Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Carnivora > Felidae > Acinonyx > Acinonyx jubatus
 

Acinonyx jubatus (Cheetah)

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
8
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
55
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 18.01
EDGE Score: 4.33

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  117.95 lbs (53.50 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  1.08 lbs (489 g)
Female Maturity [1]  1 year 3 months
Male Maturity [1]  1 year 3 months
Diet [2]  Carnivore
Gestation [1]  88 days
Litter Size [1]  3
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  21 years
Speed [3]  62.97 MPH (28.15 m/s)
Weaning [1]  3 months 17 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Map Climate Land
Use
Albany thickets South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Angolan Miombo woodlands Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Angolan montane forest-grassland mosaic Angola Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Angolan Mopane woodlands Angola, Namibia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Angolan Scarp savanna and woodlands Angola Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Arabian Peninsula coastal fog desert Oman, Yemen, Saudi Arabia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Atlantic coastal desert Mauritania, Western Sahara Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests Iran, Azerbaijan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Central Persian desert basins Iran, Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Zambezian Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola, Zambia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Drakensberg alti-montane grasslands and woodlands South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Drakensberg montane grasslands, woodlands and forests South Africa, Swaziland, Lesotho Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
East African halophytics Tanzania Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
East Saharan montane xeric woodlands Chad, Sudan Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
East Sudanian savanna Chad, Central African Republic, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Eastern Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Mozambique Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Eastern Zimbabwe montane forest-grassland mosaic Zimbabwe, Mozambique Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Elburz Range forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests    
Eritrean coastal desert Eritrea Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Ethiopian xeric grasslands and shrublands Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Etosha Pan halophytics Namibia Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Highveld grasslands South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Hobyo grasslands and shrublands Somalia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Inner Niger Delta flooded savanna Mali Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Itigi-Sumbu thicket Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Kalahari Acacia-Baikiaea woodlands Botswana, Namibia, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Kalahari xeric savanna Botswana, Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kopet Dag semi-desert Iran, Turkmenistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kopet Dag woodlands and forest steppe Iran, Turkmenistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Kuh Rud and Eastern Iran montane woodlands Iran Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Lake Chad flooded savanna Nigeria, Chad, Niger Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Lowland fynbos and renosterveld South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mandara Plateau mosaic Cameroon, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Maputaland-Pondoland bushland and thickets South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Masai xeric grasslands and shrublands Kenya Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Mediterranean acacia-argania dry woodlands and succulent thickets Morocco, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean conifer and mixed forests Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Mediterranean dry woodlands and steppe Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean High Atlas juniper steppe Morocco Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Mediterranean woodlands and forests Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Montane fynbos and renosterveld South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Nama Karoo Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Namibian savanna woodlands Angola, Namibia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
North Saharan steppe and woodlands Egypt, Libya, Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco, Western Sahara, Mauritania Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Northern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Northern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Registan-North Pakistan sandy desert Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Saharan flooded grasslands Sudan Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Saharan halophytics Egypt, Tunisia, Algeria, Mauritania, Western Sahara Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Sahelian Acacia savanna Senegal, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Serengeti volcanic grasslands Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Somali Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Somali montane xeric woodlands Somalia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Iran Nubo-Sindian desert and semi-desert Iran, Iraq, Pakistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Malawi montane forest-grassland mosaic Malawi, Mozambique Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
South Saharan steppe and woodlands Mauritania, Mali, Algeria, Niger, Chad, Sudan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Southern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Southern Africa bushveld Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Southern Miombo woodlands Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Southern Rift montane forest-grassland mosaic Malawi, Tanzania Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Tibesti-Jebel Uweinat montane xeric woodlands Chad, Libya Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
West Saharan montane xeric woodlands Algeria, Niger, Mali, Mauritania Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
West Sudanian savanna Senegal, Guinea, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Niger, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Western Zambezian grasslands Angola, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Zagros Mountains forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Zambezian and Mopane woodlands South Africa, Mozambique, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Namibia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Zambezian Baikiaea woodlands Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Zambezian coastal flooded savanna Mozambique Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Zambezian Cryptosepalum dry forests Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Zambezian flooded grasslands Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of Congo, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Zambezian halophytics Mozambique, Botswana Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Amboseli National Park National Reserve II 99624 Kenya
Azraq Wetland Reserve IV   Jordan
Badghyz Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 215164 Turkmenistan  
Dinder National Park II 2088300 Sudan  
Foret Classee de la Mare Aux Hippopotames Bird Reserve IV 37906 Burkina Faso  
Itala Game Reserve Provincial Nature Reserve II 72822 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Kalahari Gemsbok National Park II 2382284 Northern Cape, South Africa
Kora National Park II 409762 Kenya
Kruger National Park II 4718115 Mpumalanga, South Africa
Kruger to Canyons Biosphere Reserve   Mpumalanga, South Africa  
Lake Nakuru National Park II 46472 Kenya  
Mamili National Park II 83904 Namibia  
Mount Kulal Biosphere Reserve 1729738 Kenya  
Mujib Nature Reserve Wildlife Reserve IV   Jordan
Namib-Naukluft National Park II 12585619 Namibia  
Parc National de la Boucle du Baoule National Park II 977883 Mali  
Parc National de Waza National Park II 349858 Cameroon  
Radom National Park II   Sudan  
Reserve de la Biosphere de la Pendjari Biosphere Reserve 217453 Benin  
Serengeti-Ngorongoro Biosphere Reserve 5696026 Tanzania  
Skeleton Coast Game Park II 4168395 Namibia  
South Luangwa National Park II 2220358 Zambia  
Tassili N'Ajjer National Park II 24545308 Algeria  
Tsavo East National Park II 3232255 Kenya

Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website Map
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Horn of Africa Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Yemen No
Irano-Anatolian Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Turkmenistan No
Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland No

Emblem of

Kenya

Prey / Diet

Addax nasomaculatus (addax)[4]
Aepyceros melampus (impala)[5]
Antidorcas marsupialis (springbok)[6]
Equus zebra (mountain zebra)[7]
Madoqua guentheri (Günther's dik-dik)[8]
Madoqua kirkii (Kirk's dik-dik)[9]
Orycteropus afer (Aardvark)[10]
Oryx gazella (gemsbok)[6]
Otocyon megalotis (Bat-eared Fox)[11]
Taurotragus oryx (eland)[12]
Tragelaphus scriptus (bushbuck)[13]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aquila rapax (Tawny Eagle)2
Aquila spilogaster (African Hawk-Eagle)1
Aquila verreauxii (Verreaux's Eagle)2
Asio capensis (Marsh Owl)1
Bubo africanus (Spotted Eagle-Owl)1
Bubo lacteus (Verreaux's Eagle-Owl)2
Canis mesomelas (Black-backed Jackal)6
Caracal caracal (Caracal)4
Crocuta crocuta (Spotted Hyena)8
Felis silvestris (Wildcat)1
Hyaena brunnea (Brown Hyena)1
Leptailurus serval (Serval)3
Lycaon pictus (African wild dog)9
Panthera leo (Lion)8
Panthera pardus (Leopard)10
Polemaetus bellicosus (Martial Eagle)4
Python sebae (African Rock Python)3
Terathopius ecaudatus (Bateleur)1
Varanus exanthematicus (Savannah Monitor)1

Predators

Panthera leo (Lion)[5]
Panthera pardus (Leopard)[5]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Ancylostoma brasiliense[14]
Ancylostoma caninum[14]
Ancylostoma iperodontatum <Unverified Name>[14]
Ancylostoma paraduodenale <Unverified Name>[14]
Ancylostoma tubaeforme[14]
Capillaria pachykeramota <Unverified Name>[14]
Galoncus perniciosus <Unverified Name>[14]
Mycobacterium bovis (Bovine tuberculosis)[15]
Sarcoptes scabiei (itch mite)[15]
Taenia acinonyxi <Unverified Name>[14]
Taenia gonyamai <Unverified Name>[14]
Taenia hlosei <Unverified Name>[14]
Toxocara cati (feline roundworm)[14]
Trichinella nelsoni <Unverified Name>[14]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Africa Alive!
Al Ain Zoo
 jubatus
Al Bustan Zoological Centerjubatus
Al-Wabra Wildlife Preservation
 soemmeringii
Albuquerque Biological Park
Almaty State Zoo of Kazakhstanjubatus
Attica Zoological Park S.A.jubatus
Auckland Zoological Parkjubatus
Australia Zoojubatus
Banham Zoo Ltd.
 jubatus
Binder Park Zoo
 jubatus
Boras Djurpark Zoojubatus
BREC's Baton Rouge Zoojubatus
Brevard Zoo
 jubatus
Burger's Zoo
 jubatus
Caldwell Zoo
 jubatus
Cango Wildlife Ranchjubatus
Cape May County Park Zoojubatus
Central Florida Zoological Park
CERZA Centre d'Etude Rech Zool Augeron
 soemmeringii
Cheetah Conservation Fund
 hecki
 jubatus
Chehaw Wild Animal Parkjubatus
Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Gardenjubatus
City of Belfast Zoojubatus
Cleveland Metroparks Zoojubatus
Colchester Zoo
Cologne Zoojubatus
Columbus Zoo and Aquariumjubatus
Dallas Zoo
 jubatus
Denver Zoological Gardensjubatus
Dept. of National Zoological Gardensjubatus
Dickerson Park Zoo
 jubatus
Dierenpark Amersfoortsoemmeringii
Disney's Animal Kingdom
Espace Zoologique la Boissiere du Dore
Exmoor Zoological Park
Fort Worth Zoological Park
Fossil Rim Wildlife Center
 jubatus
Fota Wildlife Park
 jubatus
GaiaPark, Kerkrade Zoojubatus
Great Plains Zoojubatus
Greater Vancouver Zoojubatus
Guadalajara Zoo
Hamilton Zoo
Honolulu Zoo
 jubatus
Houston Zoo, Inc.jubatus
Indianapolis Zoojubatus
International Animal Exchange, Inc.
Jacksonville Zoo and Gardensjubatus
Jardim Zoologico / Lisbon Zoojubatus
Jardin Zoologico de Cdad.Buenos Aires
Johannesburg Zoological Gardens
Kansas City Zoo
 jubatus
Khao Kheow Open Zoojubatus
Knoxville Zoological Gardens
Le Parc des Felins
 jubatus
Maktoum Wildlife Centresoemmeringii
Marwell Wildlife
Maryland Zoo in Baltimore
 jubatus
Münchener Tierpark Hellabrunnjubatus
Memphis Zoological Garden & Aquariumjubatus
Miami Metrozoojubatus
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny w Lodzjubatus
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsaw
 jubatus
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Wybrzezajubatus
Milwaukee County Zoological Gardens
Mokopane Biodiversity Conservation Centre
 jubatus
Monarto Zoological Parkjubatus
Monde Sauvage Safari SPRL
 jubatus
Montgomery Zoojubatus
Moscow Zoological Park
 jubatus
Mulhouse Zoo
Nakhon Ratchasima Zool. Park
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africajubatus
National Zoo & Aquarium
 jubatus
North of England Zoological Societysoemmeringii
Novosibirsk Zoological Parkjubatus
Nyíregyházi Állatpark Nonprofit KFT
 jubatus
Oasys Parque del Desierto de Tabernas
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Opolu, Opole
 jubatus
Oklahoma City Zoological Parkjubatus
Olmense Zoo
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
 jubatus
Opel-Zoo von Opel HessischeZoostiftung
Orana Wildlife Park
 jubatus
Paignton Zoo Environmental Parkjubatus
Paradise Wildlife Park
Parc de la Haute Touche (MNHN)
Parc de Lunaret
Parc Paysager Et Animalier Du Reynou
Parc Zoologic de Barcelona
Parc Zoologique d'Amnevillejubatus
Parc Zoologique de Champrépus
Parc Zoologique de La Palmyresoemmeringii
Parco Faunistico La Torbiera
Parco Natura Vivajubatus
Parco Zoo di Falconarajubatus
Parken Zoo i Eskilstuna AB
 jubatus
Perth Zoological Gardensjubatus
Phoenix Zoojubatus
Planete Sauvage
Port Lympne Wild Animal Parkjubatus
Ree Park - Ebeltoft Safari
 jubatus
Reserve Africaine de Sigean
Rostock Zoologischer Garten
 jubatus
Safari de Peaugres
 jubatus
Safari West
 jubatus
Safaripark Beekse Bergen
 jubatus
Saint Louis Zoological Park
 jubatus
Sakkarbaugh Zoo, Junagadhjubatus
Salzburg Zoo Hellbrunnjubatus
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquar
 jubatus
San Diego Wild Animal Park
 jubatus
San Diego Zoojubatus
Schoenbrunner Tiergarten GmbH
 jubatus
Scovill Zoojubatus
Sharjah Breeding Centre For Endangeredjubatus
 raineyi
 soemmeringii
Silesian Zoological Garden
Singapore Zoological Gardensjubatus
Six Flags Discovery Kingdomjubatus
Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute in Front Royal
 jubatus
Smithsonian National Zoological Park
 jubatus
Sri Chamarajendra Zoo (Mysore Zoo)
STB Kanta - Friguia Zoojubatus
Sunset Zoo
Szeged Zoojubatus
Tama Zoological Parkjubatus
Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo
Tbilisi Zoo
The Anne van Dyk Cheetah Centrejubatus
The Living Desert Zoo and Gardens
The Philadelphia Zoojubatus
The Tisch Family Zoological Gardensjubatus
The Wilds
 jubatus
Thoiry Zoological Park
Thuringer Zoopark Erfurt
Tiergarten Bernburgjubatus
Tiergarten der Stadt Nürnberg
 jubatus
Tierpark Berlin-Friedrichsfelde GmbHjubatus
Tierwelt Herbersteinjubatus
Toledo Zoological Gardensjubatus
Toronto Zoojubatus
Tulsa Zoo & Living Museum
Tygerberg Zoopark
Usti nad Labem Zoo
Virginia Safari Park & Preserv Ctr,Incjubatus
Wadi Al Safa Wildlife Centre
 soemmeringii
Wellington Zoo Trustjubatus
Werribee Open Range Zoojubatus
West Midland Safari & Leisure Park Ltd
 jubatus
Western Plains Zoo
Westfalischer Zoologischer Gtn Munster
 jubatus
Whipsnade Wild Animal Parksoemmeringii
White Oak Conservation Center
 jubatus
Wild Animal Park Mechelen Planckendaeljubatus
Wildlife Heritage Foundationjubatus
Wildlife Safari Inc
 jubatus
Wilhelma Zoo
 jubatus
Zagreb Zoo / Zooloski vrt Zagreb
Zoo de Doue-la-Fontaine
Zoo de Jurquesjubatus
Zoo de La Fleche
 jubatus
Zoo de Pont-Scorff
Zoo Dresden GmbH
Zoo Dvur Kralove, a.s.
 jubatus
Zoo Krefeld GmbH
 jubatus
Zoo Landau in der Pfalzsoemmeringii
Zoo Parc Overloonjubatus
Zoo Taiping & Night Safarijubatus
Zoological Garden Prague
 jubatus
Zoologicka Zahrada Bratislava
Zoologicka zahrada Liberec
 jubatus
Zoologicka zahrada Olomouc
 jubatus
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzensoemmeringii
Zoologischer Garten Baseljubatus
Zoologischer Garten Saarbrueckenjubatus
Zoologischer Garten Wuppertal
 jubatus

Range Map

Link to Map
Africa; Southern Asia; Tsavo National Park;

Audio

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Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Wozencraft W.C., 15-Aug-2007, ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 3Wikipedia licensed under a Creative Commons License 4Addax nasomaculatus, Paul R. Krausman and Anne L. Casey, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 807, pp. 1-4 (2007) 5Who's Eating Who 6The Namib: Detritus and Fog Dependence Scott Christy March 1st, 2006 7Equus zebra, B. L. Penzhorn, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 314, pp. 1-7 (1988) 8Madoqua guentheri, Steven C. Kingswood and Arlene T. Kumamoto, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 539, pp. 1-10 (1996) 9Madoqua kirkii, Steven C. Kingswood and Arlene T. Kumamoto, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 569, pp. 1-10 (1997) 10Orycteropus afer, Jeheskel Shoshani, Corey A. Goldman, and J. G. M. Thewissen, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 300, pp. 1-8 (1988) 116.6 Bat-eared fox, Otocyon megalotis, J.A.J. Nel and B. Maas, Sillero-Zubiri, C., Hoffmann, M. and Macdonald, D.W. (eds). 2004. Canids: Foxes, Wolves, Jackals and Dogs. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN/SSC Canid Specialist Group. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. x + 430 pp. 12Taurotragus oryx, Lindsay A. Pappas, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 689, pp. 1–5 (2002) 13Predator–prey size relationships in an African large-mammal food web, Norman Owen-Smith and M. G. L. Mills, Journal of Animal Ecology Volume 77, Issue 1, Pages 173-183 14Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 15Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Images provided by Google Image Search
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature), Conservation International & NatureServe.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2