthera pardus

Infraspecies

Panthera pardus delacouri (Indochinese leopard)
Panthera pardus fusca (Indian leopard)
Panthera pardus japonensis (Chinese leopard)
Panthera pardus kotiya (Sri Lankan leopard)
Panthera pardus melas (Javan leopard)
Panthera pardus nimr (Arabian leopard)
Panthera pardus orientalis (Amur leopard)
Panthera pardus pardus (African leopard)

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
3
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
32
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 7.76
EDGE Score: 2.86

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  118.50 lbs (53.75 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  1.21 lbs (550 g)
Female Maturity [1]  2 years 6 months
Male Maturity [1]  2 years 1 month
Diet [2]  Carnivore
Gestation [1]  3 months 7 days
Litter Size [1]  2
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  27 years
Nocturnal [2]  Yes
Speed [3]  38.03 MPH (17 m/s)
Weaning [1]  3 months 20 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Afghan Mountains semi-desert Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Al Hajar montane woodlands Oman Afrotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Albany thickets South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Albertine Rift montane forests Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi,Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Amur meadow steppe China, Russia Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Anatolian conifer and deciduous mixed forests Turkey Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Angolan Miombo woodlands Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Angolan montane forest-grassland mosaic Angola Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Angolan Mopane woodlands Angola, Namibia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Angolan Scarp savanna and woodlands Angola Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Arabian Desert and East Sahero-Arabian xeric shrublands Saudi Arabia, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Egypt , Iraq, Jordan, Syria Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Arabian Peninsula coastal fog desert Oman, Yemen, Saudi Arabia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Atlantic coastal desert Mauritania, Western Sahara Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Atlantic Equatorial coastal forests Cameroon, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Azerbaijan shrub desert and steppe Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Badghyz and Karabil semi-desert Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Iran, Tajikistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Baluchistan xeric woodlands Pakistan, Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Brahmaputra Valley semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cameroonian Highlands forests Cameroon, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cardamom Mountains rain forests Cambodia, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests Iran, Azerbaijan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Caspian lowland desert Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Caucasus mixed forests Georgia, Russia, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Afghan Mountains xeric woodlands Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central African mangroves Ghana, Nigeria, Cameroon, Equatorial, Guinea, Gabon, Democratic Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Mangroves    
Central Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Anatolian steppe Turkey Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Asian southern desert Turkmenistan stretching, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central China loess plateau mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Congolian lowland forests Democratic Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Central Indochina dry forests Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Central Persian desert basins Iran, Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Tibetan Plateau alpine steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Central Zambezian Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola, Zambia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Changbai Mountains mixed forests China, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Changjiang Plain evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Chao Phraya freshwater swamp forests Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chao Phraya lowland moist deciduous forests Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chhota-Nagpur dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chin Hills-Arakan Yoma montane forests Myanmar, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Crimean Submediterranean forest complex Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Cross-Niger transition forests Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cross-Sanaga-Bioko coastal forests Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Daba Mountains evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Deccan thorn scrub forests India, Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Drakensberg montane grasslands, woodlands and forests South Africa, Swaziland, Lesotho Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
East Afghan montane conifer forests Pakistan, Afghanistan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
East African halophytics Tanzania Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
East African mangroves Mozambique, Tanzania, Kenya, Somalia Afrotropic Mangroves
East African montane forests Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
East African montane moorlands Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
East Deccan dry-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
East Saharan montane xeric woodlands Chad, Sudan Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
East Sudanian savanna Chad, Central African Republic, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Eastern Anatolian montane steppe Iran, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Arc forests Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Congolian swamp forests Democratic Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Guinean forests Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Benin, Togo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern highlands moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Eastern Himalayan broadleaf forests India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests Bhutan, India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Coniferous Forests
Eastern Java-Bali montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Java-Bali rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests Turkey, Jordan, Israel, Syria Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Eastern Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Mozambique Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Eastern Zimbabwe montane forest-grassland mosaic Zimbabwe, Mozambique Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Elburz Range forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests    
Eritrean coastal desert Eritrea Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Ethiopian montane forests Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ethiopian montane grasslands and woodlands Ethiopia, Eritrea Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Ethiopian montane moorlands Ethiopia Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Ethiopian xeric grasslands and shrublands Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Etosha Pan halophytics Namibia Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Ghorat-Hazarajat alpine meadow Afghanistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Gissaro-Alai open woodlands Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Goadavari-Krishna mangroves India Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Guinean forest-savanna mosaic Nigeria, Benin, Togo, Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Guinea-Bissau, Gambia, Senegal Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Guinean mangroves Senegal, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Côte d'Ivoire Afrotropic Mangroves
Guinean montane forests Guinea, Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia, Sierra Leone Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guizhou Plateau broadleaf and mixed forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Gulf of Oman desert and semi-desert Oman, United Arab Emirates Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Hengduan Mountains subalpine conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Highveld grasslands South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Himalayan subtropical pine forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Hindu Kush alpine meadow Afghanistan, Pakistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Hobyo grasslands and shrublands Somalia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Huang He Plain mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Indochina mangroves Thailand, Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Indus River Delta-Arabian Sea mangroves India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Inner Niger Delta flooded savanna Mali Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Irrawaddy dry forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy freshwater swamp forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy moist deciduous forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Itigi-Sumbu thicket Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Jian Nan subtropical evergreen forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Jos Plateau forest-grassland mosaic Nigeria Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Kalahari Acacia-Baikiaea woodlands Botswana, Namibia, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Kalahari xeric savanna Botswana, Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kayah-Karen montane rain forests Myanmar, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Khathiar-Gir dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Knysna-Amatole montane forests South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Kopet Dag semi-desert Iran, Turkmenistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kopet Dag woodlands and forest steppe Iran, Turkmenistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Kuh Rud and Eastern Iran montane woodlands Iran Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
KwaZulu-Cape coastal forest mosaic South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Lake Chad flooded savanna Nigeria, Chad, Niger Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Lowland fynbos and renosterveld South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Luang Prabang montane rain forests Laos, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Malabar Coast moist forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Manchurian mixed forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea, China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Mandara Plateau mosaic Cameroon, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Maputaland coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Swaziland, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maputaland-Pondoland bushland and thickets South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Masai xeric grasslands and shrublands Kenya Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Mediterranean acacia-argania dry woodlands and succulent thickets Morocco, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean conifer and mixed forests Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Mediterranean dry woodlands and steppe Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean High Atlas juniper steppe Morocco Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Mediterranean woodlands and forests Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Meghalaya subtropical forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mizoram-Manipur-Kachin rain forests Myanmar, India, Bangladesh Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mongolian-Manchurian grassland China, Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Montane fynbos and renosterveld South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mount Cameroon and Bioko montane forests Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Myanmar Coast mangroves India, Myanmar, Malaysia, Thailand Indo-Malayan Mangroves  
Myanmar coastal rain forests Myanmar, Bangladesh Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Nama Karoo Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Namibian savanna woodlands Angola, Namibia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Narmada Valley dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Nenjiang River grassland China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Niger Delta swamp forests Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Nigerian lowland forests Nigeria, Benin Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
North Saharan steppe and woodlands Egypt, Libya, Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco, Western Sahara, Mauritania Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
North Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeast China Plain deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northeast India-Myanmar pine forests India, Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Northeastern Congolian lowland forests Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests China, India, Bhutan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Northern Annamites rain forests Laos, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, Central African Republic, Cameroon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Northern dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Northern Indochina subtropical forests China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Khorat Plateau moist deciduous forests Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Thailand-Laos moist deciduous forests Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Triangle subtropical forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Triangle temperate forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northern Vietnam lowland rain forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Northern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northwestern Congolian lowland forests Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, Democratic Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northwestern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows China, Pakistan, India Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Northwestern thorn scrub forests India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Nujiang Langcang Gorge alpine conifer and mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Ordos Plateau steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Orissa semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Paropamisus xeric woodlands Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Peninsular Malaysian montane rain forests Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian peat swamp forests Malaysia, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pontic steppe Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Qilian Mountains conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Qin Ling Mountains deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Qionglai-Minshan conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Rann of Kutch seasonal salt marsh India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Red River freshwater swamp forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Red Sea coastal desert Egypt, Sudan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Red Sea Nubo-Sindian tropical desert and semi-desert Egypt, Jordan, Saudia Arabia, Yemen, Oman Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Registan-North Pakistan sandy desert Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Rwenzori-Virunga montane moorlands Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Rwanda Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Saharan flooded grasslands Sudan Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Saharan halophytics Egypt, Tunisia, Algeria, Mauritania, Western Sahara Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Sahelian Acacia savanna Senegal, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Serengeti volcanic grasslands Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Sichuan Basin evergreen broadleaf forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Somali Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Somali montane xeric woodlands Somalia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South China-Vietnam subtropical evergreen forests China, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
South Iran Nubo-Sindian desert and semi-desert Iran, Iraq, Pakistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Malawi montane forest-grassland mosaic Malawi, Mozambique Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southeast Tibet shrub and meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southeastern Indochina dry evergreen forests Viet Nam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Southern Africa bushveld Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Southern Africa mangroves South Africa, Mozambique Afrotropic Mangroves
Southern Anatolian montane conifer and deciduous forests Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southern Annamites montane rain forests Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Southern Miombo woodlands Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Southern Rift montane forest-grassland mosaic Malawi, Tanzania Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southern Vietnam lowland dry forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Tanzania, Malawi, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southwestern Arabian foothills savanna Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Oman Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Southwestern Arabian montane woodlands Yemen, Saudi Arabia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sri Lanka dry-zone dry evergreen forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sri Lanka lowland rain forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sri Lanka montane rain forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Succulent Karoo Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Suiphun-Khanka meadows and forest meadows China, Russia Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Sundarbans freshwater swamp forests Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sundarbans mangroves Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Tenasserim-South Thailand semi-evergreen rain forests Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands Bhutan, India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Thar desert India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tonle Sap freshwater swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tonle Sap-Mekong peat swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ussuri broadleaf and mixed forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Victoria Basin forest-savanna mosaic Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
West Saharan montane xeric woodlands Algeria, Niger, Mali, Mauritania Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
West Sudanian savanna Senegal, Guinea, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Niger, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Western Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Gabon, Congo, Democratic Rep of the Congo, Angola Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Western Congolian swamp forests Democratic Republic of the Congo, Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Guinean lowland forests Guinea, Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia, Sierra Leone Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows India, Nepal Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Western Himalayan broadleaf forests India, Pakistan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Himalayan subalpine conifer forests India, Pakistan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Coniferous Forests
Western Java montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Java rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Zambezian grasslands Angola, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Yunnan Plateau subtropical evergreen forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Zagros Mountains forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Zambezian and Mopane woodlands South Africa, Mozambique, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Namibia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Zambezian Baikiaea woodlands Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Zambezian coastal flooded savanna Mozambique Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Zambezian Cryptosepalum dry forests Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Zambezian flooded grasslands Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of Congo, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Zambezian halophytics Mozambique, Botswana Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Addo Elephant National Park II 348463 Eastern Cape, South Africa
Ajar Valley Wildlife Sanctuary Wildlife Reserve IV 158064 Afghanistan  
Alaungdaw Kathapa National Park II 421336 Myanmar  
Badghyz Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 215164 Turkmenistan  
Bamingui-Bangoran Conservation Area National Park II 2783298 Central African Republic  
Changbai Mountain Nature Reserve V 619089 Jilin, China  
Changshanerhai Nature Reserve V 139448 Yunnan, China  
Chumbi-Surla Wildlife Sanctuary IV 137833 Pakistan  
Cibodas Biosphere Reserve (Gunung Gede-Pangrango) 142165 Java, Indonesia      
Corbett National Park II 141853 Uttaranchal, India
Daweishan Nature Reserve V 122415 Yunnan, China  
Dinder National Park II 2088300 Sudan  
Doi Inthanon National Park II 115326 Thailand  
East Usambara Biosphere Reserve 222395 Tanzania  
Elbrus National Park 249626 Kabardino-Balkar, Russia    
Erawan National Park II 131204 Thailand
Etosha National Park II 5699141 Namibia  
Fujian Wuyishan Nature Reserve V 206754 Fujian, China  
Gandhi Sagar Sanctuary IV 223475 Madhya Pradesh, India  
Gaoligong Mountain National Nature Reserve V 1245925 Yunnan, China  
Great Himalayan National Park II 184040 Himachal Pradesh, India
Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary IV 699629 Thailand  
Kaeng Krachan National Park II 753452 Thailand
Kahuzi-Biéga National Park II 1647768 Democratic Republic of the Congo  
Kalahari Gemsbok National Park II 2382284 Northern Cape, South Africa
Kanha Tiger Reserve National Park II 223971 Madhya Pradesh, India
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Khao Luang National Park II 143331 Thailand
Khao Soi Dao Wildlife Sanctuary IV 182353 Thailand  
Khao Sok National Park II 159284 Thailand
Khao Yai National Park II 542694 Thailand
Khaoen Si Nakarin National Park II 459154 Thailand
Khlong Lan National Park II 104466 Thailand
Khlong Nakha Wildlife Sanctuary IV 117887 Thailand  
Khlong Saeng Wildlife Sanctuary IV 243425 Thailand  
Kibale National Park II 196202 Uganda
Kogelberg Biosphere Reserve II 256073 Western Cape, South Africa  
Kopetdagh Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 125705 Turkmenistan  
Kora National Park II 409762 Kenya
Krau Wildlife Reserve IV 149823 Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Kruger National Park II 4718115 Mpumalanga, South Africa
Kudremukh National Park II 202772 Karnataka, India  
Mae Tuen Wildlife Sanctuary IV 307947 Thailand  
Mae Wong National Park II 221459 Thailand
Mahale Mountains National Park II 398414 Tanzania
Manas National Park II 135025 Assam, India
Moremi Game Reserve IV 1214686 Botswana  
Mount Elgon National Park II 276135 Uganda
Mount Kenya Biosphere Reserve II 146694 Kenya
Mount Kulal Biosphere Reserve 1729738 Kenya  
Nam Ha National Biodiversity Conservation Area VI 539941 Laos  
Namib-Naukluft National Park II 12585619 Namibia  
Nanda Devi National Park II 161583 Uttaranchal, India  
Nechisar National Park II 256137 Ethiopia  
Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve 1364022 India  
Nouabalï-Ndoki National Park II 1013529 Congo  
Nuristan Reserve National Park 1419914 Afghanistan  
Om Koi Wildlife Sanctuary IV 299357 Thailand  
Palamau Tiger Reserve National Park II 329056 Bihar, India
Pang Sida National Park II 211956 Thailand
Parc National d'Odzala National Park II 3423581 Congo  
Parc National de Tai National Park II 1085310 Côte d'Ivoire  
Parc National de Waza National Park II 349858 Cameroon  
Parc National de la Benoue National Park II 414262 Cameroon  
Parc National de la Boucle du Baoule National Park II 977883 Mali  
Parc National de la Comoe National Park II 2902593 Côte d'Ivoire  
Parc National du Niokolo-Koba National Park II 2046878 Senegal  
Phu Khieo Wildlife Sanctuary IV 391278 Thailand  
Phu Luang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 227671 Thailand  
Pidaung Wildlife Sanctuary III 244241 Myanmar  
Queen Elizabeth National Park II 522052 Uganda
Rajaji National Park II 196637 Uttaranchal, India  
Rajiv Gandhi (Nagarahole) National Park II 155253 Karnataka, India  
Ranthambore National Park II 137162 Rajasthan, India
Reserve Forestiere et de Faune du Dja Wildlife Reserve IV 1551322 Cameroon  
Reserve de la Biosphere de la Pendjari Biosphere Reserve 217453 Benin  
Reserve de la Biosphere des Monts Nimba Biosphere Reserve 358797 Guinea  
Richtersveld National Park II 399195 Northern Cape, South Africa
Sai Yok National Park II 235556 Thailand
Salawin National Park II 400497 Thailand
Salonga National Park II 8300948 Democratic Republic of the Congo  
Sanjay Gandhi National Park II 439343 Maharashtra, India
Serengeti-Ngorongoro Biosphere Reserve 5696026 Tanzania  
Simlipal Tiger Reserve National Park II 103465 Orissa, India  
Skeleton Coast Game Park II 4168395 Namibia  
Sochi National Park 478735 Krasnodar, Russia
South Luangwa National Park II 2220358 Zambia  
Syunt-Khasardagh Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 105306 Turkmenistan  
Taman Negara National Park II 1122273 Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Tamor Pingla Sanctuary IV 148780 Chhattishgarh, India  
Teberdinskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 210198 Karachay-Cherkessia, Russia
Thap Lan National Park II 550979 Thailand
Thung Yai Naresuan Wildlife Sanctuary IV 918234 Thailand  
Tsavo East National Park II 3232255 Kenya
Ujung Kulon National Park II 313466 Java, Indonesia    
Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 619152 Thailand  
Ussuriysky Zapovednik Ia 99910 Primorsky Krai , Russia
West Caprivi Game Reserve Game Park VI 1448182 Namibia  
Wilpattu National Park II 320298 Sri Lanka  
Xishuangbanna Nature Reserve V 567531 Yunnan, China  

Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Cape Floristic Region South Africa No
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No
Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa Kenya, Mozambique, Somalia, Tanzania No
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Guinean Forests of West Africa Benin, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, São Tomé and Príncipe, Sierra Leone, Togo No
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Horn of Africa Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Yemen No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Irano-Anatolian Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Turkmenistan No
Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No
Mountains of Central Asia Afghanistan, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan No
Mountains of Southwest China China, Myanmar No
Succulent Karoo Namibia, South Africa No
Sundaland Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand No
Western Ghats and Sri Lanka India, Sri Lanka No

Emblem of

Somalia

Prey / Diet

Acinonyx jubatus (Cheetah)[4]
Addax nasomaculatus (addax)[5]
Aepyceros melampus (impala)[4]
Antidorcas marsupialis (springbok)[6]
Ardeotis kori (Kori Bustard)[7]
Boselaphus tragocamelus (nilgai)[8]
Bucorvus leadbeateri (Southern Ground Hornbill)[9]
Canis adustus (Side-striped Jackal)[10]
Canis mesomelas (Black-backed Jackal)[11]
Colobus guereza (Guereza)[9]
Damaliscus lunatus (topi)[9]
Equus grevyi (Grevy's zebra)[12]
Equus zebra (mountain zebra)[13]
Eupodotis senegalensis (White-bellied Bustard)[9]
Gazella gazella (mountain gazelle)[14]
Heterohyrax brucei (Yellow-spotted Rock Hyrax)[15]
Hystrix africaeaustralis (Cape porcupine)[16]
Hystrix cristata (African porcupine)[9]
Lepus saxatilis (Scrub Hare)[17]
Lygodactylus capensis (Cape Dwarf Gecko)[9]
Madoqua guentheri (Günther's dik-dik)[18]
Madoqua kirkii (Kirk's dik-dik)[19]
Manis temminckii (Ground Pangolin)[9]
Moschiola meminna (Indian spotted chevrotain)[20]
Okapia johnstoni (okapi)[21]
Orycteropus afer (Aardvark)[22]
Otocyon megalotis (Bat-eared Fox)[23]
Otolemur crassicaudatus (greater galago)[9]
Ourebia ourebi (oribi)[9]
Papio hamadryas (hamadryas baboon)[4]
Phacochoerus africanus (warthog)[17]
Phrynobatrachus mababiensis (Mababe River Frog)[9]
Pronolagus rupestris (Smith's Red Rockhare)[9]
Steatomys pratensis (fat mouse)[9]
Stigmochelys pardalis (Leopard Tortoise)[9]
Taurotragus oryx (eland)[9]
Thryonomys swinderianus (Cane rat)[17]
Tragelaphus scriptus (bushbuck)[17]
Xenopus muelleri (Mueller's clawed frog)[9]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acinonyx jubatus (Cheetah)10
Aonyx capensis (African Clawless Otter)4
Apalis flavida (Yellow-breasted Apalis)1
Aquila rapax (Tawny Eagle)3
Aquila spilogaster (African Hawk-Eagle)1
Aquila verreauxii (Verreaux's Eagle)4
Ardeotis kori (Kori Bustard)1
Asio capensis (Marsh Owl)8
Atelerix albiventris (Four-toed Hedgehog)1
Bubo africanus (Spotted Eagle-Owl)1
Bubo lacteus (Verreaux's Eagle-Owl)2
Bucorvus leadbeateri (Southern Ground Hornbill)5
Canis lupus (Wolf)1
Canis mesomelas (Black-backed Jackal)17
Caracal caracal (Caracal)6
Crocodylus niloticus (Nile crocodile)2
Crocuta crocuta (Spotted Hyena)9
Cuon alpinus (Dhole)2
Dendroaspis polylepis (Black Mamba)7
Eremomela icteropygialis (Yellow-bellied Eremomela)2
Eupodotis senegalensis (White-bellied Bustard)3
Felis silvestris (Wildcat)1
Glaucidium perlatum (Pearl-spotted Owlet)4
Haliaeetus vocifer (African Fish Eagle)5
Helogale parvula (Common Dwarf Mongoose)7
Hyaena brunnea (Brown Hyena)1
Hyaena hyaena (Striped Hyena)1
Leptailurus serval (Serval)8
Leptoptilos crumeniferus (Marabou Stork)3
Lycaon pictus (African wild dog)17
Necrosyrtes monachus (Hooded Vulture)6
Nycteris grandis (large slit-faced bat)1
Otocyon megalotis (Bat-eared Fox)4
Otolemur crassicaudatus (greater galago)3
Panthera leo (Lion)15
Panthera tigris (Tiger)1
Panthera tigris tigris (Bengal tiger)1
Poecilogale albinucha (African Striped Weasel)1
Polemaetus bellicosus (Martial Eagle)6
Potamochoerus porcus (red river hog)1
Psammophis angolensis (Dwarf Sand Snake)2
Python sebae (African Rock Python)3
Stephanoaetus coronatus (Crowned Eagle)1
Stigmochelys pardalis (Leopard Tortoise)3
Tachybaptus ruficollis (Little Grebe)4
Terathopius ecaudatus (Bateleur)1
Tockus nasutus epirhinus (South African grey hornbill)1
Torgos tracheliotus (lappet-faced vulture)3
Varanus exanthematicus (Savannah Monitor)1
Varanus niloticus (Nile Monitor, Water Leguaan)3
Xenopus muelleri (Mueller's clawed frog)1

Predators

Crocodylus niloticus (Nile crocodile)[9]
Panthera leo (Lion)[4]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Ancylostoma brasiliense[24]
Ancylostoma caninum[24]
Ascaris circumflexa <Unverified Name>[24]
Ctenocephalides canis (Dog flea)[25]
Ctenocephalides felis felis[25]
Ctenocephalides felis strongylus[25]
Dibothrium sulcatum <Unverified Name>[24]
Dirofilaria granulosa <Unverified Name>[24]
Dirofilaria immitis (Heartworm)[24]
Dracunculus medinensis <Unverified Name>[24]
Echidnophaga larina[25]
Galoncus perniciosus <Unverified Name>[24]
Galoncus rammohanii <Unverified Name>[24]
Gnathostoma spinigerum <Unverified Name>[24]
Mesocestoides lineatus <Unverified Name>[24]
Mycobacterium bovis (Bovine tuberculosis)[26]
Oncicola dimorpha[24]
Oncicola gigas[24]
Paragonimus westermani <Unverified Name>[24]
Physaloptera praeputialis <Unverified Name>[24]
Plagiorhynchus rectus[24]
Schistosoma japonicum <Unverified Name>[24]
Spirometra decipiens <Unverified Name>[24]
Taenia acinonyxi <Unverified Name>[24]
Taenia ingwei <Unverified Name>[24]
Taenia pisiformis[24]
Taenia polycalcaria <Unverified Name>[24]
Taenia regis <Unverified Name>[24]
Toxocara cati (feline roundworm)[24]
Trichinella nelsoni <Unverified Name>[24]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Aalborg Zoosaxicolor
African Safarijaponensis
Al Ain Zoo
 nimr
Al Bustan Zoological Center
 nimr
Alabama Gulf Coast Zoo
Almaty State Zoo of Kazakhstan
 orientalis
Amarillo Zoo
Artis Zooorientalis
Asahikawa, Asahiyama Zool. Park &orientalis
Assiniboine Park Zooorientalis
Audubon Zooorientalis
Banham Zoo Ltd.kotiya
Bannerghatta Biological Park
Bharat Ratna Pandit Gobind Ballabh
Binghamton Zoo at Ross Parkorientalis
Biological Park Itanagar
Bosphorus Zoo (Bogaziçi Hayvanatsaxicolor
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Society
 orientalis
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Gardensaxicolor
Burger's Zookotiya
Bursa Zoo (Bursa Hayvanat Bahcesi)saxicolor
Caldwell Zooorientalis
Central Florida Zoological Parkorientalis
CERZA Centre d'Etude Rech Zool Augeron
 kotiya
Chessington World of Adventures, Ltd.saxicolor
Cheyenne Mtn Zoological Parkorientalis
Chiangmai Zoological Garden
Chicago Zoological Parkorientalis
Cleveland Metroparks Zoosaxicolor
Colchester Zooorientalis
Cologne Zoosaxicolor
Columbus Zoo and Aquariummelanotica
Copenhagen Zooorientalis
Cotswold Wildlife Park and Gardensorientalis
Crown Animals
Denver Zoological Gardens
 orientalis
Dept. of National Zoological Gardenskotiya
Dierenpark 'De Vleut' (Zoo Best)kotiya
Dierenpark Amersfoortsaxicolor
Dierenpark Emmenkotiya
Dr. Shivarama Karanth Pilikula Biol.Pk
Dr. Shyama Prasad Mukherjee Zoo
Drayton Manor Park Zoo
Dusit (Bangkok) Zoological Park
Edinburgh Zoo-Scottish National Zooorientalis
El Paso Zooorientalis
Erie Zoological Gardensorientalis
Espace Zoolog de St-Martin-la-Plainekotiya
Espace Zoologique la Boissiere du Dore
Exmoor Zoological Park
Exotic Feline Breeding Compound Inc.
 japonensis
 orientalis
 saxicolor
Forest Park Zoological Society
Fort Wayne Children's Zooorientalis
Fundacao Parque Zoologico de Sao Paulo
Giza Zoological Garden
Granby Zoo / Zoo de Granbyorientalis
Great Bend Zoo and Raptor Center
Great Plains Zoo
Guadalajara Zoo
Haifa Zoo & Biological Institutesaxicolor
Helsinki Zooorientalis
Houston Zoo, Inc.
Howletts Wild Animal Parkjaponensis
Jackson Zoological Parkorientalis
Jacksonville Zoo and Gardensorientalis
Jardim Zoologico / Lisbon Zoo
 saxicolor
Jardin Zoologico de Cdad.Buenos Aires
Jardin Zoologique de la Ville de Lyonorientalis
Jawaharlal Nehru Biological Park
Jászberény Zool.& Botanical Gardensaxicolor
Jungle Cat World Wildlife Park Inc.orientalis
Jyllands Park Zoo
 shortridgei
Kamala Nehru Prani Sanghrahalay Zoo
Kanpur Zoological Park
Kansas City Zoo
Kazan Zoological & Botanical Garden
Khao Kheow Open Zoo
 delacouri
 kotiya
Kharkiv Zooorientalis
Kishinev Zooparksaxicolor
Kyiv Zoological Parksaxicolor
Le Pal, Parc Animalier
Le Parc des Felins
 kotiya
 orientalis
 saxicolor
Lee Richardson Zooorientalis
Lietuvos Zoologijos Sodasorientalis
 saxicolor
Lincoln Park Zoological Gardensorientalis
Linton Zoological Gardens
Lucknow Zoological Park
Mahendra Chaudhary Zoological Park
Marwell Wildlifeorientalis
Maryland Zoo in Baltimorepardus
Melbourne Zoosaxicolor
Memphis Zoological Garden & Aquarium
 melanotica
Menagerie du Jardin des Plantesjaponensis
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny w Lodzjaponensis
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Wybrzezasaxicolor
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny, Plocksaxicolor
Minnesota Zoological Gardenorientalis
Miskolc Zoo/Állatkert és Kultúrpark
Monde Sauvage Safari SPRL
 orientalis
Moscow Zoological Parkorientalis
Mulhouse Zooorientalis
 saxicolor
Municipal Independent Org. Roev Rucheiorientalis
Nagoya Higashiyama Zoo
 saxicolor
Nagyerdei Kultúrpark KHT.japonensis
Nakhon Ratchasima Zool. Park
 delacouri
Nandankanan Biological Park
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africa
 melanotica
National Trust for Nature Conservation
Nehru Zoological Park
Niabi Zoo
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Council
 orientalis
Nogeyama Zoological Gardens Yokohama
Nordens Arkorientalis
Novosibirsk Zoological Parkorientalis
 saxicolor
Nyíregyházi Állatpark Nonprofit KFT
 japonensis
 saxicolor
Oakhill Center For Rare Endg. Species
Oaklawn Farms (R & G Rogerson)japonensis
Oasys Parque del Desierto de Tabernas
Olmense Zoo
 shortridgei
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zooorientalis
Oregon Zooorientalis
Orsa Grönklitt Bjornpark(Orsa Bear Pk)saxicolor
Osaka Municipal Tennoji Zool. Gdns.
Ouwehand Zookotiya
Padmaja Naidu Himalayan Zool. Park
Paradise Wildlife Park
Parc Zoologic de Barcelona
 kotiya
Parc Zoologique d'Amneville
 saxicolor
Parc Zoologique de Champrépussaxicolor
Parc Zoologique de la Barbensaxicolor
Parc Zoologique de La Palmyrekotiya
Parco Faunistico La Torbieraorientalis
Parco Zoo Punta Verde
 orientalis
Park i Ogrod Zoologiczny w Krakowiejaponensis
Parken Zoo i Eskilstuna ABorientalis
Patronato del Parque Zoologico de Leonorientalis
Permskii Zoologicheskii Sad
Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquariumorientalis
Potawatomi Zooorientalis
Ragunan Zoological Parkmelas
Rajiv Gandhi Zoological Park
Rajkot Municipal Corporation Zoo
Ree Park - Ebeltoft Safarijaponensis
Riverside Zoo
Rolling Hills Wildlife Adventureorientalis
Rome Zoo-Fondazione Bioparco di Roma
 saxicolor
Roosevelt Park Zooorientalis
Rostock Zoologischer Gartenjaponensis
Rostov-on-Don Zoosaxicolor
Rotterdam Zooorientalis
Safaripark Beekse Bergensaxicolor
Saint Louis Zoological Parkorientalis
Sakkarbaugh Zoo, Junagadhdelacouri
 fusca
San Diego Zoojaponensis
Sanjay Gandhi Biological Park
Santa Barbara Zoological Gardensorientalis
Sapporo Maruyama Zoosaxicolor
Sedgwick County Zooorientalis
Seoul Zoojaponensis
Sepahijala Zoological Park
Sharjah Breeding Centre For Endangerednimr
Shri Sayaji Baug Zoo
Sierra Endangered Cat Havenorientalis
Silesian Zoological Gardensaxicolor
Singapore Zoological Gardenskotiya
Skaerup Mini Zoo
 japonensis
Sofia Zoological Gardensmelanotica
 orientalis
 saxicolor
Songkhla Zoo
Sri Chamarajendra Zoo (Mysore Zoo)fusca
State Museum and Zoo
Staten Island Zooorientalis
STB Kanta - Friguia Zoo
Szeged Zoojaponensis
Taipei Zoo
 pardus
Tallinn Zooorientalis
 saxicolor
Tata Steel Zoological Park
Tbilisi Zoo
The Living Desert Zoo and Gardensorientalis
The Naples Zoo
The Philadelphia Zooorientalis
The Tisch Family Zoological Gardenssaxicolor
Thoiry Zoological Parkjaponensis
Thrigby Hall Wildlife Gardensorientalis
Tiergarten der Stadt Straubingsaxicolor
Tierpark Berlin-Friedrichsfelde GmbH
 japonensis
 melas
 orientalis
Tierpark Dählhölzlisaxicolor
Tierpark Hagenbeck GmbHjaponensis
Tierpark Nadermannsaxicolor
Topeka Zoological Park
Twycross Zooorientalis
Tygerberg Zooparkmelanotica
Usti nad Labem Zooorientalis
Utah's Hogle Zooorientalis
Valencia Bioparc, Rainforest S.A.
 kotiya
Van Vihar National Parkleopardus
Veermata Jijabai Bhosle Udyan & Zoo
Welsh Mountain Zoosaxicolor
Westfalischer Zoologischer Gtn Munstersaxicolor
Wildlife Heritage Foundationjaponensis
 orientalis
Wildlife World Zoo
Wilhelma Zoosaxicolor
Yerevan Zoosaxicolor
Zagreb Zoo / Zooloski vrt Zagrebjaponensis
Zivalski vrt Ljubljanasaxicolor
Zoo Aquarium de Madrid (GRPR)saxicolor
Zoo Boiseorientalis
Zoo de Doue-la-Fontainekotiya
 saxicolor
Zoo de Fuengirola (Rain Forest SL)kotiya
Zoo de Jurques
Zoo de la Bourbansais
Zoo de La Fleche
Zoo de Pont-Scorfforientalis
Zoo Decin - Pastyrska Stenaorientalis
Zoo Dortmundorientalis
Zoo Dvur Kralove, a.s.saxicolor
Zoo Hannover GmbHsaxicolor
Zoo Melakadelacouri
Zoo New England, Franklin Park Zooorientalis
Zoo of Acadiana
 pardus
Zoo of Antwerporientalis
Zoo Parc de Beauvalsaxicolor
Zoo Taiping & Night Safari
 delacouri
Zoological Center Tel Aviv - Ramat Gansaxicolor
Zoological Garden Pragueorientalis
Zoologicka zahrada Ostravakotiya
Zoologicka zahrada Bojnicesaxicolor
Zoologicka Zahrada Bratislava
 kotiya
Zoologicka Zahrada Jihlavakotiya
 saxicolor
Zoologicka zahrada Liberecjaponensis
Zoologicka Zahrada Mesta Brnakotiya
Zoologicka zahrada Olomouc
 orientalis
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzenjaponensis
Zoologico Nacional La Aurora
Zoologischer Garten Augsburg GmbHorientalis
Zoologischer Garten Baselkotiya
Zoologischer Garten Leipzigorientalis
Zoologischer Garten Magdeburgsaxicolor
Zoologischer Garten Wuppertal
 fusca
ZooWorld Zoological Botanical Conserv.

Range Map

Africa; Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China); Southern Asia; Tsavo National Park;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Gardner A.L, 2007-08-15, in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 3Wikipedia licensed under a Creative Commons License 4Who's Eating Who 5Addax nasomaculatus, Paul R. Krausman and Anne L. Casey, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 807, pp. 1-4 (2007) 6Antidorcas marsupialis, James W. Cain III, Paul R. Krausman, and Heather L. Germaine, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 753, pp. 1–7 (2004) 7Kori Bustard Species Survival Plan (Ardeotis kori) Husbandry Manual, Sara Hallager, Jeanette Boylan, September 2004 8Boselaphus tragocamelus, DAVID M. LESLIE, JR., MAMMALIAN SPECIES 813:1–16 (2008) 9The Serengeti food web: empirical quantification and analysis of topological changes under increasing human impact, Sara N. de Visser, Bernd P. Freymann and Han Olff, Journal of Animal Ecology 2011, 80, 484–494 106.1 Side-striped jackal, Canis adustus, R.P.D. Atkinson and A.J. Loveridge, Sillero-Zubiri, C., Hoffmann, M. and Macdonald, D.W. (eds). 2004. Canids: Foxes, Wolves, Jackals and Dogs. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN/SSC Canid Specialist Group. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. x + 430 pp. 11Canis mesomelas, Lyle R. Walton and Damien O. Joly, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 715, pp. 1–9 (2003) 12Equus grevyi, C. S. Churcher, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 453, pp. 1-9 (1993) 13Equus zebra, B. L. Penzhorn, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 314, pp. 1-7 (1988) 14Gazella gazella, Heinrich Mendelssohn, Yoram Yom-Tov, and Colin P. Groves, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 490, pp. 1-7 (1995) 15Heterohyrax brucei, Ronald E. Barry and Jeheskel Shoshani, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 645, pp. 1–7 (2000) 16Hystrix africaeaustralis, Erika L. Barthelmess, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 788, pp. 1-7 (2006) 17Predator–prey size relationships in an African large-mammal food web, Norman Owen-Smith and M. G. L. Mills, Journal of Animal Ecology Volume 77, Issue 1, Pages 173-183 18Madoqua guentheri, Steven C. Kingswood and Arlene T. Kumamoto, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 539, pp. 1-10 (1996) 19Madoqua kirkii, Steven C. Kingswood and Arlene T. Kumamoto, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 569, pp. 1-10 (1997) 20Predation by Forest Eagle-Owl Bubo nipalensis on Mouse Deer Moschiola meminna, Nandini R, Indian Birds Vol. 1 No. 5 (September-October 2005), p. 119-120 21Okapia johnstoni, Richard E. Bodmer and George B. Rabb, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 422, pp. 1-8 (1992) 22Orycteropus afer, Jeheskel Shoshani, Corey A. Goldman, and J. G. M. Thewissen, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 300, pp. 1-8 (1988) 236.6 Bat-eared fox, Otocyon megalotis, J.A.J. Nel and B. Maas, Sillero-Zubiri, C., Hoffmann, M. and Macdonald, D.W. (eds). 2004. Canids: Foxes, Wolves, Jackals and Dogs. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN/SSC Canid Specialist Group. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. x + 430 pp. 24Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 25International Flea Database 26Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. Specially protected natural territories of the Russian Federation, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature), Conservation International & NatureServe.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011