Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Rosales > Moraceae > Artocarpus > Artocarpus altilis
 

Artocarpus altilis (breadfruit)

Synonyms: Artocarpus altilis var. non-seminiferus; Artocarpus altilis var. seminiferus; Artocarpus blancoi; Artocarpus camansi; Artocarpus communis; Artocarpus communis var. pungens; Artocarpus horridus; Artocarpus incisifolia; Artocarpus incisus; Artocarpus incisus var. bipinnatifida; Artocarpus incisus var. blancoi; Artocarpus incisus var. integrifolia; Artocarpus incisus var. laevis; Artocarpus incisus var. muricata; Artocarpus incisus var. non-seminiferus; Artocarpus incisus var. pinnatifida; Artocarpus incisus var. seminiferus; Artocarpus laevis; Artocarpus leeuwenii; Artocarpus mariannensis; Artocarpus multifidus; Artocarpus papuanus; Artocarpus pinnatisectus; Artocarpus rima; Nangha amplifolia; Radermachia incisa; Saccus communis; Saccus heterophyllus; Saccus mariannensis; Sitodium altile

Wikipedia Abstract

Breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis) is a species of flowering tree in the mulberry family (Moraceae) originating in the South Pacific and that was eventually spread to the rest of Oceania. British and French navigators introduced a few Polynesian seedless varieties to Caribbean islands during the late 18th century and today it is grown in some 90 countries throughout South and Southeast Asia, the Pacific Ocean, the Caribbean, Central America and Africa.
View Wikipedia Record: Artocarpus altilis

Attributes

Height [1]  55 feet (16.8 m)
Width [1]  43 feet (13 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  None
Allergen Potential [1]  Low
Carbon Capture [1]  Medium
Shade Percentage [1]  91 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Medium-High
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 10 Low Temperature: 30 F° (-1.1 C°) → 40 F° (4.4 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 11 Low Temperature: 40 F° (4.4 C°) → 50 F° (10 C°)
Light Preference [2]  Mixed Sun/Shade
Soil Acidity [2]  Mostly Acid
Soil Fertility [2]  Intermediate
Water Use [1]  Moderate
Flower Color [2]  Yellow
Foliage Color [2]  Green
Fruit Color [2]  Green
Fall Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Flower Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Fruit Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Bloom Period [2]  Indeterminate
Drought Tolerance [2]  Low
Fire Tolerance [2]  None
Frost Free Days [2]  1 year
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  High
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Year Round
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Year Round
Growth Form [2]  Single Stem
Growth Period [2]  Year Round
Growth Rate [2]  Rapid
Leaf Type [3]  Evergreen
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Propagation [2]  Bare Root, Container, Cutting, Seed
Root Depth [2]  5.0 feet (152 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [2]  None
Shape/Orientation [2]  Erect
Specific Gravity [4]  0.44
Structure [3]  Tree
Vegetative Spread Rate [2]  None

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Cayambe-Coca Ecological Reserve VI 921676 Ecuador  
Luquillo Biosphere Reserve 8617 Puerto Rico, United States  
Piedras Blancas National Park II 34735 Costa Rica  
Refugio de Vida Silvestre Reserva Karen Mogensen F. Nature Reserve 1866 Costa Rica  

Emblem of

Lakshadweep

Predators

Abgrallaspis cyanophylli (cyanophyllum scale)[5]
Andaspis punicae[5]
Aonidiella aurantii (California red scale)[5]
Aspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)[5]
Asterodiaspis pustulans <Unverified Name>[6]
Ceroplastes rubens (pink wax scale)[5]
Chrysomphalus aonidum (circular black scale)[6]
Chrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)[6]
Coccus capparidis (capparis soft scale)[5]
Coccus longulus (long brown scale)[6]
Coccus moestus (moestus soft scale)[5]
Doleschallia bisaltide (Autumn leaf butterfly)[7]
Dysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)[5]
Dysmicoccus neobrevipes (annona mealybug)[5]
Dysmicoccus nesophilus[5]
Eucalymnatus tessellatus (tessellated scale)[6]
Ferrisia virgata (grey mealybug)[5]
Hemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)[5]
Hemiberlesia palmae (tropical palm scale)[6]
Homo sapiens (man)[8]
Icerya aegyptiaca[6]
Kilifia acuminata (acuminate scale)[5]
Lepidosaphes laterochitinosa[5]
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)[5]
Milviscutulus mangiferae (mango shield scale)[5]
Mutabilicoccus artocarpi[5]
Nipaecoccus nipae (coconut mealybug)[5]
Nipaecoccus viridis (karoo thorn mealybug)[5]
Phenacoccus madeirensis (Mexican mealybug)[5]
Pinnaspis strachani (lesser snow scale)[5]
Planococcus lilacinus (citrus mealybug)[5]
Planococcus minor (Pacific mealybug)[5]
Prococcus acutissimus (banana-shaped scale)[5]
Pseudaonidia trilobitiformis (gingging scale)[5]
Pseudaulacaspis subcorticalis[5]
Pseudococcus colliculosus[5]
Pseudococcus cryptus (citriculus mealybug)[5]
Pseudococcus landoi (Lando mealybug)[5]
Pseudococcus marshallensis[5]
Pteropus mariannus (Marianas flying fox)[9]
Pteropus tonganus (Pacific flying fox)[10]
Rastrococcus invadens (Mango mealybug)[5]
Rastrococcus spinosus (philippine mango mealybug)[5]
Saissetia coffeae (brown scale)[5]

Distribution

Caribbean;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database.
2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
3Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
4Jérôme Chave, Helene C. Muller-Landau, Timothy R. Baker, Tomás A. Easdale, Hans ter Steege, Campbell O. Webb, 2006. Regional and phylogenetic variation of wood density across 2,456 neotropical tree species. Ecological Applications 16(6), 2356 - 2367
5Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
6Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
7HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
8Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
9Folivory in Fruit-Eating Bats, with New Evidence from Artibeus jamaicensis (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae), Thomas H. Kunz and Carlos A. Diaz, Biotropica, Vol. 27, No. 1 (Mar., 1995), pp. 106-120
10Pteropus tonganus, Carrie A. Miller and Don E. Wilson, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 552, pp. 1-6 (1997)
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access