Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Rosales > Moraceae > Ficus > Ficus carica

Ficus carica (piku; fiku; edible fig; common fig)



Height [2]  20 feet (6 m)
Width [2]  20 feet (6 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  None
Allergen Potential [1]  Low
Carbon Capture [1]  Medium-Low
Shade Percentage [1]  86 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Medium
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 8 Low Temperature: 10 F° (-12.2 C°) → 20 F° (-6.7 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 10 Low Temperature: 30 F° (-1.1 C°) → 40 F° (4.4 C°)
Water Use [1]  Moderate
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [2]  Monoecious
Hazards [2]  The sap and the half-ripe fruits are said to be poisonous; The sap can be a serious eye irritant;
Leaf Type [2]  Deciduous
Lifespan [3]  Perennial
Structure [2]  Tree
Usage [2]  Wood - pliable but porous and of little value; It is used for hoops, garlands, ornaments etc; When saturated with oil and covered with emery is used as a substitute for a hone;
View Plants For A Future Record : Ficus carica

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Archipelago de Colon Biosphere Reserve 34336011 Galapagos Islands, Ecuador  
Avon Gorge Woodlands 376 England, United Kingdom
Canaveral National Seashore II 9090 Florida, United States
Cape Lookout National Seashore II 18379 North Carolina, United States
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Death Valley National Park II 762125 California, Nevada, United States
Dorset Heaths 14161 England, United Kingdom
Dorset Heaths (Purbeck and Wareham) and Studland Dunes 5491 England, United Kingdom
Exmoor Heaths 26455 England, United Kingdom
Fort Pulaski National Monument V 4213 Georgia, United States
Humber Estuary 90582 England, United Kingdom
Isles of Scilly Complex 66350 England, United Kingdom    
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Lands End and Cape Bank 74557 England, United Kingdom  
Limestone Coast of South West Wales/ Arfordir Calchfaen de Orllewin Cymru 3940 Wales, United Kingdom  
Luberon Regional Nature Park V 406572 France  
Lyme Bay and Torbay 77215 England, United Kingdom
Mojave and Colorado Deserts Biosphere Reserve 5901 California, United States  
Morecambe Bay 151985 England, United Kingdom
North Somerset and Mendip Bats 1387 England, United Kingdom
Organ Pipe Cactus Biosphere Reserve 327376 Arizona, United States  
Parco Del Somma-Vesuvio e Miglio D'Oro National Park II 33648 Italy
Reserva de la Biosfera de Urdaibai Biosphere Reserve V 1777 Spain  
Sefton Coast 11278 England, United Kingdom
Severn Estuary/ Môr Hafren 182155 England/Wales, United Kingdom
South Wight Maritime 49082 England, United Kingdom
Thursley, Ash, Pirbright and Chobham 12696 England, United Kingdom
Y Fenai a Bae Conwy/ Menai Strait and Conwy Bay 65440 Wales, United Kingdom  


Alectoris chukar (Chukar Partridge)[4]
Amblypelta lutescens[5]
Ammalo helops[6]
Amyelois transitella (Navel Orangeworm)[6]
Anastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly)[7]
Anastrepha suspensa (Caribbean fruit fly)[7]
Anomalococcus crematogastri[8]
Anthochaera carunculata (Red Wattlebird)[9]
Anthochaera lunulata (Western Wattlebird)[9]
Aonidiella aurantii (California red scale)[8]
Aonidiella orientalis (Oriental Scale)[8]
Ascalapha odorata (glassy cutworm)[6]
Asiacornococcus kaki[8]
Asota caricae[6]
Asota ficus[6]
Asota plaginota[6]
Asterococcus ovoides[8]
Asterodiaspis pustulans <Unverified Name>[10]
Aulacaspis litzeae[8]
Auricularia mesenterica (Tripe Fungus)[5]
Cadra calidella[6]
Cadra figulilella (Raisin Moth)[6]
Carpophilus hemipterus (driedfruit beetle)[10]
Carpophilus mutilatus[10]
Ceronema africana[8]
Ceroplastes actiniformis[8]
Ceroplastes japonicus (fig wax scale)[8]
Ceroplastes rubens (pink wax scale)[8]
Ceroplastes rusci (barnacle wax scale)[8]
Ceroplastes sinensis (hard wax scale)[8]
Cerostegia rusci <Unverified Name>[10]
Chlamydotis undulata fuertaventurae (Houbara bustard)[11]
Chrysomphalus pallens <Unverified Name>[8]
Clavaspis herculeana (cassia bark scale)[5]
Coccus longulus (long brown scale)[8]
Coloeus monedula (Western Jackdaw)[9]
Corvus corax (Northern Raven)[9]
Corvus corone (Carrion Crow)[9]
Corvus frugilegus (Rook)[9]
Cryptoblabes gnidiella[6]
Cyclopsitta diophthalma (Double-eyed Fig Parrot)[9]
Cyrestis thyodamas (Butterfly)[6]
Dactylaspis crotonis (croton mussel scale)[8]
Delphyre rufiventris[6]
Diaspidiotus africanus (grey scale)[8]
Diaspidiotus braunschvigi (braunschvigi scale)[8]
Diaspidiotus lenticularis[8]
Diaspidiotus ostreaeformis (European fruit scale)[8]
Diaspidiotus pyri[8]
Diaspidiotus zonatus[8]
Didesmococcus unifasciatus[8]
Drosicha corpulenta[8]
Dysgonia algira (Passenger)[6]
Dysmicoccus debregeasiae <Unverified Name>[8]
Emesis mandana[5]
Erechthias minuscula (Erechthias Clothes Moth)[6]
Eriococcus lagerstroemiae (crapemyrtle scale)[8]
Eriophyes fici <Unverified Name>[10]
Eucalymnatus tessellatus (tessellated scale)[8]
Eulecanium ficiphilum[8]
Ficedula hypoleuca (European Pied Flycatcher)[12]
Ficivora leucoteles[6]
Fiorinia fioriniae (European fiorinia scale)[8]
Gallotia atlantica (Atlantic Lizard)[13]
Gallotia galloti (Gallot's Lizard)[14]
Genetta genetta (Common Genet)[15]
Geococcus coffeae (coffee root mealybug)[8]
Haemorhous mexicanus (House Finch)[5]
Harmonia axyridis (Harlequin Ladybird)[5]
Hemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)[8]
Hemiberlesia loranthi[8]
Hemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale)[8]
Homotoma ficus[10]
Howardia biclavis (mining scale)[8]
Icerya aegyptiaca[8]
Icerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)[8]
Ischnocampa lugubris[6]
Lecanodiaspis africana[8]
Lecanodiaspis dendrobii[8]
Lecanodiaspis rugosa[8]
Lepidosaphes beckii (citrus mussel scale)[8]
Lepidosaphes conchiformis (fig oystershell scale)[8]
Lepidosaphes granati (hawthorn oystershell scale)[8]
Lepidosaphes ulmi (apple oystershell scale)[8]
Leucaspis riccae (white olive scale)[8]
Lopholeucaspis japonica (Japanese maple scale)[8]
Lycorea cleobaea (Butterfly)[6]
Lymire albipennis[6]
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)[8]
Marpesia eleuchea[6]
Marpesia petreus (Ruddy daggerwing)[6]
Martes foina (Beech Marten)[9]
Melanocercops ficuvorella[6]
Morganella longispina (champaca scale)[8]
Neopinnaspis harperi (Harper scale)[8]
Nezara viridula (Southern green stink bug)[5]
Nipaecoccus nipae (coconut mealybug)[8]
Nipaecoccus viridis (karoo thorn mealybug)[8]
Oceanaspidiotus spinosus (spinose scale)[8]
Onychognathus tristramii (Tristram's Starling)[9]
Pachylia ficus (Fig sphinx)[6]
Pachylioides resumens[6]
Parabemisia myricae (bayberry whitefly)[16]
Parlatoreopsis longispina (Asiatic pomegranate scale)[8]
Parlatoria fluggeae[8]
Perina nuda[6]
Phenacoccus pergandei[8]
Phenacoccus solenopsis (solenopsis mealybug)[8]
Pheucticus melanocephalus (Black-headed Grosbeak)[17]
Philephedra tuberculosa[8]
Philiris innotata <Unverified Name>[18]
Phycodes minor[6]
Phycodes radiata[6]
Pinnaspis strachani (lesser snow scale)[8]
Planococcus ficus (grapevine mealybug)[8]
Planococcus kraunhiae (Japanese mealybug)[8]
Planococcus minor (Pacific mealybug)[8]
Plodia interpunctella (Indian meal moth)[6]
Polytelis anthopeplus (Regent Parrot)[9]
Pseudaonidia duplex <Unverified Name>[8]
Pseudaulacaspis cockerelli (false oleander scale)[8]
Pseudococcus comstocki (Comstock mealybug)[8]
Pseudococcus kikuyuensis[8]
Pseudococcus longispinus (long tailed mealybug)[19]
Pulvinaria horii[8]
Pycnonotus capensis (Cape Bulbul)[9]
Rousettus aegyptiacus (Egyptian rousette)[9]
Saharaspis ceardi[8]
Saissetia coffeae (brown scale)[8]
Saissetia ficinum[8]
Saissetia miranda (mexican black scale)[8]
Saissetia privigna[8]
Salicicola davatchi[8]
Scoliopteryx libatrix (herald moth)[6]
Strepera graculina (Pied Currawong)[9]
Struthio camelus (Ostrich)[9]
Tortyra fulgens[6]
Trachypithecus francoisi (François's leaf monkey)[9]
Trilocha varians[6]
Vanessa atalanta (red admiral)[5]
Vitula serratilineella[6]
Zeuzera pyrina (leopard moth)[5]
Blastophaga psenes[20]


Pollinated by 
Blastophaga psenes (Fig wasp)[20]


Parasitized by 
Blastophaga psenes (Fig wasp)[5]
Discocriconemella limitanea <Unverified Name>[18]
Filenchus exiguus <Unverified Name>[18]
Helicotylenchus dihystera <Unverified Name>[18]
Shelter for 
Blastophaga psenes[20]


Caribbean; North America;



Attributes / relations provided by
1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database.
2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
3USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
4CONTRIBUTION TO THE KNOWLEDGE OF THE DIET OF IRANIAN BIRDS, Abolghasem Khaleghizadeh, Mohammad E. Sehhatisabet, Екологія, Беркут 15, Вип. 1-2. 2006. pp. 145-150
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
6HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
7Norrbom, A.L. 2004. Fruit fly (Tephritidae) host plant database. Version Nov, 2004.
8Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
9"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
10Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
11del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
12Frugivorous diet of autumn migrant Pied Flycatchers Ficedula hypoleuca: a review and new data, A. Hernández, Butll. GCA 16: 53-60, 1999
13Digestive ecology of two omnivorous Canarian lizard species (Gallotia, Lacertidae), Alfredo Valido, Manuel Nogales, Amphibia-Reptilia 24: 331-344
14Temporal and Spatial Variation in the Diet of the Endemic Lizard Gallotia galloti in an Insular Mediterranean Scrubland, Airam Rodríguez, Manuel Nogales, Beatriz Rumeu, and Beneharo Rodríguez, Journal of Herpetology, Vol. 42, No. 2, pp. 213–222, 2008
15Genetta genetta, Serge Larivière and Javier Calzada, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 680, pp. 1–6 (2001)
16Parabemisia myricae (Kuwana) (Insecta: Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae: Aleyrodinae), Avas B. Hamon, Ru Nguyen, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Division of Plant Industry, and Harold Browning, University of Florida, June 2000. Latest revision: August 2014
18Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
19New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Plant-SyNZ™ database
20Longevity of a fig wasp (Blastophaga psenes), Finn Kjellberg, Brigitte Doumesche, and Judith L. Bronstein, ECOLOGY Preceedings C 91 (2), June 20, 1998, pp. 117-122
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
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Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access