Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Ranunculales > Berberidaceae > Berberis > Berberis vulgaris
 

Berberis vulgaris (epine-vinette commune; epine-vinette; beet; European barberry; common barberry; vinetteier)

Wikipedia Abstract

Berberis vulgaris, aka European barberry or simply Barberry, is a shrub in the genus Berberis. It produces edible but sharply acidic berries, which are sometimes used culinarily as a tartly spicey currant. The shrub native to central and southern Europe, northwest Africa and western Asia; it is also naturalised in northern Europe, including the British Isles and Scandinavia, and North America. Although not naturalised, in rural New Zealand it has been widely cultivated as a hedge on farms.
View Wikipedia Record: Berberis vulgaris

Infraspecies

Attributes

Height [2]  9.8 feet (3 m)
Width [2]  6.6 feet (2 m)
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-Low
Light Preference [4]  Mostly Sunny
Soil Acidity [4]  Neutral
Soil Fertility [4]  Mostly Infertile
Soil Moisture [4]  Mostly Dry
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [2]  Hermaphrodite
Leaf Type [2]  Deciduous
Lifespan [3]  Perennial
Pollinators [2]  Insects, Lepidoptera, Bats
Specific Gravity [5]  0.689
Structure [2]  Shrub
Usage [2]  Plants can be grown as a medium-size hedge in exposed positions but they cannot tolerate extreme maritime exposure; They are very tolerant of trimming but can also be left untrimmed if required; A good quality yellow dye is obtained from the roots, bark and stem; As well as being used on cloth, it is also used to stain wood; The unripe fruit is dried and used as beads; Wood - soft, very hard, fine grained, yellow. Used for carving, toothpicks, mosaics etc; It is also used as a fuel;
View Plants For A Future Record : Berberis vulgaris

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Acadia National Park II 35996 Maine, United States
Berchtesgaden Alps National Park II 51433 Germany
Edwin S. George Reserve 1297 Michigan, United States
Galichia Gora Zapovednik Ia 568 Lipetsk, Russia
Gateway National Recreation Area V 1807 New Jersey, United States
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Khopersky Zapovednik Ia 47103 Russia  
Morristown National Historical Park VI 1677 New Jersey, United States
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Palava Protected Landscape Area V   Czech Republic  
Prioksko-Terrasny Biosphere Reserve IV 12219 Moscow, Russia
Roosevelt Vanderbilt National Historic Site   New York, United States        
Saint Lawrence Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Saratoga National Historical Park   New York, United States
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Taynish National Nature Reserve   Scotland, United Kingdom
Tsentral'no-Chernozemny Biosphere Reserve Ia 13064 Kursk, Russia
Voronezhskiy Biosphere Reserve 95835 Russia  

Predators

Acleris variegana (Garden rose tortricid moth)[6]
Alcis repandata (Mottled Beauty)[7]
Alectoris chukar (Chukar Partridge)[8]
Alypia octomaculata (eightspotted forester)[6]
Attacus atlas (Atlas moth)[6]
Attacus taprobanis[6]
Auchmis detersa[6]
Calliteara pudibunda (Pale Tussock)[7]
Callosamia promethea (Prometheus moth)[6]
Dasineura berberidis[7]
Eupithecia exiguata (Mottled Pug)[6]
Eupithecia subfuscata (gray pug)[7]
Euproctis similis[7]
Exapate congelatella[6]
Hemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)[9]
Hemithea aestivaria (Common Emerald)[7]
Lacanobia thalassina (Pale-shouldered Brocade)[7]
Lepidosaphes ulmi (apple oystershell scale)[9]
Liosomaphis berberidis (Barberry aphid)[7]
Lycia hirtaria (Brindled Beauty Moth)[6]
Lymantria dispar (gypsy moth)[6]
Malacosoma americana (Eastern tent caterpillar)[6]
Melanchra persicariae (Dot Moth)[7]
Moschus chrysogaster (alpine musk deer)[10]
Odontopera bidentata (Scalloped Hazel)[7]
Omphalocera cariosa[6]
Pareulype berberata (Barberry carpet moth)[6]
Parlatoria oleae (olive parlatoria scale)[9]
Phlogophora meticulosa (Angle Shades Moth)[7]
Phyllocoptes congranulatus <Unverified Name>[7]
Pseudargyrotoza conwagana[6]
Pseudotelphusa tessella[6]
Rhagoletis meigenii[7]
Rheumaptera cervinalis (Scarce Tissue)[6]
Rheumaptera undulata[6]
Rhopobota myrtillana[6]
Samia walkeri[6]
Scolypopa australis (Passionvine planthopper)[11]
Spilosoma luteum <Unverified Name>[7]
Spinococcus morrisoni (Morrison's mealybug)[9]
Strymonidia pruni <Unverified Name>[7]
Thyridopteryx ephemeraeformis (Evergreen bagworm moth)[6]
Triphosa haesitata[6]

Distribution

North America;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by , , in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000) 2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License 3PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish Plants: Status, Size, Life History, Geography and Habitats, M. O. Hill, C. D. Preston & D. B. Roy, Biological Records Centre, NERC Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (2004) 4ECOFACT 2a Technical Annex - Ellenberg’s indicator values for British Plants, M O Hill, J O Mountford, D B Roy & R G H Bunce (1999) 5Chave J, Coomes D, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Swenson NG, Zanne AE (2009) Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Ecology Letters 12: 351-366. Zanne AE, Lopez-Gonzalez G, Coomes DA, Ilic J, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Miller RB, Swenson NG, Wiemann MC, Chave J (2009) Data from: Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Dryad Digital Repository. 6HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández 7Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants 8CONTRIBUTION TO THE KNOWLEDGE OF THE DIET OF IRANIAN BIRDS, Abolghasem Khaleghizadeh, Mohammad E. Sehhatisabet, Екологія, Беркут 15, Вип. 1-2. 2006. pp. 145-150 9Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009 10Food plants and feeding habits of Himalayan ungulates, Anjali Awasthi, Sanjay Kr. Uniyal, Gopal S. Rawat and S. Sathyakumar, CURRENT SCIENCE, VOL. 85, NO. 6, 25 SEPTEMBER 2003 11New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Plant-SyNZ™ database
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. Edwin S. George Reserve, University of Michigan, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access