Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Artiodactyla > Bovidae > Bison > Bison bonasus
 

Bison bonasus (European bison; wisent)

Synonyms: Bos bonasus

Wikipedia Abstract

The European bison (Bison bonasus), also known as wisent (/ˈviːzənt/ or /ˈwiːzənt/) or the European wood bison, is a Eurasian species of bison. It is one of two extant species of bison, alongside the American bison. There have been three subspecies in the past, but only one survives today (see infobox).European bison were hunted to extinction in the wild in the early 20th century, with the last wild animals of the B. b.
View Wikipedia Record: Bison bonasus

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
2
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
41
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 6.64
EDGE Score: 3.42

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  1,344.83 lbs (610.00 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  51.53 lbs (23.38 kg)
Female Maturity [1]  2 years
Male Maturity [1]  2 years
Gestation [1]  9 months
Litter Size [1]  1
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  26 years
Migration [2]  Intracontinental
Weaning [1]  7 months 3 days

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve National Park II 218515 Belarus
Berezinskiy Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 209113 Belarus  
Bialowieza National Park II 11126 Poland
Bieszczady 275571 Poland  
Bryansk Forest State Nature Reserve 30112 Bryansk, Russia
Bukovské vrchy 106836 Slovakia  
Carpathian Biosphere Reserve 144772 Ukraine  
East Carpathians National Park II   Slovakia  
Eastern Beskid National Park II 68484 Poland  
Jezioro Lubie i Dolina Drawy 37181 Poland  
Kaluzhskie Zaseki State Nature Reserve 45796 Kaluga, Russia
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Laborecká vrchovina 266172 Slovakia  
Miroslawiec 16226 Poland  
Mordovsky Zapovednik Ia 79439 Mordovia, Russia
Orlovsky Polesie National Park 192112 Orel, Russia
Ostoja Borecka 62617 Poland  
Ostoja Knyszynska 336272 Poland  
Prioksko-Terrasny Biosphere Reserve IV 12219 Moscow, Russia
Puszcza Bialowieska 156041 Poland  
Severo-Osetinsky State Nature Reserve 72970 North Ossetia, Russia
Sochi National Park 478735 Krasnodar, Russia
Teberdinskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 210198 Karachay-Cherkessia, Russia
Wolin i Uznam 76089 Poland    

Emblem of

Belarus
Poland

Prey / Diet

Abies alba (silver fir)[3]
Acer platanoides (Norway maple)[3]
Acer pseudoplatanus (sycamore)[3]
Aegopodium podagraria (bishop's goutweed)[3]
Ajuga reptans (common bugle)[3]
Alnus glutinosa (European alder)[3]
Anemone nemorosa (European thimbleweed)[3]
Beta vulgaris (sea beet)[3]
Betula pubescens (downy birch)[3]
Calluna vulgaris (heather)[3]
Capsella bursa-pastoris (Shepherd's Purse)[3]
Cardamine bulbifera (coralroot bittercress)[3]
Carpinus betulus (European hornbeam)[3]
Cirsium oleraceum (Cabbage thistle)[3]
Corylus avellana (common filbert)[3]
Filipendula ulmaria (Meadowsweet)[3]
Fragaria vesca (Wild Strawberry)[3]
Frangula alnus subsp. alnus (Glossy Buckthorn)[3]
Fraxinus excelsior (European ash)[3]
Galium odoratum (sweetscented bedstraw)[3]
Geum urbanum (Herb Bennet)[3]
Maianthemum bifolium (May Lily)[3]
Oxalis montana (mountain woodsorrel)[3]
Pinus silvestris[3]
Populus tremula (European aspen)[3]
Quercus robur (Pedunculate Oak)[3]
Rhododendron tomentosum (marsh Labrador tea)[3]
Sorbus aucuparia (Mountain Ash)[3]
Stellaria holostea (addersmeat)[3]
Stellaria media (chickweed)[3]
Tilia cordata (littleleaf linden)[3]
Urtica dioica (California nettle)[3]
Vaccinium myrtillus (myrtle blueberry)[3]
Vaccinium uliginosum (bog blueberry)[3]
Vaccinium vitis-idaea (lingonberry)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acanthis flammea (Common Redpoll)4
Agelastica alni (Alder Leaf Beetle)3
Apis mellifera (honey bee)4
Aporia crataegi (Black-veined White Butterfly)2
Blepharidopterus angulatus (Black-kneed Capsid)3
Bombus lucorum (White-tailed bumblebee)4
Bombus pascuorum (Common Carder-bee)4
Bombus polaris (Bumblebee)2
Bombus pratorum (Early-nesting Humble-bee)3
Bombus terrestris (Large Earth Humble-bee)3
Capra caucasica cylindricornis (East Caucasian tur)2
Capreolus capreolus (western roe deer)3
Carduelis carduelis (European Goldfinch)2
Carsia sororiata (Manchester Treble-Bar)2
Chionomys nivalis (European snow vole)2
Chloris chloris (European Greenfinch)2
Closterotomus fulvomaculatus5
Coccothraustes coccothraustes (Hawfinch)4
Columba oenas (Stock Dove)2
Columba palumbus (Common Wood Pigeon)5
Compsidolon salicellum2
Corvus corax (Northern Raven)2
Cyanistes caeruleus (Blue Tit)2
Dama dama (fallow deer)2
Elasmucha ferrugata2
Garrulus glandarius (Eurasian Jay)2
Glis glis (fat dormouse)3
Hypodryas maturna (Scarce fritillary)2
Kleidocerys resedae (Birch Catkin Bug)2
Lagopus lagopus (Willow Ptarmigan)2
Lygocoris pabulinus (Common Green Capsid)7
Martes zibellina (Sable)2
Meles meles (European Badger)2
Muscardinus avellanarius (hazel dormouse)3
Parus major (Great Tit)2
Passer domesticus (House Sparrow)2
Phyllodesma ilicifolia (Small lappet moth)2
Phytocoris populi2
Pinicola enucleator (Pine Grosbeak)2
Plagiognathus arbustorum2
Psallus variabilis5
Ptilinus pectinicornis5
Sciurus vulgaris (Eurasian red squirrel)2
Spinus spinus (Eurasian Siskin)2
Sturnus vulgaris (European Starling)2
Sus scrofa (wild boar)2
Ursus arctos (Grizzly Bear)2

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Aonchotheca bilobata <Unverified Name>[4]
Ashworthius sidemi <Unverified Name>[4]
Capillaria bilobata <Unverified Name>[4]
Capillaria bovis[4]
Chabertia ovina <Unverified Name>[4]
Chorioptes bovis[5]
Cooperia oncophora <Unverified Name>[4]
Cooperia pectinata[4]
Cooperia punctata[4]
Cooperia surnabada <Unverified Name>[4]
Cooperia zurnabada <Unverified Name>[4]
Coxiella burnetii[5]
Demodex bovis[5]
Dermacentor reticulatus (Ornate dog tick)[5]
Dicrocoelium dendriticum (Lancet liver fluke)[4]
Dictyocaulus viviparus[4]
Echinococcus granulosus[4]
Fasciola hepatica (common liver fluke)[4]
Fusobacterium necrophorum[5]
Haemonchus placei <Unverified Name>[4]
Ixodes persulcatus (Taiga tick)[5]
Ixodes ricinus (Deer tick)[5]
Liorchis scotiae <Unverified Name>[4]
Lipoptena cervi (deer ked)[5]
Moniezia benedeni <Unverified Name>[4]
Nematodirella alcidis <Unverified Name>[4]
Nematodirus europaeus <Unverified Name>[4]
Nematodirus helvetianus[4]
Nematodirus roscidus <Unverified Name>[4]
Oesophagostomum radiatum[4]
Oesophagostomum venulosum[4]
Onchocerca gutturosa <Unverified Name>[4]
Onchocerca lienalis <Unverified Name>[4]
Ostertagia kolchida[4]
Ostertagia leptospicularis[4]
Ostertagia lyrata[4]
Ostertagia ostertagi[4]
Parafasciolopsis fasciolaemorpha <Unverified Name>[4]
Paramphistomum cervi[4]
Paramphistomum leydeni <Unverified Name>[4]
Psoroptes ovis (sheep scab mite)[5]
Setaria labiatopapillosa <Unverified Name>[4]
Spiculopteragia asymmetrica[4]
Spiculopteragia boehmi <Unverified Name>[4]
Spiculopteragia mathevossiani <Unverified Name>[4]
Taenia multiceps <Unverified Name>[4]
Thelazia gulosa <Unverified Name>[4]
Trichocephalus ovis <Unverified Name>[4]
Trichostrongylus axei[4]
Trichostrongylus capricola[4]
Trichostrongylus vitrinus[4]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Alpenzoo Innsbruck - Tirol
 bonasus
Artis Zoo
Assiniboine Park Zoobonasus
Blaavand Zoo
Boras Djurpark Zoo
Domaine Zoologique de Pescheray
Fota Wildlife Parkbonasus
Fundacao Parque Zoologico de Sao Paulo
Helsinki Zoobonasus
Highland Wildlife Park
Howletts Wild Animal Park
Kolmardens Djurpark AB
 bonasus
Leningrad Zoo - St. Petersburgbonasus
Lietuvos Zoologijos Sodas
 bonasus
Münchener Tierpark Hellabrunnbonasus
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny w Lodz
 bonasus
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsawbonasus
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Wybrzeza
Municipal Independent Org. Roev Ruchei
Niedersächsische Landesforsten
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Council
 bonasus
Nyíregyházi Állatpark Nonprofit KFT
Oasys Parque del Desierto de Tabernas
Ogrod Zoobotaniczny Torun
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Poznaniu
 bonasus
Parc Animalier de Sainte Croix
Parc de la Haute Touche (MNHN)
 bonasus
Parc Zoologic de Barcelona
Parco Natura Viva
 bonasus
Parque de la Naturaleza de Cabarceno
Podkrusnohorsky Zoopark Chomutov
Port Lympne Wild Animal Park
Randers Regnskov
Ree Park - Ebeltoft Safari
Rome Zoo-Fondazione Bioparco di Roma
Rostock Zoologischer Gartenbonasus
San Diego Wild Animal Parkbonasus
Skansen Foundation, Zool. Dept.
 bonasus
Tallinn Zoobonasus
Thoiry Zoological Park
 bonasus
Tiergarten Bernburg
Tiergarten der Stadt Nürnberg
 bonasus
Tierpark Berlin-Friedrichsfelde GmbH
Tierpark Dählhölzli
Whipsnade Wild Animal Park
Wild Animal Park Mechelen Planckendael
Wilhelma Zoobonasus
Wroclaw Zoo, LLCbonasus
Zagreb Zoo / Zooloski vrt Zagreb
 bonasus
Zoo Aquarium de Madrid (GRPR)
Zoo de Santillana y Parque Cuaternariobonasus
Zoo Duisburg AG
Zoobotanico de Jerez
Zoological Garden of Polish Fauna
 bonasus
Zoological Garden Prague
 bonasus
Zoologicka Zahrada Bratislava
Zoologicka Zahrada Kosice
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzen

Range Map

Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China);

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 3Food eaten by the free-living European bison in Białowieża Forest, Zofia GĘBCZYŃSKA, Marek GĘBCZYŃSKI and Ewa MARTYNOWICZ, Acta Theriologica 36 (3-4), 307-313, 1991. 4Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 5Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955 Specially protected natural territories of the Russian Federation, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation
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