Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Carnivora > Canidae > Chrysocyon > Chrysocyon brachyurus
 

Chrysocyon brachyurus (Maned Wolf)

Synonyms: Canis brachyurus

Wikipedia Abstract

The maned wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus) is the largest canid of South America. Its markings resemble those of foxes, but it is not a fox, nor is it a wolf, as it is not closely related to other canids.
View Wikipedia Record: Chrysocyon brachyurus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
1
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
22
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 3.57
EDGE Score: 2.21

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  47.40 lbs (21.50 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  368 grams
Female Maturity [1]  2 years
Diet [2]  Omnivore
Gestation [1]  64 days
Litter Size [1]  3
Maximum Longevity [1]  17 years
Nocturnal [2]  Yes
Weaning [1]  7 months 17 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Alta Paraná Atlantic forests Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Araucaria moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Atlantic dry forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Bahia coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Bahia interior forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Beni savanna Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Bolivian montane dry forests Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Caatinga Brazil Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Caatinga Enclaves moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Campos Rupestres montane savanna Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Cerrado Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Chiquitano dry forests Bolivia, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Dry Chaco Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Humid Chaco Argentina, Paraguay, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Madeira-Tapajós moist forests Brazil, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maranhao Babatu forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mato Grosso seasonal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pantanal Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Paraná flooded savanna Argentina Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Pernambuco coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pernambuco interior forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Serra do Mar coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Southern Cone Mesopotamian savanna Argentina Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Southwest Amazon moist forests Peru, Brazil, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Uruguayan savanna Uruguay, Brazil, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bosque Mbaracayú Biosphere Reserve V 691895 Paraguay  
Estacion Biologica Beni Biosphere Reserve VI 335178 Bolivia  
Estancia Sombrero Private Reserve   Paraguay      
Mburucuyá National Park II   Corrientes, Argentina  
Morombi Private Reserve Natural Private Reserve IV 68152 Paraguay  
Noel Kempff Mercado National Park II 4006523 Bolivia  
Parque Nacional Iguazú National Park II 115949 Argentina  
Parque Nacional Serranía San Luis National Park II 29816 Paraguay  
Río Negro National Park II 73775 Paraguay  
Río Pilcomayo National Park II 123699 Formosa, Argentina
Reserve de Biosphere Cerrado Biosphere Reserve II 1812 Parana, Brazil  
San Rafael, Reserva de Recursos Manejados Managed Resource Reserve VI 165840 Paraguay  
Tinfunqué National Park 607935 Paraguay  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Atlantic Forest Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay No
Cerrado Brazil No
Tropical Andes Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela No

Prey / Diet

Abuta grandifolia[3]
Alibertia edulis[3]
Annona coriacea[3]
Annona crassiflora[4]
Annona nutans[3]
Ara ararauna (Blue-and-yellow Macaw)[5]
Blastocerus dichotomus (marsh deer)[3]
Boa constrictor (Boa Constrictor)[3]
Bromelia ignaciana[3]
Brosimum acutifolium subsp. obovatum[3]
Brosimum gaudichaudii[3]
Calomys tener (delicate vesper mouse)[6]
Cavia aperea (Brazilian guinea pig)[6]
Cerradomys maracajuensis[3]
Cerradomys scotti[3]
Chrysocyon brachyurus (Maned Wolf)[3]
Chrysophyllum gonocarpum[3]
Clidemia capitata[3]
Clyomys bishopi (Bishop's fossorial spiny rat)[6]
Cordiera sessilis[4]
Duguetia furfuracea[4]
Emmotum nitens[3]
Euryoryzomys nitidus (elegant rice rat)[3]
Euterpe precatoria[3]
Genipa americana (jagua)[3]
Gracilinanus agilis (Agile Gracile Opossum)[3]
Holochilus brasiliensis (web-footed marsh rat)[3]
Juscelinomys huanchacae (Huanchaca akodont)[3]
Leptodactylus labyrinthicus (Labyrinth Frog)[7]
Marmosa murina (Linnaeus's Mouse Opossum)[3]
Mauritia flexuosa (muriti)[4]
Mauritiella armata[3]
Mesomys hispidus (spiny tree rat)[3]
Miconia albicans[3]
Moutabea aculeata[3]
Necromys lasiurus (hairy-tailed bolo mouse)[6]
Necromys lenguarum (Paraguayan bolo mouse)[3]
Oligoryzomys microtis (small-eared pygmy rice rat)[3]
Oligoryzomys nigripes (black-footed pygmy rice rat)[6]
Parinari obtusifolia[4]
Peritassa campestris[4]
Proechimys longicaudatus (long-tailed spiny rat)[3]
Pseudoryzomys simplex (Brazilian false rice rat)[3]
Salacia elliptica[3]
Solanum crinitum[4]
Solanum gomphodes[3]
Solanum lycocarpum (Wolf Apple)[4]
Solanum sisymbriifolium (Sticky Nightshade)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Amazona aestiva (Turquoise-fronted Amazon)1
Ara ararauna (Blue-and-yellow Macaw)1
Ara chloropterus (Red-and-green Macaw)1
Ara macao (Scarlet Macaw)1
Buteo albicaudatus (White-tailed Hawk)2
Callithrix penicillata (black-pencilled marmoset)1
Caracara plancus (Southern Crested Caracara)1
Cyanocorax cristatellus (Curl-crested Jay)1
Galictis cuja (Lesser Grison)1
Gnorimopsar chopi (Chopi Blackbird)1
Leopardus braccatus (Pantanal Cat)1
Lycalopex gymnocercus (Pampas Fox)1
Lycalopex vetulus (Hoary Fox)4
Orthopsittaca manilata (Red-bellied Macaw)1
Pecari tajacu (collared peccary)1
Pithecia albicans (buffy saki)1
Pseudoscops clamator (Striped Owl)4
Puma yagouaroundi (Jaguarundi)1
Schistochlamys melanopis (Black-faced Tanager)1
Tapirus terrestris (South American tapir)1
Tayassu pecari (white-lipped peccary)1
Thamnodynastes strigatus (Coastal House Snake)1
Thraupis palmarum (Palm Tanager)1

Predators

Chrysocyon brachyurus (Maned Wolf)[3]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Amblyomma auricularium[8]
Amblyomma ovale[8]
Amblyomma tigrinum[8]
Ancylostoma caninum[9]
Capillaria hepatica[9]
Dioctophyme renale[9]
Dirofilaria immitis (Heartworm)[9]
Echinococcus vogeli <Unverified Name>[9]
Linognathus taeniotrichus[3]
Molineus brachiurus <Unverified Name>[9]
Physaloptera praeputialis <Unverified Name>[9]
Spirocerca lupi[9]
Toxocara canis[9]
Trichuris vulpis <Unverified Name>[9]
Uncinaria stenocephala (Northern hookworm)[9]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Abilene Zoological Gardens
Alexandria Zoological Park
Artis Zoo
Audubon Zoo
Banham Zoo Ltd.
BREC's Baton Rouge Zoo
Buffalo Zoological Gardens
CERZA Centre d'Etude Rech Zool Augeron
City of Belfast Zoo
Connecticut's Beardsley Zoo
Denver Zoological Gardens
Dickerson Park Zoo
Durrell Wildlife Conservation Trust
Edinburgh Zoo-Scottish National Zoo
Endangered Wolf Center
Espace Zoolog de St-Martin-la-Plaine
Exmoor Zoological Park
Fossil Rim Wildlife Center
Fundacao Parque Zoologico de Sao Paulo
Fundacao Zoo-Botan. de Belo Horizonte
Galloway Wildlife Conservation Park
Houston Zoo, Inc.
Jardin Zoologico de Cdad.Buenos Aires
Jardin Zoologico Y Botanico De LaPlata
John Ball Zoological Garden
Lee Richardson Zoo
Lietuvos Zoologijos Sodas
Little Rock Zoological Gardens
Los Angeles Zoo & Botanical Gardens
Louisville Zoological Garden
Münchener Tierpark Hellabrunn
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsaw
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Wybrzeza
Monde Sauvage Safari SPRL
Montgomery Zoo
Moscow Zoological Park
Mulhouse Zoo
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africa
Natural Science Center of Greensboro
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Council
Nordens Ark
Novosibirsk Zoological Park
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Opolu, Opole
Oklahoma City Zoological Park
Paignton Zoo Environmental Park
Parc de Lunaret
Parc Paysager Et Animalier Du Reynou
Parc Zoologique d'Amiens
Parc Zoologique d'Amneville
Parc Zoologique de la Barben
Parco Faunistico La Torbiera
Park i Ogrod Zoologiczny w Krakowie
Parken Zoo i Eskilstuna AB
Parque De Animales Silvestres Temaikèn
Phoenix Zoo
Pueblo Zoo
Reserve Zoologique de Calviac
Riga Zoo
Rolling Hills Wildlife Adventure
Rotterdam Zoo
Safari de Peaugres
Salzburg Zoo Hellbrunn
Sedgwick County Zoo
Shepreth Wildlife Park
Silesian Zoological Garden
Singapore Zoological Gardens
Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute in Front Royal
Smithsonian National Zoological Park
Sunset Zoo
Szeged Zoo
Tallinn Zoo
Tiergarten der Stadt Nürnberg
Tiergarten Heidelberg
Tierpark Berlin-Friedrichsfelde GmbH
Tierwelt Herberstein
Ueno Zoological Gardens
Usti nad Labem Zoo
Western Plains Zoo
White Oak Conservation Center
Wildlife Safari Inc
Wildlife World Zoo
Wilhelma Zoo
Zagreb Zoo / Zooloski vrt Zagreb
Zoo d'Asson
Zoo de Doue-la-Fontaine
Zoo de La Fleche
Zoo de Pont-Scorff
Zoo Decin - Pastyrska Stena
Zoo des Sables d'Olonne
Zoo Dortmund
Zoological Garden Prague
Zoologicka Garden & Chateau Zlin-Lesna
Zoologicka zahrada Liberec
Zoologicka Zahrada Mesta Brna
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzen
Zoologická zahrada Hodonín
Zoologischer Garten Augsburg GmbH
Zoologischer Garten Frankfurt
Zoologischer Garten Leipzig

Range Map

South America;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 4The Frugivorous Diet of the Maned Wolf, Chrysocyon brachyurus, in Brazil: Ecology and Conservation, José Carlos Motta-Junior and Karina Martins, Seed Dispersal and Frugivory: Ecology, Evolution and Conservation, pp. 291-303 (2002) 5Feeding ecology of Ara ararauna (Aves, Psittacidae) at firebreaks in western Cerrado, Brazil, Dárius Pukenis Tubelis, Biotemas, 22 (2): 105-115, junho de 2009 6Small mammal selection and functional response in the diet of the maned wolf, Chrysocyon brachyurus (mammalia: Canidae), in southeast Brazil, Adriana A. Bueno and José Carlos Motta-Junior, Mastozoologia Neotropical 13.1 (Jan 2006): p11(9) 7Anurans as prey: an exploratory analysis and size relationships between predators and their prey, L. F. Toledo, R. S. Ribeiro & C. F. B. Haddad, Journal of Zoology 271 (2007) 170–177 8Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2. 9Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access