Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Proteales > Platanaceae > Platanus > Platanus mexicana

Platanus mexicana (American sycamore; sycamore)

Synonyms: Platanus chiapensis; Platanus glabrata; Platanus lindeniana; Platanus oaxacana



Height [3]  98 feet (30 m)
Width [3]  98 feet (30 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  None
Allergen Potential [1]  High
Carbon Capture [1]  High
Screening - Summer [2]  Dense
Screening - Winter [2]  Porous
Shade Percentage [1]  89 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  High
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 5 Low Temperature: -20 F° (-28.9 C°) → -10 F° (-23.3 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 9 Low Temperature: 20 F° (-6.7 C°) → 30 F° (-1.1 C°)
Light Preference [2]  Mixed Sun/Shade
Soil Acidity [2]  Moderate Acid
Soil Fertility [2]  Intermediate
Water Use [1]  High to Moderate
Flower Color [2]  Red
Foliage Color [2]  Green
Fruit Color [2]  Brown
Fall Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Fruit Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Bloom Period [2]  Spring
Drought Tolerance [2]  Low
Edible [3]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Fire Tolerance [2]  Medium
Flower Type [3]  Monoecious
Frost Free Days [2]  3 months 10 days
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  Medium
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Summer
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Fall
Growth Form [2]  Single Stem
Growth Period [2]  Spring, Summer
Growth Rate [2]  Rapid
Hazards [3]  In hot dry climates the hairs of the fruits and leaves are believed to cause an effect similar to hay fever;
Janka Hardness [4]  770 lbf (349 kgf) Soft
Leaf Type [3]  Deciduous
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Propagation [2]  Bare Root, Container, Cutting, Seed
Root Depth [2]  30 inches (76 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [2]  Moderate
Seed Vigor [2]  Medium
Seeds Per [2]  192000 / lb (423287 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [2]  Erect
Specific Gravity [5]  0.49
Structure [3]  Tree
Usage [3]  A fairly wind resistant tree, it can be grown as part of a shelterbelt planting; Wood - coarse-grained, tough, strong, very durable, difficult to split; Rather weak according to other reports; It weighs 35lb per cubic foot; Trunks of wild trees can be up to 4.5 metres in diameter and these were at one time hollowed out to make barges capable of carrying several tons of goods;
Vegetative Spread Rate [2]  Slow
View Plants For A Future Record : Platanus mexicana

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Allegheny Portage Railroad Nat'l Hist. Site National Historic Site III 1152 Pennsylvania, United States
Appomattox Court House National Historical Park V 1687 Virginia, United States
Assateague Island National Seashore II 8621 Maryland, United States
Big South Fork National River and Recreation Area National Recreation Area V 120283 Kentucky, Tennessee, United States
Blue Ridge Parkway National Parkway V 73611 North Carolina, Virginia, United States
Bluestone National Scenic River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 3517 West Virginia, United States
Booker T. Washington National Monument V 237 Virginia, United States
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Catoctin Mountain Park National Park II 5994 Maryland, United States
Central Gulf Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 40530 United States  
Chattahoochee River National Recreation Area V 7622 Georgia, United States
Chickamauga & Chattanooga Nat'l Military Park National Military Park V 8248 Georgia, Tennessee, United States
Chippewa Nature Center   Michigan, United States    
Colonial National Historic Park National Historical Park V 9316 Virginia, United States
Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research   North Carolina, United States
Cumberland Gap National Hist. Park National Historical Park V 24282 Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia, United States
Felsenthal National Wildlife Refuge VI 66133 Arkansas, United States
Fire Island National Seashore V 9433 New York, United States
Fort Donelson National Battlefield III 560 Tennessee, United States
Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania Nat'l Military Park National Military Park V 10384 Virginia, United States
Friendship Hill National Historic Site III 697 Pennsylvania, United States
Gateway National Recreation Area V 1807 New Jersey, United States
Gauley River National Recreation Area V 10157 West Virginia, United States
George Washington Birthplace National Monument V 435 Virginia, United States
George Washington Memorial Parkway V   Virginia, United States
Gettysburg National Military Park V 3560 Pennsylvania, United States
Grand Rapids Audubon Club Maher Sanctuary 80 Michigan, United States
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park VI 715 West Virginia, United States
Herbert Hoover National Historic Site   Iowa, United States
Hobcaw Barony (North Inlet) National Estuarine Research Reserve 7585 South Carolina, United States
Hopewell Furnace National Historic Site III 861 Pennsylvania, United States
Horseshoe Bend National Military Park V 1926 Alabama, United States
Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore II 8272 Indiana, United States
Little River National Wildlife Refuge   Oklahoma, United States
Mammoth Cave Area Biosphere Reserve (Natn'l Park) National Park II 51235 Kentucky, United States
Moores Creek National Battlefield III 100 North Carolina, United States
Morristown National Historical Park VI 1677 New Jersey, United States
National Capital Parks - Central National Park   District of Columbia, United States
New River Gorge National River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 55591 West Virginia, United States
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Obed Wild and Scenic River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 5268 Tennessee, United States
Ocmulgee National Monument V 693 Georgia, United States
Petersburg National Battlefield III 3338 Virginia, United States
Point Pelee National Park II 5764 Ontario, Canada
Prince William Forest Park 19378 District of Columbia, United States
Richmond National Battlefield Park III 1517 Virginia, United States
Rondeau Provincial Park II 5035 Ontario, Canada
Roosevelt Vanderbilt National Historic Site   New York, United States      
Saratoga National Historical Park   New York, United States
Shenandoah National Park II 108221 Virginia, United States
Shiloh National Military Park III 4061 Tennessee, United States
South Atlantic Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 20317 South Carolina, United States  
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Tennessee River Gorge   Tennessee, United States
Upper Miss. River Nat'l Wildlife Refuge National Wildlife Refuge VI 25823 Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin, United States
Valley Forge National Historical Park VI 3509 Pennsylvania, United States
Zion National Park II 135667 Utah, United States



Adoxophyes furcatana[6]
Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard)[7]
Ancylis divisana[6]
Ancylis platanana[6]
Automeris metzli[6]
Castor canadensis (american beaver)[7]
Ceroplastes pseudoceriferus (Indian wax scale)[8]
Chionaspis americana (Elm chionaspis)[8]
Chionaspis ortholobis (california willow scale)[8]
Chionaspis platani (california willow scale)[8]
Datana contracta (Contracted Datana)[6]
Diaspidiotus ostreaeformis (European fruit scale)[8]
Eulecanium caryae (large hickory lecanium)[8]
Euzophera semifuneralis[6]
Gelechia albisparsella[6]
Gelechia desiliens[6]
Halysidota harrisii (sycamore tussock moth)[6]
Heliococcus bohemicus (Bohemian mealybug)[8]
Heliococcus osborni (Osborn mealybug)[8]
Lithophane signosa[6]
Megalopyge opercularis (southern flannel moth)[6]
Melanaspis tenebricosa (gloomy scale)[8]
Mesolecanium nigrofasciatum (terrapin scale)[8]
Misogada unicolor[6]
Neopinnaspis harperi (Harper scale)[8]
Ondatra zibethicus (muskrat)[7]
Parthenolecanium quercifex (oak lecanium scale)[8]
Pococera militella[6]
Reticulitermes flavipes (eastern subterranean termite)[7]
Sabulodes caberata (Omnivorous looper)[6]
Sciurus carolinensis (eastern gray squirrel)[7]
Scolecocampa liburna[6]
Synanthedon resplendens[6]
Antheraea polyphemus (polyphemus moth)[7]
Lepidosaphes ulmi[7]
Poecile carolinensis (Carolina Chickadee)[7]
Pterophylla camellifolia (common true katydid)[7]


Parasitized by 
Ampelocissus latifolia (American ivy)[7]
Lepidosaphes ulmi (apple oystershell scale)[7]
Oxyporus populinus (Poplar Bracket)[7]
Shelter for 
Aix sponsa (Wood Duck)[7]
Anax junius (green darner)[7]
Anguilla rostrata (American eel)[7]
Aquarius remigis (Common water strider)[7]
Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)[7]
Camponotus pennsylvanicus (black carpenter ant)[7]
Corydalus cornutus (dobsonfly)[7]
Cyanocitta cristata (Blue Jay)[7]
Didelphis virginiana (Virginia Opossum)[7]
Dryocopus pileatus (Pileated Woodpecker)[7]
Eptesicus fuscus (big brown bat)[7]
Hypentelium nigricans (Northern hog sucker)[7]
Ictalurus punctatus (Channel catfish)[7]
Megaceryle alcyon (Belted Kingfisher)[7]
Micropterus salmoides (Northern largemouth bass)[7]
Myiarchus crinitus (Great Crested Flycatcher)[7]
Nymphalis antiopa (camberwell beauty)[7]
Picoides pubescens (Downy Woodpecker)[7]
Procyon lotor (Raccoon)[7]
Sialia sialis (Eastern Bluebird)[7]
Sitta carolinensis (White-breasted Nuthatch)[7]
Strix varia (Barred Owl)[7]
Sturnus vulgaris (European Starling)[7]
Triatoma sanguisuga (Eastern blood-sucking cone)[7]
Vespula maculifrons (eastern yellowjacket)[7]
Antheraea polyphemus (polyphemus moth)[7]
Lepidosaphes ulmi[7]
Poecile carolinensis (Carolina Chickadee)[7]
Pterophylla camellifolia (common true katydid)[7]


North America;



Attributes / relations provided by
1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database.
2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
3Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
4Wood Janka Hardness Scale/Chart J W Morlan's Unique Wood Gifts
5Forest Inventory and Analysis DB version 5.1, May 4, 2013, U.S. Forest Service
6HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
7Study of Northern Virginia Ecology
8Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Chippewa Nature Center
Maher Sanctuary, Grand Rapids Audubon Club
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Google Image Search
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access