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Kobus ellipsiprymnus (waterbuck)

Wikipedia Abstract

The waterbuck (Kobus ellipsiprymnus) is a large antelope found widely in sub-Saharan Africa. It is placed in the genus Kobus of the family Bovidae. It was first described by Irish naturalist William Ogilby in 1833. The thirteen subspecies are grouped under two varieties: the common or ellipsen waterbuck and the defassa waterbuck. The head-and-body length is typically between 177–235 cm (70–93 in) and the average height is between 120 and 136 cm (47 and 54 in). A sexually dimorphic antelope, males are taller as well as heavier than females. Males reach approximately 127 cm (50 in) at the shoulder, while females reach 119 cm (47 in). Males typically weigh 198–262 kg (437–578 lb) and females 161–214 kg (355–472 lb). The coat colour varies from brown to grey. The long, spiral horns, present on
View Wikipedia Record: Kobus ellipsiprymnus

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
7
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
32
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 15.81
EDGE Score: 2.82

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  386.55 lbs (175.33 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  19.84 lbs (9.00 kg)
Female Maturity [1]  2 years 1 month
Diet [2]  Herbivore
Diet - Plants [2]  100 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Gestation [1]  8 months 24 days
Litter Size [1]  1
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  30 years
Weaning [1]  7 months 3 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Angolan Miombo woodlands Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Angolan Mopane woodlands Angola, Namibia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Zambezian Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola, Zambia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
East African halophytics Tanzania Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
East Sudanian savanna Chad, Central African Republic, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Mozambique Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Ethiopian montane forests Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guinean forest-savanna mosaic Nigeria, Benin, Togo, Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Guinea-Bissau, Gambia, Senegal Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Guinean montane forests Guinea, Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia, Sierra Leone Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Kalahari Acacia-Baikiaea woodlands Botswana, Namibia, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Lake Chad flooded savanna Nigeria, Chad, Niger Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Lake Victoria Basin Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda Afrotropic Large Lakes    
Mandara Plateau mosaic Cameroon, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Maputaland coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Swaziland, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, Central African Republic, Cameroon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Okavango Angola, Botswana, Namibia, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Floodplain Rivers and Wetland Complexes    
Pangani Kenya, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coastal Rivers    
Saharan flooded grasslands Sudan Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Serengeti volcanic grasslands Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Somali Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Africa bushveld Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Eastern Rift Kenya, Tanzania Afrotropic Xeric Freshwaters and Endorheic Basins    
Southern Miombo woodlands Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Tanzania, Malawi, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tana, Athi & Coastal Drainages Kenya, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coastal Rivers    
Upper Zambezi Floodplains Angola, Botswana, Namibia, Zambia, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Floodplain Rivers and Wetland Complexes    
Victoria Basin forest-savanna mosaic Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
West Sudanian savanna Senegal, Guinea, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Niger, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Gabon, Congo, Democratic Rep of the Congo, Angola Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zambezian and Mopane woodlands South Africa, Mozambique, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Namibia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zambezian Baikiaea woodlands Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zambezian coastal flooded savanna Mozambique Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Zambezian flooded grasslands Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of Congo, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Zambezian Lowveld Botswana, Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coastal Rivers    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Amboseli National Park National Reserve II 99624 Kenya
Bamingui-Bangoran Conservation Area National Park II 2783298 Central African Republic  
Dinder National Park II 2088300 Sudan  
Foret Classee de la Mare Aux Hippopotames Bird Reserve IV 37906 Burkina Faso  
Garamba National Park II 1237963 Democratic Republic of the Congo  
Itala Game Reserve Provincial Nature Reserve II 72822 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Kibale National Park II 196202 Uganda
Kora National Park II 409762 Kenya
Kruger National Park II 4718115 Mpumalanga, South Africa
Kruger to Canyons Biosphere Reserve   Mpumalanga, South Africa  
Lake Manyara National Park II 78767 Tanzania  
Lake Nakuru National Park II 46472 Kenya  
Mahale Mountains National Park II 398414 Tanzania
Mkhaya Game Reserve   Swaziland  
Mlawula Nature Reserve IV 46444 Swaziland  
Moremi Game Reserve IV 1214686 Botswana  
Nechisar National Park II 256137 Ethiopia  
Parc National de la Benoue National Park II 414262 Cameroon  
Parc National de la Boucle du Baoule National Park II 977883 Mali  
Parc National de la Comoe National Park II 2902593 Côte d'Ivoire  
Parc National de Waza National Park II 349858 Cameroon  
Parc National du Niokolo-Koba National Park II 2046878 Senegal  
Queen Elizabeth National Park II 522052 Uganda
Radom National Park II   Sudan  
Reserve de la Biosphere de la Pendjari Biosphere Reserve 217453 Benin  
Serengeti-Ngorongoro Biosphere Reserve 5696026 Tanzania  
South Luangwa National Park II 2220358 Zambia  
Tsavo East National Park II 3232255 Kenya
Weenen Nature Reserve   Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa Kenya, Mozambique, Somalia, Tanzania No
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Guinean Forests of West Africa Benin, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, São Tomé and Príncipe, Sierra Leone, Togo No
Horn of Africa Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Yemen No
Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland No

Prey / Diet

Cymbopogon caesius[3]
Cynodon dactylon (manienie)[3]
Digitaria milanjiana (Madagascar crabgrass)[3]
Echinochloa haploclada (cockspur)[3]
Enteropogon sechellensis[3]
Eragrostis superba (Wilman lovegrass)[3]
Heteropogon contortus (tangelhead)[3]
Panicum infestum[3]
Paspalum dilatatum (herbe de miel)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Antidorcas marsupialis (springbok)1
Camelus dromedarius (dromedary)1
Cephalophus natalensis (Natal duiker)1
Connochaetes taurinus (blue wildebeest)6
Equus quagga burchellii (Burchell's zebra)1
Equus zebra (mountain zebra)1
Euplectes nigroventris (Zanzibar Red Bishop)1
Euplectes progne (Long-tailed Widowbird)1
Gazella gazella (mountain gazelle)1
Hippopotamus amphibius (hippopotamus)3
Neotragus moschatus (suni)1
Ourebia ourebi (oribi)1
Phacochoerus africanus (warthog)1
Redunca arundinum (southern reedbuck)1
Redunca redunca (Bohar reedbuck)6
Sylvicapra grimmia (bush duiker)1
Syncerus caffer (African buffalo)3

Predators

Gyps africanus (White-backed Vulture)[4]
Lycaon pictus (African wild dog)[5]
Panthera leo (Lion)[5]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Avitellina centripunctata[6]
Calicophoron bothriophoron <Unverified Name>[6]
Calicophoron clavula <Unverified Name>[6]
Calicophoron microbothrium <Unverified Name>[6]
Calicophoron phillerouxi <Unverified Name>[6]
Calicophoron raja <Unverified Name>[6]
Calicophoron sukumum <Unverified Name>[6]
Carmyerius endopapillatus <Unverified Name>[6]
Carmyerius graberi <Unverified Name>[6]
Carmyerius mancupatus <Unverified Name>[6]
Carmyerius parvipapillatus <Unverified Name>[6]
Carmyerius schoutedeni <Unverified Name>[6]
Carmyerius spatiosus <Unverified Name>[6]
Cotylophoron cotylophorum <Unverified Name>[6]
Cotylophoron jacksoni <Unverified Name>[6]
Echinococcus granulosus[6]
Ehrlichia ruminantium[7]
Haemonchus contortus (red stomach worm)[6]
Leptospira interrogans[7]
Longistrongylus schrenki <Unverified Name>[6]
Oesophagostomum columbianum[6]
Orthocoelium streptocoelium <Unverified Name>[6]
Protofasciola robusta <Unverified Name>[6]
Schistosoma mattheei <Unverified Name>[6]
Setaria bicoronata <Unverified Name>[6]
Setaria boulengeri <Unverified Name>[6]
Setaria hornbyi <Unverified Name>[6]
Stephanopharynx compactus <Unverified Name>[6]
Stilesia globipunctata <Unverified Name>[6]
Stilesia hepatica <Unverified Name>[6]
Taenia regis <Unverified Name>[6]
Trichostrongylus deflexus[6]
Trichuris globulosa[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Africam Safari (Africam, S. A.)defassa
African Safariellipsiprymnus
Al Bustan Zoological Centerdefassa
Binder Park Zooellipsiprymnus
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Gardendefassa
Burger's Zooellipsiprymnus
Center for Conserv. of Trop. Ungulates
 ellipsiprymnus
Chiangmai Zoological Garden
Chicago Zoological Parkellipsiprymnus
Dallas Zoo
Denver Zoological Gardensellipsiprymnus
Dept. of National Zoological Gardensdefassa
Dierenpark Emmendefassa
Disney's Animal Kingdom
 ellipsiprymnus
Emerald Safari Resort
Fossil Rim Wildlife Center
Fundacao Parque Zoologico de Sao Pauloellipsiprymnus
Fundacao Zoo-Botan. de Belo Horizonte
Fundacion Zoologico Santacruz
Giza Zoological Gardendefassa
Guadalajara Zoo
 ellipsiprymnus
Jardim Zoologico / Lisbon Zooellipsiprymnus
Johannesburg Zoological Gardens
Khao Kheow Open Zoo
Knoxville Zoological Gardens
Lion Country Safari Inc - Florida
Louisiana Purchase Gardens & Zoo
Marwell Wildlifeellipsiprymnus
Miami Metrozoodefassa
Milwaukee County Zoological Gardensellipsiprymnus
Mokopane Biodiversity Conservation Centre
Monarto Zoological Park
Nakhon Ratchasima Zool. Park
Newquay Zoo (Cornwall Animal World)ellipsiprymnus
North Carolina Zoological Park
 ellipsiprymnus
Oasys Parque del Desierto de Tabernas
Orana Wildlife Park
 ellipsiprymnus
Parc de la Haute Touche (MNHN)
Parc Paysager Et Animalier Du Reynouellipsiprymnus
Parc Safari / F.A.P.S.ellipsiprymnus
Parco Natura Vivadefassa
Parco Zoo di Falconaraellipsiprymnus
Park i Ogrod Zoologiczny w Krakowie
 ellipsiprymnus
Parque de la Naturaleza de Cabarceno
Patronato del Parque Zoologico de Leondefassa
 ellipsiprymnus
Planete Sauvage
Port Lympne Wild Animal Parkdefassa
Pueblo Zooellipsiprymnus
Rare Species Conservatoryellipsiprymnus
Ree Park - Ebeltoft Safaridefassa
Riverside Zooellipsiprymnus
Safari West
 ellipsiprymnus
Safaripark Beekse Bergenellipsiprymnus
San Diego Wild Animal Park
 adolfifriderici
 ellipsiprymnus
Silesian Zoological Gardendefassa
Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo
Thoiry Zoological Parkellipsiprymnus
Tierpark Berlin-Friedrichsfelde GmbHellipsiprymnus
Usti nad Labem Zoodefassa
Valencia Bioparc, Rainforest S.A.
 ellipsiprymnus
Werribee Open Range Zoo
 ellipsiprymnus
West Midland Safari & Leisure Park Ltdellipsiprymnus
Westfalischer Zoologischer Gtn Munsterdefassa
Whipsnade Wild Animal Park
 ellipsiprymnus
Wildlife Safari Incellipsiprymnus
Wildlife World Zoodefassa
 ellipsiprymnus
Wilhelma Zoodefassa
Wroclaw Zoo, LLCdefassa
Zagreb Zoo / Zooloski vrt Zagrebdefassa
Zoo Aquarium de Madrid (GRPR)ellipsiprymnus
Zoo Atlantaellipsiprymnus
Zoo Dvur Kralove, a.s.defassa
 ellipsiprymnus
Zoo Krefeld GmbHellipsiprymnus
Zoo of Acadianaellipsiprymnus
Zoo Safari Swierkocindefassa
Zoo Santo Inácio Vila Nova de Gaiadefassa
Zoological Center Tel Aviv - Ramat Gandefassa
Zoologicka zahrada Bojnicedefassa
Zoologicka Zahrada Bratislavadefassa
Zoologicka Zahrada Kosice
 defassa
Zoologischer Garten Magdeburgdefassa

Range Map

Africa; Tsavo National Park;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Seasonal variation in the diets of Bohor reedbuck, waterbuck and wildebeest in a moist dystrophic savanna in Tanzania, Stephanie Halsdorf, Bettina Gutbrodt, Harry Olde Venterink, Werner Suter, Peter J. Edwards, Doctoral Dissertation, ETH ZURICH, 2011
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5Predator–prey size relationships in an African large-mammal food web, Norman Owen-Smith and M. G. L. Mills, Journal of Animal Ecology Volume 77, Issue 1, Pages 173-183
6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
7Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access