Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Carnivora > Canidae > Cerdocyon > Cerdocyon thous
 

Cerdocyon thous (Crab-eating Fox)

Synonyms: Canis thous

Wikipedia Abstract

The crab-eating fox (Cerdocyon thous), also known as the forest fox, wood fox, and the common fox, is an extant species of medium-sized canid endemic to the central part of South America, and which appeared during the Pliocene epoch. Cerdocyon comes from the Greek words kerdo (meaning fox) and cyon (dog) referring to the dog- and fox-like characteristics of this animal.
View Wikipedia Record: Cerdocyon thous

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
1
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
12
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 3.57
EDGE Score: 1.52

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  14.33 lbs (6.50 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  140 grams
Female Maturity [1]  9 months 4 days
Male Maturity [1]  9 months 4 days
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates)
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  50 %
Diet - Scavenger [2]  10 %
Diet - Vertibrates [2]  40 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Gestation [1]  55 days
Litter Size [1]  4
Litters / Year [1]  2
Maximum Longevity [1]  13 years
Nocturnal [3]  Yes
Weaning [1]  90 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Alta Paraná Atlantic forests Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Amazon-Orinoco-Southern Caribbean mangroves Brazil, Columbia, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela Neotropic Mangroves  
Apure-Villavicencio dry forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Araucaria moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Araya and Paria xeric scrub Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Atlantic Coast restingas Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Atlantic dry forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Bahia coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Bahia interior forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Beni savanna Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Caatinga Brazil Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Caatinga Enclaves moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Campos Rupestres montane savanna Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Catatumbo moist forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cauca Valley dry forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Cauca Valley montane forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cerrado Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Chiquitano dry forests Bolivia, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Cordillera La Costa montane forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cordillera Oriental montane forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Dry Chaco Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Guajira-Barranquilla xeric scrub Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Guianan Freshwater swamp forests Suriname, Guyana, French Guiana Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan Highlands moist forests Venezuela, Brazil, Guyana, Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan moist forests Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Brazil, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan piedmont and lowland moist forests Brazil, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Guianan savanna Brazil, Guyana, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Humid Chaco Argentina, Paraguay, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
La Costa xeric shrublands Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Lara-Falcón dry forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Llanos Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Madeira-Tapajós moist forests Brazil, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Magdalena Valley dry forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Magdalena Valley montane forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Magdalena-Urabá moist forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maracaibo dry forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Marajó varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maranhao Babatu forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mato Grosso seasonal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Negro-Branco moist forests Colombia, Venezuela, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeastern Brazil restingas Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northwestern Andean montane forests Colombia, Ecuador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Orinoco Delta swamp forests Venezuela, Guyana Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Orinoco wetlands Venezuela Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Pantanal Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Pantepuis Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Paraguana xeric scrub Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Paraná flooded savanna Argentina Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Pernambuco coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pernambuco interior forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Santa Marta montane forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Serra do Mar coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Sinú Valley dry forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southern Atlantic mangroves Brazil Neotropic Mangroves  
Southern Cone Mesopotamian savanna Argentina Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Southwest Amazon moist forests Peru, Brazil, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tocantins/Pindare moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Uruguayan savanna Uruguay, Brazil, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Venezuelan Andes montane forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Xingu-Tocantins-Araguaia moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bañados del Este Wetland Reserve 986054 Uruguay  
Bosque Mbaracayú Biosphere Reserve V 691895 Paraguay  
Caaguazú National Park II 33073 Paraguay  
Cerro Corá National Park II 31326 Paraguay  
Defensores del Chaco National Park II 1792493 Paraguay  
El Palmar National Park II   Entre Rios, Argentina  
El Rey National Park II 110298 Salta, Argentina
El Tuparro Natural National Park II 1366853 Colombia  
Estacion Biologica Beni Biosphere Reserve VI 335178 Bolivia  
Itabó Biological Reserve IV 34092 Paraguay  
Madidi National Park II 3194501 Bolivia  
Maracá Ecological Reserve Ia 257554 Roraima, Brazil  
Mburucuyá National Park II   Corrientes, Argentina  
Morombi Private Reserve Natural Private Reserve IV 68152 Paraguay  
Noel Kempff Mercado National Park II 4006523 Bolivia  
Pantanal National Park II 336935 Mato Grosso, Brazil  
Parque Nacional Canaima National Park II 7542183 Venezuela  
Parque Nacional Iguazú National Park II 115949 Argentina  
Parque Nacional Serranía San Luis National Park II 29816 Paraguay  
Río Negro National Park II 73775 Paraguay  
Río Pilcomayo National Park II 123699 Formosa, Argentina
Reserve de Biosphere Cerrado Biosphere Reserve II 1812 Parana, Brazil  
San Rafael, Reserva de Recursos Manejados Managed Resource Reserve VI 165840 Paraguay  
Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta (incl. Tayrona NP) National Park II 1031303 Colombia  
Teniente Enciso National Park II 102327 Paraguay  
Tierra Del Fuego National Park II 172861 Argentina
Tinfunqué National Park 607935 Paraguay  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Atlantic Forest Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay No
Cerrado Brazil No
Tropical Andes Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela No
Tumbes-Choco-Magdalena Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru No

Prey / Diet

Allagoptera arenaria[4]
Cereus fernambucensis[4]
Eupemphix nattereri[5]
Euterpe edulis[6]
Gracilinanus microtarsus (Brazilian Gracile Opossum)[7]
Ocypode quadrata (Atlantic ghost crab)[4]
Solanum americanum subsp. nutans (bird pepper)[8]
Solanum thomasiifolium[8]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aburria jacutinga (Black-fronted piping guan)1
Amazona vinacea (Vinaceous-breasted Amazon)1
Artibeus lituratus (great fruit-eating bat)1
Baillonius bailloni (saffron toucanet)1
Brotogeris tirica (Plain Parakeet)1
Carpornis cucullata (Hooded Berryeater)1
Carpornis melanocephala (Black-headed Berryeater)2
Celeus flavescens (Blond-crested Woodpecker)1
Euphonia violacea (Violaceous Euphonia)1
Euphonia xanthogaster (Orange-bellied Euphonia)1
Euryoryzomys russatus (intermediate rice rat)1
Helicops infrataeniatus (Werner's Keelback)1
Lipaugus lanioides (Cinnamon-vented Piha)1
Myiodynastes maculatus (Streaked Flycatcher)1
Orthogonys chloricterus (Olive-green Tanager)1
Oxyruncus cristatus (Sharpbill)1
Penelope jacquacu (Spix's Guan)1
Penelope obscura (Dusky-legged Guan)1
Penelope superciliaris (Rusty-margined Guan)1
Pipra rubrocapilla (Red-headed Manakin)1
Pitangus sulphuratus (Great Kiskadee)1
Procnias nudicollis (Bare-throated Bellbird)1
Procyon cancrivorus (Crab-eating Raccoon)3
Pteroglossus aracari (Black-necked Aracari)1
Pyroderus scutatus (Red-ruffed Fruitcrow)1
Pyrrhura frontalis (Reddish-bellied Parakeet)1
Ramphastos dicolorus (Green-billed Toucan)1
Ramphastos vitellinus (Channel-billed Toucan)1
Ramphocelus bresilius (Brazilian Tanager)1
Saltator maximus (Buff-throated Saltator)1
Schistochlamys melanopis (Black-faced Tanager)1
Selenidera maculirostris (Spot-billed Toucanet)1
Strix hylophila (Rusty-barred Owl)1
Strobilurus torquatus (Amazon Lava Lizard)1
Tapirus terrestris (South American tapir)1
Tityra cayana (Black-tailed Tityra)1
Trogon viridis (White-tailed Trogon)1
Turdus albicollis (White-necked Thrush)1
Turdus flavipes (Yellow-legged Thrush)1
Tyrannus melancholicus (Tropical Kingbird)1
Tyto alba (Barn Owl)1

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Alaria alata <Unverified Name>[9]
Ctenocephalides felis felis[10]
Dirofilaria immitis (Heartworm)[9]
Eritranis andricus[10]
Linognathus taeniotrichus[11]
Malacopsylla grossiventris[10]
Phthiropsylla agenoris[10]
Polygenis bohlsi bohlsi[10]
Polygenis bohlsi jordani[10]
Polygenis klagesi rangeli[10]
Polygenis occidentalis occidentalis[10]
Pulex irritans (human flea)[10]
Pulex simulans[10]
Rhopalopsyllus australis australis[10]
Rhopalopsyllus lutzi lutzi[10]
Rhopalopsyllus saevus[10]
Tiamastus palpalis[10]
Toxocara canis[9]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Barranquilla Zoo
 aquilus
Fundacao Parque Zoologico de Sao Paulo
Fundacion Zoologica de Cali
Parque Zoologico Jaime Duque - Bogota
Parque Zoologico Santa Fe

Range Map

South America;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
4Diet of two sympatric carnivores, Cerdocyon thous and Procyon cancrivorus, in a restinga area of Espirito Santo State, Brazil, Andressa Gatti, Rita Bianchi, Claudia Regina Xavier Rosa and Sérgio Lucena Mendes, Journal of Tropical Ecology (2006) 22:227–230
5Anurans as prey: an exploratory analysis and size relationships between predators and their prey, L. F. Toledo, R. S. Ribeiro & C. F. B. Haddad, Journal of Zoology 271 (2007) 170–177
6FRUITING PHENOLOGY AND FRUGIVORY ON THE PALM EUTERPE EDULIS IN A LOWLAND ATLANTIC FOREST IN BRAZIL, Mauro Galetti, Valesca B. Zipparro & Patricia C. Morellato, ECOTROPICA 5: 115-122, 1999
7Gracilinanus microtarsus (Didelphimorphia: Didelphidae), MATHIAS M. PIRES, EDUARDO G. MARTINS, MARIA NAZARETH F. SILVA, AND SERGIO F. DOS REIS, MAMMALIAN SPECIES 42(851):33–40 (2010)
8Seed dispersal of Solanum thomasiifolium Sendtner (Solanaceae) in the Linhares Forest, Espi&#769;rito Santo state, Brazil, João Vasconcellos-Neto, Lidiamar Barbosa de Albuquerque and Wesley Rodrigues Silva, Acta bot. bras. 23(4): 1171-1179. 2009
9Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
10International Flea Database
11Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access