Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Saxifragales > Hamamelidaceae > Hamamelis > Hamamelis virginiana
 

Hamamelis virginiana (American witchhazel; witch-hazel; witchhazel)

Synonyms: Hamamelis androgyna; Hamamelis caroliniana; Hamamelis communis; Hamamelis corylifolia; Hamamelis dentata; Hamamelis dioica; Hamamelis hyemalis; Hamamelis macrophylla; Hamamelis nigra; Hamamelis parvifolia; Hamamelis riparia; Hamamelis rotundifolia; Hamamelis virginiana var. henryi; Hamamelis virginiana var. macrophylla; Hamamelis virginiana var. parvifolia; Lomilis ciliata; Trilopus virginica

Wikipedia Abstract

For the cartoon character, see Witch Hazel (Looney Tunes)Witch-hazel (Hamamelis, /ˌhæməˈmiːlɪs/) is a genus of flowering plants in the family Hamamelidaceae, with three species in North America (H. ovalis, H. virginiana and H. vernalis), and one each in Japan (H. japonica) and China (H. mollis). The North American species are occasionally called winterbloom.
View Wikipedia Record: Hamamelis virginiana

Infraspecies

Attributes

Height [3]  16.4 feet (5 m)
Width [3]  16.4 feet (5 m)
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium
Screening - Summer [2]  Dense
Screening - Winter [2]  Porous
Hardiness Zone Minimum [2]  USDA Zone: 4 Low Temperature: -30 F° (-34.4 C°) → -20 F° (-28.9 C°)
Light Preference [2]  Mixed Sun/Shade
Soil Acidity [2]  Mostly Acid
Soil Fertility [2]  Intermediate
Water Use [2]  Moderate
Flower Color [2]  Yellow
Foliage Color [2]  Green
Fruit Color [2]  Brown
Flower Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Fruit Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Bloom Period [2]  Fall
Drought Tolerance [2]  Low
Edible [3]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Fire Tolerance [2]  High
Flower Type [3]  Hermaphrodite
Frost Free Days [2]  4 months
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  Low
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Spring
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Summer
Growth Form [2]  Multiple Stem
Growth Period [2]  Spring, Summer
Growth Rate [2]  Slow
Janka Hardness [4]  1530 lbf (694 kgf) Medium
Leaf Type [3]  Deciduous
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Propagation [2]  Bare Root, Container, Seed
Root Depth [2]  20 inches (51 cm)
Scent [3]  The flowers have a soft sweet perfume.
Seed Spread Rate [2]  Slow
Seed Vigor [2]  High
Seeds Per [2]  11000 / lb (24251 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [2]  Semi-Erect
Specific Gravity [5]  0.56
Structure [3]  Shrub
Usage [3]  Used as a rootstock for the ornamental species in this genus; The plant is very rich in tannin; It is used cosmetically as an ingredient in almost any preparation made to relieve capillary weaknesses; The stems have been used for water divining; Wood - heavy, hard, very close grained; It weighs 43lb per cubic foot; The trees are too small to be a useful lumber source;
Vegetative Spread Rate [2]  None
View Plants For A Future Record : Hamamelis virginiana

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Allegheny Portage Railroad Nat'l Hist. Site National Historic Site III 1152 Pennsylvania, United States
Big South Fork National River and Recreation Area National Recreation Area V 120283 Kentucky, Tennessee, United States
Blue Ridge Parkway National Parkway V 73611 North Carolina, Virginia, United States
Bluestone National Scenic River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 3517 West Virginia, United States
Calvin College Ecosystem Preserve 90 Michigan, United States
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Catoctin Mountain Park National Park II 5994 Maryland, United States
Central Gulf Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 40530 United States  
Chattahoochee River National Recreation Area V 7622 Georgia, United States
Chesapeake & Ohio Canal National Hist. Park National Historical Park V 19586 Maryland, District of Columbia, United States
Chippewa Nature Center   Michigan, United States    
Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research   North Carolina, United States
Cumberland Gap National Hist. Park National Historical Park V 24282 Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia, United States
Edwin S. George Reserve 1297 Michigan, United States
Felsenthal National Wildlife Refuge VI 66133 Arkansas, United States
Friendship Hill National Historic Site III 697 Pennsylvania, United States
Gauley River National Recreation Area V 10157 West Virginia, United States
George Washington Memorial Parkway V   Virginia, United States
Gettysburg National Military Park V 3560 Pennsylvania, United States
Grand Rapids Audubon Club Maher Sanctuary 80 Michigan, United States
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge VI 3161 New Jersey, United States
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park VI 715 West Virginia, United States
Hobcaw Barony (North Inlet) National Estuarine Research Reserve 7585 South Carolina, United States
Hope College Biology Nature Preserve 55 Michigan, United States
Hopewell Furnace National Historic Site III 861 Pennsylvania, United States
Horseshoe Bend National Military Park V 1926 Alabama, United States
Hubbard Brook Biosphere Reserve 7809 New Hampshire, United States
Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore II 8272 Indiana, United States
Johnstown Flood National Memorial VI 175 Pennsylvania, United States
Kejimkujik National Park II 94203 Nova Scotia, Canada
Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park III 2897 Georgia, United States
Little River National Wildlife Refuge   Oklahoma, United States
Mammoth Cave Area Biosphere Reserve (Natn'l Park) National Park II 51235 Kentucky, United States
Moores Creek National Battlefield III 100 North Carolina, United States
Morristown National Historical Park VI 1677 New Jersey, United States
New River Gorge National River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 55591 West Virginia, United States
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Obed Wild and Scenic River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 5268 Tennessee, United States
Oconee National Forest Botanical Reserve 306 Georgia, United States  
Prince Edward Island National Park II   Prince Edward Island, Canada  
Prince William Forest Park 19378 District of Columbia, United States
Rock Creek Park   District of Columbia, United States
Rondeau Provincial Park II 5035 Ontario, Canada
Roosevelt Vanderbilt National Historic Site   New York, United States      
Saint Lawrence Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Saratoga National Historical Park   New York, United States
Shenandoah National Park II 108221 Virginia, United States
Shiloh National Military Park III 4061 Tennessee, United States
South Atlantic Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 20317 South Carolina, United States  
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Tennessee River Gorge   Tennessee, United States
Valley Forge National Historical Park VI 3509 Pennsylvania, United States

Ecosystems

Predators

Acronicta brumosa (Charred Dagger Moth)[6]
Acronicta hamamelis (Witch Hazel Dagger Moth)[6]
Acronicta impleta (Yellow-haired Dagger Moth)[6]
Acronicta impressa (printed dagger)[6]
Archips semiferanus[6]
Argyrotaenia quercifoliana[6]
Caloptilia superbifrontella[6]
Cameraria aceriella[6]
Cameraria hamameliella[6]
Datana angusii[6]
Datana contracta (Contracted Datana)[6]
Datana drexelii[6]
Datana major (azalea caterpillar)[6]
Heterocampa biundata[6]
Heterocampa guttivitta (saddled prominent)[6]
Heterocampa subrotata[6]
Nemoria bistriaria (Red-fringed Emerald)[6]
Neopinnaspis harperi (Harper scale)[7]
Olethreutes appendiceum[6]
Olethreutes footiana[6]
Olethreutes merrickanum[6]
Orgyia definita (definite tussock moth)[6]
Pyreferra citrombra[6]
Pyreferra hesperidago[6]
Acrosternum hilare (Green stinkbug)[8]
Antheraea polyphemus (polyphemus moth)[8]
Castor canadensis (american beaver)[8]
Lymantria dispar (gypsy moth)[8]
Meleagris gallopavo (Wild Turkey)[8]
Odocoileus virginianus (white-tailed deer)[8]
Pterophylla camellifolia (common true katydid)[8]
Sciurus carolinensis (eastern gray squirrel)[8]
Sylvilagus floridanus (Eastern Cottontail)[8]
Tamias striatus (eastern chipmunk)[8]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Armillaria mellea (Honey Fungus)[8]
Stereum complicatum (Crowded parchment)[8]
Shelter for 
Argiope aurantia (black-and-yellow argiope)[8]
Cardinalis cardinalis (Northern Cardinal)[8]
Colinus virginianus (Northern Bobwhite)[8]
Cryptotis parva (North American Least Shrew)[8]
Dermacentor variabilis (American dog tick)[8]
Didelphis virginiana (Virginia Opossum)[8]
Heterodon platirhinos (Eastern Hognose Snake)[8]
Libellula lydia (Common whitetail)[8]
Mephitis mephitis (Striped Skunk)[8]
Micrathena gracilis (Spined micrathena)[8]
Microtus pennsylvanicus (meadow vole)[8]
Mimus polyglottos (Northern Mockingbird)[8]
Peromyscus leucopus (white-footed mouse)[8]
Pseudacris crucifer (Spring Peeper)[8]
Quiscalus quiscula (Common Grackle)[8]
Spinus tristis (American Goldfinch)[8]
Triatoma sanguisuga (Eastern blood-sucking cone)[8]
Turdus migratorius (American Robin)[8]
Zenaida macroura (Mourning Dove)[8]
Zonotrichia albicollis (White-throated Sparrow)[8]
Acrosternum hilare (Green stinkbug)[8]
Antheraea polyphemus (polyphemus moth)[8]
Castor canadensis (american beaver)[8]
Lymantria dispar (gypsy moth)[8]
Meleagris gallopavo (Wild Turkey)[8]
Odocoileus virginianus (white-tailed deer)[8]
Pterophylla camellifolia (common true katydid)[8]
Sciurus carolinensis (eastern gray squirrel)[8]
Sylvilagus floridanus (Eastern Cottontail)[8]
Tamias striatus (eastern chipmunk)[8]

Range Map

North America;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000)
2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
3Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
4Wood Janka Hardness Scale/Chart J W Morlan's Unique Wood Gifts
5Chave J, Coomes D, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Swenson NG, Zanne AE (2009) Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Ecology Letters 12: 351-366. Zanne AE, Lopez-Gonzalez G, Coomes DA, Ilic J, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Miller RB, Swenson NG, Wiemann MC, Chave J (2009) Data from: Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Dryad Digital Repository.
6HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
7Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
8Study of Northern Virginia Ecology
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Calvin College Ecosystem Preserve
Chippewa Nature Center
Edwin S. George Reserve, University of Michigan, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
Maher Sanctuary, Grand Rapids Audubon Club
Hope College Biology Nature Preserve
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access