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Uncia uncia (Snow leopard)

Wikipedia Abstract

The snow leopard (Panthera uncia or Uncia uncia) is a moderately large cat native to the mountain ranges of Central Asia. The classification of this species has been subject to change and is still classified as Uncia uncia by MSW3 as of 2000 and CITES Appendix I. However with more recent genetic studies the snow leopard is now generally considered as Panthera uncia and classified as such by IUCN.
View Wikipedia Record: Uncia uncia

Endangered Species

Status: Endangered
View IUCN Record: Uncia uncia

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
3
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
55
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 8.09
EDGE Score: 4.29

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  110.23 lbs (50.00 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  1.05 lbs (475 g)
Female Maturity [1]  2 years
Male Maturity [1]  2 years
Diet [2]  Carnivore
Gestation [1]  3 months 6 days
Litter Size [1]  2
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  21 years
Nocturnal [2]  Yes
Weaning [1]  77 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Map Climate Land
Use
Afghan Mountains semi-desert Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Alai-Western Tian Shan steppe Kazahkstan, Uzbekistan, Tadjikistan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Alashan Plateau semi-desert China, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Altai alpine meadow and tundra China, Kazakstan, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Altai montane forest and forest steppe China, Kazakstan, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Altai steppe and semi-desert Kazahkstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Baluchistan xeric woodlands Pakistan, Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Afghan Mountains xeric woodlands Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Asian northern desert Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Tibetan Plateau alpine steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
East Afghan montane conifer forests Pakistan, Afghanistan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Eastern Gobi desert steppe China, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Eastern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Eastern Himalayan broadleaf forests India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests Bhutan, India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Coniferous Forests
Emin Valley steppe China, Kazakstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Ghorat-Hazarajat alpine meadow Afghanistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Gissaro-Alai open woodlands Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Gobi Lakes Valley desert steppe Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Great Lakes Basin desert steppe Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Hengduan Mountains subalpine conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Himalayan subtropical pine forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Hindu Kush alpine meadow Afghanistan, Pakistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Junggar Basin semi-desert China, Kazakstan, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Karakoram-West Tibetan Plateau alpine steppe Pakistan, China, Afghanistan, India Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Kazakh forest steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Khangai Mountains alpine meadow Mongolia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Khangai Mountains conifer forests Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Mongolian-Manchurian grassland China, Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
North Tibetan Plateau-Kunlun Mountains alpine desert China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Northeastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests China, India, Bhutan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northwestern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows China, Pakistan, India Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Nujiang Langcang Gorge alpine conifer and mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Pamir alpine desert and tundra China, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Paropamisus xeric woodlands Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Qaidam Basin semi-desert China Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Qilian Mountains conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Qilian Mountains subalpine meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Qionglai-Minshan conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Sayan Alpine meadows and tundra Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Sayan Intermontane steppe Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Sayan montane conifer forests Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Selenge-Orkhon forest steppe Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southeast Tibet shrub and meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Taklimakan desert China Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tian Shan foothill arid steppe China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tian Shan montane conifer forests China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Tian Shan montane steppe and meadows China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Tibetan Plateau alpine shrub and meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Western Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows India, Nepal Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Western Himalayan broadleaf forests India, Pakistan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Himalayan subalpine conifer forests India, Pakistan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Coniferous Forests
Yarlung Tsangpo arid steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Ajar Valley Wildlife Sanctuary Wildlife Reserve IV 158064 Afghanistan  
Aksu-Dzhabagly Nature Reserve State Nature Reserve Ia 183489 Kazakhstan  
Altaisky Zapovednik Ia 2177587 Altai, Russia
Great Gobi National Park Ia 13211440 Mongolia  
Great Himalayan National Park II 184040 Himachal Pradesh, India
Katunsky Biosphere Reserve 393162 Altai, Russia
Khakassia State Nature Reserve 661168 Khakassia, Russia
Kurgal'dzhinskiy Nature Reserve State Nature Reserve Ia 618861 Kazakhstan  
Medog Nature Reserve   China        
Mount Everest (Sagarmatha) National Park II 275416 Nepal
Namdapha National Park II   Arunachal Pradesh, India
Nanda Devi National Park II 161583 Uttaranchal, India  
Nuristan Reserve National Park 1419914 Afghanistan  
Pamir-i-Buzurg Wildlife Sanctuary Wildlife Reserve IV 199583 Afghanistan  
Sayano-Shushenskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 964620 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Sokhondinskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 521363 Chita, Russia
Tunkinsky National Park 2924892 Buryatia, Russia
Ubsunurskaya Kotlovina (Ubsunur Depression) Zapovednik Ia 798640 Tuva, Russia
Wolong Nature Reserve V 826140 Sichuan, China  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website Map
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Mountains of Central Asia Afghanistan, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan No
Mountains of Southwest China China, Myanmar No

Emblem of

Afghanistan

Prey / Diet

Apodemus rusiges (Kashmir field mouse)[3]
Bos grunniens (yak)[3]
Capra falconeri (markhor)[4]
Capra ibex (ibex)[4]
Capra sibirica (Siberian ibex)[5]
Cricetulus migratorius (gray dwarf hamster)[3]
Hemitragus jemlahicus (Himalayan tahr)[4]
Lepus capensis (Cape Hare)[3]
Marmota caudata (long-tailed marmot)[3]
Ovis ammon (argali)[6]
Ovis aries (mouflon)[4]
Paguma larvata (Masked Palm Civet)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Athene noctua (Little Owl)1
Canis lupus (Wolf)2
Cuon alpinus (Dhole)1
Gypaetus barbatus (Bearded Vulture)1
Lynx lynx (Eurasian Lynx)1
Vormela peregusna (Marbled Polecat)1

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Callopsylla dolabris[7]
Taenia hydatigena <Unverified Name>[8]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Akron Zoological Park
Albuquerque Biological Park
Almaty State Zoo of Kazakhstan
Assiniboine Park Zoo
Banham Zoo Ltd.
Binder Park Zoo
Blank Park Zoo of Des Moines
Bogi Khaivonoti Dushanbe
Bramble Park Zoo
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Society
Buffalo Zoological Gardens
Calgary Zoo, Garden & Prehistoric Park
Cape May County Park Zoo
Capron Park Zoo
Central Park Zoo
Chahinkapa Zoo
Chattanooga Zoo at Warner Park
Cheyenne Mtn Zoological Park
Chicago Zoological Park
Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden
Cleveland Metroparks Zoo
Cologne Zoo
Columbus Zoo and Aquarium
Dakota Zoo
Denver Zoological Gardens
Dudley Zoological Gardens
Espace Zoolog de St-Martin-la-Plaine
Exotic Feline Breeding Compound Inc.
Granby Zoo / Zoo de Granby
Great Plains Zoo
Grodznenski Dzyarzhauny Zaalagichny Pa
Helsinki Zoo
Himalayan Nature Park
Howletts Wild Animal Park
International Exotic Animal Sanctuary
Jardim Zoologico / Lisbon Zoo
Jardin Zoologico de Cdad.Buenos Aires
Johannesburg Zoological Gardens
John Ball Zoological Garden
Jungle Cat World Wildlife Park Inc.
Kaliningrad Zoo
Kazan Zoological & Botanical Garden
Kishinev Zoopark
Kolmardens Djurpark AB
Lake Superior Zoological Gardens
Le Parc des Felins
Lee Richardson Zoo
Leningrad Zoo - St. Petersburg
Lietuvos Zoologijos Sodas
Lincoln Park Zoological Gardens
Linton Zoological Gardens
Los Angeles Zoo & Botanical Gardens
Louisville Zoological Garden
Marwell Wildlife
Münchener Tierpark Hellabrunn
Melbourne Zoo
Memphis Zoological Garden & Aquarium
Menagerie du Jardin des Plantes
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsaw
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny, Plock
Mill Mountain Zoo
Miller Park Zoo
Milwaukee County Zoological Gardens
Mogo Zoo P/L
Moonridge Animal Park
Moscow Zoological Park
Mulhouse Zoo
Nagoya Higashiyama Zoo
National Zoo & Aquarium
NEW Zoo
Nordens Ark
Novosibirsk Zoological Park
Nyíregyházi Állatpark Nonprofit KFT
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Opolu, Opole
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Poznaniu
Oklahoma City Zoological Park
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Padmaja Naidu Himalayan Zool. Park
Paradise Wildlife Park
Parc Paysager Et Animalier Du Reynou
Parc Zoologique d'Amneville
Parc Zoologique de La Palmyre
Parc Zoologique de Tregomeur
Parco Faunistico La Torbiera
Parco Natura Viva
Parco Zoo Punta Verde
Park i Ogrod Zoologiczny w Krakowie
Permskii Zoologicheskii Sad
Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquarium
Podkrusnohorsky Zoopark Chomutov
Port Lympne Wild Animal Park
Potawatomi Zoo
Potter Park Zoological Gardens
Rare Species Conservation Centre
Roger Williams Park Zoo
Rolling Hills Wildlife Adventure
Rome Zoo-Fondazione Bioparco di Roma
Roosevelt Park Zoo
Rosamond Gifford Zoo at Burnet Park
Rostock Zoologischer Garten
Sacramento Zoo
Safari de Peaugres
Saint Louis Zoological Park
Salzburg Zoo Hellbrunn
San Diego Zoo
San Francisco Zoological Gardens
Santa Barbara Zoological Gardens
Seneca Park Zoo
Seoul Zoo
Shenyang Zoological Garden
Silesian Zoological Garden
St. Paul's Como Zoo
Sunset Zoo
Szeged Zoo
Tallinn Zoo
Tama Zoological Park
Taronga Zoo
Tautphaus Park Zoo
The Philadelphia Zoo
Thoiry Zoological Park
Thrigby Hall Wildlife Gardens
Tiergarten der Stadt Nürnberg
Tierpark Berlin-Friedrichsfelde GmbH
Toledo Zoological Gardens
Toronto Zoo
Tulsa Zoo & Living Museum
Twycross Zoo
Usti nad Labem Zoo
Utah's Hogle Zoo
Valley Zoo & John Janzen Nature Center
Welsh Mountain Zoo
Wild Animal Park Mechelen Planckendael
Wildlife Heritage Foundation
Wilhelma Zoo
Woodland Park Zoological Gardens
Zagreb Zoo / Zooloski vrt Zagreb
Zoo Ahtari (Ähtärin Eläinpuisto Oy)
Zoo Boise
Zoo d'Asson
Zoo de Doue-la-Fontaine
Zoo de Jurques
Zoo de Pont-Scorff
Zoo de Santillana y Parque Cuaternario
Zoo Dresden GmbH
Zoo Krefeld GmbH
Zoo New England, Stone Zoo
Zoo Parc de Beauval
Zoo Santo Inácio Vila Nova de Gaia
Zoo Zürich
Zoological Society of Ireland-Dublin
Zoologicka zahrada Ostrava
Zoologicka Zahrada Jihlava
Zoologicka zahrada Liberec
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzen
Zoologischer Garten Basel
Zoologischer Garten Leipzig
Zoologischer Garten Magdeburg
Zoologischer Garten Wuppertal

Distribution

Azas Zapovednik; Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China); Southern Asia;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Wozencraft W.C., 15-Aug-2007, ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System in Catalog of Life 2011
Endangered Status provided by IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2 <www.iucnredlist.org> Downloaded on 11 April 2013.
Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 3RUKHSANA KHATOON, (2010) DIET SELECTION OF SNOW LEOPARD (Uncia uncia) IN CHITRAL AREA Master of Philosophy Thesis, Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan 4Uncia uncia, Helmet Hemmer, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 20, pp. 1-5 (1972) 5Capra sibirica, Alexander K. Fedosenko and David A. Blank, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 675, pp. 1–13 (2001) 6Ovis ammon, Alexander K. Fedosenko and David A. Blank, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 773, pp. 1–15 (2005) 7International Flea Database 8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. Specially protected natural territories of the Russian Federation, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011