Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Carnivora > Canidae > Nyctereutes > Nyctereutes procyonoides
 

Nyctereutes procyonoides (Raccoon dog)

Synonyms: Canis procyonoides

Wikipedia Abstract

The raccoon dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides, from the Greek words nukt-, "night" + ereutēs, "wanderer" + prokuōn, "before-dog" [but in New Latin used to mean "raccoon"] + -oidēs, "-oid"), also known as the mangut or tanuki, is a canid indigenous to East Asia. It is the only extant species in the genus Nyctereutes. It is considered a basal canid species, resembling ancestral forms of the family.
View Wikipedia Record: Nyctereutes procyonoides

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
3
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
21
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 7.26
EDGE Score: 2.11

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  14.33 lbs (6.50 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  75 grams
Female Maturity [1]  10 months 4 days
Male Maturity [1]  10 months 4 days
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Frugivore, Granivore
Diet - Ectothermic [2]  30 %
Diet - Endothermic [2]  10 %
Diet - Fruit [2]  30 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  20 %
Diet - Seeds [2]  10 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Gestation [1]  61 days
Hibernates [3]  Yes
Litter Size [1]  6
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  17 years
Nocturnal [3]  Yes
Weaning [1]  47 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Amur meadow steppe China, Russia Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Bohai Sea saline meadow China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas  
Central Asian northern desert Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central China loess plateau mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Changbai Mountains mixed forests China, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Changjiang Plain evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Da Hinggan-Dzhagdy Mountains conifer forests China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Daba Mountains evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Daurian forest steppe China, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
East Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Gissaro-Alai open woodlands Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Great Lakes Basin desert steppe Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Guizhou Plateau broadleaf and mixed forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Hainan Island monsoon rain forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Hengduan Mountains subalpine conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Hokkaido deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Hokkaido montane conifer forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Honshu alpine conifer forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Huang He Plain mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Indochina mangroves Thailand, Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Jian Nan subtropical evergreen forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Manchurian mixed forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea, China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Mongolian-Manchurian grassland China, Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Nenjiang River grassland China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Nihonkai evergreen forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Nihonkai montane deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Northeast China Plain deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northern Indochina subtropical forests China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Vietnam lowland rain forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Nujiang Langcang Gorge alpine conifer and mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Okhotsk-Manchurian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Ordos Plateau steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Qilian Mountains conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Qin Ling Mountains deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Qionglai-Minshan conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Red River freshwater swamp forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sakhalin Island taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Sayan Alpine meadows and tundra Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Sayan Intermontane steppe Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Sayan montane conifer forests Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Selenge-Orkhon forest steppe Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Sichuan Basin evergreen broadleaf forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
South China-Vietnam subtropical evergreen forests China, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Sakhalin-Kurile mixed forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
South Siberian forest steppe Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southeast Tibet shrub and meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Suiphun-Khanka meadows and forest meadows China, Russia Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Taiheiyo evergreen forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Taiheiyo montane deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Tian Shan foothill arid steppe China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tian Shan montane conifer forests China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Tian Shan montane steppe and meadows China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Trans-Baikal Bald Mountain tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Trans-Baikal conifer forests Russia, Mongolia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Ussuri broadleaf and mixed forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Yellow Sea saline meadow China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Yunnan Plateau subtropical evergreen forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Astrakhanskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 167827 Astrakhan, Russia
Azumayama Forest Forest Ecosystem Reserve IV   Fukushima, Japan  
Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve National Park II 218515 Belarus
Berezinskiy Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 209113 Belarus  
Bialowieza National Park II 11126 Poland
Buchenwälder der Weserhänge 1577 Germany  
Changbai Mountain Nature Reserve V 619089 Jilin, China  
Codru (Kodry) Zapovednik Scientific Reserve Ia   Moldova  
Darvinsky Zapovednik Ia 278421 Yaroslavl, Vologda, Russia
Daurskiy Biosphere Reserve 562659 Russia  
Daweishan Nature Reserve V 122415 Yunnan, China  
Dinghushan Nature Reserve V 2320 Guangdong, China  
Fanjingshan Nature Reserve V 86145 Guizhou, China  
Fujian Wuyishan Nature Reserve V 206754 Fujian, China  
Galichia Gora Zapovednik Ia 568 Lipetsk, Russia
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Kivach Zapovednik IV 26885 Karelia, Russia
Lukajno Lake Reserve Biosphere Reserve 3484 Poland  
Maolan Biosphere Reserve V 79467 Guizhou, China  
Mount Hakusan National Park V 219319 Toyama, Japan
Mount Odaigahara and Mount Omine Biosphere Reserve 88558 Kyushu, Japan  
Mount Sorak Biosphere Reserve   Korea, Republic of  
Nujiang Nature Reserve   China      
Okskiy Biosphere Reserve 190748 Russia  
Palava Protected Landscape Area V   Czech Republic  
Prioksko-Terrasny Biosphere Reserve IV 12219 Moscow, Russia
Reserve Srebarna Managed Reserve IV 2294 Bulgaria  
Ruegen   Germany      
Schorfheide-Chorin Biosphere Reserve 319164 Germany
Shiga Highland Biosphere Reserve 32124 Honshu, Japan  
Sikhote-Alinskiy Biosphere Reserve 978001 Russia  
Slowinski National Park II 50972 Poland    
Sokhondinskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 521363 Chita, Russia
Spreewald Biosphere Reserve 117355 Germany  
Teberdinskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 210198 Karachay-Cherkessia, Russia
Tianmushan Biosphere Reserve 47993 China  
Trebon Basin Protected Landscape Area V 173393 Czech Republic  
Tsentral'no-Chernozemny Biosphere Reserve Ia 13064 Kursk, Russia
Tsentral'no-Lesnoy Biosphere Reserve Ia 62630 Russia  
Visimskiy Zapovednik Biosphere Reserve 443816 Russia  
Voronezhskiy Biosphere Reserve 95835 Russia  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Japan Japan No
Mountains of Central Asia Afghanistan, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan No
Mountains of Southwest China China, Myanmar No

Emblem of

Japan

Prey / Diet

Mus musculus (house mouse)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Ardea cinerea (Grey Heron)1
Athene brama (Spotted Owlet)1
Tyto alba (Barn Owl)1
Vormela peregusna (Marbled Polecat)1

Predators

Aquila chrysaetos (Golden Eagle)[4]
Bubo bubo (Eurasian Eagle-Owl)[4]
Canis lupus (Wolf)[4]
Gulo gulo (Wolverine)[4]
Haliaeetus pelagicus (Steller's Sea-Eagle)[4]
Lynx lynx (Eurasian Lynx)[4]
Martes flavigula (Yellow-throated Marten)[4]
Martes melampus (Japanese Marten)[4]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Alaria alata <Unverified Name>[5]
Ancylostoma caninum[5]
Ancylostoma kusimaense <Unverified Name>[5]
Aonchotheca putorii <Unverified Name>[5]
Arthrostoma miyazakiense <Unverified Name>[5]
Atyphloceras shogakii[6]
Brachylaima tokudai <Unverified Name>[5]
Centrorhynchus elongatus[5]
Ceratophyllus anisus <Unverified Name>[6]
Ceratophyllus argus <Unverified Name>[6]
Chaetopsylla jamesoni[6]
Chaetopsylla mikado[6]
Chaetopsylla mirabilis[6]
Concinnum ten <Unverified Name>[5]
Coxiella burnetii[7]
Crenosoma vulpis[5]
Ctenocephalides canis (Dog flea)[6]
Ctenocephalides felis (Cat flea)[6]
Diphyllobothrium erinacei <Unverified Name>[5]
Dirofilaria immitis (Heartworm)[5]
Echinochasmus perfoliatus <Unverified Name>[5]
Echinococcus multilocularis[5]
Echinoparyphium recurvatum[5]
Echinostoma cinetorchis <Unverified Name>[5]
Eucoleus aerophilus <Unverified Name>[5]
Euparagonimus hongzesiensis <Unverified Name>[5]
Euparyphium melis <Unverified Name>[5]
Macracanthorhynchus catulinus[5]
Mesocestoides lineatus <Unverified Name>[5]
Mesocestoides paucitesticulus <Unverified Name>[5]
Metagonimus miyatai <Unverified Name>[5]
Metagonimus takahashii[5]
Metagonimus yokogawai[5]
Metorchis bilis[5]
Molineus legerae <Unverified Name>[5]
Molineus patens <Unverified Name>[5]
Nanophyetus salmincola <Unverified Name>[5]
Neopsylla japonica[6]
Opisthorchis felineus[5]
Paraceras melis flabellum[6]
Paragonimus miyazakii <Unverified Name>[5]
Paragonimus ohirai <Unverified Name>[5]
Paragonimus skrjabini <Unverified Name>[5]
Paragonimus westermani <Unverified Name>[5]
Pearsonema plica <Unverified Name>[5]
Prosostephanus industrius <Unverified Name>[5]
Pseudamphistomum truncatum[5]
Pulex irritans (human flea)[6]
Pygidiopsis summa[7]
Sarcoptes scabiei (itch mite)[7]
Schistosoma japonicum <Unverified Name>[5]
Spirometra erinacei <Unverified Name>[5]
Spirometra erinacei-europaei <Unverified Name>[5]
Strongyloides erschowi <Unverified Name>[5]
Taenia crassiceps[5]
Taenia hydatigena <Unverified Name>[5]
Taenia multiceps <Unverified Name>[5]
Taenia pisiformis[5]
Taenia polyacantha[5]
Toxascaris leonina[5]
Toxocara canis[5]
Toxocara tanuki <Unverified Name>[5]
Trichinella britovi <Unverified Name>[5]
Trichinella nativa <Unverified Name>[5]
Trichinella pseudospiralis[5]
Trichinella spiralis (pork worm)[5]
Trichuris vulpis <Unverified Name>[5]
Uncinaria stenocephala (Northern hookworm)[5]
Yersinia pseudotuberculosis (Y. pseudotuberculosis)[7]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Aqua Zoo Friesland
Dierenrijk Europa
Domaine Zoologique de Pescheray
Inokashira Park Zoo
 viverrinus
Kaliningrad Zoo
Kharkiv Zoo
Kyiv Zoological Park
Leningrad Zoo - St. Petersburg
Minnesota Zoological Garden
Moscow Zoological Park
Niedersächsische Landesforsten
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Council
Nogeyama Zoological Gardens Yokohamaviverrinus
Osaka Municipal Tennoji Zool. Gdns.
 viverrinus
Parco Faunistico La Torbiera
Patronato del Parque Zoologico de Leon
Permskii Zoologicheskii Sad
Podkrusnohorsky Zoopark Chomutov
Ranua Wildlife Park
Red River Zoo
Riga Zoo
Rodbaston College
Rostock Zoologischer Garten
Singapore Zoological Gardens
Tallinn Zoo
Tama Zoological Parkviverrinus
Tierpark Dählhölzli
Ueno Zoological Gardensviverrinus
Yokohama Zool. Gardensviverrinus
Yorkshire Wildlife Park
Zoo Atlanta
Zoo De Servion
Zoo Duisburg AG
Zoological Garden of Polish Fauna
Zoologicka Zahrada Bratislava

Range Map

Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China); Southern Asia;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
4Nyctereutes procyonoides, Oscar G. Ward and Doris H. Wurster-Hill, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 358, pp. 1-5 (1990)
5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
6International Flea Database
7Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access