Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Rosales > Moraceae > Ficus > Ficus citrifolia

Ficus citrifolia (shortleaf fig; wild banyantree)

Synonyms: Ficus botryapioides; Ficus brevifolia; Ficus citrifolia; Ficus citrifolia subsp. brevifolia; Ficus citrifolia var. brevifolia; Ficus foveata; Ficus foveolata; Ficus gentlei; Ficus gigantea; Ficus guanarensis; Ficus laevigata; Ficus lentiginosa; Ficus pedunculata; Ficus populifolia; Ficus populnea; Ficus populoides; Ficus rubrinervis; Ficus sancti-crucis; Ficus syringifolia; Ficus turbinata; Oluntos levigata; Urostigma botryapioides; Urostigma giganteum; Urostigma laevigatum; Urostigma laurifolium; Urostigma lentiginosum; Urostigma sancti-crucis; Urostigma syringifolium


Height [1]  37 feet (11.4 m)
Width [1]  43 feet (13 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  None
Allergen Potential [1]  Low
Carbon Capture [1]  Low
Shade Percentage [1]  91 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Medium
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium-High
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 11 Low Temperature: 40 F° (4.4 C°) → 50 F° (10 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 11 Low Temperature: 40 F° (4.4 C°) → 50 F° (10 C°)
Water Use [1]  Moderate
Leaf Type [2]  Evergreen
Lifespan [3]  Perennial
Specific Gravity [4]  0.4
Structure [2]  Tree

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Braulio Carrillo National Park II 117843 Costa Rica  
Buenavista Wetland Reserve 778949 Cuba    
Cahuita National Park II 34272 Costa Rica  
Carara National Park II 12983 Costa Rica  
Chirripó National Park II 126117 Costa Rica  
Corcovado National Park 115845 Costa Rica  
Desecheo National Wildlife Refuge   Puerto Rico, United States
Everglades and Dry Tortugas Biosphere Reserve   Florida, United States  
Guanacaste National Park II 85819 Costa Rica  
Luquillo Biosphere Reserve 8617 Puerto Rico, United States  
Piedras Blancas National Park II 34735 Costa Rica  
Reserva Biológica Alberto Manuel Brenes Biological Reserve Ia 19317 Costa Rica  
Reserva de la Biosfera de la Amistad Biosphere Reserve II 493313 Costa Rica  
Rincón de la Vieja National Park II 35068 Costa Rica  
Santa Rosa National Park II 95780 Costa Rica
Tapantí-Macizo de La Muerte National Park II 12767 Costa Rica
Tortuguero National Park II 47632 Costa Rica



Amazona ventralis (Hispaniolan Parrot)[5]
Artibeus jamaicensis (Jamaican fruit-eating bat)[6]
Artibeus phaeotis (pygmy fruit-eating bat)[5]
Artibeus watsoni[5]
Ateles paniscus (black spider monkey)[7]
Cebus apella (brown capuchin)[7]
Cebus capucinus (white-faced capuchin)[5]
Ceroplastes cassiae[8]
Ceroplastes janeirensis[8]
Chiroderma villosum (hairy big-eyed bat)[5]
Coereba flaveola (Bananaquit)[5]
Dendroica caerulescens (Black-throated Blue Warbler)[5]
Dendroica discolor (Prairie Warbler)[5]
Dendroica tigrina (Cape May Warbler)[5]
Euphonia violacea (Violaceous Euphonia)[5]
Geotrygon montana (Ruddy Quail-Dove)[5]
Icterus dominicensis (Greater Antillean Oriole)[5]
Loxigilla portoricensis (Puerto Rican Bullfinch)[5]
Margarops fuscatus (Pearly-eyed Thrasher)[5]
Marpesia petreus (Ruddy daggerwing)[9]
Megalopyge krugii[9]
Melanerpes portoricensis (Puerto Rican Woodpecker)[5]
Mimus polyglottos (Northern Mockingbird)[5]
Myiarchus stolidus (Stolid Flycatcher)[5]
Nesospingus speculiferus (Puerto Rican Tanager)[5]
Parula americana (Northern Parula)[5]
Patagioenas leucocephala (White-crowned Pigeon)[5]
Patagioenas squamosa (Scaly-naped Pigeon)[5]
Quiscalus niger (Greater Antillean Grackle)[5]
Setophaga ruticilla (American Redstart)[5]
Tachyphonus rufus (White-lined Tanager)[5]
Tangara gyrola (Bay-headed Tanager)[5]
Tangara mexicana (Turquoise Tanager)[5]
Tiaris olivaceus (Yellow-faced Grassquit)[5]
Turdus plumbeus (Red-legged Thrush)[5]
Tyrannus caudifasciatus (Loggerhead Kingbird)[5]
Tyrannus dominicensis (Grey Kingbird)[5]
Uroderma bilobatum (tent-making bat)[5]
Vampyressa nymphaea (striped yellow-eared bat)[5]
Vampyressa pusilla (little yellow-eared bat)[5]
Vireo altiloquus (Black-whiskered Vireo)[5]
Vireo latimeri (Puerto Rican Vireo)[5]
Zenaida aurita (Zenaida Dove)[5]
Pegoscapus assuetus (fig wasp)[7]


Pollinated by 
Pegoscapus assuetus (fig wasp)[7]


Shelter for 
Pegoscapus assuetus (fig wasp)[7]

Range Map

Caribbean; North America; Tapantí-Macizo de La Muer National Park;



Species recognized by , , in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database. 2Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935 3USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture 4Jérôme Chave, Helene C. Muller-Landau, Timothy R. Baker, Tomás A. Easdale, Hans ter Steege, Campbell O. Webb, 2006. Regional and phylogenetic variation of wood density across 2,456 neotropical tree species. Ecological Applications 16(6), 2356 - 2367 5"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572 6Folivory in Fruit-Eating Bats, with New Evidence from Artibeus jamaicensis (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae), Thomas H. Kunz and Carlos A. Diaz, Biotropica, Vol. 27, No. 1 (Mar., 1995), pp. 106-120 7Animals of the Rainforest 8Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009 9HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
Images provided by Google Image Search
Range map provided by Digital representation of "Atlas of United States Trees" by Elbert L. Little, Jr., U.S. Geological Survey, 1999
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access