Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Carnivora > Canidae > Lycaon > Lycaon pictus
 

Lycaon pictus (African wild dog; African hunting dog)

Wikipedia Abstract

Lycaon pictus is a canid found only in Africa, especially in savannas and lightly wooded areas. It is variously called the African wild dog, African hunting dog, Cape hunting dog, painted dog, painted wolf, painted hunting dog, spotted dog, or ornate wolf.
View Wikipedia Record: Lycaon pictus

Infraspecies

Endangered Species

Status: Endangered
View IUCN Record: Lycaon pictus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
1
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
44
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 3.57
EDGE Score: 3.6

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  58.42 lbs (26.50 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  318 grams
Female Maturity [1]  1 year 9 months
Male Maturity [1]  1 year 9 months
Diet [2]  Carnivore
Gestation [1]  72 days
Litter Size [1]  8
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  17 years
Weaning [1]  3 months 1 day

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Map Climate Land
Use
Angolan Miombo woodlands Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Angolan montane forest-grassland mosaic Angola Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Angolan Mopane woodlands Angola, Namibia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Angolan Scarp savanna and woodlands Angola Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Central Zambezian Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola, Zambia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Drakensberg alti-montane grasslands and woodlands South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Drakensberg montane grasslands, woodlands and forests South Africa, Swaziland, Lesotho Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
East African halophytics Tanzania Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
East African montane forests Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
East African montane moorlands Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
East Saharan montane xeric woodlands Chad, Sudan Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
East Sudanian savanna Chad, Central African Republic, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Eastern Arc forests Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Mozambique Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Eastern Zimbabwe montane forest-grassland mosaic Zimbabwe, Mozambique Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Eritrean coastal desert Eritrea Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Ethiopian montane forests Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ethiopian montane grasslands and woodlands Ethiopia, Eritrea Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Ethiopian montane moorlands Ethiopia Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Ethiopian xeric grasslands and shrublands Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Etosha Pan halophytics Namibia Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Guinean forest-savanna mosaic Nigeria, Benin, Togo, Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Guinea-Bissau, Gambia, Senegal Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Highveld grasslands South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Hobyo grasslands and shrublands Somalia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Inner Niger Delta flooded savanna Mali Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Itigi-Sumbu thicket Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Kalahari Acacia-Baikiaea woodlands Botswana, Namibia, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Kalahari xeric savanna Botswana, Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Lake Chad flooded savanna Nigeria, Chad, Niger Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Mandara Plateau mosaic Cameroon, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Maputaland coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Swaziland, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maputaland-Pondoland bushland and thickets South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Masai xeric grasslands and shrublands Kenya Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Namibian savanna woodlands Angola, Namibia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Northern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Northern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, Central African Republic, Cameroon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Northern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Rwenzori-Virunga montane moorlands Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Rwanda Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Sahara desert Egypt, Sudan, Libya, Algeria, Mauritania, Mali, Chad, Niger Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Saharan flooded grasslands Sudan Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Sahelian Acacia savanna Senegal, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Serengeti volcanic grasslands Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Somali Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Somali montane xeric woodlands Somalia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Malawi montane forest-grassland mosaic Malawi, Mozambique Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
South Saharan steppe and woodlands Mauritania, Mali, Algeria, Niger, Chad, Sudan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Southern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Southern Africa bushveld Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Southern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Southern Miombo woodlands Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Southern Rift montane forest-grassland mosaic Malawi, Tanzania Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Tanzania, Malawi, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Victoria Basin forest-savanna mosaic Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
West Sudanian savanna Senegal, Guinea, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Niger, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Western Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Gabon, Congo, Democratic Rep of the Congo, Angola Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Western Zambezian grasslands Angola, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Zambezian and Mopane woodlands South Africa, Mozambique, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Namibia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Zambezian Baikiaea woodlands Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Zambezian coastal flooded savanna Mozambique Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Zambezian Cryptosepalum dry forests Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Zambezian flooded grasslands Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of Congo, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Bamingui-Bangoran Conservation Area National Park II 2783298 Central African Republic  
Dinder National Park II 2088300 Sudan  
Garamba National Park II 1237963 Democratic Republic of the Congo  
Kalahari Gemsbok National Park II 2382284 Northern Cape, South Africa
Kora National Park II 409762 Kenya
Kruger National Park II 4718115 Mpumalanga, South Africa
Kruger to Canyons Biosphere Reserve   Mpumalanga, South Africa  
Lake Nakuru National Park II 46472 Kenya  
Mahale Mountains National Park II 398414 Tanzania
Malolotja Nature Reserve IV 42044 Swaziland  
Mamili National Park II 83904 Namibia  
Mlawula Nature Reserve IV 46444 Swaziland  
Moremi Game Reserve IV 1214686 Botswana  
Mount Kenya Biosphere Reserve II 146694 Kenya
Okavango Delta System Wetland of International Importance 13683213 North-West, Botswana  
Ouadi Rimé-Ouadi Achim Faunal Reserve 19768430 Chad      
Parc National de la Comoe National Park II 2902593 Côte d'Ivoire  
Parc National du Niokolo-Koba National Park II 2046878 Senegal  
Pidaung Wildlife Sanctuary III 244241 Myanmar  
Queen Elizabeth National Park II 522052 Uganda
Radom National Park II   Sudan  
Reserve de la Biosphere de la Pendjari Biosphere Reserve 217453 Benin  
Serengeti-Ngorongoro Biosphere Reserve 5696026 Tanzania  
South Luangwa National Park II 2220358 Zambia  
Tsavo East National Park II 3232255 Kenya

Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website Map
Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa Kenya, Mozambique, Somalia, Tanzania No
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Horn of Africa Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Yemen No
Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland No

Prey / Diet

Addax nasomaculatus (addax)[3]
Aepyceros melampus (impala)[4]
Antidorcas marsupialis (springbok)[5]
Apalis flavida (Yellow-breasted Apalis)[6]
Connochaetes taurinus (blue wildebeest)[4]
Damaliscus lunatus (topi)[6]
Equus grevyi (Grevy's zebra)[7]
Equus quagga (quagga)[4]
Equus zebra (mountain zebra)[8]
Eremomela icteropygialis (Yellow-bellied Eremomela)[6]
Eupodotis senegalensis (White-bellied Bustard)[6]
Gazella thomsonii (Thomson's gazelle)[9]
Hystrix cristata (African porcupine)[6]
Kobus ellipsiprymnus (waterbuck)[10]
Madoqua kirkii (Kirk's dik-dik)[11]
Orycteropus afer (Aardvark)[12]
Otocyon megalotis (Bat-eared Fox)[13]
Ourebia ourebi (oribi)[6]
Papio hamadryas (hamadryas baboon)[4]
Pronolagus rupestris (Smith's Red Rockhare)[6]
Raphicerus campestris (steenbok)[9]
Redunca redunca (Bohar reedbuck)[6]
Steatomys pratensis (fat mouse)[6]
Taurotragus oryx (eland)[14]
Tragelaphus scriptus (bushbuck)[10]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acinonyx jubatus (Cheetah)9
Aonyx capensis (African Clawless Otter)1
Aquila rapax (Tawny Eagle)2
Aquila spilogaster (African Hawk-Eagle)1
Aquila verreauxii (Verreaux's Eagle)1
Asio capensis (Marsh Owl)6
Atelerix albiventris (Four-toed Hedgehog)1
Bubo africanus (Spotted Eagle-Owl)1
Bubo lacteus (Verreaux's Eagle-Owl)2
Bucorvus leadbeateri (Southern Ground Hornbill)1
Canis aureus (Golden Jackal)1
Canis mesomelas (Black-backed Jackal)9
Caracal caracal (Caracal)3
Crocodylus niloticus (Nile crocodile)2
Crocuta crocuta (Spotted Hyena)7
Dendroaspis polylepis (Black Mamba)4
Eremomela icteropygialis (Yellow-bellied Eremomela)1
Eupodotis senegalensis (White-bellied Bustard)1
Glaucidium perlatum (Pearl-spotted Owlet)3
Haliaeetus vocifer (African Fish Eagle)1
Helogale parvula (Common Dwarf Mongoose)3
Hyaena brunnea (Brown Hyena)1
Leptailurus serval (Serval)5
Leptoptilos crumeniferus (Marabou Stork)1
Necrosyrtes monachus (Hooded Vulture)4
Otocyon megalotis (Bat-eared Fox)4
Otolemur crassicaudatus (greater galago)3
Panthera leo (Lion)16
Panthera pardus (Leopard)17
Poecilogale albinucha (African Striped Weasel)3
Polemaetus bellicosus (Martial Eagle)3
Potamochoerus porcus (red river hog)1
Psammophis angolensis (Dwarf Sand Snake)2
Python sebae (African Rock Python)2
Tachybaptus ruficollis (Little Grebe)1
Terathopius ecaudatus (Bateleur)1
Torgos tracheliotus (lappet-faced vulture)3
Varanus niloticus (Nile Monitor, Water Leguaan)1

Predators

Panthera leo (Lion)[9]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Bacillus anthracis (Anthrax bacterium)[15]
Dirofilaria immitis (Heartworm)[16]
Echidnophaga larina[17]
Echinococcus granulosus[16]
Ehrlichia canis[15]
Multiceps brauni <Unverified Name>[16]
Taenia hyaenae <Unverified Name>[16]
Taenia pisiformis[16]
Taenia serialis <Unverified Name>[16]
Toxocara canis[16]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Aalborg Zoopictus
Adelaide Zoo
Al Ain Zoopictus
Albuquerque Biological Parkpictus
Artis Zoo
 pictus
Attica Zoological Park S.A.pictus
Audubon Zoo
 pictus
Binder Park Zoo
Birmingham Zoo
Boras Djurpark Zoo
 pictus
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Societypictus
CERZA Centre d'Etude Rech Zool Augeron
Chicago Zoological Park
City of Belfast Zoo
Colchester Zoo
Denver Zoological Gardens
 pictus
Dudley Zoological Gardenspictus
Edinburgh Zoo-Scottish National Zoo
 pictus
Emerald Safari Resortpictus
Endangered Wolf Center
Erie Zoological Gardenspictus
GaiaPark, Kerkrade Zoo
Gladys Porter Zoo
Hamilton Zoopictus
Henson Robinson Zoo
 pictus
Honolulu Zoopictus
Houston Zoo, Inc.pictus
Howletts Wild Animal Parkpictus
Indianapolis Zoo
Johannesburg Zoological Gardens
Kansas City Zoo
 pictus
Knoxville Zoological Gardens
 pictus
Kolmardens Djurpark AB
 pictus
Kristiansand Dyrepark ASApictus
Le Pal, Parc Animalier
 pictus
Lietuvos Zoologijos Sodas
Lincoln Park Zoological Gardens
Los Angeles Zoo & Botanical Gardens
 pictus
Münchener Tierpark Hellabrunn
 pictus
Melbourne Zoo
Miami Metrozoo
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsaw
Mokopane Biodiversity Conservation Centrepictus
Monarto Zoological Parkpictus
Moscow Zoological Park
Mountain View Conservation & Breedingpictus
Nashville Zoo at Grassmerepictus
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africapictus
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Council
North of England Zoological Societypictus
Oasys Parque del Desierto de Tabernas
Oglebay's Good Children's Zoo
Oklahoma City Zoological Park
 pictus
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
 pictus
Orana Wildlife Parkpictus
Oregon Zoo
 pictus
Parc de Lunaretpictus
Parc Zoologic de Barcelonapictus
Parc Zoologique d'Amneville
 pictus
Parc Zoologique de La Palmyre
Parken Zoo i Eskilstuna ABpictus
Parque de la Naturaleza de Cabarceno
Parque Zoologico Benito Juarez
Patronato del Parque Zoologico de Leon
Perth Zoological Gardenspictus
Phoenix Zoo
Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquariumpictus
Port Lympne Wild Animal Park
 pictus
Potawatomi Zoo
Ree Park - Ebeltoft Safari
 pictus
Reserve Africaine de Sigeanpictus
Roger Williams Park Zoopictus
Rome Zoo-Fondazione Bioparco di Roma
 pictus
Rostock Zoologischer Garten
Safari de Peaugrespictus
Safaripark Beekse Bergen
 pictus
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquar
 pictus
San Diego Zoo
 pictus
Sedgwick County Zoo
Singapore Zoological Gardenspictus
STB Kanta - Friguia Zoopictus
Tbilisi Zoo
The Anne van Dyk Cheetah Centre
 pictus
The Living Desert Zoo and Gardens
 pictus
The Philadelphia Zoo
The Wilds
 pictus
Toledo Zoological Gardens
Tygerberg Zooparkpictus
Wellington Zoo Trust
Werribee Open Range Zoopictus
West Midland Safari & Leisure Park Ltdpictus
Western Plains Zoo
 pictus
Wildlife World Zoo
Woodland Park Zoological Gardenspictus
Wroclaw Zoo, LLC
 pictus
Zoo de Pont-Scorff
Zoo Dortmund
Zoo Duisburg AG
Zoo Dvur Kralove, a.s.pictus
Zoo New England, Franklin Park Zoopictus
Zoo Osnabrück
 pictus
Zoo Santo Inácio Vila Nova de Gaia
Zoological Center Tel Aviv - Ramat Gan
Zoological Society of Ireland-Dublin
 pictus
Zoological Society of London
 pictus
Zoologicka Zahrada Bratislava
 pictus
Zoologischer Garten Basel
Zoologischer Garten Frankfurtpictus

Range Map

Link to Map
Africa; Tsavo National Park;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Gardner A.L, 2007-08-15, in Catalog of Life 2011
Endangered Status provided by IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2 <www.iucnredlist.org> Downloaded on 11 April 2013.
Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 3Addax nasomaculatus, Paul R. Krausman and Anne L. Casey, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 807, pp. 1-4 (2007) 4Who's Eating Who 5Antidorcas marsupialis, James W. Cain III, Paul R. Krausman, and Heather L. Germaine, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 753, pp. 1–7 (2004) 6The Serengeti food web: empirical quantification and analysis of topological changes under increasing human impact, Sara N. de Visser, Bernd P. Freymann and Han Olff, Journal of Animal Ecology 2011, 80, 484–494 7Equus grevyi, C. S. Churcher, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 453, pp. 1-9 (1993) 8Equus zebra, B. L. Penzhorn, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 314, pp. 1-7 (1988) 96.5 African wild dog, Lycaon pictus, R. Woodroffe, J.W. McNutt and M.G.L. Mills, Sillero-Zubiri, C., Hoffmann, M. and Macdonald, D.W. (eds). 2004. Canids: Foxes, Wolves, Jackals and Dogs. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN/SSC Canid Specialist Group. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. x + 430 pp. 10Predator–prey size relationships in an African large-mammal food web, Norman Owen-Smith and M. G. L. Mills, Journal of Animal Ecology Volume 77, Issue 1, Pages 173-183 11Madoqua kirkii, Steven C. Kingswood and Arlene T. Kumamoto, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 569, pp. 1-10 (1997) 12Orycteropus afer, Jeheskel Shoshani, Corey A. Goldman, and J. G. M. Thewissen, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 300, pp. 1-8 (1988) 136.6 Bat-eared fox, Otocyon megalotis, J.A.J. Nel and B. Maas, Sillero-Zubiri, C., Hoffmann, M. and Macdonald, D.W. (eds). 2004. Canids: Foxes, Wolves, Jackals and Dogs. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN/SSC Canid Specialist Group. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. x + 430 pp. 14Taurotragus oryx, Lindsay A. Pappas, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 689, pp. 1–5 (2002) 15Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2. 16Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 17International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation. Science, 342, 803–805
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature), Conservation International & NatureServe.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011